WHAT'S ON IN ISTANBUL

Events listing from Cornucopia Magazine»

WHERE TO STAY

The Cornucopia Hotels Collection»: recommendations you can trust from Cornucopia Magazine and the Blue Guides


BLUE GUIDE TURKEY

Long-awaited new edition of the Blue Guide to this fascinating city, which straddles Europe and the Orient and whose history goes back to the days of ancient Greece. Superb coverage of all the major monuments, Classical, Christian and Islamic, with details on how to get around a busy city, what to eat and where to stay.

Reviewed on Amazon? »

Read our articles about Turkey here.


BLUE GUIDE ISTANBUL

Blue Guide Istanbul provides superb coverage of all the major monuments, Classical, Christian and Islamic, with details on how to get around a busy city, what to eat and where to stay. Author John Freely was born in the United States. He is a long-term resident of Istanbul and has written a number of books on Greece and Turkey.

Reviewed on Amazon? »

Read our articles about Istanbul here.

Read Blue Guide Istanbul Glossary here.


NEW eBOOKS »

Blue Guide Istanbul, Central Anatolia, Eastern Turkey, Southeastern Turkey and The Black Sea Coast are available for download:

Blue Guide Istanbul

Central Anatolia

Blue Guide Eastern Turkey

Blue Guide Southeastern Turkey

The Black Sea Coast



photo by Sofia Pugsley

Where was Noah’s Ark perched when the floodwaters retreated?

Mount Ararat, in eastern Turkey.  Everyone knows that, surely?

Well, perhaps. Because there are a number of other contending sites in this far-flung region of Anatolia. Paola Pugsley visits them all in her scholarly and intrepid Eastern Turkey, an explorer’s guide to this historic and fascinating region, a crossroads of civilisations including Hittite, Assyrian, Roman, Turkish, Kurdish, Arab, Armenian and Russian. Available now for download.


Editor's Blog: insights, tips, news - Istanbul and Turkey posts »

  • Learning to weave carpets in Urfa: why I will never haggle again... more»

  • New language discovered in east Anatolia... more»

  • So what is the Turkish Van?

  • The many lives of Nasreddin Hoca... more»
  • Bartered brides from Trabzon... more»

  • The Health Museum at Edirne... more»

  • A tale of three museums... more»

  • Books about Istanbul... more»


Blue Guide

Blue Guide Istanbul

6th ed. (2011) pp352
Long-awaited new edition of the Blue Guide to this fascinating city, which str ...
View details »


"very, very informative and easy to use. If you are interested in historical sites, there is no other travel guide that measures up to this" Amazon review

Blue Guide

Blue Guide Turkey

3rd ed. (2001) pp785
SPECIAL REPRINT EDITION of the late Bernard McDonagh's 2000 classic Turkey guide ...
View details »


"But if your interest in Asia Minor takes you even slightly off the well-trodden path, the Blue Guide is indispensible" amazon.com review


BLUE GUIDE ISTANBUL GLOSSARY

NB: Turkish words appearing in brackets are the form that they take when modified by a preceding word or when rendered in the genitive: e.g. Sultanahmet Camii (the ‘Mosque of Sultan Ahmet’), whereas Yeni Cami (‘New Mosque’).

Ağa, within the Ottoman administration, the head of an organisation or corps, appointed to enforce discipline; a civil or military leader, e.g. Kızlar ağası, ‘Ağa of the Girls’, the eunuch in charge of the imperial harem
Abacus, flat-topped slab at the top of a column capital on which the architrave (qv) rests
Aghiasma, a holy well (in Turkish, ayazma)
Ambo (pl. ambones), pulpit in a Christian basilica; one of two pulpits on opposite sides of a church nave from which the Gospel and Epistle were read
Ambulatory, a passageway around and behind the high altar of a church, between the back of the altar and the apse
Annunciation, the appearance of the Angel Gabriel to Mary to tell her that she will bear the Son of God
Antae, projecting pilasters ending the lateral walls of a Greek temple; columns between the antae are said to be in antis
Apostles, those who spread the Christian word, traditionally twelve in number, being the eleven disciples (without Judas) plus St Paul
Apse, the circular or polygonal termination of a church sanctuary, at the liturgical east end
Arabesque, type of decoration involving interweaving tendrils, foliage and scroll motifs
Arasta, a series of shops built beneath or near a mosque. Rent from the shops provided money for the maintenance and repair of the mosque and its dependent institutions
Arcade, a series of piers or columns linked by arches (cf colonnade)
Archaic, period in Greek civilisation preceding the Classical era: from about 750 BC–480 BC
Architrave, the horizontal beam or lintel stone running above the columns in ancient architecture; the lowest part of the entablature (qv)
Arcosolium (pl. arcosolia), a tomb where the sarcophagus or funerary bed is in a recessed niche surmounted by an arch
Atrium, a forecourt, either of an ancient Roman house or of a Byzantine church
Avlu, the forecourt of a mosque
Ayazma, see aghiasma
Barbican, an outwork of a fortress, designed to protect a gateway
Barrel vault, a vault of semicircular cross-section, like a prolonged archway (see illustration)


Basilica, originally a Roman hall used for public administration; in Christian architecture, an aisled church with a clerestory and apse and no transepts
Bema, in a Byzantine church, the chancel or sanctuary
Bedesten, a multi-domed hall, usually in the centre of a Turkish market, where valuable goods are stored and sold
Black Eunuch, a castrated African slave who served in the imperial harem
Buttress, a mass of masonry built up against a wall to resist the outward pressure of an arch or vault
Cadde (caddesi), avenue
Caliph, the head of the Muslim ‘nation’, the earthly vicar or viceroy of Allah
Camekan, the reception room or entrance foyer of a Turkish bath, sometimes also doubling as the changing room
Cami (camii), mosque
Capital, the crowning feature of a column or pilaster
Caravansaray (also caravanserai, in Turkish kervansaray), a han (qv), an inn arranged around a spacious courtyard with accommodation for travellers and their animals
Çarşı (carşısı), market
Catechumen, in the early Christian Church, a novice preparing for baptism
Cenotaph, literally, ‘empty tomb’, a funerary monument either placed above an actual grave or serving as commemoration in cases where there is no body
Çeşme (çeşmesi), fountain
Chi-Rho, Christian symbol formed by the superimposition of the first two letters of Christ’s name in Greek, X and P
Ciborium, in a church, a receptacle or small structure for storing the Communion bread
Çintamani (also çintemani), popular motif used in Turkish ceramics and textiles in the 16th century consisting of double wavy lines and often also three circles with smaller circles within (see illustration)
Classical, in ancient Greece, the period from 480–323 BC; in Ottoman terms, the period c. 1500–1650, when some of the greatest mosques were built, in a style that blended Islamic traditions and liturgical needs with the great design of Haghia Sophia
Colonnade, a series of columns linked by a horizontal architrave (qv), not by arches as in an arcade
Colonnette, small column, with a decorative, not a load-bearing, function
Corbel, a block of stone or wood, often carved or moulded, projecting from a wall, and supporting the beams of a roof, floor, vault or other architectural member
Corinthian, order of Classical architecture easily identified by its column capitals decorated with curling acanthus leaves


Cornice, topmost part of a temple entablature (qv); any projecting ornamental moulding at the top of a building beneath the roof (outside) or ceiling (inside)
Crenellations, the indentations in the parapet of a fortress wall
Cross vault, also known as a groin vault; vaulting characterised by arched diagonal groins, formed by the intersection of two barrel vaults (see illustration)
Cruciform, cross-shaped
Cuerda seca, ceramic technique that developed c. 1500. Pattern outlines were traced in an oily manganese compound (potassium permanganate) that prevented different colours from running into each other
Curtain wall, a wall with no load bearing function, built to close the space between two vertical members, e.g. defence towers in a castle
Dar-ül Hadis, ‘School of Tradition’, where the deeds and sayings (hadis) of the Prophet are taught
Dar-ül Kuran, a school for learning the Koran
Darüşşifa, an Ottoman hospital
Deësis, a scene of intercession for the sins of mankind, with Christ shown flanked (usually) by the Virgin and St John the Baptist
Dershane, the lecture hall of a medrese (qv)
Dervish, a Sufi Muslim, a member of one of the ascetic, mendicant and often mystical orders, founded by saints
Devşirme, periodic levy of Christian youths inducted into the Ottoman army
Diaconicon, in Byzantine churches, the sacristy, an auxiliary chamber usually next to the apse, where the sacred vessels were stored
Doctors of the Church, see Hierarchs
Dormition, the ‘falling asleep’, in other words death, of the Virgin Mary, in Greek the Koimisis tis Theotokou
Domical vault, a dome rising directly from a square or polygonal base, without the intermediary of a drum, pendentives (qv) or squinches (qv)
Dragoman, an interpreter between the Sublime Porte (qv) and the courts of Europe
Efendi, a term of respect or courtesy, broadly the equivalent of ‘Sir’. Hanımefendi is used for women
Engaged column, a column partly embedded in the wall
Entablature, the upper part of an Order of architecture (qv), comprising architrave, frieze and cornice, supported by a colonnade
Eunuch, see Black Eunuch, White Eunuch
Epistyle, the Greek word for the architrave
Evangelists, the authors of the four Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, often depicted in art through their symbols, respectively the man/angel, lion, bull and eagle
Exedra (also, properly, exhedra), recessed area projecting from a room or other space, originally with benches
Exonarthex, the outer vestibule of a church
Eyvan, a vaulted or domed recess or side chamber, open on one side
Faience, glazed earthenware, often ornamented, used for pottery or as revetment on the walls of a building
Fatih, ‘Conqueror’, the name given to Sultan Mehmet II who took Constantinople from the Byzantines in 1453
Firman, a decree from the Sultan; in Turkish, ferman
Forum (pl. fora), open space in an ancient Roman town serving as a market or meeting-place
Four-column church, a design where the dome over the nave is supported on columns
Fresco, a painting executed on wet plaster
Frieze, strip of decoration usually along the upper part of a wall; in a temple this refers to the horizontal feature above the columns between the architrave and the cornice
Gigantomachia, in ancient Greek sculpture, a representation of the battle between the Olympian gods and the giants
Göbektaşı, the ‘belly-stone’, the heated stone platform in the hot room of a Turkish bath
Grand Vizier, the Sultan’s chief minister
Groin, the curved edge formed by the intersection of two vaulted surfaces, as in groin vault
H., abbreviation for hijra, the year (corresponding to AD 622) when Mohammed and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina. Dates in the Islamic calendar are calculated from this time. Thus H. 1200 is AD 1787 (the Islamic year is a lunar year, thus making the calculation is not simply a matter of subtracting 622 from the Gregorian year). Also written ‘AH’ (anno hijri)
Hacı, ‘pilgrim’, a popular given name; also a title applied to persons who have made the hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca
Hadis (also hadith) the deeds and sayings of the Prophet Mohammed, forming a separate tradition not contained in the Koran and studied as precepts for Islamic living
Haghia, Haghios, holy, saint (Greek)
Halvet, in a hamam, a very hot chamber opening off the main steam room
Hamam (hamamı), a Turkish bath
Han (hanı), an Ottoman inn
Hararet, the steam room of a Turkish bath
Harem, the family quarter of an Islamic home, where the women and children live secluded from men who are not members of their immediate family
Hazrat, literally ‘prophet’, used in Turkish as an honorific title, particularly for saints and martyrs
Haseki, a favourite woman who had borne a child or children to a sultan; a kadın (qv)
Hellenistic, Greek culture of the period from the death of Alexander the Great to the victory of Rome over Antony and Cleopatra (323–30 BC). Art from this period often displays more sentiment than Classical works
Hereke, town on the bay of İzmit east of Istanbul, known for its carpets, produced using a distinctive technique, often in silk, and with double knots
Hierarchs, the three pre-eminent Doctors of the Eastern Christian Church: St Basil the Great, St Gregory of Nazianzus and St John Chrysostom. Their relics are preserved in the church of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
Hisar (hisarı), an Ottoman fortress
Hodegetria, icon type representing the Virgin with the Child seated on her lap. It functions as a ‘guide’, presenting the infant Christ as ‘the Way’. Traditionally based on the prototype said to have been painted by St Luke
Hünkar kasrı, royal pavilion attached to an imperial mosque
Hünkar mahfili, the sultan’s loggia in an imperial Ottoman mosque
Hücre, a student’s cell in a medrese
Hypocaust, a series of small chambers and under-floor flues through which the heated air was distributed to the rooms of a bath
Hypogeum, an underground chamber, often, but not necessarily, a tomb
Iconoclastic, in the Byzantine world, the period in the 8th and early 9th centuries when representations of the human form (icons, graven images) were banned from sacred art
Iconodule, a worshipper or adorer of icons; the opposite of an iconoclast
Iconostasis, screen inset with icons, placed between the nave and chancel of an Orthodox church to separate the sanctuary from the laity
İkbal, a harem favourite, a woman with whom the sultan had sexual relations
İmam, the cleric who presides over public prayers in a mosque
İmaret, the public kitchen in an Ottoman pious foundation.
Impost, block or projecting corbel above a capital or pier on which the spring of an arch rests
Ionic, order of architecture developed in coastal Asia Minor in the late 6th century BC, and identified primarily by its style of capital, which has paired volutes (see illustration)


İskele (iskelesi), quay, landing stage
Janissaries, properly Yeni Ceri, ‘New Troops’, the élite corps of the Ottoman army, traditionally formed of recruits taken from the non-Muslim population
Jinn (also djinn), a spirit, able to assume human or animal shape, and intervening in men’s lives, either for good or evil
Kadın, literally ‘woman’; the ‘wife’ of a Sultan. Though not legally wed, the kadın enjoyed the legal status of a wife. By Islamic law, the sultan was permitted four kadıns.
Kafes, the ‘cage’, an apartment in the harem at Topkapı Sarayı where the brothers of a reigning sultan were kept under house arrest, to prevent them from staging coups, interfering in state affairs or challenging their brother’s authority. The system was introduced by Ahmet I in 1603. Prior to that all brothers of new sultans had been strangled
Kaptan Paşa, naval commander, Admiral of the Fleet
Kasr (kasrı), a small palace, a pavilion
Kayık, a barge or caique
Kible, the direction of Mecca; in Arabic qibla
Kilise (kilisesi), church
Kızlar ağası, literally ‘Master of the Maidens’, the Chief Black Eunuch (qv)
Koimisis tis Theotokou (pron: kee-misis), Dormition (qv) of the Virgin
Konak, an Ottoman mansion
Koran (in Turkish, Kuran), the Holy Book of Islam, containing God’s law as revealed to his prophet Mohammed in the early 7th century. Devout Muslims look upon it not only as a spiritual guide but also as a manual for daily living, political, social and domestic
Köşk (köşkü), a Turkish kiosk or pavilion
Kouros (pl. kouroi), free-standing statue of the Archaic period, an idealised representation of a young man, placed as dedicatory offerings in temples of Apollo.
Kore (pl. korai), Archaic Greek sculpture of a young woman, dedicated to Artemis
Külliye (külliyesi), an Ottoman mosque complex or pious foundation, with attendant buildings such as baths, schools and public kitchens
Kuran kursu, the chair on which the imam, or preacher, sits when he is reading the Koran to the congregation
Kütüphane, Turkish library
Lancet, tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch
Latin, in the Byzantine world, pertaining to Western Christians, those adhering to the Church of Rome
Levha, a plaque
Lintel, the horizontal member, of wood or stone, that spans a door or window aperture
Loggia, covered gallery or balcony
Lozenge capital, Islamic style of capital decorated with carved diamond shapes, or lozenges (see illustration)


Lunette, semicircular space in a vault or above a door or window, often decorated with a painting or relief
Medrese (medresesi), Islamic school of higher studies
Mektep, an Ottoman primary school, also called a sibyan mektebi
Melon capital, Byzantine style of capital carved as if in undulating segments, resembling a large melon or pumpkin (see illustration)
Meryem, Mary; Meryem Ana Kilisesi is ‘the church of the Mother Mary’
Mescit (mescidi), a small mosque
Meta-Byzantine, type of building constructed after the Ottoman conquest, but in the earlier Byzantine style
Mevlevi, the dervish (qv) order known for its whirling dance
Mihrab, the niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the kible, the direction of Mecca
Mimber, the pulpit in a mosque (also written mimbar, minbar)
Minaret, the spire, beside a mosque, from which the müezzin (qv) gives the call to prayer. In function, a minaret is to a mosque what a bell-tower is to a church
Monolithic, made from a single piece of stone
Mosaic, decorative surfaces formed by small cubes (tesserae) of stone, glass, or marble
Müezzin, cleric who chants the responses to the prayers of the imam (qv) in a mosque and gives the call to prayer from the minaret
Müezzin mahfili, the raised platform where the müezzins chant their responses to the prayers of the imam
Müneccim, in the Ottoman world, a time-keeper, astronomer and caster of horoscopes
Muvakkithane, the house of the müneccim, or mosque astronomer
Namazgah, an outdoor place of prayer
Nargile, a water-pipe, hubble bubble, or hookah
Narthex, the entrance vestibule of a Byzantine church, stretching across the façade before the west entrance to the nave
Nike, in Classical art, the personification of Victory, depicted as a winged woman
Ocak, a Turkish fireplace
Oculus (pl. oculi) a round opening, a circular window
Oda (odası), in Turkish, room, hall or chamber
Ogive arch, a rounded arch where the curved sides meet in a peak (see illustration)


Opus alexandrinum, Byzantine style of revetment for floors and other surfaces in which small pieces of stone or glass paste are arranged in expansive geometric patterns interspersed with larger discs of marble and other coloured stone
Opus sectile, ornamental paving or wall covering made from thin pieces of marble or glass (larger than mosaic tesserae; qv) arranged in geometric or figurative designs
Order, an Order in ancient Greek architecture comprised a column, with base (unless Doric), shaft and capital, the whole supporting an entablature (qv)
Osmanlı, 1. the House of Osman, the dynasty of the Ottomans; 2. Perso-Arabic script in which Ottoman Turkish was written
Panaghia, the ‘All Holy’ Virgin (Greek)
Pantocrator, literally ‘He who Controls All’, a representation of Christ in Majesty traditionally featured in the central dome of Orthodox churches and in the apse of an Early Christian basilica
Parecclesion, subsidiary chapel in an Orthodox church, often with a funerary function
Paşa (pasha), honorific title borne by certain Ottoman dignitaries
Pendentive, one of four concave spandrels (triangular spaces) descending from the ‘corners’ of a dome, and converting the square lower space into the circular upper space (see illustration)
Penetralia, in architecture, the innermost parts of a building, especially of a temple or palace
Pent roof (also pentise roof), a lean-to roof, such as the sloping roof of a verandah or porch
Peristyle, a colonnade (qv) surrounding a courtyard or garden
Pier, a mass of masonry with a load-bearing, supportive function
Pilaster, a shallow pier or rectangular column projecting only slightly from the wall
Pitched roof, roof made of two sloping sides, meeting in a ridge at the top
Platytera, representation of the Virgin and Child as a symbol of the Incarnation. The Christ Child is placed in the centre of the Virgin’s lap or abdomen. She holds her hands out in prayer. The full name of the icon type is Platytera ton Ouranon, ‘Wider than the Heavens’. It illustrates the paradox that a human womb yielded space to the godhead, Creator of the universe
Polychrome, many-coloured
Porphyry, dark blue, purple or red-coloured igneous rock, much prized in the ancient world and used almost exclusively for imperial commissions
Portico, a covered space or porch, with the roof supported on at least one side by columns
Proconnesian, fine white marble from an island in the Sea of Marmara (the etymology of the word marble), known as Marmara in Greek and Proconnesus in Latin. It is used primarily in architecture and for sarcophagi
Prothesis, the part of a Byzantine church dedicated to the preparation of the Communion bread and wine
Pseudo-Ionic, type of column capital having scrolled volutes like an Ionic column, though these are smaller and more peripheral to the overall structure (see illustrations)
Qur’an (see Koran)
Ramadan (in Turkish, Ramazan), Islamic period of fasting, beginning with the first sighting of the moon of the ninth month, the time when Mohammed received God’s Word as recorded in the Koran
Refectory, the dining-hall in a monastery, convent, hostel or imaret (qv)
Revak, in Turkish, a domed or vaulted colonnade enclosing a porch
Revetment, cladding; a facing of stone, ceramic tile or other material, for decorative or protective purposes
Rum, literally ‘Rome’, used in an Ottoman context to describe Europeans or, ecclesiastically, Catholics or Orthodox Christians
Şadırvan, an ablution fountain in the courtyard of a mosque
Sanctuary, the part of a church at the far east end; the chancel, the holy of holies
Saray (sarayı), an Ottoman palace
Sebil (sebili), an Ottoman fountain-house from which water was distributed free to passers-by
Şehit, martyr
Şehzade, the son of a sultan; a prince
Selamlık, the male quarters of an Ottoman home or palace; also the sultan’s ceremony of Friday prayers
Selsebil, decorative cascade fountain, where the water falls successively into basins of gradated size
Semahane, the room in a Mevlevi (qv) dervish lodge where the sema, or dancing ritual, takes place
Şerefe, the balcony of a minaret, where the müezzin gives the call to prayer
Şeriat, the sacred law in Islam
Şeyülislam, head of the Islamic religious hierarchy; the chief cleric
Sibyan mektebi, see mektep
Sipahi, a cavalry knight
Soğukluk, the chamber of intermediate temperature in a Turkish bath
Sofa (sofası) a raised, carpeted seating area
Soffit, the underside of an arch
Sokak (sokağı), street
Son cemaat yeri, the raised, carpeted front porch of a mosque where latecomers pray
Spolia, elements of masonry from an older building reused or ‘recycled’ in a newer one
Squinch, a small arch, bracket, or similar device built across each angle of a square or polygonal structure to form an octagon or any appropriate base for a dome
Stalactite, distinctive style of carving or moulding seen in much Islamic architecture, over doorways, in squinches (qv) and on column capitals (see illustration). Stalactites are also known as muqarna
Sublime Porte, originally the gate leading to the offices of the Grand Vizier, close to Topkapı Palace; by extension the whole apparatus of the Ottoman Empire
Su terazi, a Turkish water-control tower
Syenitic, of granite, an igneous rock composed largely of feldspar and/or hornblende, coarse-grained, ranging in colour from pinkish tan to grey
Synnada marble, white to brownish puce marble from Synnada, modern Şuhut, in central west Turkey
Synthronon, semicircular bench or tiered seats for the clergy in the apse of a basilica
Tabhane, a hospice for travelling dervishes
Taksim, a Turkish water-distribution system
Tekke, a dervish lodge
Tessera (pl. tesserae), a small cube of marble, glass etc., used in mosaic work
Theotokos, in the Greek Orthodox Church, the Mother of God
Tip medrese, an Ottoman medical school
Torah, the Books of Moses, the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), revealed to Moses on Mt Sinai
Trabeated, construction where the apertures (doors, windows) have vertical supports and horizontal lintels as opposed to arches
Trompe l’oeil, literally a deception of the eye. Used to describe illusionist decoration, painted architectural perspectives, etc
Tuğra, the elaborate calligraphic signature of an Ottoman sultan, appearing on all official documents (see illustration). The tuğra has four main constituent parts: at the bottom is the sere, where the sultan’s name and attributes are written; to the left is the beyze, two billowing egg-shaped strokes, curving back to the right to end in trailing ribbons; extending from the sere into the beyze is the kol, a horizontal stroke; rising above the whole is the tuğ, three tall vertical strokes resembling flagstaffs
Türbe (türbesi), an Ottoman mausoleum, a one-roomed structure, typically octagonal, often lavishly decorated with tiles. The interior contains the cenotaphs of the deceased, often in the shape of coffins (men’s cenotaphs have a turban at the head) and covered with a pall, often of green baize. The actual body or bodies are in the ground beneath
Tympanum (pl. tympana), the semicircular space enclosed by an arch. In Haghia Sophia and the imperial mosques based on its design, the four vast tympana below the central dome are a memorable feature. Also the space enclosed by a pediment above a door or window. In Classical architecture the tympanum is the triangular space enclosed by the pediment on a temple façade
Vakıf, the deed of a pious foundation
Valide Sultan, the mother of a reigning sultan
Vault, an arched roof or covering in stone, brick or concrete
Verd antique, green marble from Thessaly, Greece; Thessalian green
Vizier, a minister in the Ottoman civil service
Volute, scroll-like decoration at the corners of an Ionic or pseudo-Ionic capital (see illustration)
Voussoirs, wedge shaped blocks forming the curved part of an arch, fanning upwards from the side piers; the central voussoir is the keystone
White Eunuch, a castrated European, who served the Palace School or imperial civil service
Yalı (yalısı), an Ottoman waterside mansion, traditionally of wood
Zaviye, religious establishment to accommodate pilgrims or travelling dervishes


INDEXES

To give a feel for the depth of information available in our books, we reproduce here in full the indexes of some of our Blue Guides.

Explanatory or more detailed references (where there are many), or references to places where an artist’s work is best represented, are given in bold. Numbers in italics are picture references. Dates are given for all artists, architects and sculptors. Ancient names are rendered in italics, as are works of art.

INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE ISTANBUL

For a formatted version of the index please see www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures/bgistanbul/index.pdf

 

 

Arcadius 8; (column of) 184

Archaeological Museum 93ff

Argonauts, myth of 259, 263, 276

Armenian, Armenians 25, 189, 192,

193, 241–42, 258, 278; (Cemetery)

268; (Patriarchate) 192

Arnavutköy 255

Arsenal (see Tersane)

Ashkenazi Synagogue 228

Astronomer, office of 42

At Meydanı (see Hippodrome)

Atatürk 24, 42, 146, 237, 248;

(Cultural Centre) 242; (Museum) 243;

(statue of) 103

Atik Ali Pasha 171; (mosque of) 119

Atik Mustafa Paşa Camii 216

Atik Sinan, architect 130, 155, 212;

(grave of) 159–60

Atik Valide Camii 266–67

Atıf Efendi, library of 147

Attila the Hun 9, 194

Augustaion, site of 44

Avars 12, 194, 217

Avrupa Pasajı 241

Aya Kapı 165

Ayazma Camii 265

Aynalı Pasaj 241

Aynalıkavak Kasrı 215–16, 216

Aynalıkavak, Treaty of 216

Ayvansaray 216–18

Ayyub (see Abu Ayyub)

Aznavur, Hovsep, architect 164, 212

Baldwin, Count of Flanders 15

Balkan Wars 23

Bab-ı Hümayün, gate at Topkapı 72,

158

Bab-üs Saadet, gate at Topkapı 72,

76–77

Bab-üs Selam, gate at Topkapı 74

Bahriye Nezareti 206

Balat 213–14

Baldwin, Count of Flanders 15

Balıklı Kilisesi 197–98

Balkapanı Han 132

Baltalimanı 258

Balyan family of architects 34, 161, 193;

(burial place of) 268

Balyan, Karabet 34, 247

Balyan, Kirkor 34, 234

Balyan, Nikoğos 34, 246, 247, 249,

252, 255, 274, 275

Balyan, Sarkis 34, 83, 247, 258, 272,

267

Bank, Ottoman 227

Barbarossa, pirate and admiral 152,

250, 250; (burial place of) 250;

(ensign of) 250; (statue of) 249

Barry, Sir Charles, architect 238

Bartlett, W.H., artist 151

Basil I, emperor 44, 63, 196

Basil II, emperor 12, 196

Basilica cistern 46

Bayram Pasha, külliye of 185

Bebek 256

Belgrad Forest 260

Belgrade 197, 260

Belgrat Kapı 197

Belisarius, general 9, 48

Bellini, Gentile, artist 158

Bereketzade fountain 229

Berger-Boronai, Aliye, artist 236

Beşiktas 249–50

Beşir Ağa Camii 52

Beyazıt I, sultan 17, 274

Beyazıt II 19, 123, 213, 224, 241;

(burial place of) 122

Beyazıt Camii 29, 120–21; (külliye of)

122–24

Beyazıt Tower 124

Beykoz 275

Beykoz ware 76; (see also Paşabahçe

glass)

Abdülaziz, sultan 23, 72, 215, 251;

(burial place of) 117

Abdülhamit I, sultan 23, 118; (burial

place of) 43

Abdülhamit II, sultan 23, 251, 252,

278; (burial place of) 117

Abdülmecit I, sultan 71, 93, 161, 164,

247; (burial place of) 162

Abdülmecit II, last caliph 24

Abu Ayyub al-Ansari 12, 219; (türbe of)

220, 221

Adile Sultan, palace of 273

Adrianople (see Edirne)

Aetius, cistern of 203

Ağa Camii 242

Ağa Hamamı 189

Aghiasma (see Blachernae, Zoödochos Pigi)

Ahi Çelebi Camii 133

Ahır Kapı 109

Ahmediye, külliye of 266

Ahmet I, sultan 82, 88, 104; (burial

place of) 107

Ahmet III, sultan 83, 120, 146, 216,

216, 248; (burial place of) 42

Ahmet Karahisarı, calligrapher 135, 208

Ahmet Paşa Mescidi 169

Ahrida Synagogue 214

Aivazovsky, Ivan, artist 273

Akathist Hymn 217

Akıntıburnu 256

Akoimatoi, monastic order 190, 275

Aksaray 22, 141

Alay Köşkü 52

Alcibiades 264

Alexander, emperor 67

Alexander the Great 7; (sculptures of) 96

Alexander Sarcophagus 94, 95

Alexius I, emperor 13, 282

Alexius II, emperor 14

Alexius III, emperor 14

Alexius IV, emperor 15

Alexius V, emperor 15

Ali Pasha of Çorlu, külliye of 119–20

Ali Sufi, calligrapher 157, 158

Altımermer district 186

Amalfitans, territory of 13, 38

Amcazade Hüseyin Pasha, külliye of

149–50; (yalı of) 274

Amycus, mythical king 276

Anadolu Feneri 276

Anadolu Hisarı 17, 274

Anadolu Kavağı 276

Anastasius I, emperor 217

Andrew, St 210

Andronicus I, emperor 14

Andronicus II, emperor 160

Andronicus III, emperor 171

Anemas Tower 218

Angelus, Alexius III 14

Angelus, Isaac II 14, 15; (tower of) 217

Anna Dalassena 154, 282

Anthemius of Tralles, architect 54

Antiochus and Lausus, palaces of 116–

17

Antony of Novgorod 62

Aqueduct of Valens 147–48

Arabs, siege of Constantinople 12, 194

Arap Cami 226

Arasta Bazaar 108

Caricature Museum 149

Carlowitz, Peace of 274

Carpets 35

Çarşamba district 166

Casanova, Giacomo 239

Cavafy, Constantine 259

Çavuş Hamam 214

Cedid Mehmed Efendi Medrese 45

Cedrenus, chronicler 277

Çelebi, Evliya 64, 127, 143, 150, 155,

159, 199, 219, 222, 229, 273, 274;

(birthplace of) 133; (dream of) 133,

206

Çemberlitaş 118

Çemberlitaş Hamam 119

Cemeteries

Armenian 268

Crimean War 270

Edirne Kapı 202

Eyüp 222, 223

Hasköy 215, 228

Karaca Ahmet 268

Rumeli Hisarı 258

Çengelköy 272

Cerrah Paşa Camii 183, 184

Cervantes, Miguel de 232

Cevri, servant girl 88

Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha 206, 207

Chain across Golden Horn 18, 99, 231,

243, 247, 250

Chalcedon, Megarian colony 7, 271

Chalke 12, 44, 173

Chalkoprateia, basilica of 53

Chénier, André, poet 229

Christie, Agatha 237

Chronograms 32–33

Chrysopolis, Athenian colony 7, 8, 264

Cibali district 164

Çiçek Pasajı 241

Cihangir Camii 234

Çinili Cami 267

Çinili Hamam 152

Çinili Köşk 100, 100

Cisterns

of Aetius 203

of Aspar 164

Basilica (Yerebatan) 46

Binbirdirek (Philoxenus) 117

of St Mocius 187

Sarnıç restaurant 70, 296

of Theodosius 117

Cırağan Palace 249, 251

Claudius II, emperor 103

Column of Arcadius 184

Column of Constantine 118

Column of Marcian 150, 151

Commodity Exchange 43

Comnenus dynasty 13–14, 217

Comnenus, Alexius I 13

Comnenus, Alexius II 14

Comnenus, Andronicus 14

Comnenus, Isaac 170, 173

Comnenus, John II 13–14, 66, 153

Comnenus, Manuel I 14, 118, 153, 266

Con Pasha 283

Constantine the Great 8, 48, 49, 92,

103; (burial place of) 155; (bust of)

97; (column of) 118; (Forum of) 46,

118; (mosaic portrait of) 67; (walls of)

8, 110

Constantine V, emperor 196

Constantine IX, emperor 65

Constantine XI, emperor 17–19, 56,

165, 202, 204, 205

Constantine Lips, church of 27, 160

Constantine Porphyrogenitus, column of

49–50

Constantius, emperor 54, 90

Council of Chalcedon 271

Council of Constantinople 8

Council of Ferrara-Florence 17, 153

Crimean Memorial Church 236

Crimean War 269, 273

Crimean War Cemetery 270

Beylerbeyi Camii 273

Beylerbeyi Palace 35, 272

Beyoğlu 235ff

Bezmialem, Valide Sultan 246

Binbirdirek Cistern 117

Bird houses 243, 243

Blachernae 216–18

Black Sea 7, 25, 36, 244, 263, 276

Blue Mosque 104–06, 105; (külliye of)

106

B’nai Mikra Synagogue 215

Bodrum Camii 140

Boğaziçi University 256

Boğdan Saray 182

Boğos Bey Maksadar, architect 271

Boniface of Monferrat 14

Bonneval, Count (see Kumbaracı)

Bosphorus 244ff

Bosphorus Bridge 254, 255

Botter House 236

Bourgeois, Marie-Auguste Antoine,

architect 124

Boyacıköy 258

Boza 146

British Embassy 238

Bucoleon, Palace of 109–10

Bulgars 12, 194

Bulwer, Sir Henry 279

Burgazada 279–80

Burmalı Cami 147

Bursa 17

Bursa style mosques 29, 128, 129, 183

Busbecq, Augier Ghislain de 239

Büyük Çamlıca, hill 268

Büyük Londra Hotel 237, 290–91

Büyük Mecidiye Camii 255

Büyük Selimiye Camii 269

Büyük Taş Hanı 141

Büyük Valide Han 127

Büyük Yeni Han 127–28

Büyükada 190, 282–84

Büyükdere 260

Byzantine churches

Andrew of Crete 188

Constantine Lips 27, 160

Haghia Eirene 26, 89–92

Haghia Sophia 9, 15, 16, 19, 26, 27,

28, 29, 54ff

Holy Apostles 92, 93, 155

John the Baptist of Studius 26, 190–91

John the Baptist in Trullo 169

Kyriotissa 141–42

Mary of the Mongols 211

Myrelaion 140

Pammakaristos 28, 166, 168

Panachrontos 160

Pantepoptes 154

Pantocrator 152–54

Peter and Mark 216

Peter and Paul 114

Polyeuctus 148, 149

Saviour in Chora 28, 170ff, 179

Sergius and Bacchus 26, 114–15

Theodore 147

Theodosia 165

Theotokos in Chalkoprateia 53

Byzantium, city of 7

Byzantium, Palace of 44, 108, 109–10

Byzas, founder of Byzantium 7, 223,

224

Cafer Baba 33

Caferağa Medrese 53

Cağaloğlu Hamam 50–51

Cage (see Kafes)

Caliphate 24

Calligraphic Art, Museum of 123

Camondo family 228, 259

Camondo Stairs 225, 227

Canonica, Pietro, sculptor 242

Cantacuzenus, John 17

Cantemir, Dimitrie 217

Çardaklı hamam 114

Fındıklı 234

Florence Nightingale Museum 269

Forum Amastrianum 147

Forum of Arcadius 184

Forum Bovis 141

Forum of Constantine 46, 118

Forum of Theodosius 124, 124

Forum Tauri 124

Fossati, Gaspare, architect 34, 56, 63,

68, 229

Fossati, Giuseppe, architect 56, 63, 68,

229, 238

Fourth Crusade 14–15

Fountains, general 32–33 (see also

Sebils)

of Ahmet III 70

Bereketzade 229

German 47

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha 235

İshak Ağa 276

of Mihrişah 274

Tophane 233, 234

Four Seasons Hotel 109

France, French 228, 231, 239

Franz Joseph, emperor of Austria 259,

272

French Consulate (old plague hospital)

242

Galata 13, 14, 224ff

Galata Bridge 36, 39

Galata Tower 229

Galatasaray Hamam 242

Galatasaray Lycée 241

Galatasaray Meydanı 241

Galip Dede 231

Garipçe 263

Garnier, Jean-Paul, clockmaker 247

Gastria, monastery of 188

Gate of Felicity, Topkapı 76–77

Gate of Salutation, Topkapı 74

Gazanfer Ağa, medrese of 149

Gedikpaşa Hamam 120

Gennadius, patriarch 153, 167, 168,

169, 210

Genoa, Genoese 13, 18, 38, 153, 224,

226, 228–29, 262

Genoese walls 227

Gerlach, Stefan 164

German Fountain 47

Gérôme, Jean-Léon, artist 248

Gevher Sultan, medrese of 184

Giustiniani, Genoese commander 18

Gökalp, Ziya 117

Gökçen, Sabiha 25

Göksü stream 274

Golden Gate 196

Golden Horn 206ff

Golden Horn, chain that closed (see

Chain)

Goodwin, Jason 205

Goth’s Column 103

Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşı) 125–27

Grande Rue de Péra (see İstiklal Caddesi)

Great Palace (see Palaces)

Greek Fire 12, 205

Greek Orthodox Patriarchate (see

Ecumenical Patriarchate)

Greek Orthodox Seminary 281

Greeks in Istanbul 24, 25, 164, 189,

209, 277

Gregory of Nazianzus, St, relics of 210

Gregory the Miracle-Worker, column of

62

Gregory V, patriarch 164, 209

Gül Camii 165

Gülbahar, consort of Mehmet II, türbe

of 157

Gülbahar, consort of Süleyman the

Magnificent 135

Güler, Ara 297

Gülersoy, Çelik 25, 45, 70, 251

Gülhane Park 102–03

Çubuklu 275

Cuno, Helmut, architect 270

d’Aronco, Raimondo, architect 34, 252,

256, 260

Dalassena, Anna 154, 282

Dalgıç Ahmet Çavuş, architect 38, 68,

145

Dallam, Thomas 88

Damat Șehit Ali Pasha, library of 146

Dandolo, Enrico 14, 15; (sarcophagus

of) 65

Darius, king of Persia 7, 244, 257

Davut Ağa, architect 38, 68, 119, 160,

183

Davut Paşa Camii 186

de Amicis, Edmondo 89, 193

Dede Efendi 146

Derviş Mehmet 104

Dervish hospice, Fatih Camii 159

Dervish lodges, general 31

Galata 230

Merkez Efendi 199

Yenikapı 199

Yıldız Dede 43

Divan (Imperial Council) 74, 75, 116

Divan Yolu 116

Dogs, stray 279

Dolmabahçe 35, 71, 245–48, 246

Draman Camii 182

Ducaina, Anna 166,

Ducaina, Maria the Elder 170

Ducaina, Maria the Younger 167

Ducas, Alexius V 15

Ducas, John III 15

Duckworth, Admiral Sir John 278

Dülgerzade Camii 150

Dutch Chapel 238

Ecumenical Patriarchate 209, 210

Edirne 17, 19

Edirne Kapı 19, 147, 202

Eğri Kapı 204

Egyptian Market (see Spice Bazaar)

Egyptian obelisk 47, 48–49

Eirene, empress 282

Eirene, wife of Alexius I 282

Eirene, wife of John II 65, 66, 152; (sarcophagus

of) 59

Ekmekçizade Ahmet Pasha, medrese of

146

Embassies of Pera, general 238–39

Embolos of the Holy Well 44

Emirgan 258

Enderunlu Fazıl, poet 216

Enver Pasha 23

Eski Imaret Camii 154

Eski Saray 20, 71, 107, 124

Esma Sultan Yalısı 255

Esma Sultan, namazgah of 114

Etz Ahayim, Synagogue 255

Eudoxia, empress 54

Eugénie, empress of France 272

Euphemia of Chalcedon, St 117, 210

Eyüp 218–23

Fatih (see Mehmet II)

Fatih Bridge 258

Fatih Camii 155ff

Fatih Park 148, 149

Fazıl Ahmet Pasha 118

Fenari İsa Camii 27, 160

Fener 208–13

Ferruh Kethüda, mosque of 213

Feshane 218

Fethi Ahmet Pasha 93; (yalı of) 272

Fethiye Camii 28, 166–68, 168

Fikret, Tevfik 257

Fire Brigade Museum 148

First Hill 44ff

Firuz Ağa Camii 116

Hills, of Constantinople, general 36–37

First Hill 44ff

Second Hill 125

Third Hill 140

Fourth Hill 152

Fifth Hill 162ff

Sixth Hill 202

Seventh Hill 183ff

Hippodrome 8, 47–50, 47, 105;

(factions of) 9, 48

Hırka-i Şerif Camii 161

Hodegetria, icon of 171, 190; (of the

Patriarchate) 210; (Panaghia Kafatiani)

232

Holy Apostles, church of 92, 93, 155

Honorius, emperor 8

Horoz Dede 133

Hospice of Samson 92

Houghton, Lord 268

Hungary, Hungarians 111, 125, 135,

161, 183, 199

Hünkar İskelesi 276

Hurmalı Han 132

Hürmüzyan, Kirkor, architect 261

Hürrem (see Haseki, Roxelana)

Hüseyin Ağa, black eunuch 114

Hüsrev Pasha, türbe of 161

Iİbrahim, sultan 82; (burial place of) 68

İbrahim Pasha, Grand Vizier of Beyazıt

II, mosque of 127

İbrahim Pasha, Grand Vizier of

Süleyman the Magnificent 110–11,

135

İbrahim Pasha (Nevşehirli), Grand Vizier

of Ahmet III 146

İbrahim Pasha, son-in-law of Murat III,

türbe of 145

Iconoclasm, Iconoclastic Period 12, 59,

63, 90, 190, 217

Ignatius the Younger, patriarch and saint

63, 284

Ihlamur Kasrı 248–49

Imperial Gate, Topkapı 72, 158

İmrahor Camii 190

Independence Monument 242

Innocent II, pope 14

Io, myth of 223, 244

Isaac II Angelus 14, 15; (tower of) 217

İshak Ağa fountain 276

İshakpaşa Camii 109

Isidorus of Miletus, architect 54

Isidorus the Younger, architect 54

Istanbul Handicrafts Centre 45

İstiklal Caddesi 241, 236–42, 240

İstinye 259

Italian Synagogue 228

İvaz Efendi Camii 217

Iznik tiles 34–35, 69, 132, 187

Jachmund, August, architect 50

Janissaries 18, 19, 22, 22, 116, 146,269

Janissary music 243

Jason, myth 276, 259, 260, 263

Jewish Museum 227, 228

Jews in Istanbul 19, 25, 38, 43, 123,

213, 214, 215, 224, 228

John Chrysostom, St 54, 63; (relics of)

210

John I Tzimiskes, emperor 196

John II, emperor 13, 65, 66, 153

John III, emperor 15

John IV, emperor 16

John V, emperor 17

John VIII, emperor 17, 153, 281

Joseph II, patriarch 17, 153

Julian the Apostate, emperor 113, 192

Julliard, Émile 249

Justin II, emperor 103, 113, 277

Justinian, emperor 9, 44, 46, 54, 90, 92,

114, 198, 224; (mosaic portrait of) 67

Gülüstü, Valide Sultan, burial place of

159

Gyllius, Petrus 46, 49, 114, 147, 244,

259, 262, 263, 276

Hacı Ahmet Pasha, türbe of 266

Hacı Bekir confectioner’s 43

Hacı Hüsrev Camii 218

Hacı Kemaleddin Camii 258

Hacı Mehmet Emin Ağa, külliye of 247

Hadım İbrahim Pasha, mosque of 197

Haghia Eirene 26, 89–92, 90

Haghia Paraskevi, Büyükdere 261

Haghia Paraskevi, Tarabya 260

Haghia Sophia 9, 15, 16, 19, 26, 27,

28, 29, 54ff, 55

Haghia Triada 242

Haghios Christos 280

Haghios Dimitrios Kanabu 214

Haghios Georgios, Fener 209

Haghios Georgios Metochi 211

Haghios Georgios, Edirnekapı 203

Haghios Nikolaos, 164

Haghios Phocas, 255

Halide Edib 256

Halki Seminary 281

Hamams, general 31–32, 51

Ağa Hamam 189

Atik Valide 267

Beyazıt 123–24

Çağaloğlu 50–51

Çardaklı 114

Çavuş 214

Çemberlitaş 119

Çinili 152

Eyüp 222

Galatasaray 242

Gedikpaşa 120

İshakpaşa 109

Kılıç Ali Pasha 233

Küçük Mustafa Pasha 165

Mahmut Pasha 130

Mimar Sinan 264

of Roxelana 44

Ortaköy 255

Süleymaniye 137

Tahtakale 131

Hamidiye Camii 252

Hamlin, Cyrus 256

Handicrafts centre 45

Hans, general 31, 127

Balkapanı Han 132

Büyük Taş 141

Büyük Valide 127

Büyük Yeni 127–28

Hurmalı 132

Küçük Yeni 128

Kürkçü 130

Narmanlı 236

St Pierre 228

Vezir 119

Zindan 133

Harem, Topkapı 83ff

Hasan Çelebi, calligrapher 135

Hasan, janissary 200

Haseki Hürrem (see Roxelana)

Haseki Hürrem, külliye of 185

Hasköy 214–16

Haydarpaşa Station 270, 270

Hayrettin Pasha (see Barbarossa)

Hazrat Hafir, tomb of 205

Hazzopulo passage 241

Hekimoğlu Ali Paşa Camii 186

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha, fountain of 235

Helena, St 188

Helvacı Camii 111

Heraclius, emperor 12, 196

Hereke carpets 35

Herodotus 244

Heybeliada 280–82

Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi 229

Hidiv Kasrı 275

Mahmut I, sultan 51, 64; (burial place

of) 42; (fountain of) 233, 234

Mahmut II, sultan 22, 23, 43, 88, 165,

234, 247, 249, 269; (burial place of)

117; (tuğra) 74

Mahmut Paşa Camii 128–29

Mahmut Pasha Hamam 130

Maiden’s Column (see Column of

Marcian)

Maiden’s Tower 265

Makros Embolos, Byzantine street 131

Mansel, Philip 238, 244

Mantles of the Prophet 79, 161

Manuel I, emperor 14, 118, 153, 266

Manuel II, emperor 153

Manzikert, battle of 13

Marcian, column of 150, 151

Maritime Museum 250

Markets

Çarşamba 166

Grand Bazaar 125–27

Kadıköy 271

Kumkapı 192

around Rüstem Paşa Camii 132

Secondhand booksellers 125

Spice Bazaar 41–42

Marmara University 111

Marmara University, Üsküdar 269

Marmara, Sea of 244

Marmaray tunnel 103

Maslak Kasrı 259

Matrakçı Nasuh, miniaturist 80

Medreses

Atik Ali Paşa 119

Atik Valide 267

Bayezıt II 123

Cafer Ağa 53

Cedid Mehmed Efendi 45

Ekmekçizade Ahmet Pasha 146

Gazanfer Ağa 149

Gevher Sultan 184

Koca Sinan Pasha 119

Nevşehirli İbrahim Pasha 146

of Fatih mosque complex 158

Haseki Hürrem 185

Süleymaniye 137–38

Rüstem Pasha 131

Şehzade 145

Selim I 161

Megali Scholi 212

Mehmet Ağa, architect (see Sedefhar

Mehmet, Mehmet Tahir)

Mehmet II, the Conqueror 20, 125,

128, 158, 158, 220, 262; (and

Armenians) 193; (burial place of) 157;

(builds Fatih Camii) 155; (and Greek

Patriarch) 153, 167, 210; (siege and

conquest) 18, 19, 42, 45, 56, 199,

201, 202, 215, 247, 257; (statue of)

149; (and Topkapı) 71, 72, 83, 100

Mehmet II, the Conqueror, mosque of

(see Fatih Camii)

Mehmet III, sultan 68, 70, 149, 183;

(burial place of) 68

Mehmet IV, sultan 107, 120; (burial

place of) 42

Mehmet V, sultan 23; (burial place of)

228

Mehmet VI, sultan 23, 24, 82, 239

Mehmet, son of Süleyman the

Magnificent 142

Mehmet Tahir Ağa, architect 52, 140,

155, 273

Mehter Band 243

Melling, Anton Ignaz 245, 253

Menderes, Adnan 279

Merkez Efendi Tekkesi 199

Mese, Byzantine street 116, 141

Mesih Pasha 140

Methodius, patriarch 279, 280

Metochion of Mt Sinai 212

Metochion of the Holy Sepulchre 211

Metochites, Theodore 171, 173, 178;

Kadir Has University 164

Kadıköy 271

Kadırga Limanı 113

Kafes (Cage) 82, 87

Kalenderhane Camii 141–42

Kalyoncu Kışlası 206

Kandilli 273

Kanlıca 274

Kapalıçarşı 125–27

Kara Ahmet Paşa Camii 200

Kara Mustafa Pasha 118, 120

Karabeinikov, Tryphon (see Tryphon)

Karaca Ahmet Cemetery 268

Karadavut Paşa Camii 265

Karahisarı, calligrapher (see Ahmet

Karahisarı)

Karaite Jews 38, 43, 215

Karaköy (see Galata)

Kariye Müzesi 170ff, 179

Kaşık, island 280

Kasımpaşa 206–07, 247

Kayalar Mescidi 257

Keçili Limanı 276

Kefeli Camii 182

Kemal, Mustafa (see Atatürk)

Kemal, Yahya, poet 120

Kemalettin Bey, architect 43, 146, 256

Khedive of Egypt, residences of 256, 275

Kibrıslı Yalısı 274

Kilim Museum 107

Kilise Cami 147

Kireçburnu 260

Kılıç Ali Paşa 20, 232; (mosque of)

232–33

Kınalıada 277–78

Kırmızı Yalı 274

Kız Kulesi (see Maiden’s Tower)

Kız Taşı (see Column of Marcian)

Koç Museum 214–15

Koca Mustafa Paşa Camii 188

Koca Reşit Pasha 122

Koca Sinan Pasha, külliye of 119

Kontoskalion Harbour 192

Köprülü family 118, 120, 149, 239

Köprülü külliye 117–18, 119

Köprülü Mehmet Pasha, türbe of 118

Kösem, Valide Sultan 21, 89, 107, 127,

267; (burial place of) 107

Kouppas, Pelopidas 171

Krippel, Heinrich, sculptor 103

Küçük Aya Sofya Camii 114–15

Küçük Mecidiye Camii 252

Küçük Mustafa Paşa Hamam 165

Küçük Yeni Han 128

Küçüksu 274, 275

Kuleli 273

Külliyes, general 30–31

Kumbaracı Ahmet Pasha (Count

Bonneval) 231

Kumkapı 192

Kumrulu Mescit 159

Kürkçü Han 130

Kuruçeşme 255

Kuzguncuk 272

Kyriotissa, church of 142

Laleli Camii 140–41

Lascaris, Theodore I 15

Latin sack and occupation of

Constantinople 14–15, 56

Lecapenus, Romanus I 140, 278

Leo I, emperor 164

Leo III, emperor 12

Leo VI, emperor 60, 67

Levni, miniaturist 80, 81, 215, 216

Lokum 43

Loti, Pierre 218, 223

Lucaris, Cyril, patriarch 281

Lycus River 160, 183, 200

Magnaura Palace 109

Kılıç Ali Pasha 232–33

Koca Mustafa Pasha 188

Küçük Aya Sofya 114–15

Küçük Mecidiye 252

Kumrulu 159

Laleli 140–41

Mahmut Paşa 128–29

Mihrimah Sultan 202

Mihrimah Sultan, Üsküdar 264

Mimar Mehmet Ağa 147

Molla Çelebi 235

Murat Pasha 183

Nişancı Mehmet Pasha 160

Nuruosmaniye 128

Nusretiye 234, 234

Osman Ağa 271

Pertevniyal 141

Piyale Pasha 29, 207

Ramazan Efendi 187–88, 187

Rum Mehmet Pasha 265

Rüstem Pasha 131–32, 132

Șehzade 29, 142–43

Selim I 29, 162, 163

Șemsi Pasha 265

Șepsefa Hatun 152

Sinan Pasha 250

Sokollu Mehmet Paşa 111–13, 112

Süleymaniye 29, 134ff

Sultanahmet 29 (see also Blue Mosque)

Takkeci İbrahim Ağa 199

Tavası Süleyman Ağa 193

Vefa 147

Yavaşca Șahin 131

Yavuz Ersinan 132–33

Yeni Cami 29, 38ff

Yeni Valide 265

Yeraltı 231

Zal Mahmut Pasha 218

Zeynep Sultan 52

Zeyrek 152–54

Mouzalon, George 16

Mualem Synagogue 215

Müneccim 42

Municipality Museum 252

Murat I, sultan 17

Murat II, sultan 17

Murat III, sultan 21, 68–69, 83, 88,

168; (burial place of) 68; (Privy

Chamber of) 87

Murat IV, sultan 77, 80, 82, 107, 229,

258, 281; (burial place of) 107

Murat Paşa Camii 183

Murat V, sultan 251; (burial place of) 42

Müridoğlu, Zühtü, sculptor 250

Museums

Ancient Orient 101–02

Archaeological 93ff

Atatürk 243

Bank 227

Calligraphic Art 123

Caricature 149

Çinili Köşk 100

Fire Brigade 148

Florence Nightingale 269

Jewish 227, 228

Kariye170ff, 179

Kilim 107

Koç 214–15

Maritime 250

Military 243

Modern Art 233

Mosaic 108–09, 108, 109

Municipality 252

Panorama 1453 199

Rug 107–08

Sadberk Hanım 261

Sait Faik 280

Science and Technology in Islam 103

Turkish and Islamic Arts 110–11

Mustafa Ağa, architect 38

Mustafa I, sultan, burial place of 68

Mustafa II, sultan, burial place of 42

Mustafa III, sultan, burial place of 141

(tomb of) 182

Mevlana Kapı 198

Mevlevi Tekke, Galata 230

Michael I, emperor 278

Michael I, patriarch 54

Michael II, emperor 282

Michael III, emperor 63, 190, 196

Michael VIII, emperor 16, 190, 192,

196

Mihrimah Sultan Camii 202

Mihrimah Sultan Camii, Üsküdar 264

Mihrimah, daughter of Süleyman the

Magnificent 131, 136, 264

Mihrişah, Valide Sultan 84, 265; (fountain

of) 274; (külliye of) 222

Milion arch 116

Military Museum 243

Mimar Mehmet Ağa Mescidi 147

Miniatürk 218

Mısır Çarşısı (see Spice Bazaar)

Mocius, cistern of 187

Modern Art Museum 233

Mohács, battle of 161

Mohammed, Prophet, companions of

12, 205, 218, 219

Mohammed, Prophet, mantles of 79,

161

Molla Çelebi Camii 235

Mongeri, Giulio, architect 34, 241

Mongols, Melane, Lady of 173

Monnier, military engineer 262, 276

Mosaic museum 108–09, 108, 109

Mosques, design of 29–30

Ağa 242

Ahi Çelebi 133

Ahmediye 266

Ahmet Paşa 169

Arap Cami 226

Atik Ali Paşa 119

Atik Mustafa Pasha 216

Atik Valide 266–67

Ayazma 265

Bereketzade 230

Beşir Ağa 52

Beyazıt 29, 120–21

Beylerbeyi 273

Blue 104–06, 105

Bodrum 140

Burmalı 147

Büyük Mecidiye 255

Büyük Selimiye 269

Cerrah Pasha 183, 184

Cihangir 234

Çinili 267

Davut Pasha 186

Dolmabahçe 246

Draman 182

Dülgerzade 150

Eski İmaret 154

Eyüp 220

Fatih Camii 155ff

Fenari İsa 160

Ferruh Kethüda 213

Fethiye 166, 168

Firuz Ağa 116

Gül 165

Hacı Hüsrev 218

Hacı Kemaleddin 258

Hadım İbrahim Pasha 197

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha 186

Helvacı 111

Hırka-i Șerif 161

İbrahim Pasha 127

İmrahor 190

İshakpaşa 109

İvaz Efendi 217

Kalenderhane 141–42

Kara Ahmet Pasha 200

Kara Davut Pasha 265

Kara Mustafa Pasha 120

Kayalar 257

Kefeli 182

Kilise 147

Panaghia Gorgoepikoös, church of 186

Panaghia Kafatiani, church of 230, 232

Panaghia Kamariotissa, chapel of 281

Panaghia Paramythia, church of 211

Panaghia Peribleptos, monastery of 189

Panorama 1453, museum 199

Pantepoptes, church of 154

Pantocrator, church of 152–54

Parks

Fatih 148–49

Gülhane 102–03

Saraçhane 147

Yıldız 251–52

Paşabahçe 275

Paşabahçe glass 76, 240, 275

Patriarchate of Alexandria (see Metochion

of Mt Sinai)

Patriarchate of Jerusalem (see Metochion

of the Holy Sepulchre)

Paul the Silentiary 59, 60, 61, 64

Pausanias, Spartan general 7

Pera (see Beyoğlu)

Pera Palace Hotel 50, 237, 237, 290

Persians 7, 12, 217, 258

Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Camii 141

Peter and Paul, church of 114

Phanariots 209

Pharos, lighthouse 110

Philes, poet 169

Philip II of Macedon 7

Philip, duke of Swabia 14

Philoxenus, cistern of (see Binbirdirek)

Phocas, emperor 12

Photius, patriarch 63, 281

Pierre Loti café 222

Piri Reis, cartographer 250

Pisans, territory of 13, 38

Piyale Paşa Camii 207–08

Plethon, Gemistos 16

Population exchange (between Greece

and Turkey) 24

Poyraz 276

Princes’ Islands 277ff

Printing presses 123

Procopius, historian 92, 115, 273

Pulcheria, empress 53, 117, 164, 217

Pulgher, Domenico, architect 236, 241

Rabia Gülnuş Emetullah, Valide Sultan

265

Rabbinate 214

Ragip Pasha, library of 141

Rakı 294–95

Ramazan Efendi Camii 187–88, 187

Reform Movement (Tanzimat) 22, 23,

122

Ritter, Otto, architect 270

Robert College 255–56

Roman basement 164

Romaniot Jews 214

Romanus I Lecapenus 140, 278

Romanus IV, emperor 13

Rome, Roman Empire 7–8

Roxelana 20, 71, 83, 135, 135; (burial

place of) 136; (hamam of) 44; (külliye

of) 185

Rug Museum 107–08

Rum Mehmetpaşa Camii 265

Rumeli Feneri 263

Rumeli Hisarı 18, 257–58

Rumeli Kavağı 262

Russia, Russian 216, 239, 276, 282

Russian Embassy 238

Rüstem Pasha 131, 135; (burial place

of) 145; (medrese of) 131

Rüstem Paşa Camii 131–32, 132

Sadberk Hanım Museum 261

Safiye, Valide Sultan 21, 38, 68

Șah Huban, türbe of 161

Șah Sultan, külliye of 219

Sahaflar Çarşısı 125

Mustafa IV, sultan, 22; (burial place of)

43

Mustafa İzzet, calligrapher 63, 161

Mustafa Sa’i, poet 139, 188

Mustafa, son of Süleyman the

Magnificent 135, 219, 234

Müteferrika, Ibrahim 123, 125

Myrelaion, church of 140

Nakkaş Osman, miniaturist 137

Nakşidil, Valide Sultan 159

Namazgah of Esma Sultan 114

Napoleon Bonaparte 260

Narlı Kapı 191

Narmanlı Han 236

Neve Shalom Synagogue 228

Nevşehirli İbrahim Pasha 146

Nicaea, empire of 15, 16

Nicene Creed 9

Nicephorus Gregoras, historian 103

Nicetas Choniates, chronicler 56, 66, 266

Nigari, miniaturist 80, 250

Nightingale, Florence 269, 273

Nika Revolt 9, 54, 48, 90, 92

Nişancı Mehmet Paşa Camii 160

Nointel, Marquis de, French

Ambassador 239

Nurbanu, Valide Sultan 21, 84, 119,

250, 267

Nuruosmaniye Camii 128

Nusretiye Camii 234, 234

Old Palace (see Eski Saray)

Ömer Ağa, architect 186

Orhan Gazi 17

Orient Express 50

Orphanage of St Paul 103

Orta Kapı, Topkapı 74

Ortaköy 253–55

Osman Ağa Camii 271

Osman Gazi 16

Osman Hamdi Bey 93, 94, 95, 144

Osman II, sultan 107, 196; (burial place

of) 107

Osman III, sultan 128; (burial place of)

42

Ostrorog family 274

Ottoman Bank 227

Ottoman dynasty, rise of 16

Our Lady of Pera, church of 241

Palaces

of Antiochus and Lausus 116–17

Beylerbeyi 35, 272

of Blachernae 217–18

of Bucoleon 109–10; (lions from) 95

of Byzantium 9, 44–45, 108, 109–10

Dolmabahçe 35, 71, 247–48

Eski Saray 20, 71, 107, 124

of İbrahim Pasha 110–11

of the Porphyrogenitus 203

Tekfur Sarayı 203–04

Topkapı 71ff

Yıldız 251–52

Palace School, Topkapı 33, 78

Palaeologina, Maria 212

Palaeologue Revival (in art) 28, 65, 65,

166, 168, 169, 172, 179

Palaeologus family 140, 153, 160, 183

Palaeologus, John V 17

Palaeologus, John VIII 17, 153, 281

Palaeologus, Manuel II 153

Palaeologus, Michael VIII 16, 190, 192,

196

Palais de France 238

Palais de Hollande 239

Palazzo di Venezia 238

Pammakaristos, church of 28, 166–68,

168

Pamuk, Orhan 25, 42, 88

Panachrantos, church of 161

Sirkeci Station 50

Sivri, island 279

Siyavuş Pasha, türbe of 219

Sokollu Mehmet Pasha 21, 52, 112;

(türbe of) 219

Sokollu Mehmet Paşa Camii 111–13,

112

Sphrantzes, George 204, 205

Spice Bazaar 41–42

Splendid Hotel 283, 290

Strategopoulos, Alexius 197

Stratford de Redcliffe, Lord, British

Ambassador 236

Street, G.E., architect 236

Studius, Roman patrician 190

Sublime Porte 52

Süleyman II, sultan 20

Süleyman the Magnificent 19–20, 83,

110, 111, 135, 148, 185, 197, 250,

260; (burial place of) 136, 137

Süleymaniye Mosque 29, 134ff; (külliye

of) 136–39

Sultanahmet Camii 29 (see also Blue

Mosque)

Sultanahmet district 104ff

Sultanahmet prison (see Four Seasons)

Sulu Monastir 189

Sulukule 202

Sumahan on the Water, hotel 273, 290

Sümbül Efendi 189

Surp Asdvadzadzin, church of 192

Surp Boğos, church of 261

Surp Hovhannes Mıgırdıç, church of

191

Surp Kevork (see Sulu Monastir)

Surp Levon, church of 271

Surp Reşdagabet, church of 213

Surp Santuht, church of 258

Swedish Consulate 236

Sweet Waters of Asia 274

Sweet Waters of Europe 223

Symplegades, the 263

Synagogues

Ahrida 214

Ashkenazi 228

B’nai Mikra 215

Etz Ahayim 255

Italian 228

Mualem 215

Neve Shalom 228

Zulfaris 227, 228

Tahtakale Hamam 131

Takiuddin, astronomer 273

Takkeci İbrahim Ağa Camii 199

Taksim Meksemi 242

Taksim Square 242

Tanzimat (Reform) Movement 22, 23,

122

Tarabya 260

Tavası Süleyman Ağa Camii 193

Tavşan, island 284

Tek, Vedat, architect 109, 270

Tekfur Sarayı 203–04

Tekkes, general 31

Galata 230

Merkez Efendi 199

Yenikapı 199

Yıldız Dede 43

Telli Baba, türbe of 262

Terrae Sanctae, chapel of 238

Tersane, arsenal 206

Theodora, empress, wife of Justinian 9,

273

Theodora, wife of Michael VIII 160

Theodore, St 190; (church of) 147

Theodore I, emperor 15

Theodore II, emperor 16

Theodosian walls 18, 171, 194ff

Theodosius Cistern 117

Theodosius I, emperor 8–9, 47, 49;

(Forum of) 124, 124; (triumphal arch

of) 196

St Andrew of Crete, church of 188

St Anthony of Padua, church of 241

St Benoit, church of 231

St Euphemia, church of 271

St George, monastery of, Büyükada 283,

284

St John the Baptist, Burgazada 280

St John the Baptist of Studius 26, 190

St John the Baptist in Trullo 169

St Mary Draperis 240

St Mary of the Mongols 211

SS Peter and Mark, church of 216

SS Peter and Paul, church of 229

St Polyeuctus, church of 148, 149

St Saviour in Chora, church of 28,

170ff, 179

SS Sergius and Bacchus, church of 26,

114–15

St Stephen of the Bulgars, church of 212

St Theodosia, church of 165

Sait Faik Museum 280

Șale Köşk 252

Saliha, Valide Sultan 226

Salipazarı (Fındıklı) 234; (Kadıköy) 271

Samatya district 189

Sancaktar Hayrettin Mescidi 188

Sapphire Tower 256

Saraçhane Park 147

Saray Burnu 103

Sarıyer 261

Scutari (see Üsküdar)

Sea walls 18, 110, 164, 192, 208

Sebils,

Abdülhamit I 52

Azapkapı 226, 226

Hacı Mehmet Emin Ağa 247

Koca Sinan Pasha 119

Koca Yusuf Pasha 235

Mustafa III 141

Şehzade 146

Yeni Cami 43

Séchan, Charles, set designer 248

Sedef, island 284

Sedefhar Mehmet Ağa, architect 104

Șehzade Camii 29, 142–43

Selim I, sultan 19, 145, 189, 250; (burial

place of) 162; (medrese of) 161;

(mosque of) 162, 163

Selim II, sultan 21, 68, 83, 135, 219;

(burial place of) 68, 69

Selim III, sultan 22, 72, 216, 233, 269,

275; (burial place of) 141

Selimiye Barracks 268–69

Seljuks 13, 16, 35

Seminati, Delfo, architect 275

Șemsipaşa Camii 265

Senpiyer Han 228

Sepetçiler Kasrı 206

Şepsefa Hatun Camii 52

Septimius Severus, emperor 8, 48;

(walls of) 8, 50

Serpentine Column 49, 99

Sevres, treaty of 23

Şeyh Galip, poet 216

Şeyh Hamdullah, calligrapher 123

Șeyh Muslihiddin Vefa 147

Șeyh Süleyman Mescidi 154

Siege of 1453 18–19, 199, 200, 247

Silivri Kapı 197

Simeon, architect 128

Sinan Hamamı 264

Sinan, architect 33, 53, 57, 122, 137,

157, 182, 188, 189, 219, 224, 250,

255, 265, 266, 267, 274; (burial place

of) 139; (commissions for Barbarossa)

152, 250; (commissions for Kılıç Ali)

232, 233; (commissions for Mihrimah

and Rüstem Pasha) 131, 145, 202,

264; (commissions for Sokollu

Memhet Pasha) 111, 219; (commissions

for Süleyman the Magnificent)

134, 143, 162, 185, 234, 261; (work

at Topkapı) 75, 76, 86, 87

Sinanpaşa Camii 250

Valens, aqueduct of 147–48

Valide Sultans, general 84

Vallaury, Alexander, architect 34, 93,

237, 269

Vaniköy 273

Vefa Bozacisi 146

Vefa Camii 147

Vefa district 146–47

Venice, Venetians 13, 38, 153, 182,

239; (and Fourth Crusade) 14, 15

Versailles, Treaty of 24

Vezir Hanı 119

Via Egnatia 116, 196

Vilayet 52

Yavuz Selim (see Selim I)

Yazid, Arab leader 12

Young Turk revolution 23

Walls

Genoese 233

along the Golden Horn 18, 164, 208

landward 18, 194ff

along the Marmara 110, 192

Theodosian 9, 18, 171, 194ff

Wilhelm II, Kaiser 47, 252

Wortley Montagu, Lady Mary 260

Yahya Efendi, shrine of 252

Yahya Sufi, calligrapher 157

Yakub-şah bin Sultan-şah, architect

120–21

Yassı, island 279

Yavaşca Șahin Camii 131

Yavuz Ersinan Camii 132–33

Yedikule 196

Yedikule Kapı 197

Yeni Bahçe district 160

Yeni Cami 29, 38ff

Yeni Mahalle 262

Yeni Valide Camii 265

Yenikapı 192

Yenikapı Mevlevihanesi 199

Yeniköy 259

Yeraltı Cami 231

Yerebatan Sarnıcı 46

Yesarı, calligrapher 216

Yeşil Ev 45

Yıldız Dede Tekkesi 43

Yıldız, palace and park 251–52

Yıldız porcelain 76, 251

Yuşa Tepesi 276

Zafir Efendi, türbe of 252

Zakariya al-Kazwini 220

Zal Mahmut Paşa Camii 218

Zara, city of 14

Zembilli Ali Efendi, mektep of 152

Zeuxippus, baths of 44

Zeynep Sultan Camii 52

Zeyrek Camii 152–54

Zeyrek district 152–54

Zindan Han 133

Zindan Kapı 133

Zoë, empress 65, 276

Zonaro, Fausto, artist 80, 201, 202, 248

Zoödochos Pigi, shrine of 197–98

Zulfaris Synagogue 227, 228

Theodosius II, emperor 9; (harbour of)

192; (rebuilding of Haghia Sophia) 54,

57; (walls of) 9, 171, 194ff

Theophilus, emperor 67, 110, 196, 282;

(walls of) 192

Theotokos, aghiasma of 216–17

Theotokos in Chalkoprateia, basilica 53

Theotokos Pammakaristos (see

Pammakaristos)

Theotokos Panachrantos (see

Panachrantos)

Tiberius II, emperor 231

Ticaret Borsası 43

Tophane 233

Top Kapı, gate 199

Topkapı Sarayı 71ff

Tott, Baron de, military engineer 263,

282

Toussaint, military engineer 262, 276

Tower of Eirene 127

Transfiguration, monastery of, Büyükada

283

Trotsky, Leon 283

Tryphon 187, 211

Tulip Era 77, 87, 146, 248

Tulip Festival 259

Tulips, introduced to Western Europe

239

Tünel 226

Türbes

Abdülhamit I 43

Abdülmecit I 162

Abu Ayyub 220, 221

Ahmet I 107

Barbarossa 250

Beyazıt II 122

Galip Dede 231

Gülbahar 157

Hacı Ahmet Pasha 266

Hüsrev Pasha 161

İbrahim Pasha 145

Koca Sinan Pasha 119

Köprülü Mehmet 118

Mahmut II 117

Mahmut Pasha 130, 130

Mehmet II 157

Mehmet III 68

Mehmet V 222

Mihrişah Valide Sultan 222

Murat III 68

Mustafa III 141

Nakşidil 159

of the Princes 70

Roxelana 136

Süleyman the Magnificent 136, 137

Rüstem Pasha 145

Şah Huban 161

Șehzade 144, 145

Selim I 162

Selim II 68, 69

Sinan, architect 139

Siyavuş Pasha 219

Sokollu Mehmet Pasha 219

Sümbül Efendi 189

Telli Baba 262

Vefa 147

Yahya Efendi 252

Yeni Cami 42

Zafir Efendi 252

Turhan Hatice, Valide Sultan 21, 38, 89;

(burial place of) 42; (külliye of) 41

Turkish & Islamic Arts Museum 110–11

Turkish delight 43

Turkish Orthodox Church 232

Üç Horon, Armenian church of 242

Ulu Cami mosque type 29, 207

Union Church of Istanbul 238

University of Istanbul 124

Urban, Hungarian engineer 199, 205

Üsküdar 264–68

Uzunçarşı Caddesi 131