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DESTINATION:

Greece and Crete

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Blue Guide

Blue Guide Greece the Aegean Islands

1st ed. (2010) pp680
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Blue Guide

Blue Guide Crete

8th ed. (2010) pp400
This completely re-written new edition of Blue Guide Crete focuses on the long h ...
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Blue Guide Greece the Mainland

7th ed. (2006) pp736
The latest edition of this Blue Guides classic, updated by Sherry Marker, a le ...
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INSIDE LOOK

Blue Guide

GREECE: The AEGEAN ISLANDS

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HISTORY OF THE CASTLE

The impressive quantity of spolia incorporated in the castle walls gives an idea of the extent of the destruction wreaked on the ancient town when the castle was first built. The first post-antique fortress here is said to have been erected in the 6th century AD, under the Emperor Justinian: the innermost of the three successive gates on the west side is Byzantine, and it marks the northwestern limit of the Byzantine castle. The enceinte was strengthened and further fortified to the south and west by the Genoese Gattilusi overlords, between their coming into possession of the castle in 1355 and a catastrophic earthquake in 1384 that wrought considerable damage to the structure and killed all of the ruling family save for a single son, Francesco II. What was rebuilt was considerably damaged again by the Turkish assault of 1462. In 1501, under Sultan Beyazit II, the Lower Castle, protected by a circular bastion at the northernmost point, was added to protect the north harbour. The interior was densely inhabited in Ottoman times; many of the ruined buildings still visible inside date from the 16th–19th centuries.

 

mytilene castle greeceThere are two entrances to the castle (open daily except Mon, 8–3), one from the south and another from the west by the Orta Kapi, 150m north of the New Archaeological Museum.

View the TABLE OF CONTENTS for BlueGuide Greece: The Aegean Islands (HTML) or (PDF)

View the INDEX of BlueGuide Greece: The Aegean Islands (PDF)

RECOMMENDED PLACES TO STAY AND EAT ON CRETE

As a brief introduction here are six hotels and one restaurant that are recommended in the new Blue Guide Crete. Note that, as with all Blue Guides Recommended establishments, all have been visited by the author or our editors and contributors (see the criteria for recommendation here), indeed in the case of the below we have stayed at all of them.  Considerably longer listings appear in the book itself.

Most of the below are available through www.cretetravel.com who we found excellent. As well as handling the reservations (at no cost to the visitor, they receive a fee from the hotel), they will also give helpful email or telephone advice:

1. Tamam Restaurant, Chania (details»)

2. Casa Delfino, Chania (details»)

3. Villa Kynthia, Panormos (details»)

4. Villa Kerasia, Venerato (details»)

5. Kalimera Archanes, Archanes (details»)

6. Palazzo Apartments, Agios Nikolaos (details»)

7. Aspros Potamos, near Makrigialos (details»)



eBOOKS»
Crete ebook, Greece the Mainland and Greece the Aegean Islands are available for chapter by chapter download:

Blue Guide Crete

Athens & Attica

The Peloponnese

Central Greece with Delphi

Epirus

Thessaly

Macedonia with Thessaloniki

Thrace

Aegina with Angistri

Hydra with Dokos

Poros

Salamis

Spetses

Delos & Rheneia

Mykonos

Tinos

Andros

Paros with Antiparos and Despotiko

Naxos

Ios

Santorini and Therasia

Anaphi

Amorgos

Lesser Cyclades

Kea with Gyaros and Makronisos

Kythnos

Seriphos

Siphnos

Milos

Kimolos with Polyaigos

Folegandros

Sikinos

Rhodes

Astypalaia

Chalki with Alimnia

Karpathos and Saria

Kasos

Kastellorizo and Rho

Symi and Sesklia

Tilos

Nisyros with Gyali

Kos

Kalymnos, Telendos and Pserimos

Leros

Patmos

Lipsi, Arki & Marathi & Agathonisi

Chios

Fourni with Thymaina

Ikaria

Oinousses

Samos

Lesbos

Lemnos

Aghios Efstratios

Samothrace

Thasos

Skiathos

Skopelos

Alonnisos & The Lesser Sporades

Skyros

Euboea

Syros


INDEXES

To give a feel for the depth of information available in our books, we reproduce here in full the indexes of some of our Blue Guides.

Explanatory or more detailed references (where there are many), or references to places where an artist’s work is best represented, are given in bold. Numbers in italics are picture references. Dates are given for all artists, architects and sculptors. Ancient names are rendered in italics, as are works of art.

INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE GREECE

THE AEGEAN ISLANDS

For a formatted version of the index please see www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures
/bggreeceaegean/index.pdf

A

Abdul Hamid I, Sultan 55

Acacius, martyr 557

Acháta, Valley of, Kárpathos 327

Achíli Bay, Skyros 594

Achilles, myths concerning 590, 594

Achladiotou, Despina 345; (statue of) 343

Adámas, Milos 231

Adoldo, Nicolň 215

Aeacus 13, 22

Aegean Volcanic Arc 240, 364

Aegina 13ff; (at Battle of Salamis) 41

Aegina, nymph 13, 22

Aegospotamoi, Battle of 552, 639

Aeneas, myths concerning 539

Aeolians 214, 501, 597, 637

Aeschines, orator 259

Aeschylus 40

Aetofoliá, Tinos 97

Ag. Anárgyri, Siphnos 220

Ag. Ánna, Euboea 618

Ag. Ánna, Kea 206

Ag. Antónios, Paros 123

Ag. Apóstoli, Kea 207

Ag. Apóstoli, Naxos 143

Ag. Artémios, Naxos 145

Ag. Charálambos, Skiáthos 577

Ag. Dimítrios, Euboea 619

Ag. Eiríni, Ikaría 465

Ag. Geórgios, Kasos 340

Ag. Geórgios, Leros 414

Ag. Geórgios, Naxos 151

Ag. Geórgios Diasorítis, Naxos 142

Ag. Geórgios tou Lefkoú, Kárpathos 329

Ag. Geórgios Várdas, Rhodes 308

Ag. Geórgios Varsamítis, Amorgós 191

Ag. Geórgios tou Vounoú, Kastellórizo 344

Ag. Ioánnis, Kos 390

Ag. Ioánnis, Skiáthos 577

Ag. Ioánnis Kaparoú, Paros 121

Ag. Ioánnis Pródromos, Astypálaia 316

Ag. Ioánnis Pródromos, Naxos 148

Ag. Ioánnis Pródromos, Sériphos 217

Ag. Ioánnis Pródromos, Skópelos 582

Ag. Ioánnis Pródromos Karión, Euboea 619

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos, Amorgós 193

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos, Euboea 606

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos, Leros 412

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos, Samos 493

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos Adisaroú, Naxos 146

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos Avlonítsas, Naxos 146

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos Kaknádou, Naxos 145

Ag. Ioánnis Theológos Keramioú, Naxos 143

Ag. Ioulítta and Kírykos, Ikaría 464

Ag. Isídoros, Chios 437

Ag. Isídoros, Naxos 136

Ag. Isídoros, basilica, Naxos 143

Ag. Kiourá, Leros 415

Ag. Konstantínos, Naxos 143

Ag. Kyriakí Kalonís, Naxos 151

Ag. Mámas, Kasos 338

Ag. Mámas, Naxos 140

Ag. Marína, Chios 449

Ag. Markélla, Chios 451

Ag. Márkos, Chios 440

Ag. Matróna, Samos 494

Ag. Matthaíos, Naxos 145

Ag. Nektários, Aegina 18

Ag. Nikítas, Siphnos 224

Ag. Nikólaos, Andros 104

Ag. Nikólaos, Kea 205

Ag. Nikólaos, Lesbos 518

Islands with detailed coverage are given in bold capitals. Ancient place names are rendered in

italics. Page references in italics indicate illustrations. Where many pages are listed, those where

principal content appears are given in bold. Churches and monasteries are listed as ‘Ag. Name’.

Towns and villages bearing the names of saints are listed as ‘Ághios/Aghía Name’.

Ag. Nikólaos, Naxos 145

Ag. Nikólaos Évdilos, Patmos 425

Ag. Nikólaos Foundouklí, Rhodes 304

Ag. Nikólaos Galatákis, Euboea 605

Ag. Nikólaos Limonión, Salamis 42

Ag. Nikólaos Marmarítis, Santorini 175

Ag. Pachómios, Naxos 151

Ag. Pándes, Kálymnos 398

Ag. Panteléimon, Naxos 143

Ag. Panteléimon, Tilos 361, 362

Ag. Patéras, Chios 443

Ag. Pávlos, Rhodes 308

Ag. Photiní, Kárpathos 326

Ag. Prokópios, Symi 353

Ag. Rigínos, Skópelos 583

Ag. Sostís, Siphnos 223

Ag. Sózon Kalantoú, Naxos 148

Ag. Stéfanos, Kos 391, 392

Ag. Stéfanos, Syros 61

Ag. Stéfanos Frarón, Naxos 136

Ag. Sýllas, Rhodes 289

Ag. Thékla, Euboea 619

Ag. Theodóti, Ios 159

Ag. Timothéos, Kea 207

Ag. Triáda, Euboea 629

Ag. Triáda, Skyros 592

Ag. Varvára, Astypálaia 316

Ag. Vasíleios, Télendos 405

Ag. Zacharías, Chálki 272, 320

Ag. Zóni, Samos 479

Agáli Gorge, Euboea 616

Agathonísi 428

Agesander, sculptor 254

Aghía Eiríni, Kea 202; (finds from) 205

Aghía Eiríni, Rhodes 308

Aghía Kyriakí, Euboea 616

Aghía Marína, Aegina 21

Aghía Marína, Kasos 339

Aghía Marína, Leros 413

Aghía Marína, island of 352

Aghía Marína, tower of, Kea 206

Aghía Pakoú, Syros 61

Aghía Paraskeví, Lesbos 518

Aghía Thékla, Amorgós 188

Aghía Triáda, tower of, Amorgós 192

Aghiádes spring, Samos 484, 485

Aghiásmata, Chios 452

Aghiásos, Lesbos 514

Aghiasós, Naxos 148

Ághio Gála, Chios 451, 452

Ághios Aléxandros, Lemnos 532

Ághios Andréas, Siphnos 225–26

Ághios Charálambos, feast of 518

Ághios Efstrátios 537–38

Ághios Isídoros, Lesbos 514

Ághios Isídoros, Rhodes 305

Ághios Kírykos, Ikaría 459

Ághios Konstantínos, Télendos 405

Ághios Pávlos, Rhodes 302

Ághios Pétros, tower of, Andros 104

Ághios Phokás, Skyros 595

Ághios Ypátios, Lemnos 531

Agoracritus, sculptor 109

Ágra, Lesbos 520

Ahmose II, pharaoh 300

Aiakos (see Aeacus)

Aiántion, Salamis 42

Aďdónia, Andros 107

Aigiáli, Amorgós 193

Aďpátia, Andros 107

Aípos, Mt, Chios 454

Ajax, Greek hero 22, 39, 42

Akadími, Naxos 143, 144

Akératos, lighthouse, Thasos 567

Akrotiri, Santorini 176–79, 177, 636; (finds

from) 166, 167

Albanians 12, 600

Alcaeus, poet 501

Alexander the Great, letters to Chios 437

Alexius I, Comnenus, emperor 169, 190,

409, 417, 434; (chrysobull of) 422

Ali Pasha 603

Alimniá 320, 322

Alínda, Leros 414

Alithiní, Syros 60

Alónnisos 585ff

Aloprónia, Síkinos 248

Althaemenes of Crete 304

Alykí, site of, Thasos 568

Amárynthos, Euboea 620

Ambelákia, Salamis 39

Ameglio, General Giovanni 276

Amfithéa, tower of, Euboea 615

Amólochos, Andros 105

662 INDEX

Amorgós 184ff

Amphidamus, King of Chalcis 607

Anacreon, poet 135, 473

Análipsi, Astypálaia 317

Anáphi 181ff

Anárgyri, monastery of, Symi 352

Anargyros, Sotirios 44, 46

Anatolian ‘Catastrophe’ 645

Anávatos, Chios 444, 445

Andreus, general 100

Andrew of Crete, basilica of, Lesbos 521

Andronicus II, Palaeologus 324

Andros 100ff

Angeliká, Mykonos 89

Angístri 24–25

Áno Mánna, Syros 61

Áno Merá, Mykonos 88

Áno Petáli, Siphnos 222

Áno Potamiá, Naxos 140

Áno Potamiá, site of, Euboea 617

Áno Prínos, Thasos 570

Áno Sangrí, Naxos 145

Ano Syros, Syros 55, 57, 60

Antigonus, sculptor 621

Antigonus I, Monophthalmus 640

Antigonus II, Gonatas 371, 546

Antimácheia Castle, Kos 389

Antiochus the Great 525

Antíparos 124–25

Ántissa, Lesbos 523

Apalíros Castle, Naxos 147

Apeíranthos, Naxos 150

Apéri, Kárpathos 327

Aphaia, temple of, Aegina 21–24

Apháneia, period of, Ikaría (see

Disappearances)

Aphendelli Basilica, Lesbos 521

Apíkia, Andros 103

Apocalypse, Convent of, Patmos 417–18

Apolichnés Castle, Chios 445

Apollo, myths concerning 65, 67, 73, 224

Apollo, major temples and sanctuaries of

Anaphi 182

Chálki 321

Delos 71

Euboea 614; (finds from) 612

Kálymnos 403–04

Apollo, sanctuaries of contd.

Kea 208

Kos 384

Lesbos 519

Rhodes 285, 288

Santorini 172

Skyros 593

Thasos 564

Apollodorus, dramatist 621

Apóllona, Rhodes 304

Apóllonas, Naxos 149

Apollonía, Siphnos 221

Apollonius of Rhodes 135

Apollonius of Tralles, sculptor 254

Apothíka, Lesbos 520

Arabs 253, 641, 642 (see also Saracens)

Arcadius, emperor 404

Archángelos, Rhodes 296

Archángelos, convent of, Thasos 570

Archilochus, poet 118, 552; (cave of, Paros)

118; (relief of) 114

Archipelago, Duchy of 130

Archontikí, Psará 471

Arethoúsa, Ikaría 464

Arginónda, Kálymnos 405

Arginusae islands 509

Argos, Saría 334

Argo-Saronic Islands 11ff

Ariadne, myths concerning 127, 134, 135

Ariés, valley of, Naxos 153

Arion, poet 501

Arisbe, Lesbos 518

Aristaeus, son of Apollo 200, 207

Aristagoras, tyrant of Miletus 127

Aristarchus, astronomer 475

Ariston, philosopher 200

Aristophanes 539

Aristotle 597, 608

Arkaseia, Kárpathos 327

Arkesine, Amorgós 191

Arkí 428

Armenistís, Ikaría 466

Armenochóri, Astypálaia 316

Armólia, Chios 445

Arsinoë II, Queen 79, 544

Artemis Tauropolos, Sanctuary of (Ikaría)

466; (Lemnos) 530

INDEX 663

Artemis Thermia, Sanctuary of, Lesbos 512,

512, 513

Artemis, cult of 421, 467

Artemis, myths concerning 65, 67

Artemis, major temples and sanctuaries of

Delos 73

Leros 414

Artemisia, Queen of Halicarnassus 364, 371,

397

Artemísion, Cape, Euboea 603, 604

Artemónas, Siphnos 222

Arvanitochóri, Kasos 339

Asclepius, sanctuary of, Kos 384–88

Asfondilítis, Amorgós 193

Asherman, David, artist (b.1917) 439

Asklipeío, Rhodes 307

Asklipiades of Arados, mosaicist 78

Asómatos, Lesbos 514

Asopus, river god 13

Asphendioú, Kos 389

Asprípetra, cave of, Kos 393

Asprópilia, Rhodes 306

Asprópyrgos, Sériphos 217

Áspros Pýrgos, Siphnos 227

Assanti family 320, 358, 365

Astypalaia, ancient city 392

Astypálaia 311ff

Athena, major temples and sanctuaries of

Kea 208

Rhodes 287, 293, 300

Thasos 564

Athenaeus of Naucratis 462

Athenian League, Second 65, 639 (for the

first, see Delian League)

Athenodorus, pirate 66, 75, 641

Athenodorus, sculptor 254

Athens, activity of in the islands 39, 41, 127,

200, 229, 355, 475, 509, 525, 552, 590,

597, 638–39; (on Delos) 64, 65, 66; (and

the Battle of Salamis) 40–41

Atlantis, legend of 162, 165

Atsítsa, Skyros 594

Attalus I of Pergamon 14, 100

Attávyros, Mt, Rhodes 304

Augustus, emperor 259, 475

Avgónyma, Chios 444

Avláki, Psérimos 407

Avlóna, Kárpathos 333

Avlónas, Lemnos 530; (finds from) 528

Avlonári, Euboea 618

B

Babin, Jacques-Paul 462

Bacchylides, poet 200

Baldwin II, emperor 622

Bánia tou Chárou, Milos 232

Barbarossa (see Kheir ed-Din)

Barozzi family 130, 162, 184

Basil II, emperor 537

Batsí, Andros 104

Bazaios Tower, Naxos 146

Belon, Pierre 530

Bernabiti, Armando (architect; 20C) 256,

270, 278, 308, 397, 410, 411

Beyazit I, sultan 376

Beyazit II, sultan 506

Bisson, Hippolyte 317

Bísti, Hydra 31

‘Black Beach’, Chios 447

Blue Grotto, Kastellórizo 343

Boardman, John 446

Boďthos of Chalcedon 254

Bouboulina, Laskarina 44, 45, 45, 46

Boúdoron, fort, Salamis 42

Boukopeion, Rhodes 302

Brest, Louis 233, 235

Britannic, wreck of 209

Britomartis, goddess 21

Brönsted, Peter Oluf 208

Bronze Age Cycladic art 50, 53–54

Brooke, Rupert, grave of 595

Brykous, Kárpathos 333

Buondelmonti, Cristoforo 537, 540

Butterflies, Valley of (Paros) 124; (Rhodes) 288

Byron, signature of 125

Byzantine art and architecture 141, 307

Byzantine rule in the islands 641–42

Byzantios, Konstantinos (painter; 1924–2007)

30

Byzantios, Pericles (painter; 1893–1972) 30

C

Cabeiri, Sanctuary of, Syros 61

Cabeirion, Lemnos 532

664 INDEX

Calauria, Poros 36; (finds from) 35

Calaurian League 33, 36

Caligula, emperor 475

Callicratidas, Spartan admiral 509

Callimachus, poet 49

Cape Artemision, Battle of 40

Capodistrias, Ioannis 16, 18, 28, 33, 34,

644, 645

Cassander, ruler of Macedonia 39

Cassius, assassin of Caesar 259, 641

Castel Rosso, Euboea 622

Catacombs, Milos 233–34

Catalans 14, 16, 231, 503

‘Catastrophe’ (see Anatolian)

Catherine the Great, Queen 421

Cato, Roman statesman 259

Cavafy, C.P. 601

Caves

Antíparos 125

Archilochus, Paros 118

Asprípetra, Kos 393

Charkadió, Tilos 359

Chrysospiliá, Folégandros 245

Daskaleió, Kálymnos 399

Ellinokamára, Kasos 339

Euripides, Salamis 42–43

Képhala, Kálymnos 398

Olýmpi, Chios 449

Pan, Thasos 564

Pherecydes, Syros 62

Philoctetes, Lemnos 533

Pythagoras, Samos 496

Zas, Naxos 152; (finds from) 132

Chaironeia, Battle of 552, 640

Chalandrianí, Syros 62; (finds from) 57

Chaláris Gorge, Ikaría 466

Chalasména Thérma, Ikaría 461

Chalepas, Giannoulis (sculptor; 1851–1938)

98, 398

Chalinádos basilica, Lesbos 518

Chalkí, Naxos 142, 144

Chalkída, Euboea 607–09

Chálki 319ff

Chánia, Euboea 619

Chares of Lindos, sculptor 254, 283

Charkadió Cave, Tilos 359

Charminos, Athenian general 355

Chartianá, Syros 61

Cheímaros Tower, Naxos 153

Chélatros Bay, Kasos 340

Cherónisos, Siphnos 224

Chídira, Lesbos 523

Chios 55, 57, 432ff; (massacre of) 201, 434,

438

Chistodoulos, Hosios 409, 417, 423, 425,

604; (relics of) 421

Chorió, Kálymnos 401, 402

Chorió, Symi 350

Choziba, monastery 190

Christ of Jerusalem, basilica of, Kálymnos 404

Christós Photodóti, monastery, Naxos 152

Christós Rachón, Ikaría 466

Christós tou Dásou, convent of, Paros 124

Christós, monastery of, Samothrace 549

Chroússa, Syros 61

Chryse, island of 533

Chrysocheriá Castle, Kálymnos 401

Chrysospiliá Cave, Folégandros 245

Chthonic Deities, Sanctuary of, Naxos 138

Cicero, Roman orator 259

Cipollino marble 628

Claudius, emperor 475

Cleoboulos of Lindos 303; (Tomb of) 302

Cleomedes, boxer 313

Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt 475

Cochrane, Thomas, Earl of Dundonald 28

Cockerell, Charles Robert 23

Colaeus of Samos 473, 492

Colossus of Rhodes 282, 283

Comnena, Anna 451

Comnenus, Alexius I (see Alexius)

Conon, astronomer 475

Constantine I, emperor 601, 641

Constantine IX, Monomachos 440

Cornaro family 324, 337

Crane Dance 64, 73

Crispi family 51, 129, 156, 162, 241

Crispo, Giovanni IV 200

Crispo, Marco 158

Crusade, Fourth 642

Cybele, Sanctuary of, Chios 453

Cyclades 49ff

Cycladic Culture 50, 53–54, 636

Cycladic figurines 54, 54, 132, 184, 197, 197

INDEX 665

‘Cymolian Earth’ 240, 242

Cyriac of Ancona 66, 540, 548

D

D’Aubusson, Pierre 254, 269, 271, 275, 278

Daedalus, myths concerning 463

Damos, Kálymnos 403

Danaë, myths concerning 214

Dandolo family 100, 130

Dáphni, Lemnos 531

Dardanus, myths concerning 539

Darius I, King of Persia 552, 563, 638

Daskaleió, Cave of, Kálymnos 399

Daskalópetra, Chios 453

Datis, Persian commander 626

De Vecchi, Cesare Maria 255–56, 256, 267

Decius, emperor 437

Delacroix, Eugčne 434

Delfíni, Syros 61

Delia, ancient festivals 64, 65

Delian League 51, 65, 219, 432, 638–39

Delion, Paros 118; (statue from) 113

Dellagratsia, Syros 61

Delos 64ff, 66, 78

Demeter, temple of, Naxos 146

Demetrion, ancient city 540

Demetrius, St 619

Demetrius Poliorcetes 259, 283, 475, 640

Demodicus, philosopher 409

Demoteles, tyrant of Samos 473

Despotikó 125; (finds from) 114

Di Fausto, Florestano (architect; 1890–1965)

255, 256, 279, 282, 375, 378, 397

Diafáni, Kárpathos 332

Diagoridai 287

Diapóri, Lemnos 529

Digby, Sir Kenelm 66

Dimosári Gorge, Euboea 624

Dío Choriá, Tinos 95

Diodorus Siculus, historian 135, 300, 501,

525, 543

Dionysus, myths concerning 127, 134, 135

Dionysus, major temples and sanctuaries of

Lesbos 515

Naxos 144

Thasos 559

Dírfys, Mt, Euboea 615

‘Disappearances’, Ikaría 459, 464, 467

Djem, Ottoman prince 269

Dodecanese islands 251ff

Dokós 31–32

Dokós, Euboea, finds from 609

Domitian, emperor 421

Donoúsa 195, 198; (finds from) 132

Dorian Hexapolis 257, 371

Dorians, colonisation of islands 50, 14, 170,

181, 229, 247, 287, 311, 324, 341, 371,

416, 597, 637

Dótia Tower, Chios 449

Drákanon, Ikaría 461

Drakospiliá, Astypálaia 318

Drakóspita Euboea 624, 625, 625, 626;

(finds from) 621

Drakou, Symi 351

Drosinis, Georgios 604

Dryopes 210

Dryopída, Kythnos 213

Durrell, Lawrence 271, 279, 289

Dwarf elephants 359

Dýstos, Lake, Euboea 629

E

Eftaliotis, Argyris 501

Efthaloú spa, Lesbos 517

Egypt, ancient 65, 257, 640; (19C) 644

Ekatontapylianí, Paros 111–13

Eleoúsa, Rhodes 303

Eleusis, mysteries of 542

Elliniká, Kea 207

Ellinokamára Cave, Kasos 339

Elytis, Odysseas 156, 501

Émbonas, Rhodes 305

Emboreió, Chálki 320

Emboreió, Kálymnos 406

Emboreió, Kasos 338

Emboreió, Santorini 175

Embrós Thérmi, Kos 383

Empóla, fortress of, Kálymnos 400

Emporeió, Chios 446

Epáno Fellós, Andros 104

Epáno Kámbos, Ios 158

Epáno Kástro, Andros 106

Epáno Kástro, Naxos 140

Episkopí, Hydra 31

666 INDEX

Episkopí, church of, Síkinos 249

Episkopí monastery, Kea 206

Episkopío, Syros 60

Eptá Pighés, Rhodes 295

Erasistratus, physician 200

Eresós, Lesbos 520

Erétria, Euboea 611–15

Eriá, Euboea 616

Erinna, poetess 358

Ermoúpolis, Syros 55, 57–60

Euboea 597fff

Chalkída 607–09

Erétria 611–15

Kárystos 620

Lefkandí 610; (finds from) 611

Eupalinos, engineer 473, 483; (tunnel of)

482–85

Euripides, Cave of, Salamis 42–43

Euripos, Euboea 607, 608

Eustathius of Thessalonica 462

Evangelismós, convent, Patmos 424

Evangelismós monastery, Skópelos 582

Evangelístria monastery, Skiáthos 577

Évdilos, Ikaría 465

Évia (see Euboea)

Exámbela, Siphnos 226

F

Faliráki, Rhodes 294

Faltaďts, Manos (painter; 20C) 593

Farmakonísi, island 427, 641

Fasoloú, bay of, Siphnos 227

Fassianos, Alekos (painter; b.1935) 279

Fat Lady of Saliago 114; (findspot of) 124

Fínikas, Syros 61

Finikiá, Santorini 169

Firá, Santorini 163, 166

Firostefáni, Santorini 168

Flamboúria, Kythnos 213

Flaskiá Gorge, Kárpathos 330

Flerió, Naxos 136

Folégandros 244ff

Foniás Tower, Samothrace 549

Foscolo, Leonardo 181, 409

Foúrni 457ff

Fowles, John 46

Fraser, Juliette May (painter; 1887–1983) 439

‘Frying pans’ 50, 54, 54, 57, 609

Fteliá, Mykonos 88

Fyropótamos, Milos 236

G

Gaitis, Yiannis (painter; 1923–84) 156, 158,

279

Galanadó, Naxos 145

Galen, physician 462, 512, 515, 525, 530

Gattilusi family 503, 506, 508, 517, 523,

539, 552, 571

Gattilusi Towers, Samothrace 548

Gavalas, Leo 259

Gávrio, Andros 104

Genoese, control of islands 55, 130, 147,

259, 373, 397, 434, 438, 444, 447, 449,

451, 459, 475, 503, 517, 527, 571, 577,

642, 643

Géra, gulf of, Lesbos 509–10

Geraistos, Euboea 624

Germatá, Cape, Rhodes 308

Ghisi family 91, 184, 200, 215, 576, 579

Giália beach, Andros 103

Gialiskári, Ikaría 466

Gialós, Symi 348–50

Giáltra, Euboea 602

Gianuli da Corogna 219

Gioúra, island 585, 588

Giustiniani family 215, 434, 436, 445

Giustiniani, Pietro 200, 215

Glaucus, builder of the Argo 348

Glóssa, Skópelos 584

Glyfáda lakes, Samos 487

Gomáti Beach, Lemnos 531

Goúves, Euboea 604

Gozzadini family 210, 219, 241, 244

Grabiá, Euboea 622

Grámmata, Kasos 339

Grámmata, Syros 62

Great Goddess, sanctuaries of

Lemnos 531

Samothrace 541–48

Greco, El 59, 59, 422

Gregory of Symi (painter; 18C) 297, 362

Griá Castle, Sériphos 216

Grías Castle, Chios 454

Grikós, Patmos 424

INDEX 667

Grimaldi family 571

Grotta-Pelos Culture 53

Gyalí 369

Gyáros 209

Gymnopaidiai 173

Gýroulas, Naxos 146

Gyzis, Nikolaos (painter; 1842–1901) 94, 97

H

Hadrian, emperor 539, 601, 641

Halasarna, Kos 390–91

Hallerstein, Carl von 23

Hassan Bey 527

Hegemon of Thasos, comedian 563

Helen, St 109, 111

Helle, gunboat 91, 93, 94, 645

Hephaisteia, Lemnos 531; (finds from) 528

Hephaistos, myths concerning 527

Heracles, myths concerning 84, 602

Heracles, Sanctuary of, Thasos 562

Heraion, Samos 487–93; (finds from)

476–78

Herakleia 195

Hermaists 66, 70, 74

Herodotus, references to islands in the works

of 14, 26, 40, 41, 73, 210, 219, 229, 300,

364, 453, 480, 483, 492, 525, 536, 539,

552, 542, 562, 563, 568, 597, 626

Heruls 525, 641

Herzog, Rudolf 376, 385

Hesiod, poet 73

Hesychius of Alexandria 462

Hiera, ancient city 514

Hierotheus (painter; 19C) 119

Hippocrates 231, 293, 386, 462, 552

Hippocrates’ Plane, Kos 378

Hippodamus of Miletus 284

Hippolytus, myths concerning 35

Histiaia, Euboea 446

HMS Intrepid, destroyer 411

Homer 432, 451, 455, 462, 525, 603, 606,

610: (‘Tomb of’, Ios) 159; (‘Homer’s Rock’,

Chios) 453

Hope, Thomas 115

Hosios Christodoulos (see Christodoulos)

Hosios David Gerontos, monastery of,

Euboea 605

Hospitallers (see Knights of St John)

Hydra 26ff, 34, 44

Hyginus, Latin author 135

Hyperboreans 73

Hypsipyle, myths concerning 247, 527

I

Iakovides, Georgios (painter; 20C) 505

Ialysós, Rhodes 287; (finds from) 271

Ibrahim Pasha 472, 644

Ibrahim, Ottoman sultan 219

Icarus, myths concerning 463

Icons

of Choziba 190, 191

of Philérimos 265, 287

of Tinos 91, 93, 94

Iconoclastic period 141, 642

Ignatios Agallianos, St 519

Ignatius, architect 111

Ikaría 459ff

Ikos, Alónnisos 587

Ília, Euboea 602

Imerovígli, Santorini 168

Ioánnis Pródromos of Kálamos, Ios 160

Ion, poet 432

Ionians, colonisation of islands 50, 65, 91,

100, 109, 184, 200, 210, 409, 416, 432,

446, 473, 488, 597, 637

Ios 155ff

Ioúlis, Kea 204, 204

Irene, empress 503

Isidore of Chios, St 434, 437

Isidorus of Miletus, architect 111

Istérnia, Tinos 97

Istiaía, Euboea 603

Italians, activities in the islands 129, 248,

253, 267, 303, 320, 337, 373, 397,

410–11, 417, 419, 645; (architecture of)

255–56, 295, 375, 411

Iznik ware 254, 298

J

Jason, myths concerning 181, 182, 527

Jews, Jewish monuments 260, 276, 277,

278, 384

John the Evangelist, St 416, 421, 418, 425

John VIII, emperor 539

668 INDEX

John the Russian, St 606

Julitta, St 464

Julius Caesar 259, 427, 503, 641

Justinian, emperor 111, 506

K

Kalamítsia, Naxos 136

Kalamotí, Chios 445

Kallergis, Col. Dimitrios 34

Kalliópi, Lemnos 531

Kallithéa, Rhodes 293, 295

Kalógeros Castle, Naxos 150

Kalorítissa, Naxos 146

Kálymnos 395ff

Kalývia, Euboea 621

Kalývia, Thasos 571

Kamáres, Siphnos 219

Kamári, Santorini 169

Kamariótissa, Samothrace 540

Kámba, Ikaría 462

Kambanarió Tower, Siphnos 220

Kambí, Kea 206

Kambiá, Chios 454

Kambiá area, Euboea 615

Kámbos area, Chios 438

Kámbos, Ikaría 465

Kámbos, Patmos 425

Kámbos, Samos 494

Kámbos, Syros 62

Kameíros, Rhodes 289–93, 289; (finds from)

271

Kameíros Skála, Rhodes 293

Kamíni, Hydra 31

Kamínia, Lemnos 533

Kamnarokaďko, Thasos 571

Kanákia, Salamis 42

Kanála, Kythnos 213

Kanaris, Konstantinos 434, 437

Kapralos, Christos (sculptor; 1909–93) 18

Kapsalinókastro, Ikaría 464

Kapsis, Ioannis, corsair 231

Kara Ali 434; (sarcophagus of) 436

Karakostides brothers (painters; 18C) 355

Karayiannis, Lela 604

Kardámaina, Kos 390

Kardámyla, Chios 453

Karíni, Lesbos 514

Karkinágri, Ikaría 467

Karlóvasi, Samos 495

Karnavas, Anastasis (architect; 18C) 355

Karneia, festival 173

Kárpathos 324

Karthaia, Kea 207–09; (finds from) 205

Kárystos, Euboea 620–21

Kasavíti, Thasos 570

Kasos 336ff; (massacre of) 337

Káspakas, Lesbos 531

Kastéllas, Kálymnos 401

Kastélli, Patmos 425

Kastellórizo 341ff

Kástellos, Rhodes 293

Kastráki, tower of, Alónnisos 587

Kastrí Bay, Euboea 624

Kastrí, fortress of, Kálymnos 406

Kastrí, site of, Thasos 571–72

Kastrí, Syros 62; (finds from) 57

Kastri Group 54

Kastro tis Oriás, Kythnos 212

Kastro, Siphnos 222

Kastro, site of, Skiáthos 577

Kástro, Thasos 571

Katálakkos, Lemnos 531

Kataphydion, site of, Ikaría 464

Katápola, Amorgós 184

Katapolianí, Paros 111–13

Káthisma Apolloú, Patmos 426

Káto Kámbos Bay, Amorgós 192

Káto Kouphonísi 195, 197

Káto Marathós, Naxos 147

Káto Meriá, Kea 207

Káto Petáli, Siphnos 222

Káto Potamiá, Naxos 140

Káto Sangrí, Naxos 145

Káto Séta, Euboea 616

Katoúnes, Skyros 594

Katsonis, Lambros 201; (monument to) 203

Kattavía, Rhodes 308

Kávo Vasíli, Poros 36

Kazakos, Konstantinos (sculptor; 20C) 28

Kazantzakis, Nikos 18, 133

Kea 200ff

Kechrítis, Ikaría 462

Kechrovoúni, convent, Tinos 95

Kéntarchos, Sériphos 218

INDEX 669

Kephála, Cave of, Kálymnos 398

Képhala peninsula, Kea 203

Keramí, Naxos 143, 144

Kéramos, Chios 452

Keramotí, Naxos 150

Kerasiá, Samothrace 549

Kerinthos, Euboea 605

Kérkis, Mt, Samos 496

Keros 195, 197

Keros-Syros Culture 53, 197, 237

Kheir ed-Din Barbarossa, islands captured by

14, 51, 84, 109, 123, 129, 156, 181, 184,

200, 215, 311, 316, 576, 577, 579, 585,

590, 643

Kidiánta, Chios 453

Kiliç Ali, Ottoman admiral 475

Kímolos 240

Kínaion, Cape, Euboea 602

Kíni, Syros 61

Kiónia, Tinos 95; (finds from) 94

Kípi Bay, Samothrace 549

Kípos, Milos 239

Kirykos, St 464

Kitrianí, island 227

Klíma, Milos 235

Klíma, Skópelos 584

Klontzas, Georgios (painter, 16C) 351

Klopedí, site of, Lesbos 519; (finds from)

505, 520

Knights of St John 253, 254, 259–60, 261,

270, 287, 337, 341, 348, 358, 365, 373,

376, 390, 392, 397, 401, 403, 409, 412,

413, 419, 459; (major castles of) 293, 296,

321, 343, 351, 366, 379

Koila, site of, Chios 453

Koíli, Euboea 617

Koímisis tis Theotókou, Samos 496

Koinyra, Thasos 568

Kokáli, Leros 412

Kókkini Ekklisía, Euboea 620

Kókkini Paraliá, Santorini 176

Kokkinókastro, Alónnisos 587

Kokkinómylo Hill, Euboea 627

Kokkinos, Michalis (sculptor; 1900–90) 398,

403

Kokoréli, Poros 36

Kolaios of Samos (see Colaeus)

Kolokotronis, Theodoros 30, 45, 577

Kolónes, Salamis 43

Kolonna, Aegina 16–17

Kolophána, Amorgós 192

Kolýmbia, Rhodes 295

Kolymbíthra, Tinos 97

Kómi, Chios 446

Konstantinidis, Aris (architect; 1913–93) 35

Kontiás, Lemnos 529

Kontoglou, Photis (painter; 1895–1965) 282

Kontopoúli, Lemnos 531

Koraďs, Adamantios 437

Koresia, Kea 202

Korsiai, Foúrni 457

Kórthi, Andros 107

Kos 371ff

Asclepeion 384–88

Kos Town 373–83

Koskinás Castle, Ikaría 465

Kóstos, Paros 121

Koukonísi, Lemnos 533

Koukounariés, Paros 119–20

Koukounariés beach, Skiáthos 578

Koumáros, Tinos 96

Koumeďka, Samos 494

Koundouriotis, Lazaros 26, 29

Koundouriotis, Admiral Paul 527, 552

Kouphonísia 197

Kourkouniótis, Symi 353

Kouroi of Naxos 136–38, 137, 138, 149, 149

Kouros of Samos 477, 477

Kouroúnia, Chios 452

Kourounochóri, Naxos 136

Kremastí, Rhodes 288

Kremastí Bridge, Lesbos 519

Kriós, Paros 118

Kritinía, Rhodes 293

Kýlindra, Astypálaia 313; (finds from) 315

Kýlindri, Euboea 622, 623

Kyme, ancient city 617

Kými, Euboea 617

Kýnthos, Mt, Delos 79

Kyrá Panaghiá, island 588

Kythnos 210ff

L

Lade, Battle of 432, 475

670 INDEX

Lady of Kalymnos 398

Lady of Phylakopi 233; (findspot of) 237

‘Lady of Rho’ 345; (statue of) 343

Lago, Mario 255, 256

Lakkí, Leros 410

Lákkoma, Samothrace 541

Lámbi, Patmos 425

Lámbou Mýli, Lesbos 510

Langáda, Amorgós 193

Langáda, Chios 453

Langáda, Ikaría 467

Laocoön 254, 268

Lárdos, Rhodes 306

Lathrínos, Naxos 146

Lazárou Castle, Samos 495

Le Corbusier, architect 189

Lefkandí, Euboea 610; (finds from) 611

Léfkes, Amorgós 188

Léfkes, Paros 121

Lefkós, Kárpathos 329

Leimónos monastery, Lesbos 519

Lelantine Plain, Euboea 609

Lemnian Earth 530, 531

Lemnos 525ff

Lemnos Stele 536

Leo III, emperor 141

Leo VI, emperor 475

Leo the Mathematician 100

Leo of Tripoli 525

Lépida, Leros 410, 412

Lepsia, site of, Lípsi 428

Leros 409ff; (Battle of) 409, 411, 414, 415

Lesbos 501ff

Eresós 520

Klopedí 519

Methymna 516

Mytilene 503

Petrified Forest 522

Roman aqueduct 510, 511

Lesser Cyclades 195ff

Lesser Sporades 587–88

Leto, myths concerning 64, 65, 67, 74

Lévitha, island 463

Licháda peninsula, Euboea 602

Ligarídia, Naxos 152

Limenária, Thasos 571

Liménas, Thasos 553–66

Limendas, sculptor 557

Límni Alykí, Lemnos 532

Límni, Euboea 604

Limniá, Chios 451

Limnos (see Lemnos)

Lindos, Rhodes 296–303, 299

Lindos Ware 254, 298

Linó, Mykonos 89

Liónas, Naxos 150

Lípsi 427–28

Lisvório Spa, Lesbos 515

Lithí, Chios 444

Livádia, Tilos 358

Livadochóri, Lemnos 529

Livy 603

Logothetis, Lykourgos 481

Lombardi, Pietro 256, 293

London Protocol 475, 644

Longovárda monastery, Paros 119

Louloúda Castle, Samos 494

Loutrá Aidipsoú, Euboea 600, 600

Loutrá, Kythnos 212

Loutrá, Nísyros 366

Loutráki, Skópelos 584

Loútsa, Euboea 616

Lucian, rhetorician 523

Lucretius, philosopher 259

Ludwig I of Bavaria 23

Lycomedes, King of Skyros 590

Lydgamis, tyrant of Naxos 127, 134, 147

Lysander, Spartan general 539, 552, 562

Lysimachus, King of Thrace 539

Lysippus, sculptor 254

Lytras, Nikephoros (painter; 1832–1904) 98

Lytras, Nikolaos (painter; 1883–1927) 98

Lytras, Periklis (painter; 1888–1940) 98

M

Machrychóri, Euboea 616

Mahmud II, sultan 326, 552

Macedon, kingdom of 639–40

Makrónisos 209

Makrotántalo tower, Andros 104

Maltezána, Astypálaia 317

Mamurra of Formiae, engineer 628

Mandamádos, Lesbos 520

Mandoúdi, Euboea 606

INDEX 671

Mándra, Despotikó 125

Mandráki Bay, Hydra 31

Mandráki, Nísyros 365

Mandrákia, Milos 236

Manganári Bay, Ios 158

Manganítis, Ikaría 463

Mánika, Euboea, finds from 609

Manikakis, Vassilis 537

Manikiótis Gorge, Euboea 617

Maráthi 428

Márathos, Kárpathos 330

Marble quarries (Paros) 120–21; (Thasos)

569

Mariés, Thasos 570–71

‘Marine Venus’ 271, 271

Mark Antony 200, 475, 575, 579, 585

Markési, site of, Skyros 594

Markianí, site of, Amorgós 191

Marlás, Tinos 99

Mármara, Paros 122

Marmári, Euboea 628

Mármaro, Chios 454

Marmaromándra, Thasos 566

Maroudakis, Fr Chrysanthos 355

Mastic 447, 448

Mastic Villages, Chios 447ff

Mausolus, King of Halicarnassus 371

Mávra Vólia, Chios 447

Mavrogenis family 112, 115

Mavrogenous, Mando 84, 86, 113, 115

Mavromichalis, Elias 627

Mavropoulos, Konstantinos (painter; 20C)

103

Mávros Pýrgos, Siphnos 226

Megáli Panaghía, monastery, Samos 493

Megálo Chorió, Sériphos 217

Megálo Chorió, Tilos 360

Megálo Livádi, Sériphos 217

Megalochóri, Santorini 174

Mégara 39, 41

Mehmet II (the Conqueror) 260, 351, 358,

365, 390, 503

Melanés, Naxos 136

Melaniós, Chios 451

Meleager, myths concerning 414

‘Melian Dialogue’ 229, 234

Melída, Andros 103

Melitsáchas, Kálymnos 404

Melos, site of, Milos 234

Mendola, Carmelo (sculptor; 1895–1976)

608

Ménites, Andros 103

Menophanes, general 66

Mermelechas, Manolis 85

Mesa, Sanctuary of, Lesbos 516

Mesagrós, Lesbos 513

Mesariá Valley, Andros 103

Mesariá, Santorini 169

Mesochóri, Kárpathos 328

Mestá, Chios 450

Metamórphosis, monastery of, Skópelos 582

Methodius (woodcarver; 19C) 119

Methymna, Lesbos 501 516–17

Mexis, Hadji-Yannis 46

Miaoulis, Andreas 26, 28, 29, 34, 577

Michael VIII, Palaeologus 528, 643

Michiel family 200, 434

Mikrá Kaméni 165

Mikró Chorió, Tilos 358

Mikró Vouní, Samothrace 541

Miliopó, Ikaría 464

Milos 229ff

Miltiades, Athenian general 109

Miltos 200, 203

Minoa, Amorgós 186

Minoan presence in islands 50, 176, 286,

324, 340, 541, 636

Minoan sites 399

Minotto, Ermolao 215

Mithridates, ruler of Pontus 66, 434, 503,

641

Mohammed Ali, khedive of Egypt 337

Mólyvos, Lesbos (see Methymna)

Monferrat, Boniface of 622

Moní Aghías Triádas, Rhodes 294

Moní Panachrántou, Andros 105–06

Moní Thári, Rhodes 272, 305

Monk seals 588

Monokámbi, Ikaría 464

Monólithos Castle, Rhodes 306

Monomachos, Constantine IX (see Constantine)

Moraitidis, Alexandros 576, 577

Moresco, Andrea and Lodovico 324

Mória, Lesbos 510

672 INDEX

Morosini, Francesco 14, 417, 643, 644

Mósychlos, Lemnos 531

Moúdros, Lemnos 533

Moundón, monastery, Chios 454

Moutsoúna, Naxos 152

Movolo, tower of, Tinos 95

Muhammad Ali, Viceroy of Egypt 552, 572

Murat Reis, corsair 279

Mycale, Battle of 475, 638; (Straits of) 479

Mycenaean influence in the islands 50, 257

Mycenaean sites 31, 32, 42, 43, 89, 99, 119,

225, 286, 306, 329, 399, 471, 636

Mykonos 83ff

Mýli, Euboea 622

Mýli, Naxos 139

Mylopótamos Valley, Kea 204

Mylopótas, Ios 158

Mýrina, Lemnos 527

Myrina, Queen of the Amazons 501, 525,

543

Myrísis, Naxos 148

Myrivilis, Stratis 501

Mystery cults 542

Mytilene, Lesbos 501, 503–08

Mytilinií, Samos 493

N

Nagós, Chios 454

Náoussa, Paros 120

Nápi, Lesbos 520

Nas, Ikaría 466–67

Naucratis 14, 257

Navarino, Battle of 34, 644

Navigajoso family 525–26, 528

Naxos, Naxians 65, 71, 73, 74, 127ff

Néa Kaméni, island 165, 168

Néa Moní, Chios 440–43

Neo-martyrs of Thrace 541

Nerá, island of 399

Nero, emperor 475

Newton, Charles 403

Niarchos, Stavros 47

Níkaris rock, Ikaría 463

Nikiá, Nísyros 369

Nimboreió, Symi 350

Nísyros 364ff

Nýmos, island 350

O

Obsidian 229, 232

Óchi, Mt, Euboea 623, 628

Oenoe, site of, Ikaría 465

Oía, Santorini 169

Oikonómou, island 120

Oinoússes 469

Olier, Charles, Marquis of Nointel 125

Olýmpi, Chios 449

Ólympos, Kárpathos 331

Ólympos, Mt, Lesbos 514

Oreí, Euboea 602

Oria Castle, Chios 454

Orlov, Count Alexei 231, 527, 529, 644

Órmos, Ios 156

Orobiai, Euboea 605

Oroetes, Persian satrap 473

Óros, Mt, Aegina 24

Orpheus, myths concerning 523

Osman III, sultan 585

Óthos, Kárpathos 327

Otto, King of Greece 621, 645; (signature

of) 125

Ottoman art in Dodecanese 254

Ottoman rule in islands 91, 253, 260,

643–44

Otziás, Kea 203

Ouzo 514

Ovid 135, 463

Ovriókastro, Lesbos 523

Oxýlithos, Euboea 618

P

Pachiá Ráchi, Aegina 24

Palaeologus, Andronicus II (see Andronicus)

Palaeologus, Michael VIII (see Michael)

Palaiá Kaméni, island of 165, 168

Palaió Chorió, Chálki 321

Palaiochóra, Aegina 18–21, 20

Palaiochóra, hill of, Euboea 620

Palaiochóra, Thasos 568

Palaiochóri, Milos 238

Palaiókastro villages, Andros 107

Palaiókastro, Ios 159

Palaiókastro, Kímolos 242

Palaiókastro, site of, Leros 412

Palaiókastro, Mykonos 88

INDEX 673

Palaiókastro, Nísyros 366

Palaiókastro, Síkinos 250

Palaiókastro, Thasos 570

Palaiopanaghiá, Kálymnos 400

Palaiópolis, Andros 105; (finds from) 102,

105

Palaiópyrgos, Paros 120

Palaiórema, Milos 238

Palaiskiathos, site of, Skiáthos 576

Palamári, Skyros 594

Palamídas, Hydra 31

Palatía, Ikaría 465

Palatía, Kos 392

Palí, Nísyros 367

Pálli-Lákka drakóspita, Euboea 626

Pan, cave of, Thasos 564

Pan, sanctuary of, Kos 393

Panaghía, Kasos 338

Panaghía, Lemnos 533

Panaghía, Sériphos 217

Panaghía, Thasos 568

Panaghía Agrelopoúsaina, Chios 445

Panaghía Argokiliótissa, Naxos 150

Panaghía Arión, Naxos 153

Panaghía Arkouliótissa, Naxos 146

Panaghía Attaliótissa, Naxos 148

Panaghía Chozoviótissa, Amorgós 189

Panaghía Damniótissa, Naxos 143

Panaghía Drosianí, Naxos 139, 139

Panaghía Enniamerítissa, Chálki 322

Panaghía Episkopí, Santorini 169

Panaghía Evangelístria, Tinos 93–94

Panaghía Flevariótissa, Astypálaia 315

Panaghía Gourlamáta, Leros 412

Panaghía Kakaviótissa, Lemnos 529

Panaghía Katholikí, Rhodes 294

Panaghía Kavourádaina, Leros 412

Panaghía Kechriás, Skiáthos 577

Panaghía Koumána, Patmos 425

Panaghía Kounístra, Skiáthos 578

Panaghía Krína, Chios 439

Panaghía Kyrá Psilí, Kálymnos 400

Panaghía Loutrianí, Kea 205

Panaghía Makriní, Samos 497

Panaghía Mánganas, Siphnos 223

Panaghía Myrsiniótissa, Lesbos 519

Panaghía Paraportianí, Mykonos 85

Panaghía tou Polití, Amorgós 192

Panaghía Potamítissa, Kasos 339

Panaghía tou Potamoú, Samos 495

Panaghía Sarandaskaliótissa, Samos 496

Panaghía Spilianí, Samos 482

Panaghía Troulótis, Lesbos 511

Panaghía Tsambíka, Rhodes 295

Panaghía sto Vounó, Alónnisos 586

Panaghía Vrysianís, Siphnos 227

Pandéli, Leros 413

Páno Kouphonísi 197

Panormítis, Symi 353

Pánormos, Kálymnos 404

Pánormos, Naxos 152

Pánormos, site of, Skópelos 584

Pantocrator, monastery of, Paros 122

Papadiamantis, Alexandros 576

Paradeísa Bay, Amorgós 192

Paradeísi, Euboea 629

Parakopí, Syros 61

Parian Chronicle 114

Parian marble 123

Parikiá, Paros 111–16

Parmeniótissa, Rhodes 294

Parmenon, marble-worker 565

Paros 65, 109ff, 568

Parthéni, Leros 415

Parthenios, Blessed 440

Parthenos Iokallis, sanctuary of 414

Pastída, Rhodes 288

Patitíri, Alónnisos 586

Patmos 416

Paul of Aegina 14

Paul, St 301, 302, 373, 503, 539

Pausanias 35, 135, 224, 313, 463, 555

Péfki, bay of, Euboea 604

Pefkiá, Chálki 321

Péfkos Bay, Skyros 595

Peisistratus, tyrant of Athens 39

Pelagia, Sister 93, 95, 96

Pelasgians 501

Pelinnaíon, Mt, Chios 454

Penthelides dynasty 501

Peparethos, ancient city 579, 581

Pérama, mainland Greece 41

Pérama, Lesbos 514

Pérdika, Aegina 24

674 INDEX

Perdíki, Ikaría 464

Pericles, leader of Athens 603

Períssa, Santorini 175

Peristéra, island 587

Peristéria, Salamis 42

Perivolís monastery, Lesbos 523

Perívolos, Santorini 175

Perseus, myths concerning 214

Perseus, King of Macedon 539, 640

Persia, Persians, rule of and wars with Greece

14, 127, 432, 552, 611, 637–38; (see also

Salamis, Battle of)

Petaloúdes (Paros) 124, 288

Petra, Lesbos 518

Petracco, Rodolfo (architect; 20C) 256, 282,

308, 375, 397, 410, 411

Petrified Forest, Lesbos 522

Petrokopeió quarry, Foúrni 457

Pezónda, bay of, Kálymnos 401

Phaedra, myths concerning 35

Phanai, Chios 449

Phaneroméni, monastery of, Salamis 41–42

Phaneroméni, Nísyros 369

Pheráklos Castle, Rhodes 296

Pherecydes, mythographer 409

Pherecydes, philosopher 55, 61; (cave of) 62

Philérimos, Rhodes 287

Phília, Lesbos 520

Philikí Etaireía 45, 417, 644

Philip II, King of Macedon 539, 640

Philip V, King of Macedon 575, 585, 640

Philoctetes 527, 533; (cave of) 533

Phisíni Towers, Lemnos 536

Phry, Kasos 338

Phylakés, Kálymnos 400

Phylakopí, Milos 54, 236–38; (finds from)

233

Piali Pasha 434

Pigádia, Kárpathos 326

Pigí, Ikaría 466

Pindar 73

Pipéri, island 588

Piri Reis, Turkish admiral 537

Pisani family 156, 162, 181, 200

Piso, Lucius Calpurnius 539

Pisónas, tower of, Euboea 615

Pithára Valley, Andros 103

Pitton de Tournefort, Joseph, signature of

125

Pityós, Chios 455

Pius II, pope 417, 527

Pláka, Forest of, Kos 391

Pláka, Lemnos 533

Pláka, Milos 233

Pláka, Naxos 145

Plataea, Battle of 41, 127, 219, 638

Platáni, Kos 384

Plátanos, Leros 413

Plato 539

Platý, Lemnos 529

Platý Vouní, Syros 62

Platýs Gialós, Siphnos 227

Pliny, references to islands in works of 259,

283, 358, 387, 514, 516, 544

Plomári, Lesbos 503, 514

Plutarch 135, 594, 601, 603

Poiëessa, Kea 206

Póli, Kasos 338

Polichnítos, Lesbos 515; (finds from) 528

Polióchni, Lemnos 533–35

Politis family 144

Polýaigos 243

Polycrates, tyrant of Samos 473, 480, 488,

497

Polydorus, sculptor 254

Polygnotus, painter 552

Pontikókastro, Symi 351

Poros 33ff; (Battle of) 33, 34; (Poros

Protocol) 644

Portára, Naxos 134, 134

Pórtes, Mykonos 89

Portianó, Lemnos 529

Poseidon, myths concerning 364; (statue

of) 235

Poseidon, sanctuaries of

Poros 36; (finds from) 35

Thasos 559

Poseidonía, Syros 61

Poseidoniasts 70, 75

Poseidónio, Samos 479

Potamiá, Thasos 567, 568

Potamós, Amorgós 193

Póthia, Kálymnos 397

Potidaion, Kárpathos 326

INDEX 675

Potós, Thasos 571

Pramnian wine 462

Prasonísi, Rhodes 308

Praxiteles, sculptor 371

Prochoros 418, 421

Procles of Epidaurus 473

Pródromos, Paros 122

Profília, Rhodes 307

Profítis Amós, Rhodes 294

Profítis Ilías, hill of, Paros 118, 119

Profítis Ilías, monastery, Santorini 174

Profítis Ilías, monastery, Siphnos 224

Profítis Ilías, Mt, Rhodes 304

Profítis Ilías Troulakíou, Mt, Siphnos 224

Prokópi, Euboea 606

Psará 44, 55, 59, 471–72, 611, 644; (finds

from) 437

Psarópyrgos, Ios 159

Psarós, tower of, Sériphos 216

Psáthi, Ios 159

Psathoúra, island 588

Psérimos 406–07

Psilí Ámmos, Patmos 424

Psilí Ámmos, Samos 479

Psilí Ámmos, Sériphos 218

Psínthos, Rhodes 294

Psyttáleia, island 40, 41

Ptolemies 162, 170, 371, 640

Ptolemy II 200, 542, 546

Pydna, Battle of 539

Pylí, Kos 389

Pylónas, Rhodes 306

Pyrgí, Chios 448

Pyrgí, Euboea 618

Pýrgos, monastery of, Ios 159

Pýrgos, Samos 493

Pýrgos, Santorini 174

Pýrgos, Tinos 91, 97

Pýrgos, tower of, Euboea 615

Pýrgi Thermís, Lesbos 510

Pýrgos Sarakinís, Samos 493

Pyrrha, Lesbos 515

Pythagoras, philosopher 473, 497; (cave of)

496

Pythagóreio, Samos 479–82

Pythocritus, sculptor 298

Q

Querini, Fantino 365, 401

Querini, Giovanni 91, 184, 311

Querini, Giovanni IV 311

R

Ráches, Ikaría 466

Rachídi, Amorgós 186

Rachóni, Thasos 570

Rationalist architecture 410; (see also Italians)

Reginus, St 579, 583

Rheneia 65, 82; (finds from) 88

Rho 345

Rhodes 257ff

Rhodes, Italian architecture in 256

Rhodes, School of Sculpture of 254

Rhodes, around the island

Ag. Geórgios Várdas 308

Ag. Nikólaos Foundouklí 304

Ag. Pávlos 308

Ag. Sýllas 289

Aghía Eiríni 308

Ághios Isídoros 305

Ághios Pávlos 302

Apóllona 304

Archángelos 296

Asklipeío 307

Asprópilia 306

Attávyros, Mt 304

Bee Museum 288

Boukopeion 302

Eleoúsa 303

Émbonas 305

Eptá Pighés 295

Faliráki 294

Germatá, Cape 308

Ialysós 287; (finds from) 271

Kallithéa 293, 295

Kameíros 289–93, 289; (finds from) 271

Kameíros Skála 293

Kástellos 293

Kattavía 308

Kolýmbia 295

Kremastí 288

Kritinía 293

Lárdos 306

Lindos 296–303, 299

676 INDEX

Rhodes contd.

Moní Aghías Triádas 294

Moní Thári 272, 305

Monólithos Castle 306

Panaghía Katholikí 294

Panaghía Tsambíka 295

Parmeniótissa 294

Petaloúdes 288

Pheráklos Castle 296

Philérimos 287

Prasonísi 308

Profília 307

Profítis Amós 294

Profítis Ilías, Mt 304

Psínthos 294

Pylónas 306

Sálakos 304

Tomb of Archocrates 302

Tomb of Cleoboulos 302

Triánda 286

Valley of the Butterflies 288

Váti 307

Vrouliá 308

Rhodes Town 261ff

Acandia Gate 276

Acropolis 284–85

Ag. Phanoúrios 274

Ag. Spyridón 274

Aquarium 278

Archaeological Museum 271

Archangel Michael basilica 274

Arsenal Gate 272

Castellania 273

Cathedral 282

Colossus of 282, 283

D’Amboise Gate 264

Gate of St John 275

Gate of St Paul 272

Grand Master’s Palace 266–68

Grand’Albergo delle Rose 279

Hadji Halil Mansion 273

Holy Trinity 276

Hospital of the Knights 270

Ibrahim Pasha Djami 273

Koskinoú Gate 275

Mandráki Harbour 282

Marine Gate 273

Rhodes Town contd.

Mehmet Agha Mosque 274

Monument of the Shield 286

Mt Smith 285

Museum of Modern Greek Art 279

Mustafa III Mosque 275

Néa Agorá 282

Nomarcheía 255, 256, 282

Nymphaea 285

Ottoman Cemetery 279

Plateía Koundouriótou 279

Redjep Pasha Djami 274

Rhodíni Park 286

Shadirvan Mosque 273

St Athanasius Gate 275

St Catherine 276

St Catherine (Hospice) 277

St John 266

St Mark 265

St Mary of the Burgh 277

St Mary of the Castle 272

St Nicholas 275

St Nicholas Fortress 282

St Panteleimon 276

Street of the Knights 268

Suleimaniye Mosque 266

Synagogue 277

Temple of Aphrodite 272

Temple of Apollo 285

Tomb of the Ptolemies 286

Villa Cleobolus 279

Walls 261–64

Yeni Hamam 275

Rhoikos, architect 488, 489

Richord, Admiral Pyotr Ivanovich 34

Ríchti, tower, Amorgós 193

Rimókastro 455

Rína, Kálymnos 399

Ritsos, Giannis 537

Rizókastro, Euboea 620

Roman Catholics 55, 60, 91, 130, 643

Romanoú, Lemnos 531

Romans, rule of in islands 51, 65, 66, 100,

253, 311, 539, 552, 640–41

Roviés, Euboea 605

Russia, involvement in Greece 34, 51, 109,

120, 129, 181, 201, 475, 529, 552, 644

INDEX 677

S

Sagredo, Bernardo 123

Sah Sultana 55

Sálakos, Rhodes 304

Salamína, Salamis 39

Salamis 38ff

Salamis, Battle of 40–41, 638; (involvement

of islands in) 14, 39, 91, 127, 200, 210,

219, 229, 364, 371, 397, 475, 539, 607,

611, 626

Sáliagos 124; (finds from) 114

Samiopoúla, island 496

Samos 186, 473ff

Archaeological Museum 476–78

Heraion 487–93; (finds from) 476–78

Kouros 477, 477

Samothrace 539ff

Samothrace, Winged Victory of (see Winged

Victory)

San Michális, Syros 62

Santorini 161ff

Sanudo family 162, 210

Sanudo, Marco 51, 91, 100, 109, 129, 130,

147, 643

Sáos, Mt, Samothrace 549

Sappho, poet 501, 520, 521

Saracens 109, 129, 208, 259, 417, 525

Sarakíniko Bay, Milos 236, 236

Sardés, Lemnos 531

Saría 334

Sáriza spring, Andros 103

Saronic Gulf 11

Savvás, St 398

Schiavi family 156

Schídia, Thasos 570

Schinoúsa 195, 196

Schumayer, Georg (architect; 19C) 602

Scylax of Caryanda 88

Selim II, sultan 129, 643

Selinous, Skópelos 584

Sendoúkia, Skópelos 583

Seniavin, Admiral Dmitry 529

Septimius Severus, emperor 525, 601

Seriphópoula, island (finds from) 215

Sériphos 214ff

Seskliá 355

Séta, Euboea 616

Sígri, Lesbos 522

Sikelianos, Angelos 42

Síkinos 247ff

Silenus, gate of, Thasos 565

Simonides, poet 200

Siphnos 219ff

Síphones, Naxos 150

Skála, Patmos 424

Skála Sotíras, Thasos 570

Skalochóri, Lesbos 520

Skandáli, Lemnos 536

Skántzoura, island 588

Skárkos, Ios 156; (finds from) 158

Skepóni, Naxos 148

Skiadás, Kea 206

Skiáthos 575ff

Sklavochóri, Tinos 97

Skopas, sculptor 109, 544

Skópelos, Lesbos 513

Skordilis brothers (icon painters, 17C; and

workshop of) 174, 213, 218, 231

Skoumísa Bay, Symi 352

Skouréďka, Samos 494

Skouriá, Chios 450

Skyros 590ff

Smith, Sir William Sidney 285

Sofoulis, Themistocles 476

Solomos, Dionysios 472

Solon 247

Sophocles 42

Sotíras, Thasos 570

Sparta 41, 65, 129, 162, 229, 355, 501, 503,

509, 638–39; (at Battle of Salamis) 40–41

Spetses 44ff

Spetsópoula, island 47

Spílaio Négrou, Astypálaia 316

Spóa, Kárpathos 330

Sponge trade 319, 320, 347, 396, 398;

(museums of) 349

Sporades 573ff

St John the Divine, Monastery of, Patmos

418–23, 418

Stáfilos, Skópelos 582

Staphylos, ruler of Skópleos 579

Stavrós, churches, Amorgós 191

Stení, Euboea 615

Stení, Tinos 96

678 INDEX INDEX 679

Stení Vála, Alónnisos 587

Steniés, Andros 103

Strabo 84, 319, 387, 392, 601, 602, 606,

628

Strofílas, Cape, Andros 108

Strópones, Euboea 615

Stroúmbos, Amorgós 193

Stýra, Euboea 625–26

Suetonius 503

Suleiman the Magnificent 260, 275, 278,

288, 337

Sulla, Roman general 66, 590, 601, 641

Symeonides, Nikolaos 359

Symi 347ff

Syngros, Andreas 444

Syrian Gods, cult of 80

Sýringas, Syros 62

Syriskos Painter (5th century bc) 88

Syros 55ff

T

Tárti, Lesbos 514

Tauriscus of Tralles 254

Taxiárches, monastery of, Sériphos 217

Taxiárchis, monastery of, Lesbos 520

Taxiárchis Michaďl Panormítis, Symi 353, 354

Taxiárchis Michaďl Roukouniótis, monastery

of, Symi 352

Taxiárchis Ráchis, Naxos 141

Telamon, hero of Aegina 22

Télendos, island 405

Telesicles of Paros 552

Tenos, site of, Tinos 96

Tériade (Stratis Eleftheriades; 1897–1983)

509

Terpander, poet 501

Thános, Lemnos 529

Thasos 551ff

Themistocles 40, 41, 621

Theocritus 432

Theodorakis, Mikis 209, 459, 537

Theodore I, Lascaris, emperor 130

Theodoros, St 504

Theodoros, architect 488

Theodorus, sculptor 473

Theodosius, emperor 300

Theogenes, athlete 555

Theoktístis monastery, Ikaría 466

Theológos, Rhodes 288

Theológos, Thasos 572

Theophilos (painter; 1873–1934) 509

Theophrastus 525; (birthplace of) 520

Theopompus, historian 432

Theotokopoulos, Domenikos (see Greco)

Theotókos, church of, Euboea 618

Thera, Santorini 170–74

Theras, Spartan leader 170

Therasía 179

Thérma Ifaístou, Lemnos 530

Thermá Lefkádos, Ikaría 461

Thérma, Ikaría 461

Thérma, Samothrace 549

Thermí, site of, Lesbos 510

Thermí, spa, Lesbos 512

Theseus, myths concerning 35, 64, 127,

135, 590; (possible tomb of) 594

Thoas, king of Lemnos 247, 527

Tholária, Amorgós 193

Thucydides 229, 319, 348, 351, 355, 432,

451, 453, 525, 563, 605

Thýmaina 458

Tilos 357ff

Tímios Stavrós, monastery, Samos 493

Tinos 91ff

Tomb of Archocrates (Rhodes) 302

Tombros, Michalis (sculptor; 1889–1974)

102, 592

Tourlianí Monastery, Mykonos 89

Tower of Aghiá, Naxos 149

Towers, general 221

Triánda, Rhodes 286

Triandáros, Tinos 95

Tris Ekklisíes, Paros 117

Trístomo, Kárpathos 334

Troezen 35

Tsikkalareió, Naxos 141

Tsikniás, Mt, Tinos 96

Tsoukaliá Bay, Alónnisos 587

Tunnel of Eupalinos, Samos 482–85

Turks, Ottoman (see Ottomans)

Turks, Seljuk 365, 503, 642

U

Umur Pasha 311

V

Vaghioniá, Poros 36

Vagis, Polygnotos (sculptor; 1892–1965) 568

Vamvakaris, Markos 60

Vareiá, Lesbos 509

Vári, Syros 61

Varro, Roman writer 539

Vasilissa Olga, destroyer 411

Vaterá, Lesbos 515

Vathas, Thomas (painter; 16C) 418

Vathý, Astypálaia 317

Vathý, Samos 476

Vathý Bay, Siphnos 226

Vathýs, Valley of, Kálymnos 399

Váti, Rhodes 307

Vavíli, Chios 439

Venice, Venetians 14, 51, 55, 91, 130, 419,

525, 597, 642–43

Venus de Milo 123, 235, 235; (findspot of)

234

Verres, Roman governor 475, 492, 641

Vespasian, emperor 434

Véssa, Chios 450

Villehardouin, Guillaume de 605

Villiers de l’Isle-Adam 260

Vitáli beach, Andros 105

Vitruvius 503

Vlycháda, Santorini 175

Vlychádia, Kálymnos 398

Vlychós, Hydra 31

Voláda, Kárpathos 327

Voláx, Tinos 97

Volissós, Chios 451

Vothíni, Kálymnos 398

Vóthonas, Santorini 169

Voúlgaris Gorge, Lesbos 523

Voúni, Euboea 616

Vourliótes, Samos 494

Vourvouriá, Naxos 143

Voutier, Olivier 234, 235

Vouvalis, Nikolaos 398

Vrichós, hill of, Samothrace 541

Vrísa, Lesbos 515

Vrontá, monastery of, Samos 494

Vrontádos, Chios 452

Vrouliá, Rhodes 308

Vrykoúnda, Kárpathos 333

Vrýo Kástro, Tinos 94

Vryókastro, Kythnos 210

W

War Cemeteries

Lemnos 529, 533

Leros 414

Milos 232

War of Independence, Greek 26, 28, 44,

434, 472, 644–45

Winged Victory of Samothrace 543, 546, 547;

(modern version of) 608

X

Xanthos, Emmanouil 417; (statue of) 423

Xerxes, King of Persia 39, 40–41, 552, 604,

638

Xirókambos, Leros 412

Xóbourgo, Tinos 96; (finds from) 94

Xylokeratídi, Amorgós 186

Xylosýrtis, Ikaría 462

Y

Ypapantí Chapel, Chios 439

Ypsárion, Mt, Thasos 567

Ypsilí Tower, Naxos 148

Ypsilí, Andros 104

Ypsilós monastery, Lesbos 522

Ypsiloú, Andros 103

´Yria, Naxos 144

Z

Zagorá, Andros 107; (finds from) 102

Zaraftis, Iakovos 385

Zas Cave, Naxos 152; (finds from) 132

Zephyría, Milos 238

Zeus, myths concerning 13, 22, 67

Zeus, temples and sanctuaries of

Aegina 24

Rhodes 304

Zevgolis, Grigoris (sculptor; 20C) 505

Ziller, Ernst, architect (1837–1923) 57

Zipári, Kos 388

Zoë, empress 440

Zoödóchos Pigí, Andros 104

Zoödóchos Pigí, Samos 479

INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE CRETE

For a formatted version of the index please see www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures
/bgcrete/index.pdf

A

Achilles, shield of 67

Achladia House A 241

Achládia valley 241–42

Afráta 384

Afratí 107

Aghía Eiríni 369, 373

Aghía Eiríni Gorge 369

Aghía Galíni 309

Aghía Paraskeví, church of 294

Aghía Paraskeví, church of (Amári Valley) 302

Aghía Paraskeví, village (Réthymnon) 305

Aghía Pelagía 130

Aghía Photiá 265–66; (finds from) 179, 236

Aghiá Reservoir 361

Aghía Rouméli 365, 367

Aghía Triáda 13, 154–59, 157; (finds from)

43; (larnax) 27, 45, 45; (findspot of larnax)

159

Aghía Varvára, islet 126

Aghía Varvára, village 140

Ághii Déka 140–41

Ághii Pándes, island of 174, 187, 365

Aghiophárango Gorge 166

Ághios Antónios, chapel of 300

Ághios Dimítrios 281

Aghios Efthýmios, cave church 169

Ághios Geórgios, village of 207

Ághios Ioánnis (Chaniá) 353

Ághios Ioánnis (Kritsá) 196

Ághios Ioánnis (near Aghía Triáda) 159

Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kalógeros) 302

Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kardáki) 305

Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kritsá) 196

Ághios Konstantínos 316

Ághios Konstantínos, church of (Pýrgos) 110

Ághios Kyr’ Ioánnis, church of 360

Ághios Nikólaos 174–85, 198

Ághios Nikólaos, chapel of 183, 183

Ághios Nikólaos, church of (Kyriakosélia) 344

Ághios Pandeleímon, church of (Pediáda

district) 103

Ághios Pandeleímonos (near Fódele) 132

Ághios Pávlos 159

Ághios Stéphanos, church of 386

Ághios Thomás 138

Agrimia goats 187, 207, 363, 365

Akathist Hymn 306, 316

Akoúmia 309

Akrotíri peninsula 334–36

Aldine Press 20

Alexander the Great 15

Alexander V, antipope 41, 190

Alidakis, Ibrahim 349

Alíkambos 346

Alikianós 360

Almyrída 345

Amári 303

Amári Valley 299ff

Ambelos, ancient city 252

Ammianus Marcellinus, historian 16

Amnátos 281

Amnisós 113–14

Amphimalla, ancient city 317

Análipsi (see Makrýgialos)

Andromachos the Cretan 203

Anemóspilia 28, 89; (finds from) 81

Angelos, 15th-century painter 109

Anisaráki 374–75

Áno Viánnos 108–09

Numbers in italics are picture references. Where many pages are listed, references to those where

the main content or information about a subject appears are given in bold. Names in brackets

after a reference, where there is more than one place with the same name listed, indicate the

province or nearest town.

416 INDEX

Áno Virán Episkopí 285–86

Anógeia 294

Anópolis 352

Áno Sými 110–11

Áno Zákros 252

Anýdri 378–79

Apesokári 167

Aphrodite, temples of 290, 293, 359

Apodoúlou 304

Apokórona district 344–47

Apollo, temples of 145, 146, 191, 367

Apollonia, ancient city 130

Apopigádi, Mt 368

Aposelemis river 117

Apóstoli (Réthymnon) 301

Aptéra 341–43, 341; (finds from) 331

Arabs, Arab occupation of Crete 16–17; (in

Herákleion) 38

Arádaina 353

Arádaina Gorge 353

Araden, ancient city 353

Archaía Eléftherna 286

Archaic sculpture 14, 182

Archánes 81–83; Archanes Model 42

Archontopouloi 17–18, 19

Argyroúpolis 317–18, 318; (finds from) 277

Ariadne, daughter of Minos 65, 67, 191

Aristolochia cretica 359

Aristotle 247

Arkádes, ruins of 107

Arkádi Monastery 282–83

Arkalochóri 107; Arkalochori Axe 152

Arméni (Lasíthi) 251

Arméni, cemetery of 307, 307; (finds from)

277

Artemis, sanctuaries of 309, 335

Arum purpureospathum 371

Asclepios, sanctuaries of 168, 372

Así Goniá 320

Askíphou plateau 349–50

Asomathianós Kámbos 301–05

Asómatos (Herákleion) 89–90, 90, 91

Asómatos (Réthymnon) 310

Asphéndou Gorge 354

Asteroúsia Mountains 164ff

Athena, temples of 146

Avdoú 204

Axós 293

Azogyrés 379

Azogyrés (near Kítyros) 380

Azorias 227, 228, 229

B

Balí 284

Bálos Bay 396

Bandouvas, Manoli 108

Barbarossa (see Kheir ed-Din)

Barozzi family 316

Barozzi, Francesco 34, 35, 142, 316–17

Basil the Great, St 265

Battle of Crete 22–24, 281, 333, 339, 383;

(display on) 53; (museum of) 53–54

Bee Pendant 42, 127, 127

Beevor, Antony 24, 294

Belli, Onorio 34, 104, 146, 167, 168, 324, 388

Belon, Pierre 34, 133, 178, 203

Betancourt, Philip 180

Bicorna, castle of 344

Binatos, ancient city 109

Boniface of Montferrat 18

Bosanquet, Robert Carr 244, 246, 266

Botany of Crete 32–33, 203

Boúfos beach 189

Bowring, John 101

Boxer Rhyton 43

Boy God (see Young god)

Boyd-Hawes, Harriet 36, 215, 213, 227, 228,

229

Bramianá Dam 222

Britomartis, goddess 386; (temples of) 118,

187

Bronze Age Crete 9–13

Brutus, Lucius Junius 15

Bull-Leaper fresco 43, 65

Bull’s Head Rhyton (Knossós) 42, 42, 76

Bulls in Cretan lore 27, 78

Buondelmonti, Cristoforo 204, 261, 309, 351,

367

Butterfly Gorge 243

Byzantine icons 327 (see also Damaskinos)

INDEX 417

Byzantine period, First 16

Byzantine period, Second 17–18

C

Cadogan, Gerald 9, 222

Callimachus, scholar 386

Cape Síderos 262

Cassius Dio, historian 287

Castel Selino (see Palaiochora)

Castelden, Rodney 265

Castles and forts

Bicorna 344

Frangokástello 354–56, 355

Herákleion 39, 51–52, 51

Ierápetra 220

Itzedín 344–45

Gramvoúsa 396–97

Kíssamos 388

Liópetra 234

Monte Forte 242

Réthymnon 272, 275–76, 276

Siteía 235, 239

Spinalónga 187–89, 188

Palaiókastro (near Gázi) 129

Petrás 267

Témenos 96, 96

Caves, general 27–28

Aghía Sophía 392

Amnisós (Eileíthyia) 114

Azogyrés 379

Diktaian 208–10, 209

Ellinóspilios 384

Idaian 14, 289, 294, 295

Kamáres 28

Marathokephála 286

Melidóni 29

Mílatos 189

Pelekitá (finds from) 179, 236

Sedóni 293

Skoteinó 117

Trapéza 207

Cemeteries (see War Cemeteries)

Cha Gorge 216, 217

Chadwick, John 63, 152, 268

Chaleví church 299

Chandrás 251

Chaniá province 322ff

Chaniá, town 21, 322–33

Archaeological Museum 330...

Arsenals 329

Byzantine Museum 326

Cathedral 330

Folklore Museum 333

Historical Museum 333

Kastélli 329

Maritime Museum 333

Mosque of the Janissaries 324–26, 325

Splántzia 329–30

Synagogue 328, 329

War Museum 333

Chárakas 110

Chasí 380

Chersónisos 117–18

Chieftain Cup 27

Chochlakiés Gorge 252

Chóndros 108

Chóra Sphakíon 24, 351–52

Chortatzis family 17, 302

Christianity (arrival of) 16; (medieval revival

of) 17

Chromonastíri 299–300

Chrysí, island of 221

Chrysólakkos cemetery 126–27; (finds from)

42, 127

Cistus creticus 203, 203

Classical-era Crete 14

Clodio family 281, 300

Coeranus, Lyttian leader 104

Constantine, fresco cycle of 110

‘Costa Plastica’ 25, 174, 222

Crane Dance (danced by Theseus) 191

Cretan Runner, The 24, 320, 321

CretAquarium 54

Curetes, guardians of Zeus 208

Cyclamen creticum 249

D

Daedalus 65

Daidalic sculpture 14

Dalianis, Hatzi Mikhalis 355

418 INDEX

Damaskinos, Mikhail 19, 50, 50, 327

Damavólos 292

Dandolo, Doge Enrico 18

Daniel, Theodoros 359

Dante Alighieri 34

Daskalogiannis, Ioannis 21, 352, 353, 355

Davaras, Kostis, archaeologist 109, 117, 179,

180, 231, 246, 259, 343

De Mezzo, Venetian family 110, 250

Decius, emperor 141, 335, 377

Delianá 387

Demeter, temples to 343

Dia, island of 64, 191, 365

Diktaian Cave 208–10, 209

Diktaian Zeus, temple of 259, 261

Díkte, Mt 7, 207, 208

Diktynna, goddess (cult of) 386; (sanctuaries

of) 285, 385–86

Diktynnaion 385–86; (finds from) 332

Diodorus Siculus, historian 75

Dionysádes islands 262

Dittany, Cretan herb 207

Doll, Christian 60, 71

Dorians 14

Doriés 189

Double axe 67, 70, 70

Dréros 190–91; (finds from) 46, 190

Driessen, Jan 93

Drimískos 309

Duncan, Isadora 71

E

Eddin, Beha 36

Egyptians (early links with Crete) 12, 15;

(later rule on Crete) 21

Eileíthyia Cave 114

El Greco 19, 52, 53, 327; (putative

birthplace of) 132

Elaphonísi, island of 380–81

Eléftherna 286–91, 288; (finds from) 277,

278; Eleftherna Kore 14, 46, 289

Elénes 305; (finds from) 277

Eleonora’s falcon 262, 383

Elliniká (Lasíthi) 186; (finds from) 190

Elliniká (Réthymnon) 304

Ellinóspilios, cave of 384

Élos 391

Eloúnda 186; (finds from) 190

Élyros, site of 374; (finds from) 332

Émbaros 108

Embaros, Ambrosios 330

Embroidery 178

Embrósneros 349

Epáno Episkopí 242–43

Epáno Kryá 242; (finds from) 181

Epáno Sými 110

Epimenides, seer 296

Episkopí (Chaniá) 387

Episkopí (Lasíthi) 218–19, 218; (finds from)

221

Episkopí (Réthymnon) 292

Ergoteles, Cretan athlete 15

Erimoúpolis 261

Erotokritos, epic poem 236

Eteia, ancient city 235

Eteocretans 14, 244

Etiá 250

Europa, myth of 143

Evangelismós 101–02

Evans, Sir Arthur 8, 10, 44, 82, 83, 92, 116,

135, 152, 162, 208, 220, 266, 268; (at

Knossós) 9, 26, 29, 61, 66, 71, 72, 75, 76,

78; (system of Bronze Age chronology) 9

F

Falieros, Marinos 99

Fauna, ancient 315

Faure, Paul 246

Five Virgins, chapel of 318–19

Flavia Titiana 220

Flora of Crete 32–33, 203

Fódele 130–32, 131

Fourth Crusade 18

Frangokástello 354–56, 355

Frantzeskakis, Fr. Stylianos 376

Fraronísi 339

Fratzeskakis, Eleni 278

Freyberg, Major General Sir Bernard 23, 24

Fyfe, David Theodore 71

INDEX 419

G

Galatás 99

Galba, emperor 65

Galen, physician 203

Garibaldi, Giuseppe 283

Gavalochóri 345

Gávdos, island of 356–57

Gázi (see Palaiókastro)

Génna 301

Genoese, presence on Crete 18, 175, 220,

235, 323

Geometric art 14, 31, 181

George, King of the Hellenes 22, 24, 60

George, Prince of Greece 21, 37, 61, 324,

346, 359

Georgioúpolis 346

Gerakári 305

Geráni (finds from) 277

Geráni bridge 315

Gérgeri 169

German reprisals during WW2 109, 110,

294, 305, 373, 376

Germans, excavations during WW2 303

Gerola, Giuseppe 36, 36, 39, 47, 54, 54, 96,

103, 138, 144, 165, 167, 175, 218, 250,

285, 351

Giancarolo brothers 334, 384

Giannaris, Hatzi Mikhalis 362

Gilliéron, Emile 44

Gíngilos, Mt 366

Gioús Kámbos 304

Glyká Nerá beach 354

Gorge of the Dead 252

Górtyn 15, 67, 141–46, 141, 146; (Ághio Títos

16, 144); (Law Code) 14, 141, 143

Gouledianá 308

Goúrnes 54

Gourniá 212–15, 213; (finds from) 181

Grá Lygiá (finds from) 181

Gradenigo, Marino 378

Gramvoúsa peninsula 396...

Grimani, Alvise 34

Gritti, Giorgio 284

Guyforde, Sir Richard 34

Gypsum, Minoan use of 71

H

Halbherr, Federico 35, 139, 141, 143, 149,

155, 168, 208, 244, 261, 293, 295, 393

Hall, Edith 36, 212

Hannibal 15, 142

Harvester Vase 43, 43

Hatzidakis, Joseph 35, 114, 119, 133, 208

Hay, Robert 304

Hellenistic bridge (Eléftherna) 288, 289;

(Vrýses) 345

Hellenistic Crete 14

Herákleion province 37ff

Herákleion, city of 37–54; history of 38–41

Aghía Aikateríni Sinaďtés 48–49

Ághios Matthaíos Sinaďtés 50

Ághios Minás 48

Ághios Pétros 52

Ághios Títos 48

Archaeological Museum 41–46

Arsenali 52

Bembo Fountain 48

Castle 51–52, 51

Church of the Holy Saviour 54

Historical Museum of Crete 52–53

Kalokairinos House 52

Loggia 46–48

Morosini Fountain 46

Natural History Museum 54

Sagredo Fountain 48

St Mark’s 46

St Mary of the Crusaders 54

Hermes and Aphrodite, sanctuary of 111

Hermes, sanctuaries to 290, 292, 301

Herodotus 67, 244, 261, 386

Herzog, Werner 189

Hierapytna (ancient Ierápetra) 15, 220, 235,

244, 246, 261

Hieroglyphs, Cretan 11, 268

Hill 107 23, 383

Hogarth, D.G. 208

Homer 9, 14, 67, 104, 142, 148, 163, 307

Horns of consecration 27, 116, 116, 256

Hugo, Victor 283

Hyrtakína 374

420 INDEX

I

Iconoclastic art 183, 183

Icons, icon-painting 327 (see also

Damaskinos)

Ida, foothills of 285ff

Ida, Mt 7, 169, 170, 294, 362

Idaian Cave 14, 289, 294, 295

Idomenaeus, grandson of Minos 34, 104, 113

Ierápetra 219–21

Ilingas beach 352

Ímbros Gorge 24, 350

Inachorium, ancient city 392

Inatos, ancient city 109

Ioánnis Xenós, Ághios 166, 320, 335, 336,

360

Ístro 211

Ítanos 244, 246, 261; (finds from) 181, 182

Ítanos peninsula 263

Itzedín Castle 344–45

J

Jews in Crete 39, 323, 328

John Xenos, St (see Ioannis)

Jong, Piet de 71

Júktas, Mt 83, 89, 90–92

Julia Nobilis Cnossus, Roman colony 38, 63

Juniperus oxycedrus macrocarpa 221

K

Kádros 377

Kakodíki 376

Kalamás 291

Kalamávka 222

Kalámi 344

Kálamos 377

Kalamydi, ancient town 378

Kaláthenes 391

Kalí Liménes 167

Kallergis family 17, 18–19, 129, 165, 283,

292, 306

Kallergis, Alexios 388

Kallergis, Vardas 291

Kallergis, Vettor 19

Kallergis, Zacharias 20, 271

Kaló Chorió 212; (finds from) 190

Kalógeros 302

Kalokairinos, Minos 9, 35, 60

Kalydon, rock of 187, 188

Kamara houses 161, 234, 250, 293, 345

Kamáres Cave 28, 171–72

Kamáres ware 29, 30, 30, 41–42

Kamariótis 136

Kamilári 162

Kanakakis, Lefteris 278

Kándanos 376

Kanta, Anastasia 11, 133

Kantanoleon, Georgios 360, 374

Kantanos, ancient city 377

Kardáki 305

Karphí 13, 28, 205–07

Kartofilaka, Ioannis 340

Kasos Strait 24, 257

Kastélli Kisámou (see Kíssamos)

Kastélli Pediádas 102–03

Kastélli Phournís 8

Kástro 227, 229

Katharós plateau 196

Katholikó (see Monasteries)

Káto Episkopí 241

Káto Flória 387

Káto Kryá 242; (finds from) 181

Káto Mýli 299

Káto Préveli 311–13

Káto Tripodós 291

Káto Zákros 252

Katsambás 38, 113; (finds from) 41, 45

Kavallarianá 375

Kavoúsi 227; (finds from) 221

Kazantzakis, Nikos 40, 53, 98

Kefáli (Chaniá) 392

Kefáli (Herákleion) 108

Kentis house 161, 357

Kephála Hill (Knossós) 8, 60, 61, 64

Kerá (Réthymnon) 300; (see also Panaghía

Kerá)

Keratókambos 109

Khamaízi 233–34

Kheir ed-Din Barbarossa, corsair 235, 270,

272, 323, 328, 344, 378

Kimouriótis 242

INDEX 421

Kisamos, ancient city 388

Kíssamos 388–91

Kítyros 380

Knights of Malta 20, 264, 270

Knossós 13, 14, 16, 59ff; (finds from) 42, 43

House of the Frescoes 75

House of the High Priest 75

House of the Sacrificed Children 76

Labyrinth 34, 67

Little Palace 76

North House 76

Temple Tomb 75

Throne Room 26, 70

Villa Ariadne 22, 60, 80

Kober, Alice 268

Kófinas, Mt 168

Koinon Kriton 389

Kókkino Metóchi 387

Kolokýthia beach 187

Kolymbári 384, 385

Komitádes 350, 354

Kommós 13, 162–63

Kornaros, Ioannis 130, 265

Kornaros, Vitsentzos 236

Kostantinides, Ioannis 294

Kotsiphós Gorge 310

Koumbedes Café 132

Kouphonísi, island of 246–47

Kouphós 361

Koureménos beach 257

Kournás 347

Kourtaliótikos Gorge 310

Koustogérako 360, 373

Krási 204

Kreipe, General Heinrich 80

Kri-kri (see Agrimia)

Kritsá Gorge 196

Kritsá 191; (finds from) 181

Krousónas 137

Kydonía, ancient Chania 13, 323, 329, 394;

(finds from) 331

Kyriakosélia 344

L

Labdanum, resin 203

Labrys (see Double axe)

Labyrinth (Knossós) 34, 67

Lákki 361

Lake Kournás 347

Lake Voulisméni 176

Lambiní 308

Lambiótes 303

Lammergeiers 310, 363

Lapatin, Kenneth 44

Lappa, ancient city 317; (finds from) 277

Lasinthos Eco Park 207

Lasíthi plateau 202ff

Lasíthi Province 174ff

Lató 196–99; 198, 199

Law Code (Górtyn) 14, 141, 143, 270

Lear, Edward 33, 138, 282, 347

Lebena, ancient city 168

Lebessi, Angelika 111

Lefká Óri (see White Mountains)

Leigh Fermor, Patrick 80

Léndas 168–69

Leper colony (Spinalónga) 188–89

Lilianó 103

Liménas Chersonísou 117

Linear A 11, 268

Linear B 13, 268

Liópetra 234, 235

Lisós 370–73; (finds from) 332

Lithgow, William 326

Lithínes 245

Loggerhead turtle 164

Louis XIV, king of France 40

Loútra (Réthymnon) 281

Loutró 353–54

Lustral basins, function of 26

Lychnostasis Museum 118

Lygariá 130

Lykastos, ancient city-state 96

Lymberopoulou, Angeliki 375

Lýttos 103–05, 105

M

Mackenzie, Duncan 61

Magnesia, Treaty of 261, 264–65, 264

Makrýgialos 245–46; (finds from) 181, 182

422 INDEX

Máleme 23, 383

Máles 222

Mália 119–25; (finds from) 42, 180–81, 181

Malia Triton 27, 181

Malmsey wine 133

Manáres 241

Manousakas, Sphakiot rebel 349

Manutius, Aldus 20

Marathokephála 386

Margarítes 291

Marinatos, Nannos 26

Marinatos, Spyridon 82, 93, 107, 113, 114,

136, 191, 204, 295, 305

Marine Style (pottery) 31, 182

Markakis, Ioannis 165

Martial, poet 94

Mastabás (finds from) 277

Master Impression 27, 331, 331

Mátala 163–64

Mathokotsaná 222

Máza 346

Medicinal plants 203

Megála Choráfia 344

Megapótamos river 310

Melidóni Cave 291–92; (finds from) 277

Méronas 305

Mésa Moulianá 233

Mesará Plain 140ff

Mesará tombs 146–47, 166, 167

Mesávlia Gorge 387

Mesklá 359

Metaxas, General 22

Metaxochóri 222

Metellus, Quintus Caecilius (‘Creticus’) 15,

104, 287, 323, 393

Miamoú 167

Mikrí Koprána, peak of 205

Mílatos 189; (finds from) 181

Miliá 392

Military cemeteries (see War Cemeteries)

Mill Beach 127

Milopótamos valley 292

Minas, St 48

Minoans (civilisation of) 10–13; 26–28;

(discovery of) 9; (decline of) 12–13

Minoan palaces (see Palaces)

Minos, king 9, 14, 34, 65, 143, 270; (tomb

of) 75

Minotaur 65, 67, 78

Mirabéllo, Gulf of 177, 186ff, 212, 215

Mitsotakis, Ioannis 61, 295

Mitzotakis, Konstantinos 332

Móchlos 230–32; (finds from) 179, 237

Mochós 119

Molin, Francesco da 272, 360

Monacis, Lorenzo de 302

Monasteries and convents

Angaráthou 98–99

Aghía Eiríni 137

Aghía Moní 109

Aghía Triáda 334–35

Ághios Nikólaos 169

Arkádi 282–83

Asómaton 302

Chalepa 293

Chrysopigí 340

Chrysoskalítissa 381

Epanosíphi 95

Goniá 384–85

Gouvernéto 335, 335

Gouverniótissa 204

Katholikó 335–36, 336

Moní Apezanón 167

Moní Aretíou 189

Moní Atális 285

Moní Diskoúri 292

Moní Gorgolaíni 137

Moní Kallérgis 102

Moní Kapsá 245

Moní Palianís 138

Moní Savathianón 130

Moní Toploú 263, 263–65

Odighítria 165

Panaghía Exakoustís 222

Panaghía Kardiótissa 204

Phaneroméni 234–35

Préveli 310–13

Profítis Ilías 316

Valsamóneros 170

Vrondísi 169–70

INDEX 423

Monastiráki 11, 302; (finds from) 234, 277

Moní village (Sélinos) 373

Monte Forte 242

Moody, Jennifer 64, 263, 351, 355

Morosini, Francesco 40, 48, 81, 220, 396

Moss, William Stanley 80

Mourné 309

Mousouros, Markos 20, 271

Murex trunculus 247

Mycenae, Mycenaeans 12, 13

Mýli Gorge 299

Myres, J.L. 9, 29, 61, 208

Myrioképhala 319–20

Myrsíni 232–33; (finds from) 181

Myrtiá 98

Mýrtos Phournoú Koryphí 224; (finds from)

179, 180

Mýrtos Pýrgos 222–24

Mýrtos, Goddess of 179, 180

Mýrtos, village of 225

Myson, sage of Greece 235

N

Napoleon 220

Natura 2000 80, 117

Néa Alikarnassós 40–41

Néa Praisós 243

Néa Roúmata 368, 368

Neápolis 190

Neolithic Crete 7–8

Nerokoúrou 340–41

Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine emperor 17,

38, 39, 96, 380

Nida plateau 294

Nírou Cháni 115–17

Nobis, Günter 78

North Knossós Cemetery 59

O

Octavian (later Augustus, emperor) 15

Odysseus 270

Olivier, J.P. 181

Oloús, ancient city 186–87; (finds from) 182

Omalós plateau 361–63, 363

Onythé 308

Operation Merkur 339, 383

Orlandos, Anastasios 17, 144

Orthí Pétra 287–89; (finds from) 277

Osia Maria of Egypt, chapel of 366

Ottomans on Crete 20–21; (in Chaniá) 324;

(in Herákleion) 40–41; (in Réthymnon)

272; (expulsion from Crete) 51; (uprisings

and incidents against) 21, 189, 245, 282,

285, 292, 311, 320, 355

P

Pachiá Ámmos 215

Paeonia clusii 205

Pagomenos, Ioannis 346, 354, 373, 377;

(works attributed to) 375, 379

Palaces, general 10–12, 26

Archánes 82–83

Gourniá 213–15

Knossós 66–74

Kydonía 323

Mália 120–24

Monastiráki 11, 302

Phaistós 147–54

Zákros 253–57

Palaiá Aghía Rouméli 366

Palaiá Roúmata 387

Palaíkastro 257–59; (octopus vase from) 42

Palaikastro Kouros 236, 237, 237, 257

Palaióchora 377–78

Palaiokapas, Konstantinos 385

Palaiókastro (Herákleion) 129

Pallavicini, Sforza 272

Palm forest (Vái) 260, 260

Palme, Olaf 119

Panaghía Kerá church, Kritsá 192–95, 192,

193, 195

Panaghía Loubiniés, church of 131, 132

Pangalochóri (finds from) 277

Páno Mýli 299

Pánormos 283–84

Pashley, Robert 35, 83, 265, 281, 282, 292,

316, 353, 365, 372, 374, 389

Pasiphaë, wife of Minos 65

Patsídes 80

Patsós 300

424 INDEX

Paul, St 142, 160, 167, 354

Pausanias 374

Pax Kallergi 18–19

Paximáda, island 262

Paximádia islands 309

Payne, Humfry 287

Peacocks, symbolism of 370

Peak sanctuaries, general 27; (finds from)

180

Júktas 92

Mt Kófinas 168

Petsophás 259

Vrýsinas 300; (finds from) 277

Pediáda district 98ff

Péfki, village and gorge 249

Pelekaniotikós Valley 379–80

Pelekitá (see Caves)

Pendamódi 138

Pendlebury, John 36, 62, 78, 206, 207, 340

Perdikí Metóchi 300

Perivolákia Gorge 245

Perkins, Sergeant Dudley (‘Kiwi’) 361, 373

Pernier, Luigi 139, 149, 152

Pertinax, emperor 220

Pertselakis, J, architect 52

Pescatore, Enrico 18, 109, 272, 284, 388

Petrás 266–68; (finds from) 237

Petrie, Sir William Matthew Flinders 9, 29,

67

Petsophás 259; (finds from) 180, 237

Pezá 106

Pezoúlas 245

Phaeniades, philosopher 308

Phaistós 147–54, 147

Phaistós Disk 43, 149, 152, 153

Phalandra 148

Phalanna, ancient city 308

Phalásarna 393–96; (finds from) 389

Philargos, Petros 190

Phoenicians 14

Phoenix theophrasti Greuter 260

Phoinix 317, 353

Phokas, Ioannis 204

Phokas, Manuel 108, 110, 204

Photinós 308

Phoúrni necropolis 84–88; (finds from) 45, 81

Phourphourás 304

Phyláki 347

Pigí (near Kastélli Pediádas) 103

Píkris 281

Pinés 189

Pinus brutia 353, 366

Pirates 270

Píso Préveli 312–13, 312

Pithoi 30, 31, 74, 101

Pitsídia 162

Pláka 189

Plakiás 310

Plátanos 146–47

Platon, Nikolaos 8, 9, 82, 109, 133, 241,

253, 254, 308, 343

Platyskinós tholos tomb 242

Plemenianá 376

Pliny the Elder 34, 67, 247

Plutarch 15, 67, 191

Pockoke, Richard 67

Polybius, historian 104

Polyrrhenía 392–93; (finds from) 389

Pool, Lt Cdr Francis 311

Population exchanges (between Greece and

Turkey) 22

Poseidon, sanctuaries of 373

Potamiés 204

Pottery, general 29ff

Praisós 243–45, 261

Prassés 300

Prevelakis, Pandelis 271

Préveli Beach 311, 313

Préveli Monastery 310–13

Priansos, site of 109

Prince of the Lilies fresco 41, 72, 73

Priniás 138

Priniatikós Pýrgos Survey 212

Prison Valley 23, 24, 383

Prodrómi 371, 379

Profítis Ilías (Herákleion) 95

Profítis Ilías (Chaniá) 334

Profítis Ilías, cave of 107

Provatopoulos, Ioannis 387

Psaraki, Kalitsa 304

INDEX 425

Pseíra 229–30; (finds from) 237

Psilorítis (see Ida, Mt)

Psychoundakis, George 24, 320, 383

Psychró 208

Purple dye, production of 247

Pýrgos (Herákleion) 110

Pythagoras 296

Q

Querini family 138

R

Rabdh el-Khandak (Herakleion) 17, 38

Rackham, Oliver 64, 263, 351, 355

Raeck, Karen 294

Rakí 234

Ranunculus asiaticus 212

Refuge sites, general 13

Karphí 13, 28, 205–07

Kástro 229

Regno di Candia (see Venice)

Réthymnon province 271ff

Réthymnon, city of 271–78; history of

272–73

Ághios Frangiskós 273

Archaeological Museum 276–78

Castle 272, 275–76, 276

Folklore Museum 278

Fortezza 272, 275–76, 276

Fratzeskakis Collection 278

Kanakakis Gallery 278

Loggia 273

Mikrí Panaghía 275

Mosque of Ibrahim Han 276, 276

Neratze Mosque 275

Palazzo Clodio 275

Rimondi Fountain 273, 275

Rhadamanthys, brother of Minos 143, 148

Rhyta 390

Rimondi, Alvise 275

Ríza 241

Rizenía 138

Rodopós peninsula 384–86

Rodopós village 384

Rodováni 374

Rogdiá 129

Romans in Crete 15, 63; (at Górtyn) 142; (at

Phalásarna) 394

Roukáni 95

Roússa Ekklisiá 241; (finds from) 238

Roussólakkos, plain of 257

Roústika 316

Roúvas Forest 169

S

Sakellaraki, Efi 28, 82, 89

Sakellarakis, Giannis 28, 82, 86, 89, 93, 295

Salomon family 251

Samariá Gorge 24, 363…, 364

Sanctuary Rhyton (Zakros) 43, 256

Sandwith, Thomas 178

Sandys, George 35, 178

Sanmicheli, Michele 40, 272, 273, 323

Santorini (Thera) 12, 27

Saracena, Bianca 330

Saracens (see Arabs)

Sarakína 379

Sarakína Gorge 222

Sarpedon, brother of Minos 119, 143

Scapulimancy 352

Schliemann, Heinrich 60–61

Seager, Richard 215, 217, 229, 231

Seals and sealmaking 126

Second World War, sites and battlefields of

257, 281, 294, 301, 311, 350, 352, 376,

373 (see also Battle of Crete)

Sedóni Cave 293

Seléna, Mt 119, 202

Sélinos region 368fff

Serlio, Sebastiano 275

Sgouros, Dimitrios 385

Shrew, Cretan 315

Sibthorp, John 35

Sideropórtes, Samariá 366

Síderos, Cape 262

Siderospiliá necropolis 140

Sieber, Franz 282

Silignakis, Abbot Gennadios 264

Simeonis, Simeon 34

Similianós Kámbos 305–06

426 INDEX

Sistrum, sistra 43, 43, 81, 180

Siteía 235–39; (finds from) 182, 182

Sívas 165, 166

Sklaverochóri 102

Sklavókambos (Minoan House) 135–36

Sklavopoúla 380

Skordilis family 17

Skordilis, Imanouil 335

Skoteinó 117

Skoudianá 376

Skoulas, Fr. Ioannis 294

Skouphos, Philotheos 340

Smári necropolis 102

Snake goddesses 13, 43, 44, 44

Soissons, Louis de 339

Soles, Jeffrey 231

Sophronius, patriarch of Jerusalem 130, 265

Sotirós Christós, church (Teménia) 374

Sotirós, church of (Eléftherna) 290, 291

Souda Bay 339–40

Soúghia 369

Spantidakis, Ilias 281

Spathi, Mt 202

Sphakiá region 349ff

Sphoungaras 215

Spíli 308

Spiliá (Chaniá) 386

Spília (Herákleion) 80

Spinalonga 186–89, 188; (finds from) 182

Spiny Mouse, Cretan 315, 363

Spratt, Captain T.A.B., cartographer and

surveyor 35, 149, 167, 176, 220, 246, 250,

252, 253, 261, 287, 394,

Stavroménos 281

Stavrós 334

Stavroulakis, Nikos 328

Stephanos of Byzantium 235, 308, 393

Sternáki 343

Stillman, William 282

Stómio 381

Stone vases, manufacture of 180

Strabo, geographer 38, 118, 189

Stýlos 343–44

Sweetwater Beach 354

Syia, ancient city 369, 374

Syrinthos, ancient city 246

Syvritos, ancient city 301–02

T

Tarra, ancient city 366; (finds from) 332

Tavronítis 383

Teménia 374

Témenos 17, 18, 95–97, 96

Theodórou island 365, 383

Theophrastus, botanist 143, 203, 260, 296

Theotokopoulos, Domenicos (see El Greco)

Thera (see Santorini)

Thériso 359

Theseus 65, 191

Thrapsanó 100

Thrónos 301–02

Thucydides 270

Tiepolo, Giacomo, Duke of Candia 96

Titus, St 48, 142; (St Titus Revolt) 19

Topólia 392

Tortoiseshell ripple ware 31

Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de 35

Tournes necropolis 305

Town Mosaic 42

Traóstalos, Mt 252; (finds from) 179

Trapéza Cave 207

Trinity, differing representations of 316

Troullia (finds from) 389

Trypitós 266, 266; (finds from) 238

Tsikoudiá (see Rakí)

Tsipopoulos, Metaxia 266, 267, 333

Tsiskianá 373; (finds from) 332

Tsouderos, Abbot Melchisedek 311

Tsouderos, Emmanouil 22, 53

Tsoútsouros 109

Tulipa bakerii 363

Tulipa cretica 250

Tulipa doerfleri 304

Turks (see Ottomans)

Turland, Nicholas J. 304

Týlissos 133–35, 135

Tzedakis, Giannis 307

Tzermiádo 205

Tzinalianá 377

INDEX 427

U

Ulutz Ali, corsair 272

V

Vái 259–60

Vámos 345

Vasari, Giorgio 327

Vasilikí ware 29, 29, 180

Vasilikí 217–18

Váthi 392

Vathýpetro 93–95; (finds from) 82

Veneris, Mikhail 309, 359

Venice, Venetians, control of Crete 18–20; (in

Chaniá) 323–24; (in Herákleion) 38–40;

(on Lasíthi) 19, 202; (in Réthymnon) 272;

(and the Sphakiots) 352; (rebellion against)

18, 96; (antiquarians in Crete) 34–35

Venetian villas

Clodio (Argyroúpolis) 317;

(Chromonastíri) 300; (Píkris) 281

Etiá 250–51

Ranieri 387

Sanguinazzo 281

Saonazzi 304

Trevisan 387

Venizelos, Eleftherios 21, 21–22, 359;

(museums about) 207, 333; (tomb of) 334

Ventris, Michael 63, 268

Vergitzi, Evmenia 136

Vernacular architecture 161 (see also Kamara

house; Kentis house)

Viktoros, painter 330

Villas (see also Venetian villas)

Ariadne 22, 60, 80

Clodio (Argyroúpolis) 317

Clodio (Chromonastíri) 300

Dionysos 59–60

Ranieri 387

Trevisan 387

Viola scorpiuroides 32

Viviani, Gaspare 243

Vizári 16, 304

Vlachos, Giannis (see Daskalogiannis)

Vóila 251, 251

Vóri 160

Votomos, Lake 169

Voulisméno Alóni 132

Voutás 380

Vrókastro 211

Vrónda 227, 228; (finds from) 221

Vrýses (Chaniá) 345, 349

Vrýsinas, Mt 300; (finds from) 277

W

War Cemeteries (Commonwealth) 339;

(German) 383

Waugh, Evelyn 164, 350

White Mountains 7, 362; (foothills of) 343ff

Wild cat, Cretan 362

Windmills (Lasíthi) 202–03, 205

Wine 106, 240

Woolley, Sir Leonard 44

World War Two (see Second World War)

X

Xanthoudides, Stefanos 82, 115, 144

Xenós, Ághios Ioánnis (see Ioannis)

Xerokamáres 118

Xerókambos 251–52

Y

Young god, Minoan deity 27, 27, 111, 237,

296

Z

Zaimis, Alexandros 21

Zákros 252–57; (finds from) 42, 237, 256

Zambelios, Spiros 360

Zangaroli (see Giancarolo)

Zarós 169

Zelkova cretica 363

Zeus 259; (and Europa) 143; (birth of) 104,

208; (infancy of) 296; (mythical grave of)

83; (temples of) 114, 187, 259, 261

Zíros Plateau 251

Zois, Antonios 217

Zóminthos 295

Zorba’s Cliff 334

Zoú 241

Zoúrva 359

INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE CRETE

 

For a formatted version of the index please see www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures
/bgcrete/index.pdf

 

A

Achilles, shield of 67

Achladia House A 241

Achládia valley 241–42

Afráta 384

Afratí 107

Aghía Eiríni 369, 373

Aghía Eiríni Gorge 369

Aghía Galíni 309

Aghía Paraskeví, church of 294

Aghía Paraskeví, church of (Amári Valley) 302

Aghía Paraskeví, village (Réthymnon) 305

Aghía Pelagía 130

Aghía Photiá 265–66; (finds from) 179, 236

Aghiá Reservoir 361

Aghía Rouméli 365, 367

Aghía Triáda 13, 154–59, 157; (finds from)

43; (larnax) 27, 45, 45; (findspot of larnax)

159

Aghía Varvára, islet 126

Aghía Varvára, village 140

Ághii Déka 140–41

Ághii Pándes, island of 174, 187, 365

Aghiophárango Gorge 166

Ághios Antónios, chapel of 300

Ághios Dimítrios 281

Aghios Efthýmios, cave church 169

Ághios Geórgios, village of 207

Ághios Ioánnis (Chaniá) 353

Ághios Ioánnis (Kritsá) 196

Ághios Ioánnis (near Aghía Triáda) 159

Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kalógeros) 302

Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kardáki) 305

Ághios Ioánnis Theológos (Kritsá) 196

Ághios Konstantínos 316

Ághios Konstantínos, church of (Pýrgos) 110

Ághios Kyr’ Ioánnis, church of 360

Ághios Nikólaos 174–85, 198

Ághios Nikólaos, chapel of 183, 183

Ághios Nikólaos, church of (Kyriakosélia) 344

Ághios Pandeleímon, church of (Pediáda

district) 103

Ághios Pandeleímonos (near Fódele) 132

Ághios Pávlos 159

Ághios Stéphanos, church of 386

Ághios Thomás 138

Agrimia goats 187, 207, 363, 365

Akathist Hymn 306, 316

Akoúmia 309

Akrotíri peninsula 334–36

Aldine Press 20

Alexander the Great 15

Alexander V, antipope 41, 190

Alidakis, Ibrahim 349

Alíkambos 346

Alikianós 360

Almyrída 345

Amári 303

Amári Valley 299ff

Ambelos, ancient city 252

Ammianus Marcellinus, historian 16

Amnátos 281

Amnisós 113–14

Amphimalla, ancient city 317

Análipsi (see Makrýgialos)

Andromachos the Cretan 203

Anemóspilia 28, 89; (finds from) 81

Angelos, 15th-century painter 109

Anisaráki 374–75

Áno Viánnos 108–09

Numbers in italics are picture references. Where many pages are listed, references to those where

the main content or information about a subject appears are given in bold. Names in brackets

after a reference, where there is more than one place with the same name listed, indicate the

province or nearest town.

416 INDEX

Áno Virán Episkopí 285–86

Anógeia 294

Anópolis 352

Áno Sými 110–11

Áno Zákros 252

Anýdri 378–79

Apesokári 167

Aphrodite, temples of 290, 293, 359

Apodoúlou 304

Apokórona district 344–47

Apollo, temples of 145, 146, 191, 367

Apollonia, ancient city 130

Apopigádi, Mt 368

Aposelemis river 117

Apóstoli (Réthymnon) 301

Aptéra 341–43, 341; (finds from) 331

Arabs, Arab occupation of Crete 16–17; (in

Herákleion) 38

Arádaina 353

Arádaina Gorge 353

Araden, ancient city 353

Archaía Eléftherna 286

Archaic sculpture 14, 182

Archánes 81–83; Archanes Model 42

Archontopouloi 17–18, 19

Argyroúpolis 317–18, 318; (finds from) 277

Ariadne, daughter of Minos 65, 67, 191

Aristolochia cretica 359

Aristotle 247

Arkádes, ruins of 107

Arkádi Monastery 282–83

Arkalochóri 107; Arkalochori Axe 152

Arméni (Lasíthi) 251

Arméni, cemetery of 307, 307; (finds from)

277

Artemis, sanctuaries of 309, 335

Arum purpureospathum 371

Asclepios, sanctuaries of 168, 372

Así Goniá 320

Askíphou plateau 349–50

Asomathianós Kámbos 301–05

Asómatos (Herákleion) 89–90, 90, 91

Asómatos (Réthymnon) 310

Asphéndou Gorge 354

Asteroúsia Mountains 164ff

Athena, temples of 146

Avdoú 204

Axós 293

Azogyrés 379

Azogyrés (near Kítyros) 380

Azorias 227, 228, 229

B

Balí 284

Bálos Bay 396

Bandouvas, Manoli 108

Barbarossa (see Kheir ed-Din)

Barozzi family 316

Barozzi, Francesco 34, 35, 142, 316–17

Basil the Great, St 265

Battle of Crete 22–24, 281, 333, 339, 383;

(display on) 53; (museum of) 53–54

Bee Pendant 42, 127, 127

Beevor, Antony 24, 294

Belli, Onorio 34, 104, 146, 167, 168, 324, 388

Belon, Pierre 34, 133, 178, 203

Betancourt, Philip 180

Bicorna, castle of 344

Binatos, ancient city 109

Boniface of Montferrat 18

Bosanquet, Robert Carr 244, 246, 266

Botany of Crete 32–33, 203

Boúfos beach 189

Bowring, John 101

Boxer Rhyton 43

Boy God (see Young god)

Boyd-Hawes, Harriet 36, 215, 213, 227, 228,

229

Bramianá Dam 222

Britomartis, goddess 386; (temples of) 118,

187

Bronze Age Crete 9–13

Brutus, Lucius Junius 15

Bull-Leaper fresco 43, 65

Bull’s Head Rhyton (Knossós) 42, 42, 76

Bulls in Cretan lore 27, 78

Buondelmonti, Cristoforo 204, 261, 309, 351,

367

Butterfly Gorge 243

Byzantine icons 327 (see also Damaskinos)

INDEX 417

Byzantine period, First 16

Byzantine period, Second 17–18

C

Cadogan, Gerald 9, 222

Callimachus, scholar 386

Cape Síderos 262

Cassius Dio, historian 287

Castel Selino (see Palaiochora)

Castelden, Rodney 265

Castles and forts

Bicorna 344

Frangokástello 354–56, 355

Herákleion 39, 51–52, 51

Ierápetra 220

Itzedín 344–45

Gramvoúsa 396–97

Kíssamos 388

Liópetra 234

Monte Forte 242

Réthymnon 272, 275–76, 276

Siteía 235, 239

Spinalónga 187–89, 188

Palaiókastro (near Gázi) 129

Petrás 267

Témenos 96, 96

Caves, general 27–28

Aghía Sophía 392

Amnisós (Eileíthyia) 114

Azogyrés 379

Diktaian 208–10, 209

Ellinóspilios 384

Idaian 14, 289, 294, 295

Kamáres 28

Marathokephála 286

Melidóni 29

Mílatos 189

Pelekitá (finds from) 179, 236

Sedóni 293

Skoteinó 117

Trapéza 207

Cemeteries (see War Cemeteries)

Cha Gorge 216, 217

Chadwick, John 63, 152, 268

Chaleví church 299

Chandrás 251

Chaniá province 322ff

Chaniá, town 21, 322–33

Archaeological Museum 330...

Arsenals 329

Byzantine Museum 326

Cathedral 330

Folklore Museum 333

Historical Museum 333

Kastélli 329

Maritime Museum 333

Mosque of the Janissaries 324–26, 325

Splántzia 329–30

Synagogue 328, 329

War Museum 333

Chárakas 110

Chasí 380

Chersónisos 117–18

Chieftain Cup 27

Chochlakiés Gorge 252

Chóndros 108

Chóra Sphakíon 24, 351–52

Chortatzis family 17, 302

Christianity (arrival of) 16; (medieval revival

of) 17

Chromonastíri 299–300

Chrysí, island of 221

Chrysólakkos cemetery 126–27; (finds from)

42, 127

Cistus creticus 203, 203

Classical-era Crete 14

Clodio family 281, 300

Coeranus, Lyttian leader 104

Constantine, fresco cycle of 110

‘Costa Plastica’ 25, 174, 222

Crane Dance (danced by Theseus) 191

Cretan Runner, The 24, 320, 321

CretAquarium 54

Curetes, guardians of Zeus 208

Cyclamen creticum 249

D

Daedalus 65

Daidalic sculpture 14

Dalianis, Hatzi Mikhalis 355

418 INDEX

Damaskinos, Mikhail 19, 50, 50, 327

Damavólos 292

Dandolo, Doge Enrico 18

Daniel, Theodoros 359

Dante Alighieri 34

Daskalogiannis, Ioannis 21, 352, 353, 355

Davaras, Kostis, archaeologist 109, 117, 179,

180, 231, 246, 259, 343

De Mezzo, Venetian family 110, 250

Decius, emperor 141, 335, 377

Delianá 387

Demeter, temples to 343

Dia, island of 64, 191, 365

Diktaian Cave 208–10, 209

Diktaian Zeus, temple of 259, 261

Díkte, Mt 7, 207, 208

Diktynna, goddess (cult of) 386; (sanctuaries

of) 285, 385–86

Diktynnaion 385–86; (finds from) 332

Diodorus Siculus, historian 75

Dionysádes islands 262

Dittany, Cretan herb 207

Doll, Christian 60, 71

Dorians 14

Doriés 189

Double axe 67, 70, 70

Dréros 190–91; (finds from) 46, 190

Driessen, Jan 93

Drimískos 309

Duncan, Isadora 71

E

Eddin, Beha 36

Egyptians (early links with Crete) 12, 15;

(later rule on Crete) 21

Eileíthyia Cave 114

El Greco 19, 52, 53, 327; (putative

birthplace of) 132

Elaphonísi, island of 380–81

Eléftherna 286–91, 288; (finds from) 277,

278; Eleftherna Kore 14, 46, 289

Elénes 305; (finds from) 277

Eleonora’s falcon 262, 383

Elliniká (Lasíthi) 186; (finds from) 190

Elliniká (Réthymnon) 304

Ellinóspilios, cave of 384

Élos 391

Eloúnda 186; (finds from) 190

Élyros, site of 374; (finds from) 332

Émbaros 108

Embaros, Ambrosios 330

Embroidery 178

Embrósneros 349

Epáno Episkopí 242–43

Epáno Kryá 242; (finds from) 181

Epáno Sými 110

Epimenides, seer 296

Episkopí (Chaniá) 387

Episkopí (Lasíthi) 218–19, 218; (finds from)

221

Episkopí (Réthymnon) 292

Ergoteles, Cretan athlete 15

Erimoúpolis 261

Erotokritos, epic poem 236

Eteia, ancient city 235

Eteocretans 14, 244

Etiá 250

Europa, myth of 143

Evangelismós 101–02

Evans, Sir Arthur 8, 10, 44, 82, 83, 92, 116,

135, 152, 162, 208, 220, 266, 268; (at

Knossós) 9, 26, 29, 61, 66, 71, 72, 75, 76,

78; (system of Bronze Age chronology) 9

F

Falieros, Marinos 99

Fauna, ancient 315

Faure, Paul 246

Five Virgins, chapel of 318–19

Flavia Titiana 220

Flora of Crete 32–33, 203

Fódele 130–32, 131

Fourth Crusade 18

Frangokástello 354–56, 355

Frantzeskakis, Fr. Stylianos 376

Fraronísi 339

Fratzeskakis, Eleni 278

Freyberg, Major General Sir Bernard 23, 24

Fyfe, David Theodore 71

INDEX 419

G

Galatás 99

Galba, emperor 65

Galen, physician 203

Garibaldi, Giuseppe 283

Gavalochóri 345

Gávdos, island of 356–57

Gázi (see Palaiókastro)

Génna 301

Genoese, presence on Crete 18, 175, 220,

235, 323

Geometric art 14, 31, 181

George, King of the Hellenes 22, 24, 60

George, Prince of Greece 21, 37, 61, 324,

346, 359

Georgioúpolis 346

Gerakári 305

Geráni (finds from) 277

Geráni bridge 315

Gérgeri 169

German reprisals during WW2 109, 110,

294, 305, 373, 376

Germans, excavations during WW2 303

Gerola, Giuseppe 36, 36, 39, 47, 54, 54, 96,

103, 138, 144, 165, 167, 175, 218, 250,

285, 351

Giancarolo brothers 334, 384

Giannaris, Hatzi Mikhalis 362

Gilliéron, Emile 44

Gíngilos, Mt 366

Gioús Kámbos 304

Glyká Nerá beach 354

Gorge of the Dead 252

Górtyn 15, 67, 141–46, 141, 146; (Ághio Títos

16, 144); (Law Code) 14, 141, 143

Gouledianá 308

Goúrnes 54

Gourniá 212–15, 213; (finds from) 181

Grá Lygiá (finds from) 181

Gradenigo, Marino 378

Gramvoúsa peninsula 396...

Grimani, Alvise 34

Gritti, Giorgio 284

Guyforde, Sir Richard 34

Gypsum, Minoan use of 71

H

Halbherr, Federico 35, 139, 141, 143, 149,

155, 168, 208, 244, 261, 293, 295, 393

Hall, Edith 36, 212

Hannibal 15, 142

Harvester Vase 43, 43

Hatzidakis, Joseph 35, 114, 119, 133, 208

Hay, Robert 304

Hellenistic bridge (Eléftherna) 288, 289;

(Vrýses) 345

Hellenistic Crete 14

Herákleion province 37ff

Herákleion, city of 37–54; history of 38–41

Aghía Aikateríni Sinaďtés 48–49

Ághios Matthaíos Sinaďtés 50

Ághios Minás 48

Ághios Pétros 52

Ághios Títos 48

Archaeological Museum 41–46

Arsenali 52

Bembo Fountain 48

Castle 51–52, 51

Church of the Holy Saviour 54

Historical Museum of Crete 52–53

Kalokairinos House 52

Loggia 46–48

Morosini Fountain 46

Natural History Museum 54

Sagredo Fountain 48

St Mark’s 46

St Mary of the Crusaders 54

Hermes and Aphrodite, sanctuary of 111

Hermes, sanctuaries to 290, 292, 301

Herodotus 67, 244, 261, 386

Herzog, Werner 189

Hierapytna (ancient Ierápetra) 15, 220, 235,

244, 246, 261

Hieroglyphs, Cretan 11, 268

Hill 107 23, 383

Hogarth, D.G. 208

Homer 9, 14, 67, 104, 142, 148, 163, 307

Horns of consecration 27, 116, 116, 256

Hugo, Victor 283

Hyrtakína 374

420 INDEX

I

Iconoclastic art 183, 183

Icons, icon-painting 327 (see also

Damaskinos)

Ida, foothills of 285ff

Ida, Mt 7, 169, 170, 294, 362

Idaian Cave 14, 289, 294, 295

Idomenaeus, grandson of Minos 34, 104, 113

Ierápetra 219–21

Ilingas beach 352

Ímbros Gorge 24, 350

Inachorium, ancient city 392

Inatos, ancient city 109

Ioánnis Xenós, Ághios 166, 320, 335, 336,

360

Ístro 211

Ítanos 244, 246, 261; (finds from) 181, 182

Ítanos peninsula 263

Itzedín Castle 344–45

J

Jews in Crete 39, 323, 328

John Xenos, St (see Ioannis)

Jong, Piet de 71

Júktas, Mt 83, 89, 90–92

Julia Nobilis Cnossus, Roman colony 38, 63

Juniperus oxycedrus macrocarpa 221

K

Kádros 377

Kakodíki 376

Kalamás 291

Kalamávka 222

Kalámi 344

Kálamos 377

Kalamydi, ancient town 378

Kaláthenes 391

Kalí Liménes 167

Kallergis family 17, 18–19, 129, 165, 283,

292, 306

Kallergis, Alexios 388

Kallergis, Vardas 291

Kallergis, Vettor 19

Kallergis, Zacharias 20, 271

Kaló Chorió 212; (finds from) 190

Kalógeros 302

Kalokairinos, Minos 9, 35, 60

Kalydon, rock of 187, 188

Kamara houses 161, 234, 250, 293, 345

Kamáres Cave 28, 171–72

Kamáres ware 29, 30, 30, 41–42

Kamariótis 136

Kamilári 162

Kanakakis, Lefteris 278

Kándanos 376

Kanta, Anastasia 11, 133

Kantanoleon, Georgios 360, 374

Kantanos, ancient city 377

Kardáki 305

Karphí 13, 28, 205–07

Kartofilaka, Ioannis 340

Kasos Strait 24, 257

Kastélli Kisámou (see Kíssamos)

Kastélli Pediádas 102–03

Kastélli Phournís 8

Kástro 227, 229

Katharós plateau 196

Katholikó (see Monasteries)

Káto Episkopí 241

Káto Flória 387

Káto Kryá 242; (finds from) 181

Káto Mýli 299

Káto Préveli 311–13

Káto Tripodós 291

Káto Zákros 252

Katsambás 38, 113; (finds from) 41, 45

Kavallarianá 375

Kavoúsi 227; (finds from) 221

Kazantzakis, Nikos 40, 53, 98

Kefáli (Chaniá) 392

Kefáli (Herákleion) 108

Kentis house 161, 357

Kephála Hill (Knossós) 8, 60, 61, 64

Kerá (Réthymnon) 300; (see also Panaghía

Kerá)

Keratókambos 109

Khamaízi 233–34

Kheir ed-Din Barbarossa, corsair 235, 270,

272, 323, 328, 344, 378

Kimouriótis 242

INDEX 421

Kisamos, ancient city 388

Kíssamos 388–91

Kítyros 380

Knights of Malta 20, 264, 270

Knossós 13, 14, 16, 59ff; (finds from) 42, 43

House of the Frescoes 75

House of the High Priest 75

House of the Sacrificed Children 76

Labyrinth 34, 67

Little Palace 76

North House 76

Temple Tomb 75

Throne Room 26, 70

Villa Ariadne 22, 60, 80

Kober, Alice 268

Kófinas, Mt 168

Koinon Kriton 389

Kókkino Metóchi 387

Kolokýthia beach 187

Kolymbári 384, 385

Komitádes 350, 354

Kommós 13, 162–63

Kornaros, Ioannis 130, 265

Kornaros, Vitsentzos 236

Kostantinides, Ioannis 294

Kotsiphós Gorge 310

Koumbedes Café 132

Kouphonísi, island of 246–47

Kouphós 361

Koureménos beach 257

Kournás 347

Kourtaliótikos Gorge 310

Koustogérako 360, 373

Krási 204

Kreipe, General Heinrich 80

Kri-kri (see Agrimia)

Kritsá Gorge 196

Kritsá 191; (finds from) 181

Krousónas 137

Kydonía, ancient Chania 13, 323, 329, 394;

(finds from) 331

Kyriakosélia 344

L

Labdanum, resin 203

Labrys (see Double axe)

Labyrinth (Knossós) 34, 67

Lákki 361

Lake Kournás 347

Lake Voulisméni 176

Lambiní 308

Lambiótes 303

Lammergeiers 310, 363

Lapatin, Kenneth 44

Lappa, ancient city 317; (finds from) 277

Lasinthos Eco Park 207

Lasíthi plateau 202ff

Lasíthi Province 174ff

Lató 196–99; 198, 199

Law Code (Górtyn) 14, 141, 143, 270

Lear, Edward 33, 138, 282, 347

Lebena, ancient city 168

Lebessi, Angelika 111

Lefká Óri (see White Mountains)

Leigh Fermor, Patrick 80

Léndas 168–69

Leper colony (Spinalónga) 188–89

Lilianó 103

Liménas Chersonísou 117

Linear A 11, 268

Linear B 13, 268

Liópetra 234, 235

Lisós 370–73; (finds from) 332

Lithgow, William 326

Lithínes 245

Loggerhead turtle 164

Louis XIV, king of France 40

Loútra (Réthymnon) 281

Loutró 353–54

Lustral basins, function of 26

Lychnostasis Museum 118

Lygariá 130

Lykastos, ancient city-state 96

Lymberopoulou, Angeliki 375

Lýttos 103–05, 105

M

Mackenzie, Duncan 61

Magnesia, Treaty of 261, 264–65, 264

Makrýgialos 245–46; (finds from) 181, 182

422 INDEX

Máleme 23, 383

Máles 222

Mália 119–25; (finds from) 42, 180–81, 181

Malia Triton 27, 181

Malmsey wine 133

Manáres 241

Manousakas, Sphakiot rebel 349

Manutius, Aldus 20

Marathokephála 386

Margarítes 291

Marinatos, Nannos 26

Marinatos, Spyridon 82, 93, 107, 113, 114,

136, 191, 204, 295, 305

Marine Style (pottery) 31, 182

Markakis, Ioannis 165

Martial, poet 94

Mastabás (finds from) 277

Master Impression 27, 331, 331

Mátala 163–64

Mathokotsaná 222

Máza 346

Medicinal plants 203

Megála Choráfia 344

Megapótamos river 310

Melidóni Cave 291–92; (finds from) 277

Méronas 305

Mésa Moulianá 233

Mesará Plain 140ff

Mesará tombs 146–47, 166, 167

Mesávlia Gorge 387

Mesklá 359

Metaxas, General 22

Metaxochóri 222

Metellus, Quintus Caecilius (‘Creticus’) 15,

104, 287, 323, 393

Miamoú 167

Mikrí Koprána, peak of 205

Mílatos 189; (finds from) 181

Miliá 392

Military cemeteries (see War Cemeteries)

Mill Beach 127

Milopótamos valley 292

Minas, St 48

Minoans (civilisation of) 10–13; 26–28;

(discovery of) 9; (decline of) 12–13

Minoan palaces (see Palaces)

Minos, king 9, 14, 34, 65, 143, 270; (tomb

of) 75

Minotaur 65, 67, 78

Mirabéllo, Gulf of 177, 186ff, 212, 215

Mitsotakis, Ioannis 61, 295

Mitzotakis, Konstantinos 332

Móchlos 230–32; (finds from) 179, 237

Mochós 119

Molin, Francesco da 272, 360

Monacis, Lorenzo de 302

Monasteries and convents

Angaráthou 98–99

Aghía Eiríni 137

Aghía Moní 109

Aghía Triáda 334–35

Ághios Nikólaos 169

Arkádi 282–83

Asómaton 302

Chalepa 293

Chrysopigí 340

Chrysoskalítissa 381

Epanosíphi 95

Goniá 384–85

Gouvernéto 335, 335

Gouverniótissa 204

Katholikó 335–36, 336

Moní Apezanón 167

Moní Aretíou 189

Moní Atális 285

Moní Diskoúri 292

Moní Gorgolaíni 137

Moní Kallérgis 102

Moní Kapsá 245

Moní Palianís 138

Moní Savathianón 130

Moní Toploú 263, 263–65

Odighítria 165

Panaghía Exakoustís 222

Panaghía Kardiótissa 204

Phaneroméni 234–35

Préveli 310–13

Profítis Ilías 316

Valsamóneros 170

Vrondísi 169–70

INDEX 423

Monastiráki 11, 302; (finds from) 234, 277

Moní village (Sélinos) 373

Monte Forte 242

Moody, Jennifer 64, 263, 351, 355

Morosini, Francesco 40, 48, 81, 220, 396

Moss, William Stanley 80

Mourné 309

Mousouros, Markos 20, 271

Murex trunculus 247

Mycenae, Mycenaeans 12, 13

Mýli Gorge 299

Myres, J.L. 9, 29, 61, 208

Myrioképhala 319–20

Myrsíni 232–33; (finds from) 181

Myrtiá 98

Mýrtos Phournoú Koryphí 224; (finds from)

179, 180

Mýrtos Pýrgos 222–24

Mýrtos, Goddess of 179, 180

Mýrtos, village of 225

Myson, sage of Greece 235

N

Napoleon 220

Natura 2000 80, 117

Néa Alikarnassós 40–41

Néa Praisós 243

Néa Roúmata 368, 368

Neápolis 190

Neolithic Crete 7–8

Nerokoúrou 340–41

Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine emperor 17,

38, 39, 96, 380

Nida plateau 294

Nírou Cháni 115–17

Nobis, Günter 78

North Knossós Cemetery 59

O

Octavian (later Augustus, emperor) 15

Odysseus 270

Olivier, J.P. 181

Oloús, ancient city 186–87; (finds from) 182

Omalós plateau 361–63, 363

Onythé 308

Operation Merkur 339, 383

Orlandos, Anastasios 17, 144

Orthí Pétra 287–89; (finds from) 277

Osia Maria of Egypt, chapel of 366

Ottomans on Crete 20–21; (in Chaniá) 324;

(in Herákleion) 40–41; (in Réthymnon)

272; (expulsion from Crete) 51; (uprisings

and incidents against) 21, 189, 245, 282,

285, 292, 311, 320, 355

P

Pachiá Ámmos 215

Paeonia clusii 205

Pagomenos, Ioannis 346, 354, 373, 377;

(works attributed to) 375, 379

Palaces, general 10–12, 26

Archánes 82–83

Gourniá 213–15

Knossós 66–74

Kydonía 323

Mália 120–24

Monastiráki 11, 302

Phaistós 147–54

Zákros 253–57

Palaiá Aghía Rouméli 366

Palaiá Roúmata 387

Palaíkastro 257–59; (octopus vase from) 42

Palaikastro Kouros 236, 237, 237, 257

Palaióchora 377–78

Palaiokapas, Konstantinos 385

Palaiókastro (Herákleion) 129

Pallavicini, Sforza 272

Palm forest (Vái) 260, 260

Palme, Olaf 119

Panaghía Kerá church, Kritsá 192–95, 192,

193, 195

Panaghía Loubiniés, church of 131, 132

Pangalochóri (finds from) 277

Páno Mýli 299

Pánormos 283–84

Pashley, Robert 35, 83, 265, 281, 282, 292,

316, 353, 365, 372, 374, 389

Pasiphaë, wife of Minos 65

Patsídes 80

Patsós 300

424 INDEX

Paul, St 142, 160, 167, 354

Pausanias 374

Pax Kallergi 18–19

Paximáda, island 262

Paximádia islands 309

Payne, Humfry 287

Peacocks, symbolism of 370

Peak sanctuaries, general 27; (finds from)

180

Júktas 92

Mt Kófinas 168

Petsophás 259

Vrýsinas 300; (finds from) 277

Pediáda district 98ff

Péfki, village and gorge 249

Pelekaniotikós Valley 379–80

Pelekitá (see Caves)

Pendamódi 138

Pendlebury, John 36, 62, 78, 206, 207, 340

Perdikí Metóchi 300

Perivolákia Gorge 245

Perkins, Sergeant Dudley (‘Kiwi’) 361, 373

Pernier, Luigi 139, 149, 152

Pertinax, emperor 220

Pertselakis, J, architect 52

Pescatore, Enrico 18, 109, 272, 284, 388

Petrás 266–68; (finds from) 237

Petrie, Sir William Matthew Flinders 9, 29,

67

Petsophás 259; (finds from) 180, 237

Pezá 106

Pezoúlas 245

Phaeniades, philosopher 308

Phaistós 147–54, 147

Phaistós Disk 43, 149, 152, 153

Phalandra 148

Phalanna, ancient city 308

Phalásarna 393–96; (finds from) 389

Philargos, Petros 190

Phoenicians 14

Phoenix theophrasti Greuter 260

Phoinix 317, 353

Phokas, Ioannis 204

Phokas, Manuel 108, 110, 204

Photinós 308

Phoúrni necropolis 84–88; (finds from) 45, 81

Phourphourás 304

Phyláki 347

Pigí (near Kastélli Pediádas) 103

Píkris 281

Pinés 189

Pinus brutia 353, 366

Pirates 270

Píso Préveli 312–13, 312

Pithoi 30, 31, 74, 101

Pitsídia 162

Pláka 189

Plakiás 310

Plátanos 146–47

Platon, Nikolaos 8, 9, 82, 109, 133, 241,

253, 254, 308, 343

Platyskinós tholos tomb 242

Plemenianá 376

Pliny the Elder 34, 67, 247

Plutarch 15, 67, 191

Pockoke, Richard 67

Polybius, historian 104

Polyrrhenía 392–93; (finds from) 389

Pool, Lt Cdr Francis 311

Population exchanges (between Greece and

Turkey) 22

Poseidon, sanctuaries of 373

Potamiés 204

Pottery, general 29ff

Praisós 243–45, 261

Prassés 300

Prevelakis, Pandelis 271

Préveli Beach 311, 313

Préveli Monastery 310–13

Priansos, site of 109

Prince of the Lilies fresco 41, 72, 73

Priniás 138

Priniatikós Pýrgos Survey 212

Prison Valley 23, 24, 383

Prodrómi 371, 379

Profítis Ilías (Herákleion) 95

Profítis Ilías (Chaniá) 334

Profítis Ilías, cave of 107

Provatopoulos, Ioannis 387

Psaraki, Kalitsa 304

INDEX 425

Pseíra 229–30; (finds from) 237

Psilorítis (see Ida, Mt)

Psychoundakis, George 24, 320, 383

Psychró 208

Purple dye, production of 247

Pýrgos (Herákleion) 110

Pythagoras 296

Q

Querini family 138

R

Rabdh el-Khandak (Herakleion) 17, 38

Rackham, Oliver 64, 263, 351, 355

Raeck, Karen 294

Rakí 234

Ranunculus asiaticus 212

Refuge sites, general 13

Karphí 13, 28, 205–07

Kástro 229

Regno di Candia (see Venice)

Réthymnon province 271ff

Réthymnon, city of 271–78; history of

272–73

Ághios Frangiskós 273

Archaeological Museum 276–78

Castle 272, 275–76, 276

Folklore Museum 278

Fortezza 272, 275–76, 276

Fratzeskakis Collection 278

Kanakakis Gallery 278

Loggia 273

Mikrí Panaghía 275

Mosque of Ibrahim Han 276, 276

Neratze Mosque 275

Palazzo Clodio 275

Rimondi Fountain 273, 275

Rhadamanthys, brother of Minos 143, 148

Rhyta 390

Rimondi, Alvise 275

Ríza 241

Rizenía 138

Rodopós peninsula 384–86

Rodopós village 384

Rodováni 374

Rogdiá 129

Romans in Crete 15, 63; (at Górtyn) 142; (at

Phalásarna) 394

Roukáni 95

Roússa Ekklisiá 241; (finds from) 238

Roussólakkos, plain of 257

Roústika 316

Roúvas Forest 169

S

Sakellaraki, Efi 28, 82, 89

Sakellarakis, Giannis 28, 82, 86, 89, 93, 295

Salomon family 251

Samariá Gorge 24, 363…, 364

Sanctuary Rhyton (Zakros) 43, 256

Sandwith, Thomas 178

Sandys, George 35, 178

Sanmicheli, Michele 40, 272, 273, 323

Santorini (Thera) 12, 27

Saracena, Bianca 330

Saracens (see Arabs)

Sarakína 379

Sarakína Gorge 222

Sarpedon, brother of Minos 119, 143

Scapulimancy 352

Schliemann, Heinrich 60–61

Seager, Richard 215, 217, 229, 231

Seals and sealmaking 126

Second World War, sites and battlefields of

257, 281, 294, 301, 311, 350, 352, 376,

373 (see also Battle of Crete)

Sedóni Cave 293

Seléna, Mt 119, 202

Sélinos region 368fff

Serlio, Sebastiano 275

Sgouros, Dimitrios 385

Shrew, Cretan 315

Sibthorp, John 35

Sideropórtes, Samariá 366

Síderos, Cape 262

Siderospiliá necropolis 140

Sieber, Franz 282

Silignakis, Abbot Gennadios 264

Simeonis, Simeon 34

Similianós Kámbos 305–06

426 INDEX

Sistrum, sistra 43, 43, 81, 180

Siteía 235–39; (finds from) 182, 182

Sívas 165, 166

Sklaverochóri 102

Sklavókambos (Minoan House) 135–36

Sklavopoúla 380

Skordilis family 17

Skordilis, Imanouil 335

Skoteinó 117

Skoudianá 376

Skoulas, Fr. Ioannis 294

Skouphos, Philotheos 340

Smári necropolis 102

Snake goddesses 13, 43, 44, 44

Soissons, Louis de 339

Soles, Jeffrey 231

Sophronius, patriarch of Jerusalem 130, 265

Sotirós Christós, church (Teménia) 374

Sotirós, church of (Eléftherna) 290, 291

Souda Bay 339–40

Soúghia 369

Spantidakis, Ilias 281

Spathi, Mt 202

Sphakiá region 349ff

Sphoungaras 215

Spíli 308

Spiliá (Chaniá) 386

Spília (Herákleion) 80

Spinalonga 186–89, 188; (finds from) 182

Spiny Mouse, Cretan 315, 363

Spratt, Captain T.A.B., cartographer and

surveyor 35, 149, 167, 176, 220, 246, 250,

252, 253, 261, 287, 394,

Stavroménos 281

Stavrós 334

Stavroulakis, Nikos 328

Stephanos of Byzantium 235, 308, 393

Sternáki 343

Stillman, William 282

Stómio 381

Stone vases, manufacture of 180

Strabo, geographer 38, 118, 189

Stýlos 343–44

Sweetwater Beach 354

Syia, ancient city 369, 374

Syrinthos, ancient city 246

Syvritos, ancient city 301–02

T

Tarra, ancient city 366; (finds from) 332

Tavronítis 383

Teménia 374

Témenos 17, 18, 95–97, 96

Theodórou island 365, 383

Theophrastus, botanist 143, 203, 260, 296

Theotokopoulos, Domenicos (see El Greco)

Thera (see Santorini)

Thériso 359

Theseus 65, 191

Thrapsanó 100

Thrónos 301–02

Thucydides 270

Tiepolo, Giacomo, Duke of Candia 96

Titus, St 48, 142; (St Titus Revolt) 19

Topólia 392

Tortoiseshell ripple ware 31

Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de 35

Tournes necropolis 305

Town Mosaic 42

Traóstalos, Mt 252; (finds from) 179

Trapéza Cave 207

Trinity, differing representations of 316

Troullia (finds from) 389

Trypitós 266, 266; (finds from) 238

Tsikoudiá (see Rakí)

Tsipopoulos, Metaxia 266, 267, 333

Tsiskianá 373; (finds from) 332

Tsouderos, Abbot Melchisedek 311

Tsouderos, Emmanouil 22, 53

Tsoútsouros 109

Tulipa bakerii 363

Tulipa cretica 250

Tulipa doerfleri 304

Turks (see Ottomans)

Turland, Nicholas J. 304

Týlissos 133–35, 135

Tzedakis, Giannis 307

Tzermiádo 205

Tzinalianá 377

INDEX 427

U

Ulutz Ali, corsair 272

V

Vái 259–60

Vámos 345

Vasari, Giorgio 327

Vasilikí ware 29, 29, 180

Vasilikí 217–18

Váthi 392

Vathýpetro 93–95; (finds from) 82

Veneris, Mikhail 309, 359

Venice, Venetians, control of Crete 18–20; (in

Chaniá) 323–24; (in Herákleion) 38–40;

(on Lasíthi) 19, 202; (in Réthymnon) 272;

(and the Sphakiots) 352; (rebellion against)

18, 96; (antiquarians in Crete) 34–35

Venetian villas

Clodio (Argyroúpolis) 317;

(Chromonastíri) 300; (Píkris) 281

Etiá 250–51

Ranieri 387

Sanguinazzo 281

Saonazzi 304

Trevisan 387

Venizelos, Eleftherios 21, 21–22, 359;

(museums about) 207, 333; (tomb of) 334

Ventris, Michael 63, 268

Vergitzi, Evmenia 136

Vernacular architecture 161 (see also Kamara

house; Kentis house)

Viktoros, painter 330

Villas (see also Venetian villas)

Ariadne 22, 60, 80

Clodio (Argyroúpolis) 317

Clodio (Chromonastíri) 300

Dionysos 59–60

Ranieri 387

Trevisan 387

Viola scorpiuroides 32

Viviani, Gaspare 243

Vizári 16, 304

Vlachos, Giannis (see Daskalogiannis)

Vóila 251, 251

Vóri 160

Votomos, Lake 169

Voulisméno Alóni 132

Voutás 380

Vrókastro 211

Vrónda 227, 228; (finds from) 221

Vrýses (Chaniá) 345, 349

Vrýsinas, Mt 300; (finds from) 277

W

War Cemeteries (Commonwealth) 339;

(German) 383

Waugh, Evelyn 164, 350

White Mountains 7, 362; (foothills of) 343ff

Wild cat, Cretan 362

Windmills (Lasíthi) 202–03, 205

Wine 106, 240

Woolley, Sir Leonard 44

World War Two (see Second World War)

X

Xanthoudides, Stefanos 82, 115, 144

Xenós, Ághios Ioánnis (see Ioannis)

Xerokamáres 118

Xerókambos 251–52

Y

Young god, Minoan deity 27, 27, 111, 237,

296

Z

Zaimis, Alexandros 21

Zákros 252–57; (finds from) 42, 237, 256

Zambelios, Spiros 360

Zangaroli (see Giancarolo)

Zarós 169

Zelkova cretica 363

Zeus 259; (and Europa) 143; (birth of) 104,

208; (infancy of) 296; (mythical grave of)

83; (temples of) 114, 187, 259, 261

Zíros Plateau 251

Zois, Antonios 217

Zóminthos 295

Zorba’s Cliff 334

Zoú 241

Zoúrva 359

INDEX TO BLUE GUIDE GREECE

THE MAINLAND

For a formatted version of the index please see www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures
/bggreecemainland/index.pdf

A

Abdera 688–90; (finds from) 662, 693

Abdul Hamid, sultan 596

Acarnanìa 485, 488, 500

Acciaioli, Franco 64

Achaea, Roman province 19, 154, 300, 399

Achaea, region (see Achaia)

Achaeans 154, 204, 271, 485

Achaean League 18, 274, 400, 405, 407

Achaìa 399ff

Achaia Clauss winery 404–05

Achelòös, river 488, 540, 542

Achèrondas, river (Acheron) 527, 528, 529

Achilles 536, 563, 564

Achladòkambos 254

Acrocorinth 178–80, 179

Actium, battle of 19, 485, 499–500

Adrastus of Argos 190, 222, 419

Adrianople (see Adrianoupolis)

Adrianoùpolis 41, 47, 702

Aegeiai, site of 325

Aegeus, father of Theseus 76

Aegisthus 206

Aeschylus 16, 67, 99, 116, 146

Aetolia-Acarnania 485ff

Aetolian League18, 485, 492

Aetolians 447, 485, 500, 582

Aëtòs 349

Àfytos 680

Agamemnon 206, 215, 216, 225, 298. 341,

357, 399, 436; (mask of) 68, 94, 94

Agathon, architect (4C BC) 449

Aghià 571

Ag. Anàrgyri (Ermiòni) 255

Ag. Anàrgyri (Mani) 334

Ag. Anàrgyri (Trìkala) 538

Ag. Anàrgyri Varlaam (Kastorià) 641

Ag. Andrèas (Pàtras) 404

Ag. Apòstoloi (Kastorià) 641

Ag. Apòstoloi (Leondàri) 277

Ag. Apòstoloi (Seliàna) 408

Ag. Athanàsios (Chalandrìtsa) 414

Ag. Athanàsios (Geràki) 319

Ag. Athanàsios (Kastorià) 641

Ag. Athanàsios (Leondàri) 277

Ag. Charalàmbos (Kalamàta) 343

Ag. Charalàmbos (Maròneia) 695

Ag. Dimìtrios (Chr`ysafa) 317

Ag. Dimìtrios (Mistrà) 312

Ag. Dimìtrios Katsoùri (Plisioì) 506

Ag. Dion`ysios (Olympus) 580

Ag. Geòrgios (Androùsa) 344

Ag. Geòrgios (Nàfplion) 235

Ag. Geòrgios (Sithonìa) 681

Ag. Geòrgios (Stemnìtsa) 282

Ag. Geòrgios (village in Thessaly) 576

Ag. Geòrgios (Vasilikò, Epirus) 526

Ag. Geòrgios, monastery of (Tsamandàs) 510

Ag. Geòrgios tou Kàstrou (Geràki) 319

Ag. Ioànnis (Areòpolis) 328

Ag. Ioànnis (village in Pelion) 568

Ag. Ioànnis Chrysòstomos (Geràki) 319

Ag. Ioànnis Eleìmon (Ligouriò) 229

Ag. Ioànnis Pròdromos (Laconia) 325

Ag. Ioànnis Pròdromos (Chr`ysafa) 317

Ag. Ioànnis Pròdromos (Kalambàka) 546

Ag. Ioànnis Pròdromos, Plàtsa (Mani) 334

Ag. Kyprianòs (Mani) 332

Ag. Kyriakì (village in Messenia) 356

Ag. Kyriakì (village in Pelion) 570

Ag. Làvra 410, 411

Ag. Marìna (Kissòs) 568

Ag. Marìna (Ligouriò) 230

Ag. Michàïlis Taxiàrchis (Mani) 330

716 INDEX

Ag. Nikòlaos (Karìtaina) 279

Ag. Nikòlaos (Mistrà) 317

Ag. Nikòlaos Dilios, monastery of (Ioannina)

517

Ag. Nikòlaos sta Kàmbia (Arcadia) 273

Ag. Nikòlaos Kambinàri (Mani) 334

Ag. Nikòlaos Karyàs, monastery of 290

Ag. Nikòlaos Kasnìtzis (Kastorià) 641

Ag. Nikòlaos tis Rodias (Plisioì) 506

Ag. Monì, church of (Argolid) 229

Ag. Pàndes (Chr`ysafa) 317

Ag. Panteleìmon (Aghià) 571

Ag. Panteleìmonos (Katochì) 492

Ag. Panteleìmonos, Athos (see Roussikò)

Ag. Paraskevì (Geràki) 319

Ag. Paraskevì (Kassàndra) 680

Ag. Paraskevì (Kìpi) 524

Ag. Paraskevì (Macedonia) 665

Ag. Paraskevì (Mani) 331

Ag. Paraskevì (Monodèndri) 524

Ag. Pàvlou (Athos) 675

Ag. Pètros (Mani) 331

Ag. Photìni (Mantìneia) 270

Ag. Procòpios (Mani) 330

Ag. Simeòn, monastery of 491

Ag. Sòstis 478

Ag. Sotìris (Mani) 333

Ag. Sofìa (Andravìda) 394

Ag. Sofìa (Mistrà) 316

Ag. Sofìa (Monemvasià) 324

Ag. Sofìa, basilica of (M`ytikas) 495

Ag. Sofìa, village (Aetolia) 487

Ag. Spyridon (Nàfplion) 236

Ag. Stefànos (Kastorià) 641

Ag. Stefànos (Metèora) 549

Ag. Stratigòs (Mani) 330

Ag. Theodòra (Arta) 503

Ag. Theodòroi (Mistrà) 312

Ag. Theodòroi (Sèrres) 63

Ag. Theodòros (Mani) 330

Ag. Triàda (Anìlio) 568, 568

Ag. Triàda (Evrytania) 478

Ag. Triàda (Kranìdi) 255

Ag. Triàda (Metèora) 547, 549

Ag. Varvàra (Arcadia)273

Ag. Varvàra (Mani) 330

Ag. Vasìleios (Arta) 503

Agorakritos, sculptor (5C BC) 77, 96, 141

Àgrafa region 479

Agrapidhochòri 396

Agrìnion 488

Agriolèfkes 566

Agrippa 19

Agrosikià 623

Aïdònia 198, 200

Aigai (ancient Vergìna) 587, 588, 625, 632

Aigeìra 407; (finds from) 406

Aiginion 545

Aìgion 405–06

Aigìtio 476

Aigòsthena 423

Aimyalòn, Our Lady of (Monastery, Lousios

Gorge) 284

Ainos (see Enez)

Aitolikò 489

Akanthos 666; (finds from) 678

Akràta 407

Akrìni 634

Àktio 499

Alaric 20, 41, 119, 147, 267, 300, 432, 436,

500

Albanian, Albanians 475, 497, 498, 502,

509, 510, 512, 528, 646

Alcestis 562

Alèa 268

Alepòtripa Cave 297, 329

Aleuadai, ancient tribe 536, 575

Alexander the Great 17, 70, 146, 419, 434,

582, 588, 619, 622, 683

Alexander IV (son of Alexander the Great)

633, 681

Alexander of Pherai 536, 562

Alexandroùpolis 697

Alexius III, emperor 563

Ali Pasha 51, 499, 503, 511, 512, 515, 516,

517, 528, 543

Aliàkmon, river 643

Alìfira 392

Àlika 330

Alipheira, site of 392–93

Alkamenes, sculptor (5C BC) 77, 376

Almyròs 563

Alonìstaina 287

Alpheiòs, river 363

Alyzia, site of 495

Amasis painter, the (6C BC) 34, 34

Ambracia (ancient Arta) 502, 504–05

Ambracian Gulf 494–95

Amfilochìa 494

Amìntaio 626

INDEX 717

Amphiaraion 142–43

Amphiaraus 142, 419

Amphictyonic League 445, 446, 588

Amphilochian Argos, site of 494

Amphipolis 653–56; (finds from) 662

Àmphissa 472–73

Amyklai, ancient site 309; (finds from) 303,

304

Anakasià 557

Anastasioupolis, site of 691

Andravìda 394

Andrew, St 401, 404

Andrìtsaina 279

Andronicos, astronomer 90

Andronicus III 575

Andronikos, Manolis 632

Androùsa 344

Anìlio 568

Anjou, Charles of 46

Àno Figaleìa 282

Àno Trìkala 192

Àno Vòlos 556, 557

Anta Maura, castle of 495

Antheia, Homeric city 344

Anthimos Gazi 567, 568

Antigonus Gonatas 588, 619

Antinous 151, 466

Antipater 477, 576, 588

Antiphanes, sculptor (5C BC) 449

Antoninus Pius, emperor 272

Aòös, river 525, 526

Aòös, lake 545

Aphentikò (Mistrà) 312

Aphrodite, temples and sanctuaries of

(Acrocorinth) 180; (Arcadia) 412;

(Dodòna) 523; (Epidaurus) 250;

(Kassope) 531; (Troezen) 257

Aphytis, site of 680

Apollo (cult of) 246; (myths concerning)

309, 445, 578

Apollo, temples and sanctuaries of

(Actium) 499–500; (Amyklès) 309;

(Argos) 222, 224; (Arta) 504; (Bassae)

23, 27, 279–82, 280; (Corinth) 168–70,

170; (Delphi) 143, 448–58, 456, 463;

(Epidaurus) 252; (Mesembria) 696;

(Thermon) 486, 487

Apollonìa 684

Appius Claudius Pulcher 150

Aràchova 470

Aratos of Sikyon, general 159, 177, 400

Arcadia 263ff

Arcadian League 263, 267, 271, 300, 419

Archaìa Epìdavros 253

Archaìa Olimbìa 368

Archelaus, king of Macedonia 582, 588, 619;

(palace of) 622

Archons (governors of Athens) 88

Archontikò 623

Areòpolis 328

Arèthousa 621, 684

Argalastì 570

Argithèa 540

Argive Heraion 225–26; (finds from) 96

Argolid 196ff

Argonauts 555, 559, 564

Argos 218–25

Argos Orestikòn 643

Argyssa, Homeric city 577

Aridaìa 626

Aristides (the Just) 85

Aristocles, sculptor (6C BC) 190

Aristodikos, statue of 95

Aristomenes 341

Aristophanes 117, 430

Aristotle 67, 435, 627, 683

Armènio 570

Arnaìa 666, 682

Àrta 502–05; (bridge of) 505–06

Artemis, myths concerning 136

Artemis, temples and sanctuaries to

(Arcadia) 268; (Aulis) 436; (Brauron)

135–37; (Calydon) 492; (Dìon) 584;

(Epidaurus) 248; (Likòcheia) 278;

(Lousoi) 410; (Messene) 346;

(Orchomenòs) 273; (Sparta) 303, 304,

307; (Stymphalos) 192, 193; (Thermon)

487

Asclepius (cult of) 249; (myths concerning)

246

Asclepius, temples and sanctuaries to

(Alipheira) 392; (Corinth) 177;

(Epidaurus)29, 245, 247; (Gortys) 285;

(Messene) 345 (Orchomenòs) 428;

(Pheneos) 193; (Trìkala) 537, 539

Asea, ancient site 274

Asine, site of (Argolid) 238

Asine, ancient colony (Messenia) 358

Àsiros 649

Asopòs 189

718 INDEX

Asprògeia 563

Asprokklìsi 509

Astakòs 493

Àstros 288

Atalanta 267, 491

Atatürk (Mustafa Kemal) 610

Athamania, ancient region 540

Athanasius, the Athonite 668, 674, 675

Athena 69

Athena, temples and sanctuaries to

(Alipheira) 393; (Argos) 224; (? Asea)

274; (Athens) 29, 76; (Delphi) 464,

467; (? Pallantion) 272; (Philià) 543;

(Sparta) 306; (Stymphalos) 193; (Tegea)

268

Athena Parthenos, statue of 29, 77, 78, 96

Athenians, treasury of (Delphi) 452, 463

Athens, general 14ff, 69ff; (colonies of) 16,

653, 656; (government of) 88, 99, 100;

(history of) 70–71; (democracy) 16, 17;

(at Battle of Marathon) 138; (at Plataea)

433; (at Chaironeia) 434; (in Roman

Greece) 39; (Gothic sack of) 41;

(Ottomans in) 71

Athens, sights

Acropolis 72–80

Acropolis Museum 79–80

Acropolis Museum (new) 107

Ag. Aikaterìni 114, 115

Ag. Anàrgyri 114

Ag. Apòstoloi 68, 115

Ag. Asòmaton 114

Ag. Dimìtrios Loumbardiàris 100

Ag. Geòrgios 113

Ag. Ioànnis O Theòlogos 115

Ag. Nikòlaos Rangavàs 115

Ag. Theodòroi 115

Agorà 68, 81–89

Agorà Museum 85

Anafiòtika 89, 91

Arch of Hadrian 105

Archaeological Museum 92–98

Areòpagus 88, 99

Assembly (see government, above)

Athena, statue of 29, 77, 78, 96

Athena Nike, temple of 29, 73

Benaki Museum 109

Beulé Gate 73

Byzantine and Christian Museum 110

Caryatid Porch 79, 79

Cathedral 90

Center of Folk Art 92

Dipylon 100

Erechtheion 29, 78–79, 79

Frissiras Museum 91

Goulandris Museum 109

Grande Bretagne Hotel 124

Hellenic Academy 109

Hephaistos, temple of 68, 81

Hill of the Nymphs 100

Holy Apostles, church of 88, 115

Jewish Museum 92

Kanellopoulos Museum 91

Kapnikarèa 90, 114

Keramèïkos 100–01

Kolonàki 112

Library of Hadrian 90

Lycabettus, Mount 110, 113, 113

Lysicrates Monument 106, 106

Megàron Mousikìs 110

Metamòrphosis tou Sotìra 115

Metroön 84

Metropolis, Old 90, 114

Monument of the Eponymous Heroes 84

Mouseion Hill 99

Museum Alex Mylona 101

Museum of Children’s Art 91

Museum of the City 108

Museum of Cycladic Art 109

Museum of Greek Folk Art 91

Museum of Greek Folk Music 90

Museum of Greek Popular Art 90

Museum of Islamic Art 101

Museum of Traditional Pottery 101

National Garden 105

National Historical Museum 108

National Library 109

National Picture Gallery 110

Numismatic Museum 109

Oberländer Museum 101

Odeion of Herodes Atticus 108

Olympieion 105

Omorfì Ekklisìa 64

Panaghìa Gorgeopìkoös 90, 114

Panathenaic Festival 78

Panathenaic Way 81

Parliament 105

Parthenon 21, 25, 27, 76

Peribolos of the 12 Gods 85

Philopappus Monument 99

INDEX 719

Plaka 89–92

Plato’s Academy 101

Pnyx 100

Propylaia 73

Roman agora 90

Russian Church 105, 114

St George Lycabettus Hotel 124

Schliemann’s House 109

Socrates’ Prison 89

Sotìra tou Kottàki 114

Sotìra tou Lykodìmou 114

Stoa of Attalus 85

Stoa Basileos 84

Stoa Poikile 85

Street of Tombs 100

Syntagma Square 71, 105

Theatre of Dionysus 107

Theseion 68, 81

Tower of the Winds 90, 91

Tzistarakis mosque 90

University 109

War Museum 110

Zappeion Gardens 105

Zeus, temple of 105–06, 107

Athos, Mount 667–77, 674, 677

Atrax, site of 576

Atreus 206; (treasury of) 209–211

Attalus, ruler of Pergamon 18

Attica 131ff

Augustus, emperor 19, 39, 146, 485, 492;

(Battle of Actium) 499, 500, 501; (Battle

of Philippi) 660

Augustus, temple of (Pàtras) 403

Aulis 436

Austria 52, 53

Avars 41, 60, 155, 352, 593

Àvdira 688

Averof family 545

Axiòs, river 623, 624

B

Bacchiads 158

Balkan Wars 688, 700

Barbarossa, corsair (see Kheir ad-Din)

Bardoùnia, castle of 325

Barlaàm (Metèora) 549

Basil I, Emperor 42

Bassae 23, 27, 279–82, 280

Bayezid I, sultan 47, 589, 701

Bayezid II, sultan 231, 357, 405

Bektashi Dervishes 48, 563

Bellerophon 185

Benjamin of Tudela 512, 563, 594

Bessarion, St 539, 540, 548

Biton (see Cleobis and Biton)

Bizàni 518

Black-figure ware (in Corinth museum) 162;

(see also Pottery)

Blegen, Carl 217, 225, 227, 353, 354, 355

Boeotia 417ff

Boeotian League 418, 419, 427

Boiai, site of 324

Boissonas, Frédéric, photographer

(1858–1946) 509, 579

Boniface of Montferrat 45, 420, 589, 593,

651, 656, 699

Botsaris, Markos 490 491, 528

Boukation 488

Boùmbouka 413

Boutades of Sikyon, potter 190

Brasidas, Spartan general 357, 653

Brauron 135ff

Brienne, Walter de 143

Britain 53, 351, 493, 511, 517, 596

Broneer, Oscar 181, 183

Bruyères, Geoffrey de 278

Bulgarians 41, 42, 46, 155, 420, 575, 577,

589, 593, 639, 651

Byron, Lord 53, 68, 133, 352, 447, 490,

491, 499, 515, 517, 518

Byzantine art and architecture 55ff

(Arta) 504; (Athens) 113–115; Hòsios

Loùkas 436–40; (Kastorià) 641; Mistrà

65, 310–17; (Pòrta Panaghìa) 539;

(Pyrasos) 562; (Pythio) 701; Skrìpou

427; (Thessalonìki) 600, 603–04, 605,

610, 611, 612; (Vèroia) 630

Byzantine rule 40ff; (Epirus) 498, 501, 505;

(Macedonia) 589, 593, 598–99, 651;

(Mistrà) 310–17; (Monemvasià) 320; (in

Peloponnese) 155

Byzantium 40, 152 (see also Constantinople)

C

Cadmus, founder of Thebes 417

Caligula, emperor 378

Callicrates, architect (5C BC) 73, 77, 119

Callimachos, polemarch 139

Callimachus, sculptor (5C BC) 78, 168, 290

Calydon 491–92

720 INDEX

Calydonian boar 268, 491

Çams, Çameria 497, 498, 509, 510, 528

Canachus the Sikyonian, sculptor (6C BC)

190

Cantacuzene, John VI 46, 315, 672, 700,

701

Cantacuzene, Manuel 314, 315, 316

Capodistrias, Ioannis 51, 53, 219, 231, 234,

236, 256, 401

Cassander 18, 419, 488, 588, 592, 680, 681

Castalian spring 424, 468–70

Catalans 231, 421, 430, 477, 478, 661, 676

Çelebi, Evliya 631, 697

Centaurs 387, 564 (see also Chiron, Eurytion)

Central Greece 417ff

Cervantes, Miguel de 357, 475

Chairòneia, battle of 17, 99, 159, 417, 434

Chalandrìtsa 413

Chalkidikì 665ff

Chalkidòna 623

Chalkìs 435, 665

Champlitte, William de 155, 192, 349, 357

Chandler, Dr Richard, antiquarian 364

Charioteer (Delphi) 458, 465, 466

Charites, cult of 427, 428

Chiliandarìou (Athos) 673

Chirico, Evaristico de 553

Chirico, Giorgio de (1888–1978) 553

Chiron, centaur 246, 564

Chlemoùtsi, castle of 395

Chòra 356

Choreftò 567

Chrisavgì 527

Chrìsovo 476

Chrissò 444

Christiàni 356

Christianity (arrival of) 20, 54 (see also

Paul, St)

Chr`ysafa 317

Church, Sir Richard 231, 493, 495

Cicero 19, 147, 494, 592; (on statue of

Zeus) 377

Cistercians 45, 64, 192

Clauss, Baron von 404

Cleisthenes, reformer of Athens 15, 70, 96

Cleisthenes, tyrant of Sikyon 446, 450

Cleobis and Biton 225, 461

Cleomenes III, King of Sparta 300

Clytemnestra 206

Cocytus, river 527, 529

Codrington, Admiral Sir Edward 231, 350,

351

Communists 549 (see also ELAS)

Comnenus, Alexius, emperor 45

Comnenus, Michael Angelus, emperor 45

Comnenus, John II, emperor 47

Constantine, emperor 39–40, 54, 447, 589

Constantine I, King of Greece 71, 368, 480

Constantine XI, emperor 47, 310, 315

Constantine Monomachos 670

Constantinople 20, 40, 42, 44, 47–48

Copais (see Kopaïs)

Corinth 14, 157–76, 161, 169, 170, 555;

(role in Peloponnesian War) 158; (role in

Persian Wars) 158; (Roman sack of) 159

Corinth (new town) 180

Corinth Canal 185, 186

Corinthia 157ff

Corinthian capital (of Polyclitus the Younger)

247

Corinthian Order 27, 281

Corinthian War 159

Corinthians, treasury of (Delphi) 452

Coronis, myths concerning 246

Corycian Cave 471–72

Coumantaros Gallery (Sparta) 305

Cresphontes, Dorian hero 341, 349

Cretan school (Byzantine art) 132, 670, 675,

676

Critian Boy 15–16, 80, 80

Croesus, King of Lydia 446

Crusades 43–44

Cumba, castle of 393

Curtius, Professor Ernst 348, 364

Cyclops Cave 697

Cynoscephalae, battle of 19, 485, 562, 575,

588

Cypselus, tyrant of Corinth 14, 158, 382,

452

Cyriac of Ancona 67, 76, 447

D

Dadià Forest 699

Dàfni (Achaia) 412

Dakaris, Sotirios 528, 529

Damasus, Pope 67

Damophon, sculptor (2C BC) 276, 344, 378

Danaos, myths concerning 222

Daphnì, Monastery of 64, 143–45

Deidameia, myths concerning 386, 387

INDEX 721

Delian League 70, 689

Delphi 443–70

Archaeological Museum 460–66

Castalian Spring 468–70

Marmaria 466–68, 468

Oracle 457

Sacred Way 449–54

Sanctuary of Apollo 448–60

Sanctuary of Athena 464, 467

Stadium 459–60

Temple of Apollo 454–55, 456, 463

Theatre 458

Tholos 464, 467, 468

Treasuries 450–52

Demèsticha 413

Demeter, myths concerning 145

Demeter, temples and sanctuaries of

(Corinth) 176; (Eleusis) 147; (Lykòsoura)

276; (Lepreon) 394; (Mesembria) 696;

(Proerna) 480; (Stimànga) 189

Demetrias 558–59; (finds from) 556, 559

Demetrius Poliorcetes 18, 190, 300, 419,

555, 558, 588

Demosthenes 17, 99, 434, 492, 588, 678

Dendrà 12, 227

Dervèni 649

Derveni Krater 598

Despotates (Àrta) 45; (Epirus) 498, 502,

505, 575, 589, 593, 639; (Mistrà) 311,

315

Diakoftò 407, 409

Didymòteicho 692, 700–01

Dikaia, site and finds 693

Dikili Tash, site of 661; (finds from) 662

Dimini 10, 560–61; (finds from) 94

Dimitrios, St 605–06, 608

Dimitrìtsi 653

Dimitsàna 286

Dinsmoor, Professor William 133, 141, 281

Diocletian, emperor 39, 589, 629

Diocletianoupolis, Roman city 643

Diogenes 159

Diòlkos 185

Diomedes of Argos 222, 224

Diomedes of Thrace 389, 689

Dìon 582–84

Dione, goddess 519; (temple of) 523

Dionysìou (Athos) 675–76

Dionysos the Areopagite, St 99

Dionysus 390, 417, 427, 470

Dìros Caves 329; (finds from) 303–04

Dìstomo 440

Docheiarìou (Athos) 676

Dodòna 22, 518–23, 521; (finds from) 98,

513

Doïrànis, lake 636

Domokòs 480

Doria, Andrea 357, 358

Dorian Invasion 154, 341

Dorion, Homeric city 349

Doriskos 698; (finds from) 693

Doupianì (Metèora) 548

Dousìko, monastery 540

Doxaràs 576

Dörpfeld, Dr Wilhelm 240, 381

Dràma 116, 656

Dramali, Ottoman commander 178, 197,

201

Drèpanon, Cape 405

Drìskos 544

Drossinis, Georgios 567

Duĺan, Stefan 46, 512, 589, 651, 673

Ducas, John 478

Ducas, Michael (see Michael I)

Ducas, Theodore 178

E

Èdessa 624–26

Edirne (see Adrianoùpolis)

Edonians 653, 656

ELAS (Communist guerrillas) 408, 537, 569,

596

Elassòna 577

Elateia (finds from) 477

Elàti 540

Elèa, fortress of 527

Elean Pylos, site of 396

Electra 206

Elefsìna (see Eleusis)

Eleoùses, monastery of (Ioannina) 517

Eleusis 145–51; (relief from) 95, 96

Eleutherai 423

Elgin, Lord 68, 77

Elià 681

Elìki 407

Elis 363ff

Elis, ancient city 396–97

Ellinikon, site of 289

Ellinokklisìa 344

Enez (Ainos) 698, 699

722 INDEX

Epaminondas, Theban commander 270,

271, 274, 299–300, 342, 345, 349, 419,

427, 434

Epàno Englianòs 353

Ephyra, Necromanteion of 528–30; (finds

from) 513

Epictetus 366

Epidauros Limera 324; (finds from) 304

Epidaurus, ancient 245–53; (finds from) 97

Epidaurus Festival 250, 251

Epigonoi 418

Epirus 497ff

Episkopì, church of (Mani) 330

Erane 356

Eretreia 563

Ermiòni 255

Eros, sanctuary of (Thespiai) 426

Erymanthos mountains 413

Erythrae 475

Esphigmènou (Athos) 672–73

Eucleides, sculptor (1C BC) 408

Euripides 99, 136, 582, 621, 684

Euripos, river (Evrìpos) 435–36

Europos, site of 636; (finds from) 635

Eurystheus, King of Mycenae and Tiryns 388

Eurytion, centaur 386, 387

Eva 289 (see also Herodes Atticus, villa of)

Evander, king 272

Evangelìstria (Geràki) 319

Evangelìstria, church of (Mistrà) 312

Evropòs 636

Èvros, river 698–99

Evrytania 478–79

Exekias, painter (6C BC) 34

F

Fanàri 543

Fàrsala 480

Fères 699

Filiàtes 510

Filiatrà 356

Flamininus 542, 562

Florence, Florentines, rule in Greece 71,

155, 343

Flòrina 644

Fokìda (see Phocis)

Fort St George (Acarnanìa) 495

France, French 350 351, 356, 376, 499,

511, 544, 596

Franchthi Cave 10, 255; (finds from) 237

Franks, Frankish monuments (Àmphissa)

473; (Athens) 71, 72, 77; (Boeotia) 421,

430; (Daphnì) 145; (Macedonia) 585,

651, 657; (Peloponnese) 160, 168, 178,

231, 278, 311, 315, 318, 344, 358, 392,

394, 395, 399, 401, 413; (partition of

Greece) 44; (Thessaly) 575

Frossini, Kyra (see Phrosyne)

Fteròlakkas 470

G

Galàtista 666

Galaxìdi 474

Galerius, emperor 59, 592, 599, 600, 605,

612

Games (see Panhellenic games)

Gamìla, Mount 525

Gastoùni 394

Gaul, Gauls 401, 447, 485

Ge, goddess 444, 469

Ge-Themis, sanctuary of (Delphi) 452

Gèfyra 321, 624

Gènisis tis Theotòkou (near Anthirò) 541

Gènisis tis Theotòkou, monastery (Vìkos

Gorge) 525

Gennadios, Patriarch 48, 652

Genoese 357, 558

George of Thebes, fresco artist (16C) 549

Gèrakas 292–93

Geràki 318–19

Germanos, Archbishop of Patras 51, 52, 155,

286, 399, 408, 410

Germany, Germans (in WW2) 132, 408,

523, 569, 596

Gerolimènas 330

Geronthrai, site of 320

Giannitsà 623

Giotto 64

Giromèri 510

Gla 429

Glafyrès 570

Glanitsa, site of 287

Glauke 161, 555

Gl`yfa 563

Glyfàda 131

Glykì 527

Gomphoi 539

Gònnoi 578

Gòritsa 557

Gortys 285

INDEX 723

Goths 39, 147, 154, 155, 420, 527, 589,

592, 657

Goumènissa 413, 636

Graces, the (see Charites)

Grand Làvra (Athos) 674–75

Gratìni 693

Great Dionysia, festival 116

Great Metèoron (Metèora) 548

Gregorìou (Athos) 676, 677

Grèmmou, mound of 577

Grevenà 643

Grizàno 577

G`ythion 325

H

Hadrian, emperor 19–20, 70, 105, 146, 147,

151, 175, 226, 447

Hadrianopolis (see Adrianople)

Haghia Sophia (Istanbul) 59

Halieis 256

Halos 563

Hània 566

Hegeso, stele of 96

Helen of Troy 298, 325; (sculpture of) 303

Helicon, Mount 424, 425

Helike, site of 407

Hellenic Maritime Museum (Piraeus) 121

Helos, ancient site 319

Helots 14, 17, 301, 318, 319

Hera, myths concerning 388

Hera, temples and sanctuaries of (Argive

Heraion) 225–26; (Olympia) 381–82,

382; (Perachòra) 13, 188

Heraclea Lyncestis, Roman town 588, 644–45

Heracles (Labours of) 193, 198, 254, 332,

387–89, 413, 689; (myths concerning)

154, 240, 365, 388, 417, 430, 478, 488

Heracles, temples and sanctuaries of

(Dodòna) 523; (Kleonai) 200; (Thebes)

421; (Velestìno) 562

Hermes of Praxiteles 382, 390, 390

Hermes, myths concerning 390

Hermione, site of 255

Herodes Atticus 20, 70, 108, 138, 159, 176,

290, 381; (head of) 162; (villa of) 266,

289, 290

Herodotus 16, 578; (on Dodòna) 519; (on

Ephyra) 529; (at Olympic Games) 367;

(on Battle of Plataea) 15; (on

Thermopylae) 432

Herulians 20, 85, 147

Hesiod 424, 425, 579

Hesychasts 593, 611

Heuzey, Léon 582, 632, 633, 657

Hippocrates 575

Hippocrene, spring 425

Hippodameia, myths concerning 385

Hippodamus, Hippodamian system 119,

120, 345, 530, 679, 696

Hippolytus 256

Hodeghìtria, Mistrà (see Panaghia

Hodeghitria)

Homer 12, 203, 207–08, 215, 341, 353,

354; (on Dodòna) 519; (on Ephyra) 529;

(Hymn to Apollo) 445; (on Orchomenòs)

428

Hoplites 13, 301

Horace 19, 660

Hòsios Loùkas, monastery 436–40, 437, 438

Huns 41, 155, 589

Hymettus, Mount 132

Hysiae 254

I

Iasmòs 691

Ibrahim Pasha 253, 265, 278, 290 311,

349, 350, 357, 395, 405, 410; (at

Missolonghi) 53, 491; (at Battle of

Navarino) 155, 351

Ibrahim Pasha, Chief Vizier 49

Iconoclasm 61–62, 599, 604

Ictinus, architect (5C BC) 77, 281

Ierissòs 666

Igoumenìtsa 507

Iktinos (see Ictinus)

Imaret (Àrta) 506; (Kavàla) 662

Iniades (see Oiniadae)

Ino, myths concerning 182

Ioànnina 512–17, 516

Iolcus (Iolkos) 553, 555

Iphigeneia 136, 436

Isis, temples and sanctuaries of (Dìon) 584;

(Kenchreai) 184

Issova, monastery of Notre Dame 392

Isthmia 181–84

Itèa 473

Ithòme (Messenia) 341, 348

Ithome, Homeric city 543

Ìtylo 333

Ivìron (Athos) 673

724 INDEX

J

Janissaries 48, 49, 538, 597

Jason 161, 555, 564

Jason, tyrant of Pherai 536, 562, 575

Jews, Jewry in Greece 401, 515, 563, 593,

594–95, 613, 631, 639

Jocasta 419

Jockey and racehorse, sculpture of (in

Athens) 96

John of Athens, Byzantine artist 65, 255

Julian the Apostate, emperor 20, 40, 147,

447

Julius Caesar, emperor19, 159, 480, 542,

545, 645

Justinian, emperor 20, 41, 42, 60, 70, 500,

512, 593

K

Kadmos (see Cadmus)

Kaenipolis, site of 331

Kafkònia 363

Kaïàfas, lagoon of 393

Kaissarianì, monastery of 131

Kakòvatos 394

Kalamàs, river 507

Kalamàta 342–43

Kalambàka 545–46

Kalàndra 680

Kàlanos 413

Kalapòdi (finds from) 477

Kalàvryta 408–09

Kalèntzis 413

Kalès tis Nymfaìas 693

Kalliergis, Georgios, Byzantine artist (14C)

65, 610, 630

Kallikrates (see Callicrates)

Kallimachos (see Callimachus)

Kallion 476

Kallithèa (Achaia) 414

Kallithera, 542

Kallìthiro 542

Kalò Nerò 349

Kalòkastro 650

Kalpàki 526

Karaïskakis, Georgios 479

Karakàllou (Athos) 674, 674

Kardam`yli 334

Kardìtsa 543

Karìtaina 278–79

Kàrla, lake 570

Karpenìsi 478

Karvostasi, castle of 510–11

Karyès (Athos) 671

Kassàndra peninsula 680–81

Kassope 530–31; (finds from) 513

Kastanià 193

Kastellanos, Frangos, fresco artist (16C) 549,

670

Kastorià 639–42, 642

Kastràki 546

Kastrì 528

Kastria Caves 412

Kastrìtsa 518

Kastrìtsi 413

Kàstro (Boeotia) 429

Kàstro tis Oraìas (Tempe) 578

Kataf`ygio 476

Katàkolo 394

Katarràktis 413

Katerìni 584–85

Kàto Boularioì 330

Kàto Lousì 410

Kàto Meròpi 526

Kàto Panaghìa, nunnery (Epirus) 506

Kàto Polydèndri 571

Katochì 492

Katsìmbali 278

Kavàla 661–62

Kazantzakis, Nikos 334

Kefalàri 228

Kefalòvrysi 627

Kemal Re’is 49

Kenchreai 184

Kenkreai, Pyramid of 228

Kerameikos (Corinth) 177 (see also Athens,

Kerameikos)

Kheir ad-Din (Barbarossa) 49, 358

Kiàto 189

Kierion 543

Kìlkis 635

Kionia 332

Kìpi 524

Kìrra 473

Kissòs 568

Kithairon, Mount (Kithairònos) 419, 424

Kitros (Byzantine city) 585

Klàdeos, river 364, 365

Kleidì 624

Kleidì (Elis) 393

Kleidònia 524

INDEX 725

Kleisoùra Pass 300

Kleitor 412

Kleitorìa 412

Kleonai 200

Klephts 49, 566

Kilàda 255

Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Àno Vòlos) 556,

557

Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Chr`ysafa) 317

Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Kalambàka) 545

Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Ligouriò) 230

Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Molybdoskèpastos)

526

Koimìsis tis Theotòkou (Nèa Iraìo) 229

Kòkkino Nerò 571

Kokytos (see Cocytus)

Kolokotronis, Theodoros 51, 53, 155, 201,

234, 237, 265, 272, 278, 286, 334;

(birthplace of) 287; (tomb of) 106

Kombòti 506

Komotinì 692–93, 692

Kònitsa 525

Konstamonìtou (Athos) 676–77

Kopai 429

Kopaïs, lake 417, 429

Kopanòs 628

Korais, Adamantios 51

Kore (see Persephone)

Korone 343, 358

Koròni 49, 356, 358–59

Koroni, monastery (Lake Megdovo) 542

Kosmàs 292

Kòtronas 333

Kòttes 570

Koukoulì 528

Koulouleìka 570

Koundouriotis, Georgios 53

Koutloumousìou (Athos) 671

Koutsòchero 576

Kozàni 635

Kranìdi 255

Krannon 536, 576

Krates, engineer (4C BC) 430

Kremastòn, lake 479

Krìni 414

Krinìdes 660

Krisa 444–45, 446

Kritias Boy (see Critian Boy)

Krokeai 319

Krokìleio 476

Kronos, Mount 365

Kyllìni 395

Kynaithes 408

Kynouria 288ff

Kyparìssi (Laconia) 292

Kyparissìa (Arcadia) 278

Kyparissìa (Messenia) 349

Kypàrissos 331

Kypsela 699

Kypselos (see Cypselus)

L

Lacedaemonia (Byzantine city) 300, 306

Lacedaemonians 304 (see also Sparta)

Lachanàs 650

Laconia 297ff

Laconian League 325, 327

Ladochòri 510

Lady of Kalymnos 98

Laius, king of Thebes 419

Lambardis, Bishop Ananias 312

Lamìa 477

Lamian War 576, 588

Langàda 333

Langadàs 649

Langàdia 286

Lapiths and Centaurs, battle between (sculptures

at Olympia) 386–87, 386

Làrissa 536, 575–76

Làrissa (citadel of Argos) 224

Larissa Kremaste 563

Las 327, 328

Lascaris, John IV, emperor 45

Lascaris, Theodore 45

Làvara 700

Làvrion 134–35

Leake, Lt. Col William Martin 492, 502,

510, 517, 543, 544, 579; (on

Acrocorinth) 180; (on Corinth) 169; (on

the Mani) 327; (on Methòni) 358; (at

Olympia) 364; (on Prèveza) 499; (on

Sikyon) 191; (on Treasury of Atreus) 210

Lear, Edward 515–16

Lechaion 55, 184

Lefkàdia 627–28

Lefkòpetra 634

Leigh Fermor, Patrick 326, 334, 541

Leochares, sculptor (4C BC) 383

Leondàri 277

Leonidas, hero of Thermopylae 298, 305,

726 INDEX

431–32; (bust of) 303, 303

Leonìdion 291

Leòntio, Leontion 413

Lepanto, battle of 49, 475

Lèpreo, Lepreon 394

Lerna 11, 254; (finds from) 220

Leto, goddess 131

Leucothea, goddess 182

Leuctra, battle of 17, 299–300, 417, 433–34

Levìdi 273

Lianoklàdi (finds from) 477

Libon of Elis, architect (5C BC) 375

Lidorìki 476

Ligouriò 229

Likòcheia 278

Limbovìsi 287

Linear A 11

Linear B 11, 12, 207, 217, 227, 363; (Pylos)

12, 353, 354, 355, 356; (Thebes) 422

Linòs 692

Lion Gate (Mycenae) 213–14, 213

Lìsi 509

Litòchoro 579–80

Little Refugee, The 97

London Protocol, the 53

Longanìkos 278

Loudìas, lake 623

Louis, Spyridon 68, 367

Loukadikà 333

Loùsios Gorge 283–84

Lousoi 410

Loutrà (Macedonia) 680

Loutrà Kyllìnis 396

Loutrà Loutrakìou 627

Loutrà Platystòmou 478

Loutrà Smòkovou 480

Loutrà Thèrmis 665

Loutràki 187

Ludwig I, King of Bavaria 238

Lycurgus 119, 300

L`ykaion 277

Lykòsoura 276; (finds from) 266

Lysippus, sculptor (4C BC) 173, 190

M

Macedonia 17, 159, 587ff

Macedonian school (Byzantine art) 64, 670,

672

Macedonian Wars 588 (see also

Cynoscephalae, Pydna)

Magoùla Plataniòtiki 563

Magoulianà 287

Mahmoud II, sultan 52, 597

Maina, castle of 330

Maison, General Nicolas 350, 358, 405

Makrakòmi 478

Màkri 696–97

Makriyiannis, Yiannis 476

Makrynìtsa 566, 567

Makrynòros, mountains 494

Malthi, site of 349; (finds from) 343, 349

Màndalo, Mandalon 620, 624

Mani 155, 326ff, 329

Mantineia 269–72; (finds from 266); (first

battle of) 219, 271; (second battle of)

219, 267, 270, 271

Marathon 15, 138–40

Marathonìsi 325

Marcus Aurelius, emperor 147, 150

Mardonius, Persian commander 152, 418,

433, 666

Margarìti 528

Mark Antony 499, 660

Maroneia 694–95; (finds from) 693

Mars and Neptune, temple of (Nicopolis)

501

Mascholoùri 543

Matapan, Cape (see Tainaron)

Maurice, Emperor 320

Mavrodaphne (wine) 404

Mavrolòngos Valley 580, 581

Mavromàti 344

Mavromichalis, Petrobey 155, 234, 327

Mavrovoùni 571

Medea 161, 555

Megà Choriò 479

Megà Spìlaion, monastery 409–10

Megàli Panaghìa (Macedonia) 666

Megàlo Pàpingo 524

Megàlo T`ympano 691

Megalòpolis 273–76, 275

Mègara 151–52

Megdovo, lake 542, 542

Mehmet Ali 662

Mehmet I, sultan 47

Mehmet II, sultan 47–48, 132, 155, 178,

401

Mehmet IV, sultan 579

Melas, Pavlos 641

Melathrià 318

INDEX 727

Meleager 491

Meliboias 571; (finds from) 556

Meligalàs 349

Melikertes, myths concerning 182

Melìssi 192, 623

Melissochòri 543

Melivìa 571 (see also Meliboias)

Mende 680

Menelaion 307–09; (finds from) 304

Menelaus, King of Sparta 298, 299, 325, 341

Mesembria-Zone 695–96; (finds from) 693,

698

Mesolòngi (see Missolonghi)

Mesopòtamos 528

Messe 327, 330

Messene 344–48

Messenia 341ff

Messenian Wars 341

Messenians (at Naupaktos) 341, 474, 492

Metamòrfosis, church of (Galaxìdi) 474

Metamòrfosis, church of (Mani) 334

Metèora 535, 546–49, 547

Mèthana 257

Methòni 356, 357–58

Metropolis (of Mistrà) 312

Metropolis (Thessaly) 542

Mètsovo 544, 545

Metternich, Prince 52, 351

Mexiàtes 478

Mèzapos 330

Miaoulis, Andreas 121

Michael I, emperor 498, 502, 505, 512

Michael II, emperor 474, 575

Michael III, emperor 60

Michalìtsi 501; (finds from) 513

Midèa 227

Mieza 627

Mikrò Choriò 479

Mikrò Pàpingo 525

Mikrothìves 563

Miliès 568

Milìna 570

Milopòtamos 568, 569

Miltiades, Athenian general 139

Mimar Sinan (see Sinan)

Minoan civilisation 11, 12

Minyans 325, 427, 428, 430

Miràka 363

Mìschos 694

Missolònghi 53, 490–500

Mistrà 310–17, 313

Mithridates, King of Pontus 19, 419, 435

Mitrikò 693

Mitròpoli 542

Mnesicles, architect (5C BC) 73

Moglena, Byzantine city 627

Molossians 498, 518

Molybdoskèpastos 526

Monastiràki (Phocis) 475

Monemvasià 319–24, 323

Monì Elònas 291

Monì Kalamìou (Gortys) 285

Monì Pètras (Katafygi) 543

Monì Sepetoù 392

Monì Timìou Prodròmou 652

Monì Xeniàs 563

Monodèndri 524, 524

Monoklissià 650

Morea, the 153 (see also Peloponnese)

Morea, castle of 405

Mòrnos, river 475–76

Morosini, Francesco 155, 231, 239, 334,

352, 358

Moschophoros 79, 80

Moùchli 254

Mourning Athena 80

Moustoù, lake 288

Munychia (Piraeus) 122

Murad I, sultan 47, 589, 700

Murad II, sultan 47, 589, 593

Muses 424, 425, 470, 580

Museum of the Mani 333

Museum of the Olive (Sparta) 304

Museum of Water Power (Dimitsàna) 286

Mycenae 202–18

(Grave Circle A 214–15, 215

Grave Circle B 211

Lion Gate 213–14, 213

Treasury of Atreus 209–11, 209

Mycenaean civilisation 11–12, 154, 204–06;

(Gla) 429; (Orchomenòs) 428; (Pylos)

353–56; (Thebes) 420, 422; (Tiryns)

240–45

M`yli 253

Mylonas, Professor George 207, 216

Myrkinos 650

Myrtià 487

Myrtilos, charioteer 385

Mysteries of Eleusis (see Eleusis)

M`ytikas 495

728 INDEX

N

Naupaktos (see Messenians)

Nàfpaktos 474–75

Nàfplion 230–38, 230, 235; (Greek government

in) 53

Nàousa 627

Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars 50, 493, 499,

544

National Assembly (Argos) 219; (Àstros)

288; (Epìdavros) 52, 253; (Troezen) 256

Navarino (see Pylos)

Navarino, battle of 53, 351

Nazis 410, 440, 595

Nèa Anchiàlos 562

Nèa Epìdavros 253

Nèa Fòkaia 680

Nèa Gynaikokàstro 635–36

Nèa Iraìo 229

Nèa Màlgara 624

Nèa Nikomèdia 628

Nèa Potidaìa 680

Nèa Skiòni 680

Nemèa 197–200

Nemesis, goddess 140; temple of

(Rhamnous) 141

Neo-Patras (see Ypati)

Neochòri (Lake Megdovo) 542

Neokastro (see Pylos)

Nèos Marmaràs 681

Neposi Castle 682

Neraïdochòri 540

Nero, emperor 19, 183, 185, 226, 367, 378,

421, 447, 457

Necromanteion of Ephyra (see Ephyra)

Nestor 341; (grotto of) 353; (palace of)

353–56

Nèstos, river 690

Nicaea 45, 505, 589, 639; (Council of) 39

Nicephorus Phocas 674, 675

Nicopolis (ancient site) 500–01

Nike of Paionios 378, 389

Nikitas (Nikitas Stametoulopoulos) 234

Nikìtis 681

Nikli, Byzantine city 267, 269

Nikòpolis 500

O

Octavian (see Augustus)

Oedipus 419, 424

Oeneus, King of Calydon 491

Oiniadae 492–93

Oinomaos, myths concerning 385

Oinoùssa 652

Oinoussai Islands 358

Oìti, Mount 477, 478

Oitilo, ancient city 327 (see also Ìtylo)

Olympia 364–92, 382

Games 365–68, 391

Museums 368, 384–92

Treasuries 380

Olympus, Mount 570, 579–80

Olynthos 678–79

Ombriakì 479

Omòlio 578

Omorfoklissìa 643

Omphalos (at Delphi) 464

Onouphrios, fresco artist (16C) 641

Opheltes, myths concerning 198

Oracles (general) 519–21; (Corinth) 174;

(Delphi) 13, 15, 19, 20, 443, 446, 457;

(Dodòna) 13, 22, 520; (Skotoùssa) 562;

(Tainaron) 332

Orchomenòs (Arcadia) 272–73

Orchomenòs (Boeotia) 427–28

Orestes 206, 256

Orpheus 584

Osios Loukas (see Hosios Loukas)

Osman Shah Djami (Trìkala) 538

Òssa, Mount 570, 571

Ostracism, system of 85

Otho, King of Greece 53, 69, 71, 108, 231,

232, 238, 474, 490

Ottomans, Ottoman empire 46ff; (decline of)

49–50, (and Ali Pasha) 517; (in Athens)

71, 79, 90; (Battle of Navarino) 351; (at

Missolonghi) 491; (in Boeotia) 420; (in

Epirus) 499, 502, 512, 523, 526; (in

Macedonia) 589, 593, 639, 651, 656; (in

Peloponnese) 48, 49, 155, 231, 265,

311, 327, 356, 358, 357, 401; (in

Thessaloniki) 596; (in Thessaly) 536,

537, 548, 569, 575; (in Thrace) 47, 687,

688, 697, 700, 702; (in War of

Independence) 52, 201, 265

Ottoman monuments (Àrta) 505–06;

(Didymòteicho) 701; (Kavàla) 662;

(Thessalonìki) 604, 605; (Trìkala) 538;

(Vèroia) 631; (Vònitsa Castle) 494–95

Ouranòpolis 667

Ovid 132

INDEX 729

P

Pachomios, Archimadrite of Mistra 312, 313

Paeonius (see Paionios)

Paganism, abolition of 40, 54, 365

Pagasae 559–60; (finds from) 556

Pagonis, Ioannis, fresco artist (19C) 568, 568

Paionios, sculptor (5C BC) 376, 378, 385,

389, 680

Palaeologue dynasty 155, 315

Palaeologus, Constantine 395, 401

Palaeologus, Demetrius 155

Palaeologus, John 344

Palaeologus, Michael VII 320

Palaeologus, Michael VIII 45, 46, 311, 318,

478

Palaeologus, Theodore 231

Palaeologus, Thomas 155, 277, 401, 404

Palaerus 495

Palaià Episkopì 269

Palaimon (Melikertes), myths concerning

182

Palaimoneion (Isthmia) 183

Palaiò Fàliro 131

Palaiòkastro (P`ylos) 352

Palaiokastro Gortynias 279; (finds from)

266, 304

Palaiomànina 493

Palaiopy`rgos 526

Palaiòs Àghios Athanàsios 626

Palamas, Archbishop Gregory 604, 611

Palamedes 231

Palatìtsia, palace of 633

Pallàntio, Pallantion 272

Palmer, Eva 444

Pambòtis, lake 512, 515–16, 516

Pan, myths concerning 139, 254, 472

Pan, sanctuary of (Lykaion) 277

Pan-Arcadian League 274

Panaghìa Chrysafiòtissa (Chry`safa) 317

Panaghìa Chrysafiòtissa (Monemvasià) 322

Panaghìa Dourahàn, monastery (Epirus) 518

Panaghìa Koubelidìki (Kastorià) 641

Panaghia Field 177

Panaghìa, church of (Aghìa Triàda, Argolid)

229

Panaghìa, church of (Gastoùni) 394

Panaghìa Hodeghìtria (Mistra) 312–13, 313

Panaghìa Mavriòtissa (Kastorià) 642

Panaghìa Olimpiòtissa (Elassòna) 577

Panaghìa Parigorìtissa (Àrta) 504

Panaghìa Soùmela 634

Panaghìa Spiliàs (Thessaly) 541

Panaghìa Tripitì (Aìgion) 406

Panathenaic festival 70, 78

Pandermalis, Dimitrios 582, 583

Pandosia, site of 528

Panhellenic Games 13 (Delphi) 445, 446,

459; (Isthmia) 182; (Nemea) 198, 199;

(Olympia) 365–67

Panselinos, Manuel, fresco artist 670, 671

Pantànassa (Mistrà) 314

Pantarkes, boy wrestler 377

Panteleìmon, monastery (Ioànnina) 516

Pantokràtoros (Athos) 673

Pàos 412

Papanastasiou, Alexandros 273

Papandreou, George 413

Papìkion, Mount 692

Paralìa (Katerìnis) 584

Paramythià 526

Paravòla 488

Pàrga 511–12

Parnassus, Mount 470–71

Paròri Gorge 310

Parthènion, Mount 254

Parthenònas 681

Pasavàs, castle of 328

Passaron 518

Pàtras 399–404

Paul, St 19, 99, 159, 500, 589, 592, 594,

629, 631, 653, 657, 658, 661, 684

Paullus, Lucius Aemilius 455, 466, 585

Pausanias 20, 73, 175, 341; (on Amyklai)

309; (on Aphrodite Erykine) 412; (on the

Argive Heraion) 226; (on Argos) 222; (on

Bassae) 282; (on Corinth) 159, 161, 168,

171, 172, 174; (on Corycian Cave) 472;

(on Delphi) 448; (on Eleutherai) 423;

(on Epidaurus) 248; (on Helike) 407;

(on the Loùsios river) 285; (on

Lykòsoura) 276, 277; (on Battle of

Marathon) 139; (on Megarians)152; (on

Mycenae) 205; (on Pallantion) 272; (on

Patras Odeion) 403; (on Rhamnous) 141;

(on statue of Athena) 377; (on Tegea)

268; (on Temple of Hera at Olympia)

382; (on the Spartans) 302; (on the

Stymphalian Birds)193; (on Tiryns) 240;

(on Troezen) 257

Payne, Humfry 188, 202

730 INDEX

Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil 211

Pefkàkia 558

Peirene, fountain of (Corinth) 174

Peirene, spring (Acrocorinth) 180

Peisistratus, tyrant of Athens 15, 70, 78, 147

Pèlion 564ff, 565, 567, 569

Pèlla 619–22, 620

Pellàna 278; (finds from) 304

Pellene, site of 192

Peloponnese 153ff

Peloponnesian Folklore Foundation 238

Peloponnesian League 299

Peloponnesian War 16, 70, 158, 219, 256,

299; (Mantineia in) 271; (Megara in)

152; (Thebes in) 419

Pelops, King 365, 383, 385

Pendàlofos 493

Perachòra 187ff

Pèrama 518

Perdiccas of Macedon 587, 632

Periander, tyrant of Corinth 158, 185, 529

Pericles 16, 70, 76-77, 119, 147, 492

Peristèra 665

Perivleptos (Mistra) 314

Perivòlia 282

Persephone, myths concerning 146

Perseus, King of Macedon 498, 575, 582,

585, 588

Perseus, legends concerning 154

Persia, Persians (threat to Byzantium) 42, 60,

70, 73, 578, 599

Persian Wars 15, 431–33, 433, (Arcadia in)

263; (Argos in) 219; (Athens in) 433;

(Corinth in) 158; (Battle of Marathon)

138; (Mycenae in) 205; (Orchomenòs in)

427; (Sparta in) 299, 431–33, 433;

(Tegea in) 267; (Thebes in) 418, 433

Pertoùli 540

Petalìdi 358; (finds from) 343

Petràlona Cave 678

Petres, site of 626

Petrotò 540

Phaedra, myths concerning 256

Phaedriades (Delphi) 443, 472

Pharai 343

Pharsalus, battle of 19, 480

Pheia, remains of 394

Pheidias, sculptor (5C BC) 29, 76, 77, 96,

370, 377; (workshop of) 365, 370, 384

Pheidippides 139, 254

Pheidon, King of Argos 219

Pheneos, site of 193

Pherai 536, 562

Pherenike (at Olympic Games) 379

Phigaleia 282

Philanthròpinon, monastery of (Ioannina)

517

Philià 543

Philike Etaireia, revolutionary society 51,

506

Philip II, King of Macedon 17, 536, 582,

653, 657, 678; (annexes Thessaly) 575;

(at Chaironeia) 17, 434; (refounds

Plataea) 433; (at Delphi) 446–47;

(invades Corinth) 159; (at Olympia) 383;

(murder of) 17, 633; (tomb of) 598,

632–33, 633

Philip V of Macedon 18, 393, 413, 485, 492,

493, 522, 562, 582, 588

Philippi 656–60

Philippi, battle of 19, 660

Philo, architect (4C BC) 119, 121

Philopoemen 271, 274, 300, 345, 400

Philosophou, monsteries (Loùsios Gorge)

284

Philothèou (Athos) 673

Phlious 200

Phocis 443ff

Phrosyne, Kyra 515, 517

Phryne 99, 425, 426

Phthiotic Thebes, site of 563

Phthiotis 477–78

Pièria 424, 580–85

Pikionis, Dimitris (1887–1968) 100, 553

Pikrolìmni 636

Pindar 367, 417, 419, 575

Pindus mountains 543–45

Pineiòs dam 396

Piraeus 118ff, 118

Pirithous 376, 386–87

Plaìsio 510

Plastiras, Col. Nikolaos 543

Plastiras, lake (see Megdovo)

Plataea, battle of 417, 418, 432

Plataeans (in Battle of Marathon) 138, 140

Platamònas, castle of 580

Plàtanos 413

Platarià 510

Plato 67, 68, 101

Plàtsa 334

INDEX 731

Plethon, Gemistos 311

Pleuron 489

Pliasìdi 566

Plotinoupolis (see Didymoteicho)

Plutarch 67, 434, 435, 466

Poly`anthos 691

Poly`chrono 680

Polyclitus, sculptor (5C BC) 96, 190, 226

Polyclitus the Younger, sculptor (4C BC) 247

Poly`droso 498

Poly`gyros 678

Polyneices 419

Pompey 480, 575, 592, 629

Population exchange between Turkey and

Greece 71, 587, 687

Pòrta Panaghìa, church of (Thessaly) 539

Portarià 566

Portino, Manfredo, architect (20C) 613

Pòrto Germenò 423

Pòrto Kàgio 331

Pòrto Làgos 693

Portochèli 255

Poseidon 69, 256; (bronze statue of) 96

Poseidon, temples and sanctuaries of (? Asea)

274; (Cape Kassàndras) 681; (Ermiòni)

255; (Isthmia) 183; (? Pallantion) 272;

(Sounion) 133, 134; (Tainaron) 332

Potidaia 16, 680

Pottery 31ff, 67, 98; (Athenian) 32, 34;

(black-figure) 34, 34; (Corinthian) 33,

33; (Mycenaean) 31, 32, 266; (red-figure)

35, 630; (white-ground) 37

Poulìthra 292

Prastòs 290

Praxiteles, sculptor (4C BC) 382, 390, 390,

425, 426

Prespa National Park 645–46

Prèveza 499

Priòlithos 412

Priònia 580

Prodròmi 527

Pròdromos, monastery of (Ioannina) 516

Prodròmou, monastery of (Lousios Gorge)

284

Proerna, ancient 480

Profìtis Ilìas, church of (Longanìkos) 278

Prom`yri 569

Pros`ymna 227

Pròtaton, church of (Athos) 671

Proùsos Gorge and monastery 479

Provatàs 650

Provlaka Canal 666

Psamathous 332

Psammetichus 158

Psaràdes 645–46

Psathòpyrgos 405

Psophis 413

Pteleon, Homeric city 563

Py`dna 585; (battle of) 19, 498, 585, 588

Py`los 350–51 (see also Elean Pylos; Triphyllian

Pylos)

Pyrasos 526

Py`rgos (Macedonia) 624

Py`rgos Diroù 329

Py`rgos Ràghiou, fortress of 507–09

Pyrrhus, king of Epirus 18, 219, 300, 305,

498, 502, 504, 522, 536, 540, 588

Pythian Games (see Panhellenic Games, Delphi)

Py`thio 701

Python, serpent 444, 452

Q

Quietists (see Hesychasts)

R

Rachi, ancient site 181

Rachòna 623

Ràghio 507

Red-figure ware (see Pottery)

Rendìna Castle 684

Rendìna, monastery of 480

Rhamnous 140–42

Rigas Feraios (Antonios Kyriazis) 51, 561,

567

Rìo 404

Ritsos, Iannis 321

Roche, Otho de la 45, 143, 231, 420

Rodotòpi 518

Roger, King of Sicily 420

Roghi, castle of 502

Roman Greece 18–20, 536, 562, 575, 585,

588, 589; (in Corinth) 159; (in Patras)

403–04

Rousànou (Metèora) 535, 549

Roussikò (Athos) 676

Runciman, Sir Steven 44, 310

Russia (role in Greek affairs) 50–51, 52, 53,

351, 511

Russo-Turkish War 50

732 INDEX

S

Sabina, empress 150

Sacred Wars 445–46

Sagiàda 509–10

Salis, site of 698

Salonica (see Thessaloniki)

Samikon 393

Sandalbinder 80

Sanì 680

Sarakatsanoi 540, 541, 545; (museum of)

651–52

Sarandàri 478

Sarmatians 147

Schliemann, Heinrich 68, 140, 206, 211,

215, 240, 427; (house in Athens) 109;

(tomb of) 106

Secret schools (during Ottoman Empire) 284

Seliàna 408

Selim I, sultan 668

Selinous Valley 406

Seljuks 42, 43

Serbs 46, 548, 575, 589, 657

Sèrres 650–52, 652

Sesklo 561; (finds from) 94, 556

Seven Against Thebes 419

Sfaktiria, Island of 351–52

Sgouros, Leon, Archon of Nafplion 178

Siàtista 643

Sikelianos, Angelos, museums to (Corinthia)

192; (Delphi) 444

Sikyon 189–91

Sikyonians, treasury of (Delphi) 450

Simonòpetra (Athos) 676

Sinan Pasha (1490–1588) 538, 702

Sìndos 624

Siphnians, treasury of (Delphi) 450, 462

Sisyphus 185

Sithonìa 681–82

Skilloùntia, Skillous 392

Skione 680

Skopadai, ancient tribe 536, 576

Skopas, sculptor (4C BC) 268

Skortzinòs 277

Skotoùssa 519, 562

Skoufas, Nikolaos 506

Skrìpou, church of 64, 427

Skylosophos, Dionysus the 512, 515, 537

Slavs 20, 41, 42, 60, 155, 263, 300, 343,

352, 349, 405, 492, 589, 593, 625, 646

Smèrtos 509

Smirtoùla 500

Smòlikas, Mount 526

Socrates 622, 680

Solon 15, 70, 99

Sophocles 67, 101, 117

Sosthenis 478

Sotìras Christòs, church of (Vèroia) 65, 630

Sotìros, church of (Àmphissa) 473

Souflì 699

Souli, castle of 527–28

Souli, Souliots 526–28, 528, 531

Sounion 132–34, 134

Soùrpi 563

Sparta, Spartans 14, 298–307, 653; (and

Argos) 219; (and Athens) 16; (Homeric

town) 278, 297, 298; (defeat at Leuctra)

17, 423, 433; (and Mantineia) 271;

(Battle of Marathon) 139; (and

Megalopolis) 274; (and Messenia) 341;

(at Plataea) 433; (break sacred truce)

365; (Battle of Sphacteria) 352; (and

Tegea) 267, 299; (and Thebes) 299; (at

Thermopylae) 15, 431–32; (in War of

Independence) 298

Spercheiai 478

Sphacteria, battle of 352

Sphinx, myths concerning 419

Spìlaio ton Lìmnon 412

Spilià 577

Spon, Jacob 447, 512

Stàgira, Stageira 683

Stavronikìta (Athos) 673

Stavroùpolis 690

Stemnìtsa 282

Stenà tis Pòrtas 539

Stenò (Arcadia) 265

Stimànga 189

Stoa Poikile (Olympia) 379 (see also Athens:

Stoa Poikile)

Stòmio 571

Stoùpa 334

Strabo 257; (on Boeotians) 417; (on

Dodòna) 519; (on Lake Kopaïs) 430; (on

Thespiai) 426; (on statue of Zeus) 377

Stràtos 488–89

Stryme, site of 693

Strymon, river (Strymònas) 650

Stuart and Revett 67, 73

Stympahlian Birds 193

Stymphalos 192

INDEX 733

Sty`ri, Styris 437, 438, 440

Styx, river 407, 564

Suleiman I, sultan 49

Sulla, Roman general 19, 70, 121, 246, 419,

427, 435, 447, 455

Sy`mvola 693

Sy`naxi 695

Sy`vota 510

T

Taìnaron, Cape 332

Talbot Rice, David 143, 314

Tanàgra 422, 423; (finds from) 422

Tarsìna 189

Taxiarchs, church of (Melissochòri) 543

Taxiarchs, church of (Skortzinòs) 277

Taxiàrches Mitropòleos (Kastorià) 641

Tay`getos, Mount 297, 301, 310, 325, 341

Tegea 267–69, 271, 293; (finds from) 266,

268

Tekkès tou Bektasì 563

Tempe, Vale of 445, 577–78

Terpnì 653

Teuthrone, site of 333

Thalàmes, Thalamai 333

Thaumakoi 480

Theatres

(Aigeìra) 407; (Archaìa Epìdavros) 253;

(Argos) 223; (Corinth) 177; (Delphi)

458; (Dodòna) 521–22, 521; (Epidaurus)

250–52, 252; (Gy`thion) 325; (Isthmia)

183; (Kassope) 531; (Maroneia) 694;

(Megalòpolis) 275, 276; (Nicopolis) 500;

(Orchomenòs) 428; (Philippi) 658;

(Sikyon) 191; (Sparta) 306; (Vergìna) 633

Thebes, Thebans 417–22; (and Athens) 418;

(at Chaironeia) 434; (at Cynoscephalae)

562; (hegemony in Greece) 417, 419;

(and Mantineia) 271; (at Plataea) 433; (at

Thermopylae) 432

Theisoa, site of 279

Themis, temple of (Rhamnous) 141

Themistocles 15, 85, 119, 367

Theodora, St 503

Theodore Angelus Ducas 498, 575, 589

Theodosius I, emperor 20, 59, 147, 365,

447, 593, 594

Theodosius II, emperor 40, 365

Theodotos, architect (4C BC) 248

Theophanes the Cretan, fresco artist (16C)

546, 670, 674

Theophilos, artist (Theophilos Hatzimichaïl,

1873–1934) 91, 557, 566

Theotòkos, church of (Hòsios Loùkas) 440

Thèrmi 665

Thèrmo, Thermon 22, 485–87

Thermopylae, battle of 15, 431–32; (finds

from) 98

Thersileion (Megalòpolis) 276

Theseus 76, 139, 256, 387

Thespiai 425, 426

Thesprotia 507

Thessalian Plain 480

Thessalonìki 18, 46, 592ff

Acheiropoìetos 59, 603

Acropolis 608–11

Ag. Aikaterìni 612

Ag. Apòstoloi 65

Ag. Dimìtrios 59, 605–08, 609

Ag. Georgios (see Rotunda)

Ag. Gregoris Palamà 604

Ag. Nikòlaos Orfanòs 65, 610

Ag. Panteleìmonos 600

Ag. Sofìa 61, 603–04

Arch of Galerius 599–600

Archaeological Museum 597–98

Bey Hammam 604

Byzantine Museum 598–99

Dòdeca Apòstoloi 612

Eptapy`rgion 611

Hamza Bey Djami 605

Hòsios Davìd 59, 612

Monì Vlatàdon611

Palace of Galerius 599

Panaghìa Chalkìon 64, 604

Pasha Hammam 613

Profìtis Ilìas 608

Roman forum 604

Rotunda 600–02, 601

Vardar Stronghold 613

White Tower 597

Virgin of the Coppersmiths (see Panaghìa

Chalkìon)

Thessaly 535ff

Thetis 564

Thìrio 494

Thisbe, Thìsvi 426

Tholos (at Delphi) 464, 467, 468; (at

Epidaurus) 248

Tholos tombs (Fàrsala) 481; (Malthi) 349;

734 INDEX

(Mycenae) 204, 207, 209–12, 209;

(Orchomenòs) 428; (Pellàna) 278;

(Py`los) 356; (Vapheìo)309; (Voidokilià)

353

Thomas Aquinas, St, 67

Thorikos 135

Thouria 344

Thrace 687ff

Thrasymedes of Paros, sculptor 248

Thucydides 16, 77, 298, 653, 654

Thyreion 494

Tigàni, promontory 332

Timotheos, sculptor (4C BC) 248

Tiryns, Tìryntha 239–45, 243, 244

Tolò 238

Toròni 682

Toxòtes 691

Tragilos 653

Trajanopolis, Roman town 698

Trapezous 278

Treasuries, of Atreus 209–11, 209; (at

Delphi) 446, 450–52; (at Olympia) 380

Trebizond, Empire of 45, 505

Trichonìda, lake 487

Trìkala 537–39

Trikèri 570

Trikke, Homeric town 537

Triphyllian Pylos 394

Trìpi (Laconia) 310

Tripitì 666

Trìpolis 52, 264–66

Tripòtama 413

Tripòtamos Valley 634

Triptolemos, Prince of Eleusis 146

Trizìna 256

Troezen 256–57

Trypitì (Elis) 392

Tsakonian, dialect 288

Tsamandàs 510

Tsangaràda 568

Tsaritsàni 577

Tsitsanis, Vassilis 537

Turks 343, 480, 585, 623, 687, 692 (see also

Ottomans)

Turks, Seljuk (see Seljuks)

Tydeus 491

Ty`mfi mountains 525

Tymfristòs, Mount 478

Typaneai 393

Tyros 290

U

Uroĺ, Symeon, emperor of Serbia 539, 548

V

Valens, emperor 41

Valentinian, emperor 147

Valerian, emperor 147

Valtesinìko 287

Valtètsi 272

Valtetsikò, monastery of 577

Valtos, castle of 511

Vapheìo 94, 309

Varnakòva, monastery of 476

Varvakeion Athena 96

Vasilàki 325

Vasilikò 189, 526

Vasilikò (Messenia) 349

Vasses (see Bassae)

Vàtheia 331, 331

Vatika peninsula 324

Vatopèdi (Athos) 672

Vavronas (see Brauron)

Velestìno 561–62; (finds from) 556

Velianì 527

Veligostì 277

Venice, Venetians (in Athens) 71, 72; (in

Epirus) 498, 499, 511; (in Fourth

Crusade) 44; (loses Ionain islands) 51;

(in Macedonia) 593, 596; (at Nafpaktos)

475; (in Peloponnese) 155, 231, 311,

343, 357, 358; (in Thessaly) 558, 563;

(war with Ottomans) 48, 49

Venizelos, Eleftherios 596

Ventris, Michael 11, 217

Vèrgi 653

Vergìna 17, 632–34, 633