DESTINATION

Sicily

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Blue Guide Sicily

8th ed. (2012) pp544
Fully revised and updated new edition of this popular Blue Guide, by Sicily ...
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Editor's Blog: insights, tips, news - Sicily posts »

  • Eleanor of Aragon? Or not?... more»

  • A handful of things to see in Sicily... more»

  • The Trinacria: emblem of Sicily... more»

  • Celebrating Santa Rosalia, patron of Palermo... more»

  • Sicily: Holiday reading... more»

  • The bard of...Messina? Was Shakespeare Sicilian?   more»

  • A compelling reason to visit Trapani province ... more»


Editor's Picks: a handful of favourite things to see

 

1. Fonte Ciane, near Syracuse, just west of the city itself.

To get there, leave town on the road signed for Canciattini. Then fork left onto a narrow lane called Traversa Cozzo Pantano. The Fonte Ciane is at the end of this lane (follow signs to Villa dei Papiri).

The Ciane river meets the sea just south of the city of Syracuse. It is a very short and very narrow river, little more than a brook, winding slowly from its source among papyrus pools and orange groves, in a rather strange landscape of wire fences and barred gates and barking dogs.

I have never seen papyrus growing wild before. In Europe it grows only here, and along another Sicilian river, the Fiumefreddo. The spring at Fonte Ciane takes the form of a reed-fringed pool beside a stand of tall eucalyptus trees. A wooden walkway takes you out over the water so that you can examine the papyrus plants from close quarters. Their stems are extremely tough and cannot be broken without a knife (but don’t experiment—there are signs warning you not to damage the plants). You can also spend long minutes trying to spot the frogs. They make a great din, croaking and puffing out their cheek sacs, but as soon as they hear you approach they fall silent, and locating them can be frustratingly difficult.

The spring takes its name from the Greek word for azure and also from the story of the nymph Cyane, who attempted to prevent Hades from carrying off Persephone and was changed into a fount of water, condemned to everlasting weeping.

Thanks to Wendy Hennessy for supplying the identity of the lizard (Lacerta viridis). They can grow up to 30cm long, excluding the tail. This one was nothing like that length. Reptile enthusiasts can find out more about the species here: www.reptilia.dk/Krybdyr_vi_holder_nu/Oegler/Lacerta_viridis/lacertaviridis.htm. If anyone can identify the frogs, please send a message to editorial@blueguides.com.

Papyrus plants at Fonte Ciane.
The pool itself.
Two frogs.
A lizard, green when it emerged from the foliage.
The same lizard, paler and greyer after a few moments resting on the wooden handrail.

 

2. Syracuse: where the sun always shines

It was Cicero who said that Syracuse knows no day without sun. Certainly when I have been there I have found nothing to prove him wrong. It is a wonderful place, with many layers of history--you can easily spend a few days here. It was founded in the 8th century BC by settlers from Corinth in mainland Greece and rose to great power under its ruler Dionysius the Elder in the 5th century BC. Under the Romans it was peaceful and prosperous and acquired an amphitheatre. St Paul came here and is said to have preached in its great stone quarries. Syracuse was the birthplace of Archimedes and is now home dedicated to his inventions, appropriately sited in Piazza Archimede (and covered in the new edition of Blue Guide).


 

The cathedral (duomo) of Syracuse is one of the most extraordinary sights in Italy: a Doric temple of 14 by 6 columns, built in 480 BC by the ruler Gelon, to celebrate victory over the Carthaginians and dedicated to Athena. The closed by a modern curtain wall and obscured in front by a Baroque façade, that temple's colonnade is fully discernible today. The interior is one of the most atmospheric I know. The picture here shows a view down the south aisle.

The other picture, an oil-painting, in the chapel at the head of the south aisle, shows Bishop Zosimus with the IHS mongram on his chasuble. It was Zosimus who converted the ruined Temple of Athena into a cathedral. The work is attributed to Antonello da Messina, the great 15th-century Sicilian artist credited with introducing oil painting to Italy.

Interior of the cavern, showing its proportions relative to the human figure.
Side wall of the cavern, covered with the scrape-marks of slaves' chisels.

 

A famous feature of Syracuse are her ancient stone quarries, known as latomies. These were no ordinary quarries. In ancient times they were also used as internment camps for prisoners and cohorts of slaves were kept here in uncompromising conditions, chipping away at the rock to carve out perfect blocks of exactly one cubit. The best-known of the latomies is the so-called Ear of Dionysius, a tall cave entered by a narrow, man-made slit in the rockface, and extending backwards and backwards into the gloom. Once your eyes have got used to the dim light, you will see that every inch of wall surface is striated with the marks of the slaves' chisels. The name of the cave was coined by Caravaggio, because of its particular acoustic properties: it amplifies every sound, giving back a single eerie echo.

 

3. The Temple of Olympian Zeus

To get there, take the Via Elorina. Cross the Anapo river, then the Ciane, and then look out for brown signs taking you left to the Tempio di Giove Olimpico.

Just outside Syracuse to the south stand two forlorn columns, in a field of wild flowers next to a horse farm where sad-looking sway-backed horses canter up and down behind a wire fence. It is a very ancient temple, dating from the 6th century BC, and occupied a strategic spot much beloved of would-be besiegers of the town. As the picture below shows, there is a superb view of Ortigia (the old city) from the temple platform.

 

4. Pantelleria: the donkeys that were saved from extinction

The island of Pantelleria lies over 100km from Sicily, in fact it is closer to Tunisia. It is famous for its delicious capers and its wines, for having been the island home of the nymph Calypso, with whom Odysseus dallied on his way back to Ithaca, and for having a longish roster of celebrity residents, among them Gérard Depardieu. It is served by boat (seas permitting) from Trapani. What is less well known is that it is also the home of a hardy breed of donkey:

Photo: Azienda Regionale Foreste Demaniali, Pietro Alfonso

According to Ellen Grady, author of Blue Guide Sicily, the Pantelleria ass is a kind of donkey native to the island, where it has been used since the 1st century BC. It's very big (the size of a pony), very strong, with a smooth, shiny black pelt. Very fast moving, sure-footed on the mountain tracks. It became extinct 20 years ago because people weren't using them any more and the last one slipped into the sea and drowned. The exciting news is that the forestry technicians at the San Matteo stud farm at Erice have been able to recreate the donkey, using Jurassic Park-style procedures (taking genes from donkeys throughout Italy which had this particular donkey in their ancestry). It has taken them 17 years, but recently the first four Pantelleria asses were shipped to their island, where they will be used for tourism (trekking around the volcanoes).

The stud farm itself, San Matteo on the Sicilian mainland, is reached from the hilltop town of Erice by taking the Raganzili road. It's also an agricultural museum. More info (in Italian) on the following website: www.ilportaledelcavallo.it/articolo.asp


INDEXES

To give a feel for the depth of information available in our books, we reproduce here in full the indexes of some of our Blue Guides.

Explanatory or more detailed references (where there are many), or references to places where an artist’s work is best represented, are given in bold. Numbers in italics are picture references. Dates are given for all artists, architects and sculptors. Ancient names are rendered in italics, as are works of art.

 

INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE SICILY 8th Ed

For a formatted version of the index please see here.

 

A

Acate 302

Aci Castello 406

Acireale 404, 405

Acitrezza 406

Acquaviva Platani 234

Acquedolci 459

Addaura Caves 66; (finds from) 59

Adelaide, wife of Roger I 230, 240, 268, 279,

455, 459

Adrano 398; (finds from) 336

Adranone, Mt 208

Aegadian Islands 166ff

Aeneas, legends concerning 132, 133, 136

Aeolian Islands 461ff

Aeschylus, playwright 237, 320, 341, 377,

395

Agatha, St 389, 390; (relics of) 381

Agathocles 10, 83, 88, 136, 160, 239, 321,

426

Agathyrnum, ancient city 456

Agira 272

Agirigento 182ff; (finds from) 336

Archaeological Museum 191

Casa Barbadoro 198

Duomo 200

Hellenistic and Roman district 196

Kolymbetra Garden 191

Living Museum of the Almond Tree 198

Museo Civico 199

Oratory of Phalaris 195

Pezzino Necropolis 199

San Biagio 197

San Nicola 195

Sanctuary of Asclepius 198

Sanctuary of Demeter 197

Agrigento contd

Sanctuary of the Chthonic Divinities 191

Santa Maria dei Greci 200

Temple of Castor and Pollux 191

Temple of Concord 187

Temple of Hephaistos 198

Temple of Hera 186

Temple of Herakles 188

Temple of Olympian Zeus 189, 193

Tomb of Theron 198

Villa Aurea 188

Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius 449

Aidone 268

Akragas 9, 10, 11 (see also Agrigento)

Akrai, ancient city 356, 358; (finds from)

336

Albanian colonies 101

Alberti, Antonio (1600–49) 303

Alberto Maria, Fra’ (18C) 290

Alcamo 139

Alcantara valley 408

Alcara Li Fusi 459

Alcibiades 384

Alessi, Giuseppe (18C) 353

Alfonso the Magnanimous 14, 387

Alě, Luciano (1736–1820) 323

Alě, Salvatore (son of Luciano; 1767–c.1820)

297

Alia 85

Alibrandi, Girolamo (1470–1524) 399, 400,

432, 464

Alicudi, island of 468

Alě Terme 448

Almeyda, Giuseppe Damiani (1834–1911)

25, 61, 84, 167

Altesina, Mt 271

Alvino, Giuseppe (il Sozzo; 1550–1611) 49

Amato, Andrea (active 1720–35) 383, 413

Amato, Antonino (father of Andrea; active

1697–1717) 383, 386

Amato, Giacomo (1643–1732) 15, 42, 44, 49

Amato, Paolo (1634–1714) 24, 29, 44, 54,

104, 165

Ambrogio da Como (15C) 90

Ameselon, ancient city 273

Amestratus, ancient town 460

Amico, Giovanni Biagio (1684–1754) 51, 52,

121, 122, 123, 130, 142, 216

Anapo valley 360

Andrault, Michel (b. 1926) 338

Andrea da Salerno (Andrea Sabatini; 1480–

1530) 48

Andromachus, ruler of Taormina 435

Angell, Samuel 155

Angevins 14, 69, 279

Antonello da Messina (c. 1430–79) 15, 48,

92, 93, 327, 328, 432, 436

Antonello de Saliba (1466–1535) 92, 391,

436, 450, 452, 455

Antonio da Messina (18C) 105

Arabs 13, 19, 23, 153, 218, 232, 235, 240,

253, 271, 285, 299, 321, 347, 356, 408,

416, 426, 435, 459

Aragona 212

Aragonese 14

Aragonese tombs 381

Archifel, Vincenzo (active 1486–1533) 411

Archimedes 11, 125, 329, 330

Archonides 461

Arethusa, nymph 327

Asinaro, river 354

Assoro 271

Athens, Athenians 10, 127, 136, 138, 320,

342, 346, 369, 384, 463

Attilius Regulus, consul 218

Augusta 367

Augustus, emperor 274, 377 (see also

Octavian)

Aulenti, Gae (b. 1927) 92

Ausonians 9

Avola 353

Avola Antica 353

 

B

Badiazza, La 433

Bagheria 79

Bagnasco, Nicola (18–19C) 101, 272

Balate, Mt 233

Balla, Giacomo (1871–1958) 124

Baragli, Giacomo (1934–89) 150

Barbarossa, Kheir ed-Din 454, 463

Barcellona-Pozzo di Gotto 450

Barisano da Trani (active 1175–85) 72

Baroque architecture 296

Barrafranca 263

Bartholomew, St 463, 464

Bartlett, W.H. (1809–54) 440

Basile, Ernesto (1857–1932) 16, 61, 65, 139,

152, 200, 216, 249

Basile, Giovanni Battista (father of Ernesto;

1825–91) 61, 405, 412

Battaglia, Antonino (son of Francesco;

18–19C) 385

Battaglia, Francesco (1701–88) 380, 383,

390, 410, 411

Battaglia, Matteo (18C) 290, 291

Bedell Smith, general 347

Belice Valley 163

Belisarius, Byzantine general 13

Bellini, Vincenzo 382, 383, 386; (monument

to) 389; (tomb of) 381

Belmonte Mezzagno 103

Belpasso 399

Benedetto, Silvio (b. 1938) 218

Benefial, Marco (1684–1764) 78

Bentivegna, Filippo (d. 1967) 205

Berenson, Bernard 301, 428

Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598–1680) 247

Berrettaro, Bartolomeo (active 1499–1524)

83, 124, 141, 142, 150, 153, 205, 295

Besio, Giacomo (1612–45) 25

Biancavilla 399

Biangiardi, Francesco (19C) 229

Bisacquino 105

Biviere di Cesarň 457

Biviere di Gela 240

Bivona 215

Blanche of Navarre 43, 99, 117, 308

Blunt, Anthony 297

Boldini, Giovanni (1842–1931) 62, 110

Bompensiere 237

Bonagia 133

Bonaiuto da Pisa (14C) 29

Bonaiuto, Natale (active 1781–94) 410, 411,

412

Bonaiuto, Vincenzo (17C) 124

Bonanno da Pisa (12C) 71

Bonellus, rebel 84

Bongiovanni, Giacomo (1772–1859) 412

Borgetto 102

Borremans, Luigi (son of Willem; 18C) 229,

230

Borremans, Willem (1672–1744) 25, 28, 30,

34, 40, 44, 49, 54, 61, 141, 229, 248, 273,

329, 360, 381, 389, 455

Boscarino, Rosario (active 1693–1706) 284

Bourbons 14–15, 16, 23, 51, 66, 70, 106,

119, 348, 438

Brancati, Vitaliano 355

Branciforte family 241, 271, 414

Briggs, Peter (b. 1950) 308

British in Sicily 16, 23

Brolo 455

Bronte 401

Brucoli 368

Brydone, Patrick 383

Buccheri 360

Bufalino, Gesualdo 304

Burgio 209

Burri, Alberto (1915–95) 164

Buscemi 360

Butera 240

Butler, Samuel 139, 169

Byzantine, Byzantines 12–13, 23, 292

 

C

Cabrera family 117, 285, 292, 295, 300, 308

Caccamo 84

Cagli, Corrado (1910–76) 52, 150

Calabernardo 354

Calamech, Andrea (1524–89) 430, 450

Calanovella family 456

Calascibetta 250

Calatabiano 407

Calatafimi Segesta 139

Calatubo fortress 142

Callot, Jacques (1592–1635) 124

Calogero, St 205

Caltabellotta 208

Caltagirone 408–12, 409

Caltagirone, Michele (1854–1928) 214

Caltanissetta 228–31

Caltavuturo 98

Camilleri, Andrea 201

Camilliani, Camillo (d. 1603) 24, 412, 431,

453

Camilliani, Francesco (father of Camillo;

1530–76) 24

Cammarata 214

Campobello di Licata 217

Campobello di Mazara 161

Campofranco 235

Canalotto, Byzantine village 251

Canicattini Bagni 359

Canicattě 220

Canova, Antonio (1757–1822) 42

Canzoneri, Michele (b. 1944) 91

Capa, Robert 219, 279

Cape Zafferano 82

Capizzi 460

Capodarso 231; (finds from) 249

Capo Milazzo 453

Capo d’Orlando 17, 456

Capo Passero 356

Capo Santa Panagia 364

Capo Tindari 453

Capote, Truman 436

Capri Leone 458

Capuana, Luigi 415

Caracciolo, Luciano (17–18C) 324

Carasi, Costantino (18C) 351

Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi; 1573–

1610) 42, 324, 333, 342, 432

Carini 103

Carnelivari, Matteo (15–16C) 15, 43, 46,

51, 103

Caronia 460

Carracci, Annibale (1555–1619) 79

Carreca, Andrea (1592–1677) 53, 122

Carrera, Giuseppe (active 1608–30) 140

Carthage, Carthaginians 9, 10, 11, 23, 84,

87, 106, 119, 127, 136, 143, 149, 156,

166, 182, 189, 191, 218, 237, 264, 306,

320, 344, 377, 426, 452, 463

Caruso, Bruno (b. 1927) 150, 219

Casale, Roman villa 255–62, 259

Casale 253

Casalvecchio Siculo 447

Cascio, Lorenzo (b. 1940) 207

Cassaro 361

Cassibile 347

Cassibile river 353

Castanea delle Furie 434

Castelbuono 96

Castel di Tusa 460

Castellammare del Golfo 134

Castellano, Italian general 347

Castellazzo, Mt 233

Castello, Bernardo (1557–1629) 55

Castello Eurialo 344

Castello Incantato 205

Castello Manfredonico 234, 234

Castello Maniace 402

Castelluccio (Agrigento) 220; (Caltanissetta)

242; (Syracuse) 353; finds from 287, 334

Castelluzzo 133

Castelmola 445

Casteltermini 214

Castelvetrano 161

Castiglione di Sicilia 403

Castiglione, Warrior of 287

Castronuovo di Sicilia 104

Castroreale 450

Catalano, Antonio il Giovane (1585–1666)

432

Catalano, Antonio il Vecchio (father of il

Giovane; 16–17C) 410, 432

Catania 12, 15, 376ff

Botanical Garden 391

Cappella Bonajuto 387

Casa Verga 384

Castello Ursino 385

Collegiata 387, 388

Diocesan Museum 380

Duomo 380

Galleria d’Arte Moderna 387

Gesuiti 382

Herborarium Museum 382

Le Ciminiere 392

Museo Bellini 382

Museo Civico 385

Museo del Mare 392

Museo Emilio Greco 382

Odeon 384

Palazzo Biscari 386

Palazzo delle Scienze 391

Piazza Duomo 377

Piazza Giovanni Verga 391

Piazza Mazzini 385

Roman amphitheatre 389

Roman baths 383

S. Agata alla Badia 386

S. Agata la Vetere 390

S. Benedetto 382

S. Biagio 389

S. Domenico 390

S. Francesco 382

S. Gaetano alle Grotte 391

S. Giuliano 382

S. Maria dell’Aiuto 385

S. Maria di Gesů 391

S. Maria dell’Indirizzo 386

S. Maria della Rotonda 384

S. Michele Arcangelo ai Minoriti 387

S. Nicolň l’Arena 382

S. Placido 386

Santo Carcere 389

Teatro Massimo Bellini 386

Teatro Romano 384

Terme Achilliane 380

Terme dell’Indirizzo 386

University 387

Via Etnea 387

Via Manzoni 389

Villa Bellini 391

Catenanuova 276

Cathald, St 236, 247, 280

Catti, Michele (1855–1914) 52

Cattolica Eraclea 211

Catulus, Lutatius 119, 127, 166

Cava d’Aliga 299

Cava Grande del Cassibile 353

Cava d’Ispica 300; (finds from) 294

Cava di Spampinato 364

Cave di Cusa 161

Cavour, Camillo 16

Cecco di Naro (active 1377–80) 43, 47, 218

Cefalŕ Diana 104

Cefalů 88, 89

Centuripe 274; (finds from) 336; (vases of

Centuripe type) 275, 275, 249

Cerami 280

Cesare da Sesto Calende (16C) 390

Cesarň 460

Chachyrylion, vase painter 336

Chalcis, Chalcidians 9, 369, 377, 426

Charlemagne 456

Charles I of Anjou 14, 23, 70, 274

Charles V 34, 43, 51, 119, 202, 453; (statue

of) 29

Chiaramonte family 32, 63, 84, 232, 233,

234, 285, 292, 308

Chiaramonte Gulfi 308

Chirico, Angelo de (16C) 391

Chirico, Giorgio de (1888–1978) 78

Chocolate 295

Churchill, Winston 340, 436, 438, 440

Ciaculli 70

Ciccia, Mt 434

Cicero 11, 143, 149, 188, 189, 317, 322,

413

Cidonio, Narciso (16–17C) 303

Ciminna 104

Ciotti, Rosa (18C) 251

Cirnechi dogs 258, 398

Ciullo d’Alcamo 140

Civiletti, Benedetto (1845–99) 52, 293, 298

Cleon of Agrigento 250

Cofano, Mt 133

Colicci, Filippo (18C) 451

Collesano 96

Colonna, Vittoria 301; (remains of) 301

Coltelli, Procopio 491

Comiso 303

Comitini 212

Conca, Sebastiano (1680–1764) 25, 49, 56,

284, 298, 352, 353

Consagra, Pietro (1920–2005) 155, 164, 460

Constance, mother of Frederick II 14, 29,

428; (tomb of) 31

Constans II, emperor 321, 332

Contessa Entellina 105

Contini, Giovanni Battista (1641–1723) 383

Coppola, Francis Ford 446, 447

Cordio, Nino (1937–2000) 164

Cordona, Emanuele (18C) 30

Corinth, Corinthians 9, 10, 306, 320

Corleone 105

Corrado Confalonieri, St 352

Cozzo di Apollo 303

Cozzo Matrice 253

Crescenzio, Antonello (1467–1542) 45, 48

Cretan colonists 237

Crimissus river 10, 163

Cristadoro, Giuseppe (1711–1808) 290

Crowley, Aleister 88

Csontváry, Tivadar Kosztka (1853–1919)

440

Cubuli 235

Cuccia, Tanina (b. 1964) 101

Custonaci 133

Cutraro, Carmelo (18–19C) 289

Cyane, nymph 346

Cyclops, legend of 169, 406

 

D

Daedalus 182, 192, 210

Damokopos, Athenian architect 341

D’Anna, Vito (1718–69) 25, 41, 77, 219,

289, 290, 298, 299, 357, 414

Dante 140

D’Antoni, Andrea (1811–68) 101

D’Asaro, Pietro (1591–1647) 49, 219, 232,

235

D’Aversa, Paolo (14C) 254

Dea di Morgantina 268, 270

Delia 231 (for the church, see Santissima Trinitŕ

di Delia)

De Lisi, Benedetto (1830–75) 53, 68

Della Bella, Stefano (1610–64) 124

Della Valle, Filippo (1698–1768) 327

Del Piano, Donato, organmaker 254, 302,

353, 383, 415

De Maria Bergler, Ettore (1850–1938) 52

Demeter, goddess 246, 252

Demosthenes, Athenian general 347

De Ruyter, Dutch captain 367

Diodorus Siculus 87, 123, 143, 210, 250,

272

Dionysius I, tyrant of Syracuse 10, 143, 246,

320, 342, 344, 345, 377, 398, 403, 435,

444, 454

Dionysius II 10, 320

Disueri, Mt, necropolis 242

Dolci, Danilo 102

Donnafugata, Castello di 307

Donnalucata 299

Doreius, Spartan leader 10

Douris, vase painter 59, 336

Drago, Giulio (19C) 167

Dragut, corsair 217

Dryden, John 435

Ducetius, Sicel leader 10, 231, 236, 264,

347, 352, 415, 460

Ducrot, furniture makers 65

Dufourny, Léon (1754–1818) 50

Dumontier, Louis-Alexandre (18C) 323, 368

Dupré, Giovanni (1817–82) 119

Durrell, Lawrence 105

Durrueli, Roman villa 211

Dusmet, Bl. Giuseppe Benedetto 381;

(monument to) 382

Dyck, Sir Anthony van (1599–1641) 49, 54

 

E

Edward VII, king 435

Eloro (see Heloros)

Elymians 9, 105, 127, 134, 136, 165

Empedocles 201, 395

Enna 246–50

Epicharmus, ancient poet 341

Erice 126; (finds from) 124

Etna, Mt 393ff

Euboea 9, 377

Eunus, rebel slave 246, 250

Euphemius, Byzantine governor 13, 153

Eupolemos, Treasure of 269, 269

Euthymides painter 270

 

F

Fagan, Robert 155, 454

Falconara 240

Falcone, Giovanni 17, 51, 61

Faraglioni del Ciclope 406

Fata Morgana 433

Favara 220

Favignana, island of 166

Fazello, Tommaso 155, 306

Felice da Sambuca, Fra’ (Felice da Palermo;

1733–1805) 105, 200, 208, 217, 230,

449, 450

Ferdinand II of Aragon 241

Ferla 361

Ferraro, Antonino (active 1552–98) 95, 162

Ferraro, Nunzio (16C) 79

Ferraro, Orazio (son of Antonino; active

1573–1650) 78, 162, 204

Ferraro, Tommaso (son of Antonino; 16C)

162

Ferrera, Marella 269, 386

Ferretti, Mario (1915–74) 348, 356

Festa, Tano (1938–88) 460

Fichera, Francesco (1881–1950) 16, 322

Ficuzza 103

Filicudi, island of 468

Fiumara d’Arte 460

Fiume, Salvatore (1915–97) 303

Fiumedinisi 448

Fiumefreddo 407

Floresta 457

Floridia 364

Florio family 68, 69, 110, 149, 152, 166,

167, 496

Fontane Bianche 347

Fonte Ciane 252, 346

Forza d’Agrň 446

Fracanzano, Cesare (1605–51) 49

Francavilla di Sicilia 403; (finds from) 336

Francofonte 370

Franzese, Gaetano (18C) 100

Frazzanň 458

Frederick II of Hohenstaufen 14, 23, 29,

63, 90, 102, 105, 140, 206, 215, 232, 237,

250, 274, 328, 367, 377, 385, 403, 453;

tomb of 31

Frederick II of Aragon 249, 253, 399, 406,

449, 450, 451, 456

Frederick III of Aragon 123, 127

Freri, Antonello (active 1479–1513) 381,

450

Fuga, Ferdinando (1699–1782) 30

Fumagalli, Gaspare (active 1735–85) 101

Furetto, Orazio (1714–85) 65

 

G

Gabrieli, Onofrio (1616–1706) 329, 400

Gagini, Antonello (1478–1536) 15, 25, 31,

32, 33, 40, 41, 45, 47, 50, 53, 78, 85, 91,

122, 124, 128, 129, 130, 140, 141, 142,

150, 153, 154, 162, 165, 208, 277, 278,

304, 349, 360, 390, 391, 400, 401, 412,

428, 449, 450, 451

Gagini, Antonino (son of Antonello; active

1537–81) 41, 52, 124, 130, 142, 149, 150,

205, 294

Gagini, Antonuzzo (son of Gian Domenico;

active 1576–1606) 411

Gagini, Domenico (father of Antonello; c.

1420–92) 15, 31, 41, 42, 59, 95, 98, 128,

150, 154, 165, 199, 216, 247, 329, 410

Gagini, Fazio (son of Antonello; 1520–67)

33, 72

Gagini, Giacomo (son of Antonello; 1517–98)

140, 141, 142, 150, 205, 401

Gagini, Gian Domenico (brother of Antonello;

c. 1503–67) 72, 99, 100, 205, 248, 272,

411

Gagini, Giovanni (son of Domenico, halfbrother

of Antonello; 1465–1525) 201

Gagini, Nibilio (active 1583–1607) 411

Gagini, Vincenzo (son of Antonello; 1527–

95) 33, 43, 209

Gagliano Castelferrato 279

Gagliardi, Rosario (c. 1690–1762) 243, 289,

303, 333, 348, 349, 350, 351, 410

Gaiseric, Vandal leader 12

Gaius Duilius 452

Galati Mamertino 458

Galimberti, Silvio (1869–1956) 327

Gambara, Antonio (15C) 30


 

G cont

Gangi 101

Ganzirri 433

Garibaldi 16, 23, 51, 53, 70, 124, 139, 149,

165, 249, 274, 444, 452

Garum 169

Gaspare da Pesaro (15C) 83

Gela 9, 10, 237–40, 246, 306, 408; (finds

from) 192, 195, 336

Gelon, tyrant of Gela 10, 237, 246, 320,

325, 341, 365

George V, king 435, 440

Gianforma, Giuseppe (active 1740–70) 297,

300, 348, 360

Giardini Naxos 444

Giarratana 310

Giarre 407

Gibellina 163

Gibil Gabib 231

Gibilmanna 94

Giganti, Andrea (1731–87) 80, 349

Gigli, Beniamino 386

Gioiosa Marea 455

Giordano, Luca (1634–1705) 49, 54, 55, 200

Giorgio di Faccio (16C) 55

Giorgio da Milano (15C) 54, 96, 460

Giovane di Mozia, Il 145, 145

Giovanni di Bartolo (14C) 381

Giuffrč, Antonio (15C) 436, 452

Giuliano, Salvatore 30, 101, 102, 162

Gloeden, Baron Wilhelm von 435

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 19, 22, 44,

49, 58, 66, 80, 195, 199, 276, 383, 440

Gole dell’Alcantara 408

Gorgias, orator 369

Goro di Gregorio (1275–1334) 429

Goya, Francisco de (1746–1828) 218

Graffeo, Giacomo (d. 1516) 83

Graffeo, Nicolň (brother of Giacomo; d.

1505) 83

Gramignani, Francesco (18C) 387

Grammichele 412; finds from 336

Gramsci, Antonio 106

Grano, Antonino (1660–1718) 28, 44, 55,

60, 142

Gratteri 95

Greco, Emilio (1913–95) 78, 382

Greco, Ignazio (1830–?1910) 64

Greco, Michele 70

Greek colonists in Sicily 9, 87, 264, 274,

444, 463

Gregory the Great, pope 13, 413

Gresti, castle of 253

Grisafi, Nicolň (15C) 46

Grotta dei Ciavoli 212

Grotta del Lauro 459

Grotta Perciata 360

Grotta di San Teodoro 459

Grotta di Scurati 133

Grotta dell’Uzzo 135

Grotte di Caratabia 415

Grotte di Gurfa 85

Guarino, Francesco (18C) 299

Guccione, Piero (b. 1935) 293

Guerci, Dario (19C) 289

Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri;

1591–1666) 79

Guercio, Gaspare (1611–79) 33, 84

Guinaccia, Deodato (c. 1510–85) 449

Gustav, King of Sweden 435

Guttuso, Renato (1912–87) 43, 52, 78, 79,

80, 164, 215, 218

 

H

Hadranon, ancient city 398

Hadrian, emperor 395

Halaesa, ancient city 461

Halicyae, ancient city 165

Halykos, ancient river 211

Hamilcar, Carthaginian general 84, 87

Hamilcar Barca, Carthaginian general 66,

119, 123, 127

Hannibal 11; Hannibal Gisco 452; Hannibal

Mago 156

Hardcastle, Captain Alexander 188, 197

Hardrada, Harold 402

Harris, William 155

Hauteville, Roger (see Roger I)

Heirkte, ancient city 66

Heloros 354; (finds from) 336

Hennessy Mazza, Wendy 392

Henry VI, emperor 14, 29, 208, 377, 426,

428; (tomb of) 31

Herakleia Minoa 210; (finds from) 194

Herbessos, ancient city 263

Herodotus 87

Hieron I of Syracuse 320, 330

Hieron II of Syracuse 11, 263, 264, 273,

321, 341, 356

Hieronymos, tyrant of Syracuse 369

Hill, Mabel 435

Himera, ancient river 218

Himera 86; (battle of) 10, 87, 325; (finds

from) 56, 58, 83

Himilco, Carthaginian leader 136, 377, 395,

426

Hippana, ancient city 105

Hippocrates, ruler of Gela 237, 369

Hitchens, Robert 435

Hohenstaufen (see Frederick II)

Hood, Alexander 402

Houbraken, Jan van (active 1636–65) 400

Houel, Jean 380

Hybla, ancient settlement 362

Hyblaean Mountains 360, 413

Hybla Heraea, ancient town 285

Hyblon, Sicel king 362, 365

 

I

Iaitas, ancient city 102

Ingham, Benjamin 149, 153

Innocenzo da Imola (16C) 390

Isnello 95

Isola Ferdinandea 206

Isolotto delle Correnti 356

Ispica 299

Ispicae Fundus 300

Itala 448

Italia, Angelo (1628–1700) 99, 141, 216,

217, 242, 353, 382

Ittar, Stefano (1724–90) 383, 386, 387

 

J

Jannelli, Filippo (1621–96) 449

Jato, Mt 102

Jews, history and monuments in Sicily 13,

14, 23, 40, 165, 218, 332, 347, 348, 436,

438

Joppolo Giancaxio 212

Jourdain, son of Roger I 228, 340, 449

Judica, Baron Gabriele 357

Julius Caesar 12, 149, 494

Juvarra, Francesco (17–18C) 430

 

K

Kamarina 306; (finds from) 287, 336

Kamikos, ancient city 208, 212

Kaos 202

Kasmenai, ancient town 360; (finds from)

336

Kaukana, ancient town 305; (finds from) 287

Kesselring, FIeld Marshal 435, 438

Kitson, Robert 435, 438

Klee, Paul (1879–1940) 440

Kleomenes, architect 322

Klimt, Gustav (1862–1918) 440

Kokalos, Sican king 208, 210

Kronio, Mt 205

 

L

Labisi, Paolo (active 1731–90) 295, 350,

351, 357

Laestrygonian Fields 415

Lago di Ancipa 280

Lago di Lentini 369

Lago di Pergusa 251; (finds from) 249

Lago di Pozzillo 270, 273

Lago Sfondato 233

Lago Soprano 236

La Matina, Diego 43

La Mattina, Nunzio 68

Lamis of Megara 365

Lampedusa, island of 203

Lampione, island of 204

La Pira, Giorgio 301

Laurana, Francesco (active 1458–1500) 15,

33, 41, 47, 85, 98, 163, 165, 204, 278,

329, 351, 358

La Valle, Antonino (1572–1645) 95, 96, 97

La Valle, Raffaele (father of Antonino; 16C)

43, 91, 98

Lawrence, D.H. 385, 435

Lazzara, Gaetano (18C) 28

Lear, Edward 435

Lemon Riviera, the 407

Lentini 369

Leo II, pope 272

Leonforte 270

Leontinoi, ancient city 369, 454; finds from

335

Leopard, The 206, 207

Lercara Friddi 104

Leto, Antonino (1844–1913) 52, 62

Letojanni 446

Levanzo, island of 167

Levi, Carlo 104

Licata 215

Licodia Eubea 414

Lido di Noto 354

Lido di San Gregorio 456

Ligozzi, Jacopo (1547–1626) 254

Lilybaeum 149, 151; (finds from) 58, 145;

(Sibyl of) 152

Linguaglossa 398, 403

Linosa, island of 203

Lipari, island of 463

Liszt, Franz 288

Li Volsi, Francesco (fl. 1621–30) 104

Li Volsi, Giovanni Battista (brother of

Francesco; active 1622–86) 105, 277, 278

Li Volsi, Giuseppe (17C) 95, 458

Li Volsi, Scipione (brother of Francesco; fl.

1621–30) 29, 104

Li Volsi, Stefano (son of Giovanni Battista;

17C) 229

Lombards 240, 253, 254, 268, 276, 280,

451, 459

Lo Monaco, Sebastiano (1730–75) 290, 329

Longane, Sicel town 451

Longi 458

Lo Stagnone lagoon 143

Lo Verde, Giacomo (active 1619–45) 122

Lucy, St 333

Lysippus (4C bc) 58, 294, 328

M

Mabuse (Jan Gossaert; 1478–1537) 48

Macalube volcanoes 212, 213

Maddalena peninsula 346

Madonie Mountains 94

Madonna delle Grazie, sanctuary church of

310

Madonna delle Milizie, church of 298

Mafia 16–17; (museum of) 165

Magnisi peninsula 364

Maktorion, Sicel city 241

Maletto 402

Malvasia wine 469

Mamertines 11, 321, 426

Mancini, Antonio (1852–1930) 52

Mancini, Giacomo (16C) 100

Mancino, Andrea (active 1480–1500) 201

Mancino, Giuliano (16C) 83, 128, 142, 150,

205, 250, 295

Mandralisca, Baron Enrico 92

Maniakes, George 321, 390, 402

Manno, Antonio (1739–1810) 44, 55

Manno, Francesco (brother of Antonio;

1752–1831) 44

Manzů, Giacomo (1908–91) 80

Marabitti, Ignazio (1719–97) 25, 41, 44, 49,

50, 51, 53, 60, 75, 79, 80, 83, 153, 154,

229, 278, 325, 327, 382

Maratta, Carlo (1625–1713) 54

Marcellus, Marcus Claudius 11, 330, 364,

369

Marcian, St 339

Marconi, Pirro 139, 188

Marettimo, island of 169

Mariani, Giuseppe (1681–1731) 78, 140

Marianopoli 232

Maria Santissima di Dinnamare 434

Marina di Cottone 407

Marina di Patti 455

Marina di Ragusa 305

Marinella 155

Marineo 103

Marino, Giovanni Battista 405

Marsala 147

Marsala (wine) 147, 149

Martorana, Gioacchino (1735–79) 34

Marvuglia, Giuseppe Venanzio (1729–1814)

29, 50, 55, 65, 66, 79, 103, 298, 400, 410

Marvuglia, Salvatore (brother of Giuseppe

Venanzio)1735–1802) 52

Marzamemi 355

Mascali 407

Master of Galatina (15C) 48

Master of the Trapani Polyptych (14–15C)

48, 124

Masuccio, Natale (1568–1619) 122, 453

Matera, Giovanni (1635–1718) 124

Matinati, Giovannello (active 1509–48) 401,

410

Matta, Johannes de (16C) 48

Mattanza, La 168

Maupassant, Guy de 22, 212, 338

Maximian, emperor 255

Maxwell, Gavin 135

Mazara del Vallo 14, 153

Mazza, Antonio (1761–1825) 349

Mazzarino 241

Mazzarň 442

Mazzola, Gian Domenico (active 1544–77)

380, 381

Mazzola, Giovanni Battista (father of

Giovanni Battista; active 1513–50) 381,

429

Mazzotta, Americo (b. 1941) 207

Mazzullo, Giuseppe (1913–88) 436

Megara, Greek city 365

Megara Hyblaea 9, 365; (finds from) 335

Melia 446

Melilli 368

Mendola, Carmelo (1895–1976) 391

Menfi 206

Messina, Francesco (1900–95) 392

Messina, Gabriele (son of Vincenzo; 18C)

142

Messina, Vincenzo (1670–1757) 142, 165

Messina 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 24, 250, 425ff

Botanical Gardens 433

Cristo Re 432

Duomo 428

Gesů e Maria del Buonviaggio 431

Immacolata 431

Montalto, church of 433

Museo Regionale 432

Neptune Fountain 431

Orion Fountain 425, 428

Piazza Antonello 431

SS. Annunziata dei Catalani 430

S. Caterina di Valverde 430

S. Giovanni di Malta 431

S. Maria degli Alemanni 430

Viale della Libertŕ 431

Villa Dante 430

Villa Mazzini 431

Mezzojuso 104

Migneco, Giuseppe (1908–97) 456

Milazzo 451

Milena 235

Milici 451

Mili San Pietro 448

Military Cemetery, Canadian 273

Militello in Val di Catania 414

Milton, John 251

Mineo 415

Minissi, Franco (1919–96) 334

Minniti, Mario (1577–1640) 302, 324, 328,

329, 432

Minos, King of Crete 210

Mirabella Imbaccari 412

Miranda, Francesco (15C) 31

Mirko (Mirko Basaldella; 1910–69) 150

Misilmeri, castle of 103

Misterbianco 399

Mistretta 460

Modica 291

Moncada family 228, 229, 274, 356

Mondello 16, 68

Mongiuffi 446

Monreale 70–78, 74, 76

Montagna di Marzo 263

Montalbano Elicona 367, 451

Montalbano, Leonardo (active 1606–53) 49,

249

Montalbano, Salvo, fictional police inspector

201

Montallegro 211

Montedoro 236

Montelepre 102

Monterosso Almo 310

Montevago 207

Monteverde, Giulio (1837–1917) 389

Montorsoli, Giovanni Angelo (1507–63) 15,

428, 431

Morandi, Giorgio (1890–1964) 78

Morelli, Domenico (1826–1901) 52, 62

Morgantina 263–67, 252, 267, 269

Morgetians, ancient people 264

Mosaics 260

Moschetti, Giulio (1847–1909) 329, 387

Motta Sant’Anastasia 399

Motya (see Mozia)

Mozia 9, 143–47, 344; (finds from) 124,

151

Mummification 209

Musarra, Giuliano (16C) 124

Mussolini, Benito 182, 246, 248, 393

Mussomeli 233

Muziano, Girolamo (1528–92) 48

Mycenaeans 8

Mylae, Greek colony 452

Myron, sculptor (5C bc) 198

Mytistraton, ancient city 233

 

N

Naccherino, Michelangelo (1550–1622) 24

Nagasawa, Hidetoshi (b. 1940) 460

Napoli, Tommaso Maria (1655–1723) 80

Naro 218

Naselli family 303, 304, 305

Naso 457

Nebrodi mountains 280, 456

Nelson, Horatio, Lord 149, 153, 327, 402

Newman, Cardinal John Henry 435

Nicholas V, pope 248

Nicolosi 397

Nicolň da Mineo (1542–1625) 309

Nicolň da Pettineo (15–16C) 83

Nicosia 276

Niger, Bernardino (active 1513–88) 295, 389

Nigrone, Orazio (17C) 162

Nikias, Athenian commander 354, 320, 346,

347

Nikon painter 239

Niobid painter 195

Niscemi 243

Noae, ancient city 451

Nolfo, Antonio (1696–1784) 121

Normans 13–14, 19, 182, 218, 297, 426

Noto 347–51

Noto Antica 352

Noto Marina 354

Novara di Sicilia 451

Novelli, Antonio (1568–1625) 78, 101

Novelli, Pietro (1603–47) 15, 25, 31, 33, 40,

45, 49, 54, 55, 56, 77, 79, 100, 101, 142,

162, 200, 271, 278, 290; bust of 53

Novelli, Pietro Antonio (father of Pietro;

16–17C) 280

 

O

Octavian (future Augustus) 12

Odazzi, Giovanni (1663–1731) 49

Odoacer 13

Odysseus, myths concerning 134, 169, 171,

406, 469

Ognina, islet 347

Oliva, St 142

Omphake, ancient town 241

Operation Husky (Second World War) 16,

149, 216, 279, 307, 392

Opra dei Pupi 45

Orsi, Paolo 171, 256, 306, 325, 334, 336,

354, 364, 413

Orto Mosaico 310

Ovid 327

 

P

Pachino 356

Padula, Pietro (18C) 297

Painter of Panaitos 336

Palachorion, Byzantine settlement 447

Paladini, Filippo (1544–1615) 52, 53, 54,

55, 56, 79, 216, 229, 230, 241, 242, 248,

251, 254, 263, 295, 329, 410, 413, 432

Paladino, Letterio (1691–1743) 452

Palagonia 415

Palazzolo Acreide 356; f(inds from) 58

Palermo 13, 14, 16, 19ff

Albergheria district 39

Ballarň market 39

Botanical Garden 50

Capo district 59

Cappella Palatina 35, 36pic

Carmine 40

Cathedral 30

Convento dei Cappuccini 65

Fondazione Mormino 62

Fountain of Shame 24

Galleria di Arte Moderna 51

Gesů 39

Immacolata Concezione 60

Kalsa district 49

La Cala 43

La Cuba 65

La Favorita 66

La Gancia 45

La Loggia 53

La Magione 51

La Martorana 26

La Zisa 62

Mt Pellegrino 66

Museo Archeologico 56

Museo Diocesano 33

Museo Etnografico 66

Museo del Mare 62

Museo delle Marionette 44

Museo del Risorgimento 53

Noviziato dei Gesuiti 60

Oratorio del Rosario 54

Palazzo Abatellis 46

Palazzo Chiaramonte 43

Palermo contd

Palazzo dei Normanni 34

Palazzo Favara 70

Palazzo Mirto 42

Palazzo Riso 29

Porta Carini 60

Quattro Canti 23

S. Agostino 59

S. Anna 51

S. Cataldo 28

S. Cita 53

S. Domenico 52

S. Francesco d’Assisi 41

S. Giorgio dei Genovesi 55

S. Giovanni degli Eremiti 39

S. Giovanni dei Lebbrosi 70

S. Giuseppe dei Teatini 25

S. Ignazio all’Olivella 55

S. Ippolito 60

S. Maria della Pietŕ 44

S. Maria dello Spasimo 50

S. Maria di Valverde 54

S. Quaranta Martire 61

S. Rosalia, sanctuary of 68

S. Salvatore 29

S. Spirito 69

Teatro Massimo 61

Villa Giulia 49

Villa Trabia 62

Villa Whitaker Malfitano 64

Villino Florio 65

Vucciria 52

Palike, Sicel town 415

Palma, Andrea (1644–1730) 29, 54, 324

Palma, Nicolň (grandson of Andrea; 1694–

1779) 40

Palma di Montechiaro 217

Palma Giovane (Jacopo Negretti; c. 1548–

1628) 55

Pampillonia, Giuseppe (1646–1741) 79

Panaetius, tyrant of Leontinoi 369

Panarea, island of 468

Pantalica 361–63; (finds from) 335

Pantelleria, island of 170

Pantelleria ass 133, 170

Papyrus 346, 407; (museum of) 338

Paradiso, Angelo (19–20C) 289

Parat, Pierre (b. 1928) 338

Parco della Forza 300

Parco Jalari 450

Partanna 165

Partinico 102

Pascasius, Roman consul 333

Passopisciaro 402

Patania, Giuseppe (1780–1852) 77, 101, 141

Paternň 399

Patricolo, Giuseppe (1834–1905) 162

Patti 454

Paul, St 321, 339

Peard, J.W. 452

Pelagian Islands 202ff

Pellegrino, Mt 19, 23

Peloritan Mountains 434, 446

Penna, Agostino (18C) 387

Pennino, Filippo (1733–94) 25

Pennino, Giacomo (father of Filippo; 18C)

51, 60

Pepoli, Count Agostino 124, 130

Pergusa lake (see Lago)

Persephone 246, 251, 252, 252

Peter of Aragon 14, 119, 250

Petralia Soprana 100

Petralia Sottana 99

Phaiax, architect (5C bc) 196, 200

Phalaris, tyrant of Akragas 192

Pheidias, sculptor 145

Phelps, Daphne 438

Philip of Syria, St 272

Philosophiana 242, 255; (finds from) 238

Philoxenus of Cythera 345

Phintias, ancient city 216

Phintias, tyrant of Akragas 237

Phoenicians 9, 19, 23, 125, 143, 171

Piana degli Albanesi 101

Piano della Corte 273

Piano Marino 263

Piano Provenzana 398

Piazza Armerina 13, 253–55

Picano, Giuseppe (1716–1800) 274

Piedimonte Etneo 403

Pietraperzia 263

 

P cont

Pietro da Bonitate (active 1466–1501) 41,

428

Pietro e Paolo d’Agrň, church of 447

Pindar, poet 83, 182, 320, 327, 395

Pineta Ragabo 398

Pino, Marco (1521–83) 48

Pirandello, Fausto (1899–1975) 78, 150, 164

Pirandello, Luigi 202, 215

Pirrone, Giuseppe (1898–1978) 349

Pisano, Nino (active 1349–68) 124

Pisis, Filippo de (1896–1956) 78

Pizzolungo 133

Planeta winery 208

Platania, Giacinto (1612–97) 277, 381

Platani Valley 211

Platen, August von 334

Plato 10, 320

Playa Grande 306

Plemmyrion 346; (shipwreck finds) 338

Pliny 167, 495

Plutia, Lombard town 253, 262

Poggioreale 164

Poidomani, Gaspare (16C) 304

Polidoro da Caravaggio (d. 1546) 48, 273,

428, 432

Polizzi Generosa 98

Polybius 198

Polygnotus, vase painter 336

Pomodoro, Arnaldo (b. 1926) 164, 203

Pomodoro, Giň (brother of Arnaldo; 1930–

2002) 207

Pompey (see Sextus Pompey)

Ponte Capodarso 231

Ponte dei Saraceni 399

Portella della Ginestra 101

Porticello 82

Porto Empedocle 201

Porto Palo 206

Portopalo di Capo Passero 356

Postino, Il 469

Pozzallo 300

Praxiteles, sculptor (4C bc) 154

Preti, Mattia (1613–99) 49

Prizzi 105

Procopius 305

Provenzano, Domenico (1736–94) 219, 233

Publius Rupilius, consul 250

Punta Faro 433

Punta Secca 305

Pyrrhus, king of Epirus 127, 321, 377

 

Q

Quarantino (see Caltagirone, Michele)

Quartararo, Riccardo (1443–1506) 48

Quasimodo, Salvatore 294, 296

Quattrocchi, Filippo (1734–1818) 360

 

R

Racalmuto 219

Raddusa 416

Raffadali 212

Ragattisi 143

Ragusa, Giovanni Battista (active 1713–97)

41, 56

Ragusa, Vincenzo (1841–1927) 53

Ragusa Ibla 285, 288

Ragusa Superiore 284, 285

Ramacca 416

Randazzo 400

Randazzo, Filippo (1695–1748) 278

Raphael (Raffaele Sanzio; 1483–1520) 50

Realmese necropolis 251

Realmonte 211

Reati, Giovanni (17C) 329

Reati, Giuseppe (brother of Giovanni; 17C)

329

Regalbuto 273

Regaleali 105

Renda, Giuseppe (1859–1939) 141

Resuttano 232

Rhodian colonists 237

Ribera, Jusepe de (1588–1652) 278

Ricca, Michele (1590–1654) 201

Riccio, Antonello (16C) 150, 430

Riccio, Mariano (father of Antonello; b. 1510)

150

Richard I, Coeur de Lion 426

Riesi 242

Riolo, Vincenzo (1772–1837) 100

 

 

Riposto 407

Riviera dei Limoni 407

Rizzo, Pietro (active 1590–1628) 327

Rizzo, Pippo (1897–1964) 52, 62

Robbia, Andrea della 77, 122, 414

Robert Guiscard 13, 23, 458

Roberto di Oderisio (c. 1335–82) 124

Rocca Novara 451

Roccapalumba 86

Roccavaldina 449

Roch, St 241

Rodriguez, Alonso (1578–1648) 432

Rodě 451

Roger I, Count of Sicily 13, 14, 23, 100,

103, 171, 127, 153, 228, 230, 253, 254,

263, 268, 276, 278, 279, 280, 285, 298,

357, 380, 389, 398, 428, 435, 448, 458,

463, 464

Roger II, King of Sicily 14, 23, 27, 35, 39,

88, 90, 91, 305; (mosaic of) 28; (portrait

of) 35–36; (tomb of) 31

Roger of Lauria 403, 406, 456

Romans 11–12, 127, 132, 149, 166, 182,

246, 250, 321, 377

Rosa, Salvator (1615–73) 278

Rosalia, St 68; (relics of) 31; (sanctuary of)

214

Rosolini 356

Rosone, Giovanni (1910–2001) 235

Rossi, Epifano (17C) 411

Rossi, Mariano (1731–1807) 205

Rutelli, Mario (1859–1941) 52, 61, 71, 162,

303

Ruzzolone, Pietro (active 1484–1526) 48,

83, 97, 273, 414

 

S

Sabucina 231

Sada, Carlo (1809–73) 386, 413

Salaparuta 164

Salemi 165

Salerno, Giuseppe (il Zoppo di Gangi; 1570–

1632) 60, 95, 96, 98, 101, 209

Salina, island of 469

Salso Imera river 218

Salso river 270

Sambuca di Sicilia 207

San Biagio 451

San Cataldo 236

San Cipirello 102

San Corrado di Fuori 351

San Cusumano 133

San Fratello 459

San Fratello horses 133, 457

San Giuliano, Mt, finds from 230

San Giuseppe Jato 102

San Marco d’Alunzio 458

San Martino delle Scale 79

San Matteo Forest Museum 132

San Salvatore di Fitalia 457

Santa Caterina Villarmosa 232

Santa Croce Camerina 304

Sant’Agata di Militello 459

Sant’Alfio 403

Santa Lucia del Mela 449

Santa Margherita di Belice 206

Santa Maria di Focallo 300

Santa Maria la Scala 406

Sant’Angelo Muxaro 212

Santa Ninfa 164

Santa Rosalia, lake of 310

Santissima Trinitŕ di Delia 163

Santoni, reliefs of Cybele 359, 359

Santo Stefano di Camastra 460

Santo Stefano Quisquina 214

San Vito Lo Capo 133

Saracens (see Arabs)

Sarzana, Agostino (16C) 411

Sarzana, Nicolň (1700–86) 85

Savoca 447

Savoja, Leone (1814–85) 430

Scala dei Turchi 211

Scaletta Zanclea 448

Schifano, Mario (1934–98) 78, 164

Sciacca 204

Sciascia, Leonardo 43, 215, 217, 219

Scicli 297

Scifo Forest 450

Scilla, Agostino (1629–1700) 49, 229, 327

Scipio Africanus 149

Scipione di Blasi (16C) 249

Scipione di Guido (active 1587–1604) 248,

381, 411

Sciuti, Giuseppe (1834–1911) 52, 62, 387

Sclafani Bagni 97

Scoglitti 307

Scopello 134

Scordia 414

Scott, Sir Walter 206

Scudo, Gerardo (17C) 52

Scurati 133

Scylla and Charybdis 433

Segesta 10, 127, 135–39, 137, 156

Selinunte 10, 155–61, 158, 365; (finds from)

56, 58, 124

Sellitto, Carlo (1581–1614) 432

Serassi organmakers 290, 295, 389

Serenario, Gaspare (18C) 49, 60

Serpotta, Gaspare (father of Giacomo; d.

1669) 32, 162

Serpotta, Giacomo (1656–1732) 15, 29, 39,

40, 41, 42, 45, 49, 51, 52, 54, 54, 60, 78,

142, 199, 200

Serpotta, Giuseppe (brother of Giacomo;

1653–1719) 40

Serpotta, Procopio (son of Giacomo; 1679–

1755) 25, 40, 44, 55

Serradifalco 236

Servile War 246, 249, 250, 435, 442

Settimo, Ruggero 53, 61

Sextus Pompey 12, 274, 435, 449

Sgarlata, Filippo (1901–79) 83

Sharp, William 402

Sibyl of Lilybaeum 152

Sicani Mountains 214

Sicans 8, 127, 165, 208, 218, 241, 272

Sicels 9, 10, 218, 236, 241, 246, 253, 263,

264, 271, 272, 274, 285, 287, 292, 306,

335, 364, 415, 435, 444

Sicilian Vespers 14, 51, 69, 119, 208, 268,

278

Siculiana 211

Silk industry 13, 16, 426, 447

Simeto nature reserve 392

Simeto river 393

Simon de Worbrecht (16C) 60

Simone da Corleone (fl. 1377–88) 43, 47

Sinatra, Vincenzo (1707–65) 299, 310, 349,

350, 351, 357

Siragusa, Antonino (16C) 85

Siragusa, Federico (18–19C) 25, 83

Skyllos, sculptor 287

Smiriglio, Mariano (1561–1636) 41, 54

Sogliani, Giovanni Antonio (1492–1544) 92

Solunto 81; (finds from) 56, 59

Sommatino 232

Sortino 363

Sozzi, Olivio (1690–1765) 28, 44, 55, 60,

272, 273, 304, 348, 353, 368, 387, 390,

414; (self-portrait) 299; (body of) 299

Spada, Mario (17–18C) 284

Spadafora 449

Spagnuolo, Pietro (17C) 327

Spain, Spanish rule 14, 348

Sperlinga 278

Spuches, Baron Corrado Arezzo de 290,

307, 308

Staccioli, Mauro (b. 1937) 461

Steinbeck, John 170, 436

Stentinello ware 8, 445

Stesichorus, poet 87

Stom, Matthias (1600–?50) 49, 54, 78, 85

Strabo 132

Straits of Messina 433

Stromboli, island of 462, 470

Sturzo, Luigi 410

Sughereta di Niscemi 243

Sughi, Alberto (b. 1928) 150

Sulphur mining 215

Sutera 234

Swabians 14, 274

Swinburne, Algernon Charles 22

Swinburne, Captain Charles Henry 206

Symaethus, Sicel town 393

Syracuse 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 306, 317ff, 356,

360

Agora 332

Altar of Hieron II 340

Aquarium 328

Arkimedeion 329

Syracuse contd

Arsenale Antico 332

Bagno Ebraico 332

Castello Eurialo 344

Castello Maniace 328

Catacombs of San Giovanni 339

Catacombs of St Lucy 333

Duomo 324

Ear of Dionysius 342, 343

Fonte Aretusa 327

Foro Siracusano 332

Fountain of Diana 329, 331

Ginnasio Romano 332

Greek theatre 341

Grotta dei Cordari 344

Latomia dei Cappuccini 340

Latomia del Filosofo 345

Latomia del Paradiso 342

Latomia di Santa Venera 344

Madonna delle Lacrime 338

Museo Archeologico 334

Museo del Cinema 330

Museo del Papiro 338

Museo dei Pupi 330

Neapolis 340

Necropoli Grotticelle 344

Ortigia 322ff

Palazzo Bellomo 328

Piazza Archimede 329

Piazza Duomo 323

Porta Marina 323

Roman amphitheatre 340

S. Benedetto 328

S. Filippo Apostolo 330

S. Filippo Neri 332

S. Francesco 330

S. Giovanni 339

S. Giovanni Battista 330

S. Lucia 333

S. Lucia alla Badia 324

S. Maria della Concezione 329

S. Maria dei Miracoli 323

S. Martino 328

S. Nicolň 340

Street of Tombs 341, 342

Syracuse contd

Temple of Apollo 322, 322

Temple of Zeus 346

Vigna Cassia 340

 

T

Tamburini, organmakers 429

Tancredi, Filippo (1655–1722) 25, 40, 51

Taormina 12, 250, 434–44

Tartaglio, Giacomo (18C) 121

Tassara, Giovanni Battista (1841–1916) 381

Tedeschi, Gregorio (active 1609–50) 68, 334

Tellaro, Roman villa 354

Terme Vigliatore 451

Termini Imerese 83

Terrasini 103

Testa, Giuseppe (18C) 154

Thapsos 8, 361, 364; (finds from) 334

Theocles of Naxos 444

Theron of Akragas 320

Thucydides 8, 9, 10, 342

Timoleon 10, 182, 210, 237, 239, 272, 320,

341, 377

Tindari, Madonna of 453

Tipa, Andrea (active 1725–76) 121, 124

Titian (Tiziano Vecellio; c. 1488–1576) 124

Tomaselli, Onofrio (1886–1956) 52

Tomasi di Lampedusa, Giuseppe 206, 207,

217; grave of 65

Tommaso de Vigilia (active 1444–97) 40, 48,

91, 142

Tornatore, Giuseppe 79, 211

Tortorici 457

Trapani 118–25

Trecastagni 399

Trevelyan, Florence 440, 441, 444

Trigona family 254

Tripisciano, Michele 228, 229

Triumph of Death fresco 15, 46

Trogilus 364

Troina 279

Trotilon, ancient settlement 368

Tuccari, Giovanni (1667–1743) 382, 403

Tuna fishing 167, 168, 168

Tusa 460

Tusa, Vincenzo 145, 146

Tyndaris, ancient city 453, 454

 

U

Ucchino, Nino (b. 1952) 447

Umile da Petralia, Fra’ (c. 1580–1639) 25,

95, 97, 100, 229, 272, 277, 280, 303, 391,

400, 449, 458; (bust of) 100

Ustica, island of 106

 

V

Vaccarini, Giovanni Battista (1702–67) 29,

380, 382, 386, 387, 453

Vaccaro family (19C) 49, 410, 411, 412

Valenti, Francesco (20C) 429

Valguarnera Caropepe 253

Valguarnera family 253, 271, 272

Valle dell’Anapo 361

Vallelunga Pratameno 233

Valle Oscura 233

Vandals 12, 23, 285

Vanvitelli, Luigi (1700–73) 327

Vasari, Giorgio (1511–74) 48

Vassallaggi 236

Vasta, Pier Paolo (1697–1760) 399, 405

Vazano, Gaspare (1555–1630) 96, 101, 141,

254 (see also Zoppo di Gangi)

Velasco or Velasquez, Giuseppe (1750–1827)

30, 31, 38, 52, 277, 349, 400

Vendicari nature reserve 355

Venera, St, chapel of 279

Ventimiglia family 96, 97, 142, 232

Venus Erycina 127, 132

Verga, Giovanni 384, 385, 406, 407, 413;

(monument to) 391

Vermexio, Andrea (father of Giovanni; active

1594–1643) 324

Vermexio, Giovanni (active 1618–48) 323,

327, 332, 333

Verres, praetor 12, 189, 271, 321

Via Valeria, Roman road 449

Vicari 104

Vigilante, Giovanbattista (16–17C) 79

Vignerio, Jacopo (16C) 440

Villalba 233

Villapriolo 251

Villareale, Valerio (1773–1854) 53

Villarosa 251

Villasmundo 368

Villa Vela 353

Vincenzo da Pavia (active 1495–1557) 28,

33, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55,

204

Vinci, Gaetano (1888–1964) 353

Vitaliano, Gioacchino (1669–1739) 54

Vitaliano, Vincenzo (18C) 229

Vittoria 301

Vittorini, Elio 297

Vittorio Amedeo of Savoy 23, 276

Vizzini 413

Vulcanelli di Macalube 212, 213

Vulcano, island of 470

 

W

Wagner, Richard 61, 208, 406

Walter of the Mill 30, 69, 71; (tomb of) 33

Weyden, Rogier van der 98, 411

Whitaker, Joseph (Pip) 61, 64, 144, 149

Wilhelm II, Kaiser 435, 440

William I (the Bad) 84, 240, 253, 256

William II 71, 79, 253; (tapestry of) 77;

(tomb of) 75

Williams, Tennessee 436, 439, 440

Wine 494–95; (Malvasia) 469; (Marsala) 147,

149

Woodhouse, John 149, 153

 

X

Ximenes, Ettore (1855–1926) 152, 248

 

Z

Zafferana Etnea 400

Zancle (Messina) 9, 87, 426

Zeuxis, artist (5C bc) 188, 325

Ziino, Vittorio (20C) 235

Zingaro Nature Reserve 135

Zoppo di Gangi 40, 43, 45, 55, 60, 79, 99,

101, 449 (see also Salerno, Giuseppe and

Vazano, Gaspare)