DESTINATION:

Rome

Welcome to the Destination Rome pages on blueguides.com. While no substitute for a good guide book, they should constitute a starting point to access Blue Guides and other information to help you plan your trip:

 

10 Things to do | 20 Key Dates | 10 Top Popes | a Handful of Emperors | Pilgrim's Rome

Where to stayRestaurantsShopping

Buy Blue Guides on Rome direct from the publisher

Useful LinksAnnotated MAP of the city

 

Blue Guide Rome:

Reader Comments | Editorial Updates | Table of contents

Other Italian Destination pages on our website: Italy | Florence | Venice | Sicily | Northern Italy | Tuscany


Editor's Blog: insights, tips, news »

  • Farewell to Pope Benedict... more»

  • Obscure St Valentine and his famous feast day... more»

  • Museo Barracco: a little-visited gem A few steps away from Piazza Navona ... more»

  • Hadrian, Antinoüs and the Christian Fathers... more»

  • An early-morning visit to Sant'Andrea delle Fratte... more»

  • Roman Forum: oldest church to reopen ... more»

  • A day trip to Ostia Antica from Rome - highly recommended ... more»

  • How the tide turned at the Milvian Bridge ... more»

  • The church of SS Luca e Martina reopens above the Forum more»

  • The lambs of St Agnes... more»

  • Mithraism: a Roman Mystery Religion ... more»

  • Can't face the Vatican crowds? Head for San Lorenzo... more»

  • St Augustine and his mother at Ostia... more»



Blue Guide

Blue Guide Rome

10th ed. (2010) pp700
The tenth edition of this popular guide to the Eternal City. An essential ...
View details »


"thank you for creating the perfect guidebook" ... read more

Blue Guide Travel Companions

Pilgrim's Rome: A Blue Guide Travel Monograph

1st ed. (2012) pp304
A guide to Rome's Christian monuments, explained and put into context by an exam ...
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"Packed with practical information, historical details, and charming anecdotes [to] inform, entertain, and inspire" ... read more

Blue Guide Travel Companions

Blue Guide Literary Companion Rome

1st ed. (2011) pp304
Following on from Blue Guide Literary Companion Venice, an anthology of excerp ...
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"A neat companion to travels in Rome organised by interesting themes from Women to Water." ...read more


Blue Guide Travel Companions

Blue Guide Italy Food Companion

1st ed. (2011) pp200
An attractive pocket-book for holidays in Italy and for at-home reference. Clean ...
View details »


"What a heavenly book! It sits perfectly in the handbag - and I shall sound SO knowledgeable!" ... read more

Blue Guide

Blue Guide Central Italy

1st ed. (2008) pp736
Central Italy completes Blue Guides' geographical coverage of the regions of I ...
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"We’ve just come back from a trip to Italy and your guide of Central Italy has been invaluable." ...read more

art/shop/eat

art/shop/eat Rome

2nd ed. (2008) pp160
Organised into five districts, each centred on a key sight - the Forum, the Trev ...
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"it fits neatly into the pocket and gave us all the information we felt we needed for a brief stay"


Blue Guide Concise

Blue Guide Concise Italy

1st ed. (2009) pp424
In this CONCISE GUIDE the Blue Guides' Italy authors and editorial team provid ...
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"everything here is of the highest standard, and for a country-wide cultural tour it cannot be bettered." Daunt Books

Blue Guide hardback

Sites of Antiquity

1st ed. (2009) pp248
"Offering a good, clear introduction to the wider Classical world, this book ...
View details »


"inspirational armchair travel" ...read more

Blue Guide Concise

Blue Guide Concise Rome

1st ed. (2009) pp224
The first in the new Blue Guide Concise city series: small format and good value ...
View details »


"This was recommended over other guides by residents of Rome." read more (Amazon.com review)


eBOOKS»

Lazio, Umbria (chapters from Blue Guide Central Italy),
Concise Italy and Pilgrim's Rome are available for download:

Lazio (including Rome)

Umbria

Blue Guide Concise Italy

Pilgrim's Rome


Further Exploration:

Key Sights

There is an enormous wealth of things to visit in Rome, here are a couple of IDEAS to help you plan your visit:

Where to stay:

Blue Guides Recommended ACCOMMODATION in Rome.

What and where to eat:

Background on Roman cooking and Blue Guides Recommended restaurants.

What to buy:

Shopping ideas taken from art/shop/eat Rome, our small-format city guide

A history primer:

Here are 20 key dates in Rome's past to understand the city, 10 top popes and a handful of emperors

Other information:

Useful links to key websites.

Also, DOWNLOAD and PRINT our 1-page "Rome BG10" which includes ten suggested sights to visit, our ten best recommended hotels and restaurants, and ten key historical dates.

Our MAP of Rome provides locations and information about:

blue guide hotels our recommended hotels

blue guide restaurants restaurants

important sights the main sights

A great way to get a feel for their proximity to one another - Access Blue Guides' MAP here »

Updates and Comments:

View updates, comments and reader travel blogs on Rome on the Blue Guides' discussion pages »


INDEXES

To give a feel for the depth of information available in our books, we reproduce here in full the indexes of some of our Blue Guides.

Explanatory or more detailed references (where there are many), or references to places where an artist’s work is best represented, are given in bold. Numbers in italics are picture references. Dates are given for all artists, architects and sculptors. Ancient names are rendered in italics, as are works of art.

Index to Blue Guide Rome

For a formatted version of the index please see:

www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures/

bgrome10/index.pdf

A

Abbazia delle Tre Fontane 485–86

Abbot Luigi, talking statue 207

Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 196, 385

Accademia di San Luca 554–55

Acqua Paola (see Fountains)

Acquario Romano 559

Acquisti, Luigi (1745–1823) 557

Actium, battle of 13, 97, 121, 163

Adonaea 94

Aeneas 83, 89, 307

Afro (Afro Basaldella; 1912–76) 372

Agapitus, St, library of 257

Agnes, St 178, 490–91

Agresti, Livio (c. 1508–79) 236, 412

Agrippa 163, 173, 251, 319, 266 (see also

Baths)

Alaric, sack of Rome by 16

Albani, Cardinal Alessandro 39, 563

Albani, Francesco (1578–1660) 323

Alberti, Durante (1538–1616) 474, 551

Alberti, Leon Battista (1404–72) 319, 415

Aldobrandini Marriage 470, 561

Alexander VI, Pope 22, 295, 410, 463,

544; (tomb of) 226

Alexander VII, Pope 26, 72, 153, 158,

190, 274, 424; (and Bernini) 25, 173,

325, 327, 346, 417, 424; (bust of) 385;

(monument to) 426

Alexis, St 246, 266

Algardi, Alessandro (1598–1654) 41, 51,

63, 135, 136, 142, 155, 156, 180, 181,

182, 184, 185, 209, 214, 229, 274, 298,

325, 362, 385, 400, 552; (bust of

Innocent X) 142; (Dadoforo) 188; (Leo

Arresting the Progress of Attila) 426;

(Olimpia Maidalchini) 144, 181; (Mellini

monuments) 346

Allegrini, Francesco (1587–1663) 186

All Saints, church of 349–50, 584

Altemps collection 181ff

Altemps, Roberto 188

Amato, Orazio (1884–1952) 383

American Academy 400

Amici, Luigi (1817–97) 178, 426

Ammannati, Bartolomeo (1511–92) 340,

374, 397, 560

Ammianus Marcellinus 16, 66, 125

Amphitheatrum Castrense 286

Ancus Marcius, king 231, 395

Andersen, Hendrik 556

Andrea d’Assisi (L’Ingegno; late 15C) 43

Andrea del Sarto 360, 218

Andreotti, Libero (1875–1933) 370

Angelico, Fra’ 135, 384, 439, 462; (tomb

of) 168, 170

Angelini, Giuseppe (1735–1811) 246

Anguissola, Sofonisba (1532/5–1625) 148

Anicetus, Pope 188, 415

Aniene, river 521, 540

Annia Regilla, tomb of 511

Antinous 543; (likenesses of) 57, 183, 314,

404, 444, 452, 453, 479, 563; (obelisk

from tomb of) 342

Antiochos, sculptor 184

Antipopes, general 171

Antiquario Comunale 554

Antiquarium of the Forum 86

Antium, battle of 74

Antonello da Messina (c. 1430–79) 362

Antoniazzo Romano (active 1460–1508)

150, 166, 167, 170, 274, 285, 401, 485,

548, 549, 551, 554

Antoninus Pius, Emperor 15, 543;

(Column of) 438

Aphrodite of Cnidos 449

Apollo Belvedere 27, 358, 450

Apollodorus of Damascus, architect 114,

124, 547

Apollonius, sculptor 314, 451

Apoxyomenos 450

Appartamento dei Conservatori 41–43

Appiani, Andrea (1754–1817) 364

Aprile, Francesco (d. 1685) 548

Aqueducts, general 525

Acqua Felice 24, 36, 310, 312, 524, 525,

566

Acqua Paola 25, 413, 525

Acqua Vergine Nuova 343, 525

Anio Novus 287, 525, 540

Anio Vetus 524, 525, 540

Aqua Appia 525

Aqua Claudia 14, 287, 520, 524, 525, 564

Aqua Julia 525, 566

Aqua Marcia 250, 304, 520, 525, 566

Aqua Tepula 525, 566

Aqua Virgo (Acqua Vergine) 319, 351, 525

Aqueduct of Nero 564

Aqueduct of Trajan 400, 525

Pia Marcia 304

Peschiera-Capore 525

Ara Pacis 160–62, 160

Arcadia, Academy of 396

Arcesilaus, sculptor 120

Arches, general 112

Arco di San Lazzaro 247

Arcus Argentariorum 242

Arcus Novus 154

of Augustus 43, 84

of Constantine 110–11; 111

of Claudius 40

of Dolabella and Silanus 260

of Drusus 557

of Gallienus 564

of Janus 241

of Marcus Aurelius 40, 40

di Portogallo 41, 48

of Septimius Severus 79

of Tiberius 77

of Titus 86, 87

Area Sacra di Largo Argentina 212, 564

Ares, Seated, statue of 185

Argiletum 72, 124

Aristonothos, potter 44

Aristeas and Papias, copyists 53

Arnolfo di Cambio (c. 1245–1302) 47, 62,

279, 280, 301, 297, 392, 425, 484

Arrigucci, Luigi (active 1620–30) 548

Arx, citadel of Rome 35

Aspetti, Tiziano (1565–1607) 135

Asprucci, Antonio (1723–1808) 355, 356

Asprucci, Mario (1764–1804) 355

Auditorium, the 501

Augustine, St 16, 526

Augustus, Emperor 13, 14, 54, 66, 90,

121, 161; Forum of 120–23; (house of)

99–100, 99; (mausoleum of) 162; (as

pontifex maximus) 314; (Prima Porta

statue of) 55, 446–47; (other portaits of)

52, 446, 471, 479

Aula Isiaca 97

Aulenti, Gae (b. 1927) 322

Aureli, Cesare (1843–1923) 393

Aurelian Walls 15, 283, 286, 287, 377,

383, 556, 368, 385, 395, 566

Avanzi, Jacopo (early 15C) 148

Aventine Hill 243ff

Avignon, popes in 20, 171, 409

Aymonino, Carlo (b. 1926) 44

Azzurri, Francesco (1831–1901) 310, 330

B

Babington’s English Tea Rooms 336

Babuino 350, 351

Baburen, Dirk van (1595–1624) 398

Baccio da Montelupo (1469–1535) 407

Baciccia (Giovanni Battista Gaulli;

1639–1709) 150, 174, 180, 205, 205,

219, 237, 326, 385, 394, 553

Badalocchio, Sisto (1585–c. 1619) 256,

257, 362

Baglione, Giovanni (1571–1644) 148, 270,

278, 297, 333, 360, 393

Baldi, Lazzaro (c. 1624–1703) 337, 550

Balla, Giacomo (1871–1958) 367, 368, 555

Balthus (Baltazar Klossowski de Rola) 340,

341

Balzico, Alfonso (1825–1901) 365

Banca d’Italia 559

Baratta, Francesco (1590–after 1656) 178,

398

Baratta, Giovanni Maria (1670–1747) 178,

index 609

552

Barberini, Cardinal Antonio 376

Barberini family 25

Barberini Harp 287

Barberini Hera 453

Barberini, Maffeo (see Urban VIII)

Barberini tapestry workshop 456

Barberini Togatus 479

Barocci, Federico (Il Baroccio; 1526–1612)

144, 169, 209, 324, 384, 441, 474

Baronino, Bartolomeo (16C) 218

Bartoli, Alfonso 66, 91

Bartoli, Amerigo (1890–1971) 370

Bartoli, Francesco (17C–18C) 97

Bartolomeo, Fra’ (Bartolomeo della Porta;

1475–1517) 360, 384

Basile, Ernesto (1857–1932) 158

Basilica Aemilia 70

Basilica of Constantine (see Basilica of

Maxentius)

Basilica Julia 76, 76

Basilica of Maxentius 85–86

Basilica di Porta Maggiore 287

Basilica Ulpia 127

Bassano family 144

Bassano, Francesco (1549–92) 199, 206

Bassano, Jacopo (c. 1510–92) 362

Baths (general) 250, 251

Baths of Agrippa 173

Baths of Caracalla 249–53, 249, 252

Baths of Constantine, site of 324

Baths of Diocletian 304ff

Baths of Nero 251

Baths of Titus 114

Baths of Trajan 114

Batoni, Pompeo (1708–87) 147, 309, 362,

384, 443, 558, 563

Bazzani, Cesare (1873–1939) 231, 362

Beccafumi, Domenico (1485–1551) 145,

299, 332

Bede, the Venerable 106

Bellarmine, Cardinal Roberto 206

Bellini, Giovanni (c. 1435–1516) 49, 144,

362, 441

Belrespiro (see Villa Doria Pamphilj)

Beltrami, Luca (1854–1933) 438

Belvedere Torso 250, 451–52, 467

Bembo, Pietro 166; (tomb of) 170

Benedict, St 390

Benedict XIII, Pope, monument 170

Benedict XIV, Pope 109

Bernich, Ettore (1840–1915) 559

Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598–1680) 25, 26,

41, 43, 113, 135, 136, 144, 152, 158,

164, 170, 171, 172, 178, 182, 185, 188,

193, 202, 206, 225, 229, 295, 301, 323,

327, 329, 330, 332, 334, 335, 343, 346,

347, 359, 361–62, 380, 385, 398, 403,

443, 470, 517, 541, 551; (Apollo and

Daphne) 357–58, 358; (Blessed Lodovica

Albertoni) 394; (David) 357; (Fontana del

Tritone) 334; (Fountain of the Four Rivers)

177–78, 179; (Gabriele Fonseca) 159;

(Habakkuk) 346; (monument to Urban

VIII) 426; (Ponte Sant’Angelo) 337, 402;

(Rape of Persephone) 358; (Sant’Andrea al

Quirinale) 325, 326; (Santa Bibiana) 549;

(St Peter’s basilica) 25, 417, 418, 421,

423, 424, 425, 426, 427; (St Peter’s

Square) 413; (St Teresa) 311; (Scipione

Borghese) 361; (self-portrait) 361; (tomb

of) 297; (tomb of Maria Raggi) 170, 170

Bernini, Pietro (1562–1629) 207, 229,

298, 356, 357, 359

Bessarion, Cardinal 150, 559

Bianchi, Pietro (1694–1740) 147

Bianchini, Francesco 91

Biblioteca Angelica 202

Biblioteca Casanatense 171

Biblioteca Corsiniana 385

Biblioteca Nazionale 565

Biblioteca Vallicelliana 210

Bioparco (see Zoo)

Bistolfi, Leonardo (1859–1935) 132

Bitta, Antonio della (19C) 178

Bizzaccheri, Carlo (active 1700–17) 239,

551

Bloemen, Jan Frans van (1662–1749) 147,

385

Bocca della Verità 240

Boccaccino, Boccaccio (c. 1467–1524) 144

Boccioni, Umberto (1882–1916) 368

Boldini, Giovanni (1842–1931) 365, 366,

367

Bolgi, Andrea (1605–56) 398, 425

Bonaparte, Letitia 154, 384

608 index

Bonaparte, Pauline (see Borghese)

Bonelli, Cardinal Michele 117

Boni, Giacomo 66, 86, 91, 102

Boniface VIII, Pope 32–33, 176, 276, 277;

(bull of) 421

Bonizzo (11C) 512

Bordone, Paris (1500–70) 142, 407

Borghese Chapel (S.M. Maggiore) 297

Borghese family 25, 355

Borghese, Pauline 179, 298, 342, 562;

(sculpture of) 356

Borghese, Cardinal Scipione 25, 198, 327,

355, 356, 359, 495; (portrait bust of) 361

Borgia, Cesare 155, 463

Borgia, Rodrigo (see Alexander VI)

Borgia Rooms (see Vatican Museums)

Borgo, district 21, 409ff

Borgognone (Guillaume Courtois; c.

1628–79) 137, 147, 214, 301, 326, 564

Borromeo, St Charles 160, 208, 213, 301,

328

Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667) 176,

181, 195, 199, 214, 224, 229, 274, 312,

329, 330, 337, 395–96, 423, 431, 550;

(burial place of) 229; (Palazzo dei

Filippini) 210; (Palazzo Spada) 218, 219;

(San Carlino) 327–29, 328; (Sant’Agnese)

178, 180, 180; (Sant’Ivo) 176

Bosco Parraiso 396

Boscoli, Tommaso (1503–74) 226

Bosio, Antonio 513

Boswell, James 26

Botticelli, Sandro (1444–1510) 324, 360,

465

Bracci, Pietro (1700–73) 135, 156, 170,

299, 319, 357, 384

Bramante, Donato (1444–1514) 22, 192,

215, 227, 345, 380, 436, 450, 462, 470;

(St Peter’s); 415–16, 421; (Tempietto)

398, 398; (portrait of) 441

Bramantino (Bartolomeo Suardi;

1455–1536) 461, 485

Brandi, Giacinto (1623–91) 159, 202, 213,

326

Brasini, Armando (1879–1965) 553

Bravi, Giuseppe (b. 1940) 393

Breakspear, Nicholas (see Hadrian IV)

Breck, George (1863–1920) 552

Bregno, Andrea (Andrea da Milano; c.

1421–1506) 60, 151, 171, 215, 225,

226, 266, 270, 277, 282, 292, 301, 345,

347, 411, 492; (tomb of) 170

Bril, Paul (1554–1626) 144, 324, 351,

356, 392

British School at Rome 559

Bronzino, Agnolo (1503–72) 146, 360

Browning, Robert 300, 335

Brueghel, Jan the Elder (1568–1625) 144,

148, 219

Brueghel, Pieter the Elder (c. 1525–69) 144

Bruno, Giordano 211

Brutus 13, 120

Brutus, portrait head 42, 55

Bugiardini, Giuliano (1475–1554) 148

Buonvicino, Ambrogio (c. 1552–1622)

207, 418, 551

Burckardt, Bishop Hans 558

Burckhardt, Jacob 358

Burne-Jones, Sir Edward (1833–98) 553

Burri, Alberto (1915–95) 372

Buti, Carlo (1902–63) 552

Byron, Lord 58, 107, 336, 450, 451

C

Cabianca, Vincenzo (1827–1902) 365

Cacus, monster 101, 240

Cades, Giuseppe (1750–99) 151

Cadorna, General Raffaello 399, 490

Caelian Hill 255ff

Caesar (see Julius Caesar)

Caffà, Melchiorre (1635–67) 549

Caffè Greco 337

Caffi, Ippolito (1809–66) 364, 383, 557

Calandra, Davide (1856–1915) 158, 366

Calcagni, Tiberio (1532–65) 298

Calcografia Nazionale 554

Calder, Alexander (1898–1976) 372

Calderini, Guglielmo (1837–1916) 483,

484

Caligula, emperor, ships of 315, 538

Callimachus 46, 478

Callot, Jacques (c. 1592–1635) 385

Cambiaso, Luca (1527–85) 332

Campagna Romana 511

Cambellotti, Duilio (1876–1960) 367, 555,

563

index 611

Campagna, Girolamo (1549–c. 1625) 135

Campidoglio (see Capitoline Hill)

Campigli, Massimo (1895–1971) 371

Campo de’ Fiori 211

Campo Verano 490

Campus Martius 13, 21, 174

Camuccini, Vincenzo (1771–1844) 245,

484, 493

Canevari, Angelo (1901–55) 500

Canevari, Antonio (1681–c. 1750) 260

Canina, Luigi (1795–1856) 354, 510, 522

Canonica, Pietro (1869–1959) 132, 372–73

Canova, Antonio (1757–1822) 27, 137,

149, 363, 426, 428, 445, 451, 521, 557;

(mausoleum of Clement XIV) 151;

(monument to the last Stuarts) 421–23,

422; (Pauline Borghese) 356

Canuti, Domenico (1626–84) 549

Capalti, Alessandro (c. 1810–68) 206

Capitoline Hill 34ff

Capitoline Museums 38ff

Capitoline Venus 27, 52

Capogrossi, Giuseppe (1900–72) 370, 371,

372

Cappella Paolina (see Borghese Chapel)

Cappella Sistina (see Sistina Chapel)

Capponi, Luigi (active 1485–98) 226, 256,

266, 270, 281, 292

Cappuccini, church of 376

Caracalla, Emperor 16, 54, 79 (see also

Baths)

Caracciolo, Battistello (c. 1578–1635) 357

Caradosso (15C) 292

Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi;

1571–1610) 198, 333, 359, 376, 385,

442, 562; (Calling of St Matthew) 199;

(Conversion of St Paul) 345; (Crucifixion of

St Peter) 344, 345; (Gipsy Fortune-teller)

49; (Madonna di Loreto) 200, 201;

(Madonna dei Palafrenieri) 359; (Narcissus)

333; (Penitent Magdalene) 145; (Rest on

the Flight) 145; (Young St John the Baptist)

49, 145, 359

Carcere Mamertino (see Mamertine Prison)

Carceri Nuove 227

Carimini, Luca (1830–90) 213, 557

Carlevaris, Luca (c. 1665–1731) 385

Carrà, Carlo (1881–1966) 368, 370, 555

Carracci, Annibale (1560–1609) 142, 148,

219, 222, 226, 345, 324, 357, 401;

(tomb of) 166

Carracci, Antonio (1583–1618) 214, 323,

324

Carracci, Ludovico (1555–1619) 48, 324

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi 129, 559

Casa del Cinema 373

Casa dei Crescenzi 238–39

Casa di Dante 390

Casa di Goethe 352

Casa di Livia (see Livia, House of)

Casina Valadier 342

Casino dell’Aurora Pallavicini 324

Casino del Bel Respiro 400

Casoni, Antonio (17C) 195, 551

Casorati, Felice (1886–1963) 367, 370, 555

Cassius, conspirator 120

Cassius Dio 120

Castel Sant’Angelo 23, 402ff

Castellani, Augusto 44, 49, 320

Castellani collection (Etruscan ceramics

and jewellery) 44, 376

Castor and Pollux 37, 82, 307, 321

Castra Peregrina 260, 262

Castro Pretorio 565

Catacombs (general) 512, 513; (finds) 470

of Commodilla 518

Jewish 443, 443, 513, 517, 563

of Praetextatus 518

of Priscilla 494

S. Agnese 492

S. Callisto 514–15

S. Cyriaca 490

S. Domitilla 517–18

S. Pancrazio 552

S. Sebastiano 515–17

Catherine of Siena, St 169, 170, 171, 226

Cati, Pasquale (c. 1559–?1621) 186, 382,

551

Cato, M. Porcius 99

Cattanei, Vannozza 290

Cattaneo, Raffaele (1861–89) 488

Cavaliere d’Arpino (Giuseppe Cesari;

1568–1640) 41, 199, 208, 214, 216,

278, 298, 301, 324, 360, 425, 549, 554;

(tomb of) 278

Cavalli, Emanuele (1904–81) 370–71, 498

610 index

Cavallini, Pietro (active 1250–1330) 60,

61, 242, 382, 389, 393, 484

Cavour, Camillo 28, 132

Ceccarini, Giovanni (early 19C) 343

Cecilia, St 391, 393, 514

Cecilia Metella, tomb of 519–20

Cecioni, Adriano (1836–86) 366

Cellini, Benvenuto 227, 311, 403, 406,

412, 427, 430

Cemeteries (see Campo Verano, Jewish,

Military, Protestant)

Cenci, Beatrice 226, 236, 333–34, 396

Centrale Montemartini 478–80, 502, 503

Ceroli, Mario (b. 1938) 372

Cerquozzi, Michelangelo (1602–60) 219

Cerrini, Giovanni Domenico (1609–81) 147

Cesari, Bernardo (1571–1622; brother of

Cavaliere d’Arpino) 278

Cesi collection 40

Cestius, Pyramid of 475–76

Cézanne, Paul (1839–1906) 366

Charlemagne 18, 415, 435

Charles V, Emperor 23, 203

Charles VIII, King of France 134

Chateaubriand 159, 401

Chiaradia, Enrico (1851–1901) 132

Chiaramonti, Luigi (see Pius VII)

Chiaramonti Museum (see Museums)

Chiari, Giuseppe (1654–1727) 146, 265,

274

Chiesa Nuova 207–09

Chigi, Agostino 190, 346, 386

Chigi Chapel (S.M. del Popolo) 346–47

Chigi, Fabio (see Alexander VII)

Chigi Vase 376

Chini, Galileo (1873–1956) 555

Chirico, Giorgio de (1888–1978) 336–37,

369, 372; (tomb of) 394

Christianity, arrival of 16–17, 23, 72, 81

Christina, Queen of Sweden 340, 343,

374, 384, 385, 396, 424, 470;

(monument to) 423; (tomb of) 428

Ciampelli, Agostino (before 1577–1642)

206, 301, 382, 549

Ciardi, Guglielmo (1842–1917) 366

Cigoli (Lodovico Cardi; 1559–1613) 142,

228, 297, 360, 558

Cinecittà 501

Cipolla, Antonio (1822–74) 222, 226

Circignani, Niccolò (also known as

Pomarancio; 1517–86) 209, 225, 229

Circus Flaminius 234

Circus of Maxentius 518

Circus Maximus 248

Circus of Nero 409, 413, 433

Circus Varianus 287

Cista Ficoroni 376

Cisterna, Eugenio (19C) 492

Città del Acqua 321

Claude (Claude Gellée, known as Claude

Lorrain; 1600–82) 142, 144, 349;

(monument to) 199

Claudius, Emperor 14; (port of) 538, 539;

(see also Arches)

Clement I, Pope 267

Clement V, Pope 20, 171

Clement VII, Pope 23, 203, 403, 411, 430;

(tomb of) 170

Clement VIII, Pope 298

Clement X, Pope 169

Clement XI, Pope 152

Clement XII, Pope 51, 319

Clement XIII, Pope, monument to 426

Clement XIV, Pope, mausoleum of 151

Cleopatra, Queen 120, 121

Cleve, Joos van (c. 1485–1540) 384

Clivus Argentarius 63

Clivus Capitolinus 78

Clivus Palatinus 94

Cloaca Maxima 65, 77, 242

Coccia, Francesco (1902–81) 550

Coghetti, Francesco (1804–75) 483, 484

Cola di Rienzo 20–21, 38, 56, 235, 295,

403

Coli, Giovanni (1636–81) 147

Collegio Greco 351

Collegio Inglese (see Venerable English and

Welsh College)

Collegio di Propaganda Fide 337

Collegio Romano 203, 559

Collegio Spagnuolo 225

Collegio Teutonico 473

Colonna Santa 427

Colonna family 20, 21, 145–46, 162, 164

Colonna, Marcantonio 60, 146, 147, 556

Colonna, Michelangelo (c. 1600–87) 219

index 613

Colonna, Oddone (see Martin V)

Colonna, Vittoria 325

Colosseum 105–09, 105

Columbarium of Pomponius Hylas 565

Column of Trajan (see Trajan)

Comitium (in Roman Forum) 73

Commodi, Andrea (1560–1638) 214

Commodus, Emperor, portrait of 47

Conca, Sebastiano (1680–1764) 174, 237,

265, 266, 274, 384, 392

Conca, Tommaso (before 1770–1815) 359,

451

Concrete, ancient Roman use of 116

Consorti, Vico (1902–79) 418

Constans II, emperor 164

Constantia, daughter of Constantine 491,

492; (sarcophagus of) 452, 453

Constantine, Emperor 15, 16, 19, 54, 81,

85, 272, 281, 415, 551, 551; (Arch of)

110–11, 111; (Donation of) 269, 269;

(statues of) 37, 39–40, 45

Constantius, Emperor 125

Contarelli Chapel (S. Luigi dei Francesi)

199

Conti, Giovanni Battista (20C) 389

Contini, Giovanni Battista (1641–1723) 553

Corcos, Vittorio (1859–1933) 365, 366

Cordier, Nicolas (1567–1612) 256, 257,

273, 298, 491, 492

Cordonata 36

Cornacchini, Agostino (1685–1740) 421

Cornaro Chapel (S.M. della Vittoria) 311

Correggio (Antonio Allegri; 1489–1534)

144, 360

Corsi family 37

Corsini Collection 384–85

Corsini Throne 385

Corso, Via del 153ff

Cosmatesque, Cosmati work, general 61

Cosmati family 241, 247, 277

Cosmati, Giovanni (Giovanni di Cosma; d.

c. 1300) 169, 297, 549

Costa, Lorenzo (1460–1535) 238, 361

Counter-Reformation 23–24, 203, 204, 309

Cozza, Count Adolfo (1848–1910) 203

Cozza, Francesco (1605–82) 192

Cranach, Lucas the Elder (1472–1553) 360

Cremona, Tranquillo (1837–78) 363, 365

Crespi, Giuseppe Maria (Lo Spagnuolo;

1665–1747) 443

Cristo Re, church of 549

Cristofori, Bartolomeo 286

Critios, sculptor 530

Crivelli, Carlo and Vittorio (15C) 440

Croce, Baldassare (1558–1628) 301, 311

Crocetti, Venanzio (1913–2003) 418

Crypta Balbi 137–39

Curia, Roman 72; (doors from) 274, 275

Curtius, legend of 75

Cybele 81 (see also Temple of)

D

Dacia, Dacians 111, 125, 126

Daddi, Bernardo (active 1317–50) 439

Dalbono, Edoardo (1841–1915) 365

Damkó, József (1872–1955) 277

Daniele da Volterra (Daniele Ricciarelli;

1509–66) 43, 133, 155, 200, 338–39,

397, 468, 469

Dante Alighieri 195, 272, 276, 390, 445

Danti, Egnazio (1536–86) 456

Dazzi, Arturo (1881–1966) 496

Debbio, Enrico del (1881–1973) 500

Decq, Odile (b. 1955) 555

Degas, Edgar (1834–1917) 366

Dérizet, Antonio (1697–1768) 133, 199

Diaz, Marshal Armando, tomb of 309

Dickens, Charles 107, 153, 515

Dii Consentes, the 78

Diocletian, Emperor 15, 68, 316

Dioscuri (see Castor and Pollux)

Discobolos 51, 315

Divisionism 365, 366, 367

Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri;

1581–1641) 199, 207, 214, 222, 256,

292, 309, 311, 325, 362, 376, 381, 401,

442

Domine Quo Vadis, church 510–11

Dominic, St 245, 254

Domitian, Emperor 81, 98, 178; (Odeon

of) 560, 561; (palace of) 95–96, 97–98;

(‘Stadium’ of) 178; (statue of) 219

Domitilla, St 254, 517; (see also Catacombs)

Domus Augustana 95–96

Domus Aurea 94, 114–16, 116; (finds

from) 452

612 index

Domus Flavia 97–99

Domus Severiana 95–96

Domus Tiberiana 102

Domus Transitoria 98; (finds from) 97

Donatello (Donato de’ Bardi; 1386–1466)

60, 427

Dongen, Kees van (1877–1968) 368

Donghi, Antonio (1897–1963) 370

Doria family (see Palazzo Doria Pamphilj)

Doryphoros 448, 449

Dossi, Dosso (Giovani Luteri; 1480–1542)

358, 362

Drunken Old Woman 51

Duchamp, Marcel (1887–1968) 369

Dughet, Gaspard (‘Il Poussin’; 1613–75)

142, 147, 148, 324, 385, 387, 552, 554

Dupré, Giovanni (1817–82) 364

Duquesnoy, François 41, 133, 135, 144,

229, 424, 425, 557

Dürer, Hans (16C) 218

Dyck, Sir Anthony van (1599–1641) 49,

384, 443, 555, 563

Dying Gaul 56

E

Egeria, fountain of 83, 512

Egidius of Viterbo 467

Egmont, Justus van (1601–74) 385

Egyptian Museum (Vatican) 444–45;

(Palazzo Altemps) 188

Elagabalus, Emperor 81, 83, 94

Ephesus, Council of 294, 381

Epigraph collection (in Baths of Diocletian)

306–08; (Capitoline) 50

Esquiline Hill 289ff

Esquiline Venus 46, 47

Etruscan, Etruscans 10, 11, 45, 55, 78, 80,

82, 375, 379; (works in museums) 44,

373–77, 453–55

Etruscan kings 80; (see also by name:

Tarquinius Superbus etc)

EUR district 495–500

Eurysaces, M. Virgilius, tomb of 286, 287

Evander 89

Evelyn, John 335

F

Fabre, François-Xavier (1766–1837) 556

Fabris, Giuseppe de/ (1790–1860) 166,

401, 414, 444

Fabullus, painter 99, 115, 116

Facchino, Fontanella del (see Fontanella)

Fancelli, Cosimo (1620–88) 190, 299,

402, 552

Fancelli, Giacomo Antonio (1619–71) 178,

313

Fanzago, Cosimo (c. 1591–1678) 225

Farnese, Alessandro (see Paul III)

Farnese family (see Palazzo Farnese)

Farnese Gardens 102

Fascism, fasces 497

Fasolo, Vincenzo (1885–1969) 563

Fasti 43

Fatebenefratelli Hospital 231

Fattori, Giovanni (1825–1908) 364, 365,

366

Fausta, wife of Constantine 272

Fausto, Florestano di (20C) 285

Faustulus 89, 101, 241

Favretto, Giacomo (1849–87) 365, 366

Felix, St 88

Fellini, Federico 30, 352, 377, 501

Fenzoni, Ferraù (1562–1645) 148

Ferrabosco, Martino (active 1616–23) 323,

418

Ferrari, Ettore (1848–1929) 211, 365–66

Ferrari, Francesco (active 1716–44) 256,

301

Ferrata, Ercole (1610–86) 41, 142, 180,

197, 202, 229, 299, 402, 548, 552

Ferri, Ciro (1634–89) 180, 219, 301, 423

Ferroni, Egisto (1835–1912) 366

Fiammetta, mistress of Cesare Borgia 196

Filarete (Antonio Averlino; c. 1400–69)

418, 419

Firestation, Roman 565

Flaxman, John, sculptor 352

Fontana, Carlo (1634–1714) 142, 149,

154, 206, 207, 226, 237, 312, 343, 347,

380, 381, 400, 423, 517, 553, 554, 560

Fontana, Carlo Stefano (nephew of Carlo;

d. 1740) 263

Fontana, Domenico (1543–1607) 104,

157, 244, 295, 299, 310, 312, 321, 323,

338, 343, 413, 471; (Cappella Sistina)

297; (Lateran) 273, 282

index 615

Fontana, Giovanni (brother of Domenico;

1540–1614) 399

Fontana, Girolamo (brother of Carlo

Stefano; active 1690–1714) 199

Fontana, Lucio (1899–1968) 372

Fontana, Luigi (1827–1908) 150

Fontanesi, Antonio (1818–82) 365

Fontebuoni, Anastasio (c. 1580–1626)

330, 548, 553

Fora, Imperial 117ff

Forum of Augustus 120–23

Forum of Caesar 118–20

Forum of Nerva 123–24

Forum of Peace 123

Forum of Trajan 124–28

Forma Urbis 128, 138

Fornarina, La (portrait) 332; (house of)

383

Foro Italico 500

Forty Martyrs, Oratory of 77

Forum of Augustus etc (see Fora, Imperial)

Forum Boarium 241; (finds from) 45

Forum Holitorium 238

Forum, Roman 13, 64ff

Foschi, Sigismondo (active 1520–32) 218

Fosse Ardeatine 550

Fountains of Rome

Acqua Felice 310

Acqua Paola 399–400

delle Api 334

della Barcaccia 335

del Facchino 154

of the Four Rivers 177–78, 179

del Mascherone 224

del Moro 178

of the Naiads 304

di Nettuno 178

delle Tartarughe 236

Trevi 319–20, 318

del Tritone 334

Francesca Romana, St 113, 574

Francesco del Borgo (15C) 133

Francesco da Volterra (1535–94) 196, 226,

256, 277, 301

Francia, Francesco (Francesco Raibolini; c.

1450–1517) 361, 385

Franciabigio (Francesco di Cristoforo Bigi;

1482–1525) 384

Francis, St 394

Francis Xavier, St 206

Frangipani family 87, 90, 106; (chapel of)

155, 300

Franzoni, Francesco Antonio (1734–1818)

451, 455

Fuga, Ferdinando (1699–1781) 224, 225,

283, 295, 297, 298, 323, 384, 386, 391,

560

Funi, Achille (1890–1972) 370, 549

Furini, Francesco (1603–46) 219, 385

Futurism 368

G

Gagliardi, Filippo (d. 1659) 552

Gagliardi, Pietro (1809–90) 200, 226, 483

Gai, Francesco (1835–1917) 557

Galatian Committing Suicide 187

Galilei, Alessandro (1691–1736) 228, 274,

277

Galilei, Galileo 171, 340, 385

Galleria Alberto Sordi 158

Galleries

Galleria dell’Accademia di San Luca

554–55

Galleria Borghese (see Museums: Borghese)

Galleria Colonna 145–48

Galleria Comunale d’Arte Moderna 555

Galleria Doria Pamphilj 140–145

Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica (in

Palazzo Barberini) 331–34; (in Palazzo

Corsini) 383–85

Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna 362–72

(see also Museo Hendrik Andersen)

Galleria Pallavicini 324

Galleria Spada 218–19

Gallori, Emilio (1846–1924) 132, 401

Gardens of Licinius 480, 566

Gardens of Maecenas 564–65; (finds from)

46

Gardens of Sallust 565

Garibaldi, Giuseppe 28, 132, 147, 174,

399, 431, 490, 562, 566; (statue of) 401

Garofalo (Benvenuto Tisi; 1481–1559) 48,

142, 144, 209, 332, 361

Garzi, Luigi (17C) 213

Gaul, Gauls 35, 56, 71

Geese, sacred to Juno 35

614 index

Gelasius II, Pope 300

Gemito, Vincenzo (1852–1929) 363, 365,

366, 555

Gemonian Steps 63

Gentile da Fabriano (c. 1370–1427) 113,

439

Gentileschi, Artemisia (1597–1652) 219

Gentileschi, Orazio (father of Artemisia;

1565–1647) 159, 219, 278, 385, 443,

551

George, St, relic of 242

Germalus, hill 90, 91

Gesù, church of 24, 204–06, 204

Gesù e Maria, church 550

Geta 79, 242

Gherardi, Antonio (d. 1702) 213, 383

Gherardi, Filippo (1643–1704) 147, 552

Ghetti, Santi (17C) 154

Ghetto 233ff

Ghezzi, Giuseppe (1634–1721) 554

Ghini, Simone (1407–91) 274

Ghirlandaio, Domenico (1449–94) 465

Ghirlandaio, Michele di Ridolfo del (son of

Domenico; 1483–1651) 146

Giacometti, Alberto (1901–66) 372

Giacomo da Pietrasanta (d. c. 1497) 200

Giacomo del Duca (c. 1520–c.

1601) 133,

283

Giacomo della Porta (1539–1602) 36, 37,

156, 169, 170, 172, 176, 178, 199, 204,

207, 220, 222, 228, 235, 236, 237, 238,

277, 298, 338, 350, 380, 417, 421, 425,

426, 429, 486, 549, 551

Giambologna (Jean Boulogne; 1529–1608)

135

Giaquinto, Corrado (?1699–1765) 231, 284

Giardino degli Aranci 243–44

Giardino del Lago (Villa Borghese) 354, 355

Gibbon, Edward 59

Gibson, John (1790–1866) 384

Gigante, Giacinto (1806–76) 365

Gigliotti, Vittorio (b. 1921) 501

Gimignani, Giacinto (1611–81) 324

Giocondo, Fra’ (Giovanni Monsignori;

1457–1515) 417

Giordano, Luca (1632–1705) 174, 226,

237, 385, 564

Giorgetti, Antonio (d. 1670) 517

Giorgione (Giorgio Barbarelli; c.

1476–1510) 134

Giotto di Bondone (1266/67–1337) 272,

277, 277, 421, 438

Giovanni Dalmata (Ivan Duknovic; c.

1440–1510) 171, 266, 299, 428, 549

Giovanni del Duca (16C) 542

Giovanni da Milano (active 1346–69) 384

Giovanni di Paolo (c. 1403–82) 439

Giovanni da San Giovanni (Giovanni

Mannozzi; 1592–1636) 270, 389, 551

Giovanni di Stefano (active 1246–72) 274

Giovanni da Udine (1487–1564) 387, 406,

462, 464, 562; (signature in Domus

Aurea) 116; (tomb of) 166

Giovanni da Verona, Fra’ (c. 1457–1525)

459

Giovenale, Giovanni Battista (1849–1934)

393, 555

Girolamo da Carpi (16C) 218

Girolamo da Sermoneta (see Sermoneta)

Giuliano da Maiano (1432–90) 134, 169

Giulio Romano (Giulio Pippi; c.

1492–1546) 197, 261, 323, 332, 339,

387, 401, 458, 462, 440, 441, 442, 484,

562, 564

Giustiniani Athena 448

Giustiniani, Vincenzo 199

Gods, ancient Roman, general 80–81

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 162, 185,

221, 353, 396, 560; (museum) 352

Gogh, Vincent van (1853–90) 366

Golden House of Nero (see Domus Aurea)

Goths 16–18, 149, 164, 250, 256, 403,

513, 525

Gozzoli, Benozzo (1420–97) 131, 235,

298, 439

Gracchus, Gaius 79, 243

Grada, Raffaele de (1885–1957) 370

Grande, Antonio del (1625–71) 141, 146,

227, 337

Grassi, Orazio (1583–1654) 155–56

Greca, Vincenzo della (1600–60) 549

Greco, El (Domenicos Theotokopoulos;

1541–1614) 332

Gregorini, Domenico (c. 1700–77) 284

Gregorovius 192

Gregory I (the Great, St) 17, 18, 254,

index 617

255–56, 256–57, 403; (tomb of) 426;

(on Trajan) 125

Gregory IV, Pope 526, 536

Gregory X, Pope 31, 32

Gregory XI, Pope 171, 435; (tomb of) 113

Gregory XIII, Pope 203, 208, 403;

(calendar of) 456

Gregory XV, Pope, monument to 156

Gregory XVI, Pope 52

Gregory, Master 52, 321

Griffins, House of 103

Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri;

1591–1666) 49, 144, 145, 148, 202,

209, 218, 219, 236, 238, 292, 324, 333,

362, 385, 389, 442, 562, 563

Guerra, Giovanni (c. 1540–1618) 282

Guerrini, Giovanni (1589–c. 1655) 496

Guglielmo della Porta (1516–77) 222, 298,

426

Guidetti, Guidetto (1506–64) 38, 236

Guidi, Domenico (1625–1701) 180, 214,

299

Guidi, Virgilio (1891–1984) 369, 369

Guidotti, Paolo (c. 1560–1629) 389

Guj, Enrico (1841–1905) 216

Guillaume de Marcillat (c. 1467–1529) 345

Guttuso, Renato (1912–87) 372

H

Hackert, Jakob Philipp (1737–1807) 352

Hadid, Zaha (b. 1950) 503

Hadrian, Emperor 54, 110, 163, 251, 543;

(busts of) 408, 452; (mausoleum of)

402ff, 447; (sarcophagus of) 404, 421;

(villa of; see Villa); (temple of; see Temples)

Hadrian IV, Pope 429

Hadrian VI, Pope 197, 417

Haen, David de (d. 1622) 398

Hardy, Thomas 476

Hare, Augustus 107, 224, 436, 526

Hawthorne, Nathaniel 56–57, 342, 348

Hayez, Francesco (1791–1882) 363–64,

365

Helen, St 282, 284, 285; (relics of) 62;

(sarcophagus of) 453

Henry IV of France 273–74

Hercules, statue of 45; (altar of) 240

Herodes Atticus 511

Hervey, Frederick Augustus 338

Hill, Thomas (19C) 155

Holbein, Hans (c.1497–1543) 332

Holy Roman Emperors 18

Holy Years 20, 21, 276

Honorius I, Pope 86, 110, 481, 486, 491,

552

Honthorst, Gerrit van (1590–1656) 376,

383, 563

Horrea Agrippiana 77, 553

Hosmer, Harriet (1830–1908) 337

Hospitallers (Knights of Malta) 129, 246,

559

Houdon, Jean-Antoine (1741–1828) 309

Hungarian Academy 224

I

Ignatius St, 206, 484; (tomb of) 206

Immaculate Conception, Column of 337

Inganni, Raffaele (late 19C) 550

Ingegno (Andrea d’Assisi; 15C) 43

Ingres 52, 340

Innocent III, Pope 19

Innocent VIII, monument to 423

Innocent X, Pope 141, 177, 181, 182, 327,

329, 431; (portraits of) 41, 135, 140,

142, 144; (tomb of) 180

Inquisition 203, 211, 340, 430, 474

Ipogeo degli Aureli 565

Isaeum Campense (see Temple of Isis)

Isaia da Pisa (active 1447–64) 136, 170,

202, 277, 428

Isis, Hall of (see Aula Isiaca); Temple of (see

Temples)

Isola Tiberina 231–3

Istituto San Michele a Ripa 559–60

J

Jacobites 152 (see also Stuart)

Jacobucci, Giovanni (1895–1970) 399

Jacometti, Ignazio (1819–83) 282, 297

Jacopino del Conte (c. 1510–98) 199, 550

Jacopo da Camerino (c. 1260–90) 279

James, Henry 44, 153, 556, 562

Janiculum 28, 395ff

Jappelli, Giuseppe (1783–1852) 563

Jerace, Francesco (1854–1937) 132

Jerome, St 81

616 index

Jerusalem, sack of (Jewish War) 87, 123

Jesuits 24, 155, 156, 203, 204ff, 225, 430,

484, 559, 565

Jewish cemetery 243

Jews 16, 232, 234, 235, 379

Johannes, master (11C) 240

John the Baptist, head of 159

John Paul II, Pope 232; (tomb of) 428

John XXIII, Pope 171, 426

Joseph of Copertino, St 151

Jubilee (see Holy Years)

Jugurtha 62

Julia, daughter of Augustus 75, 174

Julia Domna, empress 54

Julius Caesar 13, 54, 65–66, 70, 71,

80–81, 112, 117, 120, 565; (busts of)

183, 447, 479; (Forum of) 13, 118–20;

(site of murder of) 212

Julius II, Pope 149, 149, 223, 430, 457,

461; (and St Peter’s) 22, 415–16;

(sculpture collection of) 436, 448, 450;

(and Sistine Chapel) 466–67; (portraits

of) 360, 440; (tomb of) 290, 291

Junius Bassus (basilica of) 48, 316, 317;

(sarcophagus of) 427

Juno (Ludovisi Juno) 185, 352; (Juno Moneta

35, 317; (Juno Pronuba) 489; (Juno

Sospita) 307, 453; (see also Barberini Hera)

Juturna, nymph 82, 564

Juvarra, Filippo (1685–1736) 225

K

Kauffmann, Angelica (1741–1807) 338,

353, 441

Keats, John 335–36, 342, 476

Keats-Shelley Memorial House 335–36

Kings of Rome 10 (see also by name)

Klimt, Gustav (1862–1918) 367

Knights of Malta (see Hospitallers)

Koch, Gaetano (1849–1910) 304, 557, 559

Kounellis, Jannis (b. 1936) 286, 372

Kresilas, sculptor 448, 449, 479

L

Lacus Curtius 75

Lacus Juturnae 82

Lake Regillus, battle of 82

Lamiani Gardens, finds from 47

Landini, Taddeo (c. 1550–96) 178, 236

Lanfranco, Giovanni (1581–1647) 202,

207, 213, 229, 256, 323, 385, 423

Langton, Stephen 388

Lanuvium 307

Laocoön 27, 450

Lapis Niger 73; (finds from) 306

Largo Torre Argentina 212

Lars Porsenna 379

de Laszlo, Philip (1869–1937) 555

Lateran (see S. John Lateran)

Lateran Baptistery 280, 281–82

Lateran Palace 282

Lateran Treaty 30, 33, 272, 282, 472

Lateranus, Plautius 272

Laurentius Manlius, house of 235

Laureti, Tommaso (c. 1508–96) 41, 312,

462

Lavinium 307

Lawrence, St 67, 159, 487, 490, 551;

(relics of) 488

Lawrence, Sir Thomas (1769–1830) 352,

443

Lega, Silvestro (1826–95) 364

Legros, Pierre (1666–1719) 156, 206, 214,

274, 327

Leighton, Lord Frederic (1830–96) 367

Lemoyne, François (1688–1737) 199

Lenardi, Giovanni Battista (1656–1704) 337

Leo I, Pope (the Great) 17; (tomb of) 426

Leo III, Pope 18, 415

Leo IV, Pope 409

Leo X, Pope 22, 23, 228, 347, 430, 457–58,

461; (and St Peter’s) 417; (tomb of) 169

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) 441

Leonine City 409

Le Roy, Thomas 216

Levi, Carlo (1902–75) 370

Lex Vespasiani 56

Libera, Adalberto (1903–63) 496

Liberius, Pope 293–94

Ligorio, Pirro (c. 1500–83) 417, 474, 541,

542, 544, 550, 560

Lippi, Annibale (1563–81) 339, 340

Lippi, Filippino (son of Filippo;

1457–1504) 169, 229

Lippi, Fra’ Filippo (c. 1406–69) 145, 439

Liszt, Franz 351, 541

index 619

Livia, House of 103

Lombardi, Carlo (c. 1554–1620) 113

Longhi, Martino the Elder (father of

Onorio; d. 1591) 181, 183, 187, 208, 551

Longhi, Martino the Younger (son of

Onorio; 1602–60) 160, 320, 552

Longhi, Onorio (father of Martino the

Younger) c. 1569–1619) 160

Lorenzetti, Pietro (c. 1280–after 1345) 439

Lorenzetto (Lorenzo Lotti; 1490–1541)

166, 346, 347, 392, 402

Lorenzo di Credi (1439–1537) 360

Lotto, Lorenzo (1480–1556) 145, 146,

361, 324, 362

Loyola, St Ignatius 155, 206, 484

Lucchetti, Giuseppe (1823–1907) 279

Lucenti, Girolamo (17C) 295

Lucius Verus, emperor 54,

Ludovisi collection 182ff

Ludovisi district 378

Ludovisi family 158, 378

Ludovisi Juno 185, 352

Ludovisi Throne 185, 187

Ludus Magnus 114

Luini, Bernardino (?1475–1532) 148

Lupercalia 80, 101

Luther, Martin 23, 203, 347

Luti, Benedetto (1666–1724) 147, 274

Lutyens, Sir Edwin (1869–1944) 559

Luzi, Luzio (Luzio da Todi, called Luzio

Romano; active 1528–73) 404

Lysippus, sculptor 46, 51, 217, 359, 446,

449, 450, 531, 558

M

Maccagnani, Eugenio (19C) 132

Maccari, Cesare (1840–1919) 553

Maccarone, Curzio (16C) 541

Maccarone, Mario (16C) 37

Macchiaioli School 363, 364, 365, 366

Madama Lucrezia 137, 137

Maderno, Carlo (1556–1629) 155, 167,

192, 196, 207, 214, 228, 236, 256, 295,

301, 311, 312, 323, 324, 330, 345, 484,

413, 550 (St Peter’s) 417, 424

Maderno, Stefano (1576–1636) 297–98,

391, 392, 398, 474, 484

Madonna del Divino Amore, Santuario 276

Madonna dei Monti (church of) 551

Madonna del Sacro Cuore, church 181

Maecenas 289, 564–65

Magister Paulus (15C) 382

Maidalchini, Olimpia 141, 144

Maini, Giovanni Battista (1690–1752) 180

Mameli, Goffredo 214, 399, 400, 490

Mamertine Prison 62–63

Mancini, Antonio (1852–1930) 365, 366

Mancini, Francesco (18C) 295

Manfredi, Manfredo (1859–1927) 166, 401

Mann, Thomas 174

Manno, Francesco (1752–1831) 554

Manzoni, Piero (1933–63) 372

Manzù, Giacomo (Giacomo Manzoni;

1908–91) 372, 418, 487

Maraini, Antonio (1886–1963) 483

Marangoni, Luigi (1875–1950) 134

Maratta, Carlo (1625–1713) 136, 146, 147,

160, 169, 206, 208, 285, 309, 310, 324,

326, 347, 412, 443, 551; (tomb of) 309

Marcellus, Pope 154

Marchetti, Giovanni Battista (18C) 225

Marchionni, Carlo (1702–86) 563

Marcus Aurelius 15, 157; (column of)

156–58, 147; (equestrian statue of) 36, 44,

44, 271; (head of) 183; (portraits of) 53

Marforio 56, 137, 194

Margaritone d’Arezzo (active c. 1262–75)

438

Margherita, queen of Italy, tomb of 166

Mari, Antonio (17C) 178

Mariani, Camillo (1567–1611) 313

Mariani, Cesare (1826–1901) 483

Marini, Nicola (16C) 225

Marini, Pasquale (c. 1660–1712) 337

Mariotto di Nardo (c. 1373–1424) 439

Marius, general 13; (Trophies of) 37, 566

Mark Antony 70, 121

Martin V, Pope 21, 146; (portrait of) 148;

(tomb of) 274

Martini, Arturo (1889–1947) 370, 549, 561

Martini, Simone (c. 1283–1344) 439

Martinucci, Filippo (19C) 260

Mascherino (Ottaviano Nonni; 1524–1606)

195, 214, 226, 323, 324, 412

Masolino da Panicale (Tommaso Fini;

1383–c. 1440) 264, 265, 439

618 index

Massys, Quinten (1465–1530) 142, 145,

332

Master of the Kress Landscapes

(1484–1527) 361

Master of the Sterbini Diptych (14C) 134

Mattei collection 183, 189, 261, 315

Matthew, St, relics of 297

Maturino da Firenze (16C) 196

Mausoleo Garibaldino 399

Maxentius, Emperor 15, 110, 154, 264,

566 (see also Basilica, Circus)

MAXXI (see Museums)

Mazzini, Giuseppe 28, 132, 399

Mazzolino, Lodovico (c. 1480–1528/30) 145

Mazzoni, Giulio (?1525–?1618) 218, 219

Mazzuoli, Bartolomeo (1674–1748) 136

Medici popes (see Clement VII, Leo X)

Meier, Richard (b. 1934) 160

Melozzo da Forlì (1438–95) 137, 150,

166, 285; (frescoes from SS. Apostoli)

151, 322, 323, 439–40, 439

Memling, Hans (c. 1435–94) 145

Menelaus, sculptor 185

Menghini, Niccolò (1610–55) 63

Mengs, Anton Raphael (1728–79) 470,

549, 555, 563; (tomb of) 411

Menophantos 314

Meo del Caprina (1430–1501) 290, 536

Meta Sudans 109–10

Metaphysical art 368 (see also Chirico,

Giorgio de)

Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475–1564) 22,

36, 37, 38, 85, 192, 220, 221, 222, 224,

228, 298, 309, 343, 374, 397, 404, 469,

490; (bust of) 43; (memorial to) 151;

(Moses) 288, 290, 291; (Palazzo dei

Conservatori) 38; (Piazza del

Campidoglio) 36–37; (Pietà) 423; (house

of) 133; (portrait of) 339; (Risen Christ)

169; (St Peter’s) 416, 417, 424; (Sistine

Chapel) 23, 464–69; (tomb of Julius II)

290, 291; (and Vittoria Colonna) 325

Michelucci, Giovanni (1881–1991) 561

Michetti, Francesco Paolo (1851–1929)

365, 366

Michetti, Nicola (1675–1759) 560

Miliarium Aureum 79

Military Cemetery 478

Milvian Bridge, battle of 15, 110 (see also

Ponte Milvio)

Minguzzi, Luciano (1911–2004) 418

Mino da Fiesole (1431–85) 135, 151, 171,

347, 392, 428, 465, 549

Mino del Reame (active 1463–77) 297, 383

Mitelli, Agostino (1609–60) 219

Mithraea

Ostia 530, 533, 536; (finds from) 530

S. Clemente 267

S. Prisca 553; (finds from) 316

S. Stefano Rotondo 262; (finds from) 308

Mithras, cult of 532, 532

Mochi, Francesco (1580–1646) 41, 167,

207, 298, 425, 557

Moderno, Il (late 15C) 135

Modigliani, Amedeo (1884–1920) 368

Mola, Pier Francesco (1612–66) 324

Monaco, Lorenzo (c. 1370–1425) 439

Mondrian, Piet (1872–1944) 368

Monet, Claude (1840–1926) 366

Monica, St 200, 202, 526, 536

Monte de Pietà 214

Monte Testaccio 478

Monteverde, Giulio (1837–1917) 132,

365, 556

Morandi, Giorgio (1890–1964) 368, 370,

555

More, Jacob (1740–93) 355

Morelli, Cosimo (1732–1812) 557

Morelli, Domenico (1823–1901) 363, 365

Moretti, Luigi (1907–73) 500

Moro, Aldo 30, 236

Morris, William (1834–96) 553

Mosca, Simone (1492–1553) 192, 292

Mosque 501

Mousawi, Sami (b. 1938) 501

Muñoz, Antonio (1884–1960) 129, 242,

244, 268, 309, 520

Muñoz de Zamora, Fra’ 244, 245

Muratori, Domenico (1661–1774) 151, 274

Murillo, Bartolomé (1617–82) 384

Museums (see also Galleries, Palazzi)

dell’Alto Medioevo 499

dell’Arma del Genio 555

of Arms and Armour 407

d’Arte Contemporanea (MACRO) 555

d’Arte Contemporanea (MAXXI) 503

index 621

Museums contd

d’Arte Orientale 557

d’Arte Sanitaria 412

delle Arti e Tradizioni Popolari 498

Astronomico e Copernicano 555

Atelier Canova Tadolini 350

Barracco 216–17

dei Bersaglieri 558

Boncompagni Ludovisi 555

Carlo Bilotti 372

Borghese 355ff

Canonica 372–73

Capitoline 38ff; (see also Centrale

Montemartini)

del Castel Sant’Angelo 404–08

Chiaramonti (see Vatican Museums)

of Christian Art (see Vatican Museums)

della Civiltà Romana 499

Criminologico 227

Doria Pamphilj 140–45

Egyptian (see Egyptian)

Emigrazione 133

Etruscan (Vatican) 453–55

Etruscan (Villa Giulia) 373–77

Fori Imperiali 128–29

di Giorgio de Chirico 336

Hendrik Christian Andersen 556

Jewish 232

Mario Praz 556

delle Mura 556

Napoleonico 557

delle Navi Romane 538

Nazionale Romano (in Baths of

Diocletian) 306–08

Nazionale Romano (Crypta Balbi) 137–39

Nazionale Romano (in Palazzo Altemps)

181ff

Nazionale Romano (in Palazzo Massimo

alle Terme) 313–17

Ostiense 530–31

Palatine 96–97

di Palazzo Venezia 134–36

Pio-Clementino (see Vatican Museums)

delle Poste e Telecommunicazioni 500

Preistorico ed Etnografico 498

del Risorgimento 132

di Roma 557–58

di Roma in Trastevere 383

Museums contd

di Strumenti Musicali 286–87

Tassiano 401

Teatrale del Burcardo (Theatre Museum)

558

Torlonia 558

Vatican 26, 434ff

Vatican History 364

della Via Ostiense 475

di Zoologia 191

Mussolini, Benito 29, 30, 109, 134, 497,

500, 563

Muziano, Girolamo (1528–92) 236, 443,

457, 517, 551

Myron 47, 51, 217, 314, 448, 449

N

Naldini, Giovanni Battista (1537–91) 339

Naldini, Pietro Paolo (1619–91) 402

Nanni di Baccio Bigio (d. c. 1568) 138–39,

170, 228, 340, 343

Napoleon I, Bonaparte 27, 112, 323, 340,

427, 431, 451, 557, 563; (family of) 154,

224, 441

Napoleon III 28, 91

Narses 149

Navarro Baldeweg, Juan (b. 1939) 339

Nebbia, Cesare (c. 1536–1614) 227, 278,

282, 312, 412, 457, 551

Necropoli Ostiense 485

Necropoli di Porto 537–38

Neri, St Philip 208, 209, 229

Nero, Emperor 114–15, 344, 409, 419, 538

(Colossus of) 109; (conspiracy against)

272; (see also Aqueduct of; Domus Aurea)

Nerva, emperor 124, 162

Nervi, Antonio (1925–79) 501

Nervi, Pier Luigi (1891–1979) 473, 497,

501

Niccolini, Giovanni (1872–1956) 285

Niccolò dell’Abate (1511–71) 219

Niccolò di Liberatore (L’Alunno; d. 1502)

440, 563

Nicholas IV, Pope 20

Nicholas V, Pope 21, 35, 170, 415, 435,

457, 470; (Chapel of) 462

Nicolò di Angelo (active 1170–80) 484

Nittis, Giuseppe de (1846–84) 365, 366

620 index

Nogari, Paris (1536–1601) 278, 292, 301,

551

Nollekens, Joseph (1737–1823) 555

Nome di Maria, church of 133

‘Novecento’ art movement 369, 370, 371

Nucci, Avanzino (c. 1552–1629) 202

Numa Pompilius 83, 395, 512

O

Obelisks, general 24, 273

Dogali monument 310

Lateran 271

Piazza dell’Esquilino 295

Piazza Minerva 173

Piazza Montecitorio 158

Piazza Navona 177, 178

Piazza del Popolo 343

Piazza del Quirinale 322

Piazza della Rotonda 172

Piazza San Pietro 413, 538

Piazza Trinità dei Monti 338, 565

Pincio 342

Villa Celimontana 261

Octavian (see Augustus)

Odazzi, Giovanni (1663–1731) 150, 274,

313

Odoacer 90

Ojetti, Raffaello (1845–1924) 557

Olivieri, Pier Paolo (115–99) 113, 207, 278

Oppian Hill 114ff

Oratorio dei Filippini 210

Oratorio di Santa Lucia del Gonfalone 227

Oratorian Order 208, 210

Oratory of the Forty Martyrs 77

Oratory of St Agnes 180

Oratory of S. Andrea 256

Oratory of S. Barbara 257–57

Oratory of S. Silvia 257

Orsini family 164, 195, 234

Orsini, Matteo 104

Orto Botanico 385–86

Ortolano (Gian Battista Benvenuti;

1488–1525) 145, 361

Ospedale di Santo Spirito 19, 21, 412, 432

Osteria dell’ Orso 560

Ostia Antica 17, 526ff

Ostia (medieval) 536

Overbeck, Friedrich (1789–1869) 313

P

Pacetti, Vincenzo (1746–1820) 355

Padre Pio, relics of 195

Padula, Ernesto Bruno la (20C) 496

Painter of the Bearded Sphinx 374

Palatine Hill 11, 89ff

Palazzina of Pius IV 560

Palazzi

Palazzo Altemps 181ff

Palazzo d’Aste Rinuccini Bonaparte 154

Palazzo Baldassini 546

Palazzo Barberini 329–30, 330

Palazzo Borghese 560

Palazzo Braschi 557

Palazzo della Cancelleria 215

Palazzo Capranica 560

Palazzo Cenci 236

Palazzo Chigi 158

Palazzo della Civiltà del Lavoro 496

Palazzo Colonna 145ff

Palazzo dei Conservatori 35, 39ff

Palazzo della Consulta 323

Palazzo dei Convertendi 411

Palazzo Corsini 383ff

Palazzo Doria (see Palazzo Pamphilj)

Palazzo Doria Pamphilj 140–45

Palazzo delle Esposizioni 503

Palazzo Falconieri 224

Palazzo Farnese 220–22, 221, 224

Palazzo Farnesina ai Baullari 216

Palazzo dei Filippini 210

Palazzo Giustiniani 199

Palazzo di Giustizia 560

Palazzo del Governo Vecchio 194

Palazzo Grazioli 134

Palazzo Lateranense 282

Palazzo Madama 176

Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne 560–61

Palazzo Massimo alle Terme 313–17

Palazzo Mattei 236

Palazzo di Montecitorio 158

Palazzo Nuovo 38, 51ff

Palazzo Odescalchi 152

Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi 324

Palazzo Pamphilj 181

Palazzo Pio (Righetti) 212

Palazzo del Quirinale 29, 323

Palazzo Ricci 226

index 623

Palazzi contd

Palazzo Sacchetti 228

Palazzo Salviati 154

Palazzo della Sapienza 176

Palazzo Senatorio 35, 37

Palazzo Simonetti 154

Palazzo Spada 218–19

Palazzo dello Sport 497

Palazzetto delle Sport 501

Palazzo Taverna 195

Palazzo Torlonia 411

Palazzo Turci 194

Palazzo di Venezia 133–36

Palazzo Zuccari 339

Palizzi, Filippo (1818–99) 365

Palizzi, Giuseppe (1812–88) 365

Palma Vecchio (Giacomo Negretti;

1480–1528) 48, 146, 362

Palmezzano, Marco (1456–c. 1539) 133,

218, 440

Pamphilj, Giovan Battista (see Innocent X)

Pannini, Giovanni Paolo (1691–1765) 563

Pantheon 17, 163–66, 163, 164

Papacy 16ff, 31ff, 473

Parco degli Acquedotti 524

Parco della Caffarella 511–12

Parco della Musica 501

Parco degli Scipioni 565, 566

Parentino, Bernardino (c. 1437–1531)

145

Parmigianino (Francesco Mazzola;

1503–40) 360

Parthians 79, 84, 122, 125

Paschal I, Pope 300

Paschal II, Pope 345

Paschetto, Paolo (1885–1963) 563

Pasquale da Caravaggio (late 15C) 192

Pasquino 22, 165, 194

Passalacqua, Pietro (c. 1690–1748) 284

Passarelli, Lucio (b. 1922) 436

Passeggiata del Gianicolo 400–01

Passeri, Giuseppe (17C) 213

Passetto del Borgo 410–11

Passignano (Domenico Cresti; 1560–1638)

207, 228, 297, 553

Pastura (Antonio da Viterbo; c.

1450–1516) 392

Patriarchal basilicas 276

Paul, St 63, 214, 276, 481, 482, 485, 486;

(reliquary of) 274; (tomb of) 484

Paul of the Cross, St, tomb of 260

Paul II, Pope 134, 153; (bust of) 136

Paul III, Pope 23–24, 36, 133, 203, 220,

430, 474; (and Castel Sant’Angelo) 23,

407; (and Counter-Reformation) 23; (and

Michelangelo) 37, 430; (and St Peter’s)

417; (tomb of) 426

Paul IV, Pope 22, 24, 203, 232, 234, 448

Paul V, Pope 25, 26, 124, 327, 525; (and

St Peter’s) 417; (tomb of) 297–98

Peace, Forum of 123

Penni, Francesco (1496–after 1528) 387,

440, 458, 462

Perino del Vaga (Pietro Buonaccorsi;

1500–47) 114, 146, 155, 219, 261, 339,

384, 407, 442, 462, 464, 469; (Raphael

Rooms in Vatican) 458, 460, 462; (tomb

of) 166

Perugino (Pietro Vannucci; 1446–1523)

186, 440, 458, 465, 465, 466, 563

Peruzzi, Baldassare (1481–1537) 183, 190,

191, 197, 226, 234, 285, 332, 361, 386,

387, 417, 462, 536, 560; (tomb of) 166

Pesellino, Francesco (1422–57) 145

Peter, St 31, 33, 63, 301, 396, 398, 515;

(Cathedra of) 425, 427; (chains of) 292;

(Communion table of) 274, 301;

(reliquary of) 274; (statue of) 425; (tomb

of) 415, 417, 424, 428, 433

Peter, Wenzel (1742–1829) 443

Pheidias 53, 184, 185, 217, 449, 547

Philip and James, Saints, relics of 151

Phocas, Byzantine emperor 164; (Column

of) 75

Piacentini, Marcello (1881–1960) 496,

497, 500, 549, 561

Piacentini, Pio (1846–1928) 503

Piano, Renzo (b. 1937) 501

Piazze

Piazza Barberini 334

Piazza della Bocca della Verità 239

Piazza del Campidoglio 36ff

Piazza dei Cavalieri di Malta 246

Piazza dei Cinquecento 304

Piazza delle Cinque Scole 235–36

Piazza Colonnna 156–58

622 index

Piazze contd

Piazza Margana 237

Piazza Navona 177–81

Piazza del Popolo 343

Piazza del Quirinale 321

Piazza della Repubblica 304

Piazza della Rotonda 172

Piazza di Sant’Ignazio 155

Piazza di San Pietro 413

Piazza di Spagna 335–37

Piazza Venezia 131ff

Piero di Cosimo (c. 1462–?1521) 331, 332,

360, 465

Pietro da Cortona (Pietro Berrettini;

1596–1669) 43, 49, 137, 148, 154, 160,

181, 206, 208, 209, 214, 323, 324, 330,

333, 376, 423, 443, 459, 549, 552;

(Barberini ceiling) 333; (SS. Luca e

Martina) 63; (S. Maria della Pace) 189,

192; (tomb of) 63

Pigna (pine cone) 445

Pilgrimage, pilgrims 18, 20–21, 432;

(pilgrimage churches) 276

Pinacoteca Capitolina 48–49

Pinacoteca Vaticana (see Vatican Picture

Gallery)

Pincio, hill and park 342

Pinelli, Bartolomeo (1781–1835) 383, 554

Pinturicchio (Bernardino di Betto;

1454–1513) 60, 148, 345, 347, 463, 465

Piranesi, Giovanni Battista (1720–78) 27,

246, 339, 512, 544, 554

Pisano, Nicola (1220–after 1278) 135

Pisis, Filippo de (1896–1956) 369, 555

Pistrucci, Camillo (son of Benedetto;

1811–54) 313

Pius IV, Pope 309, 468; (tomb of) 310

Pius V, Pope 525; (reliquary of) 336

Pius VI, Pope 27, 323, 427, 438, 557;

(portrait of) 443; (statue of) 428

Pius VII, Pope 27, 431; (tomb of) 426

Pius IX, Pope 28–29, 33, 323, 337, 431,

457, 474; (mausoleum of) 488; (statue

of) 297

Pius XI, Pope 30

Podesti, Francesco (1800–95) 457, 483,

484

Podesti, Giulio (1857–1909) 561

Poletti, Luigi (1792–1869) 225, 482, 483,

484, 485, 560

Poliaghi, Ludovico (1852–1950) 132

Polidoro da Caravaggio (Polidoro Caldara;

active c. 1500–43) 196, 226, 324, 462

397

Pollaiolo, Antonio 423, 427

Pollaiolo brothers, tomb of 292, 293

Pollock, Jackson (1912–56) 372

Pollux (see Castor and Pollux)

Polyclitus 46, 47, 217, 448, 449, 547, 558

Pomarancio (Niccolò; see Circignani)

Pomarancio (Cristoforo Roncalli da

Pomarance; 1552–1626) 148, 188, 206,

208–09, 254, 256, 260, 262, 278, 292,

301, 309, 551

Pomodoro, Arnaldo (b. 1926) 445

Pompey 13, 71, 112, 120, 289; (portrait

head of) 446; (Theatre of) 212

Pons Aelius 402

Pons Aemilius 231

Pons Sublicius 231

Ponte Aventino 231

Ponte Cestio 232

Ponte Fabricio 231

Ponte Milvio 565–66

Ponte dei Quattro Capi 231

Ponte Rotto 231

Ponte Sant’Angelo 21, 402

Ponte Sisto 21, 380

Pontelli, Baccio (Bartolomeo di Fino; c.

1450–92) 149, 189, 380, 396, 412, 465,

536

Pontifex Maximus, office of 31, 81, 83, 84

Pontius, sculptor 46

Ponzetti, Cardinal Ferdinando 191, 192

Ponzio, Flaminio (1560–1613) 226, 295,

297, 298, 323, 355, 399, 517, 541, 560

Porcari family 173

Porta del Popolo 343

Porta Maggiore 287

Porta Pia 490

Porta Pinciana 377

Porta San Giovanni 283

Porta San Pancrazio 400

Porta San Paolo 475

Porta San Sebastiano 556

Porta Settimiana 383

index 625

Porta Tiburtina 566

Portraiture, ancient 54–55

Portico of the Dii Consentes 78

Porticus Aemilia 231

Porticus of Octavia 234–35

Porto (ancient Portus) 537, 539

Portoghesi, Paolo (b. 1931) 501, 570

Posi, Paolo (1708–76) 202, 225

Pourbus, Frans the Younger (1569–1622)

384

Poussin, Claude (Claudio Francese; 17C)

178

Poussin, Nicolas (1594–1665) 349, 442;

(tomb of) 159

Powers, Hiram (1805–73) 364

Pozzo, Andrea (1642–1709) 156, 206,

327, 554

Praxedes, St (Santa Prassede) 299, 301

Praxiteles 52, 56, 217, 314, 448, 449, 451,

479, 547, 558, 563

Praz, Mario 556

Preti, Mattia (1613–99) 207, 219, 385

Previati, Gaetano (1852–1920) 365, 366

Priorato di Malta 246

Priscilla, tomb of 510

Procaccini, Andrea (1671–1734) 274

Propertius 375

Protestant Cemetery 476–78

Puccinelli, Antonio (1822–97) 364

Pudentiana, St 301

Pulzone, Scipione (before 1550–1598)

146, 236, 325

Q

Quattrini, Enrico (1863–1950) 560

Quintilius brothers 523

Quirinal Hill 321ff

R

Rabirius, architect 95, 98

Raffaellino del Colle (c. 1490–1566) 360,

387, 462

Raffaellino da Reggio (1550–78) 269

Raffaello da Montelupo (c. 1505–66) 166,

170, 291, 403, 404, 405, 407, 551

Raggi, Antonio (Ercole Antonio Raggi;

1624–86) 178, 180, 200, 205, 207, 274,

326, 402, 549, 552

Raguzzini, Filippo (1680–1771) 155, 226,

254, 388

Raimondi, Quintiliano (1794–1848) 277

Rainaldi, Carlo (1611–91) 149, 154, 178,

207, 208, 225, 227, 236, 237, 295, 299,

343, 383, 550, 553

Rainaldi, Girolamo (father of Carlo;

1570–1655) 37, 102, 178, 181, 206, 550

Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio; 1483–1520) 22,

144, 190, 200, 226, 360, 416, 417, 440,

458, 46, 555, 562; (Acts of Apostles

tapestries) 440–41; (S. Maria del Popolo)

346; (La Fornarina) 332; (Lady with a

Unicorn) 360; (Stanze in Vatican) 457–62;

(tomb of) 166; (Transfiguration) 440;

(Villa Farnesina) 387; (possible houses

of) 195, 411

Ramolino, Letitia (see Bonaparte)

Regia (in Roman Forum) 84

Remus 89, 241

Reni, Guido (1575–1642) 49, 144, 159,

199, 209, 214, 218, 256, 257, 297, 323,

324, 333, 362, 376, 385, 392, 397, 442,

470

Republican sentiment, Republicanism in

Rome 10, 13, 19–21, 27, 28, 389–90

Resting Satyr 56, 448, 449

Retti, Leonardo (1670–1709) 205

Ribera, José (Jusepe Ribera; 1588–1656)

563

Ricci, Giovanni Battista (1537–1627) 155,

278

Ricci, Sebastiano (1659–1734) 147

Riccio, Il (Andrea Brisoco; 1470–1532) 135

Ridolfi, Mario (20C) 249

Rienzo, Cola di (see Cola)

Righi, Tommaso (1727–1802) 246

Rinaldi, Rinaldo (1793–1873) 313, 484,

485

Risorgimento 379, 399; (Museum of) 132

Rivalta, Augusto (1837–1925) 132

Roccatagliata, Nicolò (active 1593–1636)

135

Rocco Zoppo (16C) 148

Rodin, Auguste (1840–1917) 367

Roma, goddess 71, 81, 87; (see also Temples

of Venus and Roma)

Romana, St Francesca (see Francesca)

624 index

Romano, Giulio (see Giulio)

Romano, Mario (20C) 496

Romulus 10, 89, 241, 255; (house of) 101

Romulus Augustulus, emperor 17

Roncalli, Cristoforo (see Pomarancio)

Rosa, Ercole (1846–93) 342

Rosa, Pietro (19C) 91, 103

Rosa, Salvator (1615–73) 147, 228, 385;

(tomb of) 309

Rosai, Ottone (1895–1957) 370

Rosselli, Cosimo (1439–1507) 465

Roseto 243

Rossellino, Bernardo (Bernardo Gamberelli;

1409–64) 415

Rossi, Giovanni Antonio de (1616–95)

174, 277

Rossi, Giovanni Battista de 469, 513, 514,

552

Rossi, Giovanni Francesco (active

1640–77) 398

Rossi, Giulio (20C) 500

Rossi, Mariano (1731–1807) 356

Rossi, Mattia de’ (1637–95) 311, 325

Rossi, Vincenzo de’ (1525–87) 192

Rosso Fiorentino (Giovanni Battista Rosso;

1494–1541) 192

Rosso, Medardo (1858–1928) 365, 366–67

Rostra

di Divi Julii 70

Imperial 74

Republican 74

Vandalica 75

Rotella, Domenico (20C) 372

Rovere, Giuliano della (see Julius II)

Rubens (Sir Peter Paul; 1577–1640) 49,

349, 208, 324, 362, 384

Ruggeri, Giovanni Battista (1606–40) 219

Rusconi, Camillo (c. 1654–1728) 274

Rusuti, Filippo (active 1300–20) 299

Rutelli, Mario (1859–1941) 304, 401

S

Sabines 58, 255, 321

Sacchi, Andrea (1559–1661) 214, 281,

376, 310, 442, 562; (tomb of) 278

Sacconi, Giuseppe (1853–1905) 131, 166

Sack of Rome (1527) 23, 203, 403, 468;

(by the Goths) 16

Sacra Via 67, 112, 113

Sacro Cuore Immacolato di Maria, church

of 553

Salimbeni, Ventura (c. 1568–1613) 206

Salvi, Niccolò (1697–1751) 152, 319

Salviati, Francesco (Francesco de’ Rossi;

1510–63) 147, 148, 196, 197, 228, 346,

394, 412, 469, 550

SS. Ambrogio e Carlo al Corso 160

S. Anna dei Palafrenieri 474

S. Agata dei Goti 548

S. Agnese in Agone 178–80, 180

S. Agnese fuori le Mura 490–492

S. Agostino 200–02

S. Alessio 246

S. Anastasia 548

S. Andrea delle Fratte 337

S. Andrea al Quirinale 325–27, 326

S. Andrea della Valle 206–07

S. Andrea in Via Flaminia 548

S. Angelo in Pescheria 234

S. Anselmo 247

S. Antonio Abate 548

S. Antonio dei Portoghesi 548

SS. Apostoli 149–51

S. Atanasio dei Greci 350

S. Aurea (Ostia) 536

S. Balbina 548

S. Barbara dei Librari 213

S. Bartolomeo 232

S. Bartolomeo dei Bergamaschi 158

S. Benedetto in Piscinula 390

S. Bernardo alle Terme 313

S. Biagio della Pagnotta 227–28

S. Bibiana 549

S. Carlo ai Catinari 213

S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane 327–29, 328

S. Caterina dei Funari 236

S. Caterina della Rota 224

S. Caterina da Siena 225

S. Caterina da Siena (a Magnanapoli) 549

S. Cecilia in Trastevere 391–93

S. Cesareo 549

S. Clemente 263–67

SS. Cosma e Damiano 17, 88

S. Costanza 492–93

S. Crisogono 388–90, 493

S. Croce in Gerusalemme 16, 284–85, 284

index 627

SS. Domenico e Sisto 549

S. Eligio degli Orefici 225–26

S. Eusebio 549

S. Eustachio 175

S. Filippo Neri (demolished) 226

S. Francesca Romana (see S. Maria Nova)

S. Francesco a Ripa 394

S. Gallicano 388

S. Giacomo in Augusta 550

S. Gioacchino 550

S. Giorgio in Velabro 241–42

S. Giovanni in Calibita 231

S. Giovanni Decollato 550

S. Giovanni in Oleo 550

S. Giovanni della Pigna 173

S. Giovanni a Porta Latina 550

SS. Giovanni e Paolo 258–60, 259; (houses

beneath) 257–58

S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini 228–29

S. Giovanni Battista dei Genovesi 394

S. Girolamo della Carità 225

S. Girolamo degli Schiavoni 550–51

S. Giuseppe dei Falegnami 62

S. Gregorio della Divina Pietà 235

S. Gregorio Magno 255–57

S. Ignazio 155–56

S. Isidoro 551

S. Ivo 176

S. John Lateran 16, 21, 271, 272–82

S. Lorenzo fuori le Mura 487–90

S. Lorenzo in Damaso 215–16

S. Lorenzo in Lucina 159

S. Lorenzo in Miranda 67

S. Lorenzo in Panisperna 551

SS. Luca e Martina 63, 64

S. Luigi dei Francesi 199

S. Marcello 154–55

S. Marco 136–37

S. Maria degli Angeli 309–10

S. Maria dell’Anima 196–97

S. Maria Antiqua 77

S. Maria in Aracoeli 35, 59–62

S. Maria in Campitelli 236–37

S. Maria in Campo Marzio 174

S. Maria della Concezione (see Cappuccini)

S. Maria della Consolazione 551

S. Maria in Cosmedin 240–41

S. Maria in Domnica 260–61

S. Maria di Loreto 133

S. Maria Maggiore 293–99, 294

S. Maria dei Miracoli 343

S. Maria di Monserrato 226

S. Maria in Montesanto 343

S. Maria in Monticelli 214

S. Maria Nova 113

S. Maria dell’Orazione e Morte 224, 224

S. Maria dell’Orto 394

S. Maria della Pace 189–92, 190

S. Maria del Popolo 21, 344–47

S. Maria del Priorato 246

S. Maria della Scala 383

S. Maria Scala Coeli 486

S. Maria dei Sette Dolori 395

S. Maria sopra Minerva 166–71

S. Maria del Suffragio 227

S. Maria della Scala 383

S. Maria in Traspontina 411

S. Maria in Trastevere 380–83, 381

S. Maria in Via 551

S. Maria in Via Lata 154

S. Maria della Vittoria 311

S. Maria Maddalena 174

S. Martino ai Monti 551

S. Michele e Magno 411

SS. Nereo ed Achilleo 254

SS. Nereus and Achilleus, basilica 517

S. Nicola in Carcere 238

S. Nicola da Tolentino 552

S. Omobono 552

S. Onofrio 401

S. Pancrazio 552

S. Pantaleo 552

S. Paolo fuori le Mura 481–85, 481

S. Paolo alla Regola 214

S. Paolo alle Tre Fontane 486

S. Paul’s 552–53

S. Peter’s 413ff

Dome 429

Tombs of the Popes 427

Tomb of St Peter/Necropolis 432

S. Pietro in Montorio 396–98

S. Pietro in Vincoli 290–93

S. Prassede 299–301

S. Prisca 553

S. Pudenziana 301–03, 302

SS. Quattro Coronati 268–70

626 index

S. Rita 237

S. Rocco 553

S. Saba 247

S. Sabina 244–45, 245

S. Salvatore in Lauro 195

S. Salvatore in Onda 553

S. Sebastiano (Via Appia) 516, 517

S. Sebastiano al Palatino 94

S. Silvestro in Capite 158–59

S. Silvestro al Quirinale 324

S. Sisto Vecchio 254

S. Spirito in Sassia 412

S. Stefano degli Abissini 473

S. Stefano Rotondo 261–62

SS. Stimmate 553

S. Susanna 311–12

S. Teodoro 553

S. Thomas of Canterbury 225

S. Tommaso dei Cenci 236

S. Tommaso in Formis 260

SS. Trinità dei Pellegrini 214

S. Urbano 512

SS. Vincenzo ed Anastasio 320; (Tre

Fontane) 486

S. Vitale 554

SS. Vito e Modesto 554

Sancta Sanctorum 282–83

Sanctis, Francesco de (early 18C) 214, 335

Sanctis, Guglielmo de (19C) 483

Sangallo, Antonio da, the Elder (Antonio

Giamberti; 1463–1534) 183

Sangallo, Antonio da, the Younger (Antonio

Cordiani; 1483–1546) 133, 170, 174,

181, 192, 216, 220, 221, 226, 228, 347,

403, 404, 407, 412, 417, 469, 562

Sangallo, Giuliano da (Giuliano Giamberti,

brother of Antonio the Elder; 1443–

1516) 196, 293, 295, 407, 415, 417

Sangallo, Raffaello (16C) 542

Sano di Pietro (1406–81) 439

Sansovino, Andrea (Andrea Contucci; c.

1470–1529) 60, 196, 200, 260, 345

Sansovino, Jacopo (Jacopop Tatti; pupil of

Andrea; 1486–1570) 136, 155, 200, 226,

228, 285

Santi di Tito (1538–1603) 228, 474

Santo Spirito (see Ospedale)

Saraceni, Carlo (1585–1620) 142, 197

Sardi, Giuseppe (c. 1680–1753) 174

Sarfatti, Margherita 371

Sarti, Antonio (1797–1880) 206

Sartorio, Aristide (1860–1932) 158, 367,

555

Sassetta (Stefano di Giovanni; c.

1392–1451) 439

Sassoferrato (Giovanni Battista Salvi;

1609–85) 245, 266, 362, 385

Saturnalia 78

Savinio, Alberto (1891–1952) 369, 555

Savoldo, Giovanni Girolamo (active

1508–48) 48, 362

Scala Santa 282

Scalae Caci 101

Scaurus, Marcus Aemilius, House of

103–04

Scherano, Alessandro (early 16C) 291

Schism, papal 20, 171

Scipione (Gino Bonichi; 1904–33) 370, 555

Scipios, tomb of 450, 566

Scorel, Jan van (1495–1562) 143, 218

Scuderie pontificie 322

Scuola Romana, group of artists 370

Sebastian, St 242, 515

Sebastiano del Piombo (Sebastiano Luciani;

c. 1485–1547) 163, 387, 397–977, 397,

407

Seitz, Ludovico (1844–1908) 197, 455,

463, 488

Senate of Italy 176

Seneca 251

Senese, Michelangelo 197, 282

Sentinum, battle of 11, 375

Septimius Severus, Emperor 15 (see also

Arches)

Septimontium 289

Septizodium 104, 297, 415

Serapis, cult of 533

Sermoneta (Girolamo Siciolante; 1521–80)

199, 236, 298, 407

Serra, Luigi (1846–88) 311

Servian Wall 247, 304, 559, 564, 565

Servius Tullius, King of Rome 45, 65, 77,

290, 304

Sette Sale 114

Seven Churches of Rome 276

Seven Hills of Rome 9, 289

index 629

Severini, Gino (1883–1996) 368, 371,

383, 496, 500, 555

Severn, Joseph 336, 342, 476

Severus, architect 115

She-wolf of Rome 43

Shelley, Percy Bysshe 250, 334, 336, 476,

477

Sibyls 59, 80, 463, 464, 540

Siciolante da Sermoneta (see Sermoneta)

Siege of Rome (1849) 28, 147, 396, 399,

400

Signorelli, Luca (c. 1441–1523) 465

Signorini, Telemaco (1835–1901) 365, 366

Simonetti, Michelangelo (late 18C) 448,

450, 451, 452, 453

Sironi, Mario (1885–1961) 370, 555, 561

Sistina Chapel (in S.M. Maggiore) 297

Sistine Chapel 464–69

Sixtus IV, Pope 21, 39, 189, 435, 464;

(monument to) 427

Sixtus V, Pope 24, 188, 203, 295, 312,

323, 339, 343, 413, 525; (tomb of) 297

Skopas, sculptor 97, 341, 449, 451

Snayers, Peter (1592–1667) 219

Sobieska, Clementina 152; (monuments

to) 150, 423

Società Geografica Italiana 261

Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio dei Bazzi;

1477–1549) 299, 361, 387

Soffici, Ardengo (1879–1964) 370

Sordi, Alberto 158

Soria, Giovanni Battista (1581–1651) 213,

256, 311, 388, 389, 549

Sosicles, copyist 56

Sosus, mosaicist 51

Spadini, Armando (1883–1925) 367

Spain, Royal Academy of 396

Spanish Steps 335

Spence, Sir Basil (1907–76) 501

Spinario 42, 356

Spirito Santo dei Napoletani, church of 226

Stadio Flaminio 501

Stati, Cristoforo (1556–1619) 207

Stefano da Zevio (1393–c. 1450) 148

Stendhal 151, 194

Stern, Raffaele (1774–1820) 446

Stocchi, Achille (early 19C) 156

Street, George Edmund (1824–81) 349, 552

Stuart, Charles Edward (Bonnie Prince

Charlie) 152, 421, 428

Stuart, Henry (Cardinal York) 152, 382,

421, 428

Stuart, James (the Old Pretender) 152,

421, 428

Subleyras, Pierre (1699–1749) 49

Subura, district of 72, 122

Sudario, Chiesa del 553

Susini, Antonio (active 1580–1624) 135,

147, 358

Susini, Giovanni Francesco (1575–1653)

135

Swiss Guard 22, 472

Sylvester I, pope and saint, 268–69

Sylvester II, Pope 277

Symmachus, orator 72

Synagogue 232; (Ostia) 534

T

Tabularium 50

Tacca, Pietro (1577–1640) 135

Taccone, Paolo (Paolo Romano; c.

1445–70) 402

Tadolini, Adamo (1788–1868) 350, 414,

556, 560

Tadolini, Giulio (1849–1918) 278

‘Talking’ statues 57, 137, 154, 165, 193,

194, 207, 351

Tarpeian Rock 58

Tarquinius Priscus, King of Rome (the

Elder) 45, 77, 248

Tarquinius Superbus, King of Rome 10,

45, 290

Tasso, Torquato 401

Teatro Goldoni 189

Teatro di Marcello (see Theatre of Marcellus)

Tempesta, Antonio (1555–1630) 148, 186,

262, 324

Tempietto 398, 398

Temples

Temple of Aesculapius (Isola Tiberina)

80, 231, 232; (finds from) 307

Temple of Aesculapius (Villa Borghese)

354, 355

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina 67

Temple of Apollo (Palatine) 100

Temple of Apollo Medicus 233, 479

628 index

Temples contd

Temple of Bellona 233

Temple of Castor 82

Temple of Claudius 258, 260, 261

Temple of Concord 79; (fragment from) 50

Temple of Cybele 100; (Ostia) 536

Temple of Fortuna 45; (Largo Argentina)

480, 564

Temple of Hadrian 156; (reliefs from) 40

Temple of Hercules (Ostia) 533

Temple of Hercules Victor 239

Temple of Isis 172, 173; (sculpture from)

188

Temple of Janus 238

Temple of Julius Caesar 70

Temple of Juno Moneta 35

Temple of Juno Sospita 238

Temple of Capitoline Jupiter 35, 45, 58,

80, 112

Temple of Mars Ultor 120–22

Temple of Mater Matuta 45

Temple of Minerva 124

Temple of Minerva Medica 566

Temple of Peace (see Peace, Forum of)

Temple of Portunus 239

Temple of Roma and Augustus (Ostia) 531

Temple of Romulus 85, 88

Temple of Saturn 78

Temple of Serapis 145

Temple of the Sibyl (Tivoli) 542

Temple of Spes 238

Temple of the Sun 94

Temple of Veiovis 50

Temple of Venus Genetrix 118

‘Temple of Venus and Cupid’ 286

Temple of Venus and Roma 86, 110

Temple of Vespasian 79; (fragment from)

50

Temple of Vesta 82–83; (Tivoli) 542

Temple of Victory 99

Temple of Victory Virgo 99

Tenerani, Pietro (1789–1869) 277, 364, 384

Teodoro della Porta (1567–1638) 426

Termini station 304

Testa, Pietro (1611–50) 219

Tetrarchy 74

Theatre Museum (see Museums)

Theatre of Balbus 138

Theatre of Marcellus 233–34

Theatre of Pompey 13, 212

Théodon, Jean-Baptiste (1646–1713) 206,

214

Theodoric 90

Thorvaldsen, Bertel (1770–1844) 166,

339, 352, 359, 426, 448, 452, 478, 555

Tibaldi, Pellegrino (Pellegrino Pellegrini;

1527–96) 155, 199, 362, 407

Tiber 9, 231, 380

Tiberinus, King 380

Timomachus of Byzantium 120

Tintoretto, Domenico (Domenico Robusti,

son of Jacopo; c. 1560–1635) 148

Tintoretto, Jacopo (Jacopo Robusti;

1519–94) 146, 147, 332, 563

Tischbein, Johann Heinrich (1722–89) 352

Titian (Tiziano Vecellio; c. 1485–1576) 48,

144, 332, 362, 384, 441, 555

Tito, Ettore (1859–1941) 365, 366

Titulus Crucis, relic of 285

Tivoli 540ff

Toma, Gioacchino (1836–91) 365

Torlonia family 411, 523 (see also Museo

Torlonia; Villa Torlonia)

Tormarancia Estate 561

Tornioli, Nicolò (active 1622–40) 219

Torre dei Conti 124

Torre delle Milizie 20, 129

Torriani, Orazio (16C–17C) 232

Torrigiani, Sebastiano (16C) 297

Torriti, Jacopo (late 13C) 20, 245, 279,

296, 297

Tosi, Arturo (1871–1956) 370

Totila 248

Trajan, Emperor 125; (Column of) 126–

27, 126; (Column, casts from) 499;

(Forum of) 124–28; (Markets of) 128–

30, 130; (port of) 538–39, 539

Trastevere 379ff

Trent, Council of 23, 24, 203

Trentacoste, Domenico (1859–1933) 367

Trevi Fountain (see Fountains)

Trevisani, Francesco (1656–1746) 156,

219, 274, 337, 384, 553

Tribolo, Niccolò (Niccolò Pericoli;

1485–1550) 197

Tribune 283

630 index index 631

Via del Governo Vecchio 194

Via della Conciliazione 411

Via Flaminia 153

Via Flavia Severiana 537

Via Giulia 223ff

Via Labicana 287

Via Lata 40, 153

Via della Lungara 383

Via della Lungaretta 388

Via Margutta 351–52

Via Ostiensis 475

Via di Porta San Sebastiano 254

Via Praenestina 287

Via Sacra (see Sacra Via)

Via Scelerata 289–90

Via Sistina 339

Via Veneto 377–78

Vico, Raffaello de (20C) 283, 562

Vigée le Brun, Elisabeth (1755–1842) 555

Vignola (palace) 561

Vignola (Jacopo Barocci; 1507–73) 102,

204, 220, 222, 236, 277, 374, 384, 394,

417, 474, 548

Villas

Villa Ada 561

Villa Aldobrandini 561

Villa Aurelia 400

Villa Aurora 562

Villa Borghese 354ff

Villa Celimontana 261

Villa d’Este (Tivoli) 541–42

Villa Doria Pamphilj 400

Villa Farnesina 386–87; (Roman villa)

316, 387–88

Villa of Gallienus 522

Villa Giulia 373–77

Villa Glori 562

Villa of Hadrian 542ff; (finds from) 51,

53, 314, 444, 451, 563

Villa of Livia, Prima Porta, finds from

316, 446

Villa Ludovisi 29, 378

Villa Madama 562

Villa Medici 340–41

Villa Paolina 562

Villa Poniatowsky 374

Villa dei Quintili 523–24

Villa Sciarra 562

Villas contd

Villa Torlonia 563

Villa Torlonia (formerly Albani) 563

Villanovan, art and culture 375

Vitellozzi, Annibale (20C) 501

Viti, Timoteo (c. 1467–1523) 190

Vittoria, Alessandro (1525–1608) 135

Vittorio Emanuele II, King of Italy 28, 33,

323; (monument) 131–33; (tomb of)

149, 166

Vivarini, Bartolomeo (active 1450–99) 148

Viviani, Antonio (1560–1620) 186, 256, 440

Voet, Jacob Ferdinand (1639–c. 1700) 219

Volsci 75, 376

Vouet, Simon (1590–1649) 159

Vulca, sculptor 43, 376

Vulcan, sanctuary of 73–74

W

Walls (see Aurelian, Servian)

Warhol, Andy (1928–87) 372

Westmacott, Sir Richard Jr (1799–1872)

477, 555

Wildt, Adolfo (1868–1931) 371

Winckelmann, Johann 26–27, 182, 184,

185, 339, 352, 353, 447, 563, 564

Wittel, Gaspar van (see Vanvitelli, Gaspare)

X

Ximenes, Ettore (1855–1926) 132, 365,

367, 555, 560

Z

Zanelli, Angelo (1879–1941) 132

Zappalà, Gregorio (1833–1908) 178

Zeno, St, chapel of 300–01

Zenodorus, sculptor 109

Zoo 373

Zuccari, Federico (1542–1609) 49, 98,

206, 216, 227, 236, 245, 301, 339, 385,

462, 469, 474, 555

Zuccari, Taddeo (brother of Federico;

1529–66) 98, 155, 245, 339, 374, 385,

462, 469, 551, 563; (tomb of) 166

Zucchi, Francesco (c. 1570–1627) 285,

412, 486

Zucchi, Jacopo (1540–96) 148, 266, 340,

341, 359, 362, 412, 469

Trinità dei Monti, church of 338–39

Tripisciano, Michele (1860–1913) 390

Triumphal arches (see Arches)

Triumphs 112

Tropaion of Gaius 428, 433

Troubetzkoy, Paolo (1866–1937) 367

True Cross, relics of 285, 425

Tullia 290

Tullianum (see Mamertine Prison)

Tullus Hostilius, King of Rome 72, 2559

Tura, Cosmè (c. 1430–95) 148

Twombly, Cy (b. 1928) 372

U

Umberto I, King of Italy 189; (tomb of) 166

Umbilicus Urbis 79

University of Rome 176, 561

Unterberger, Christopher (1732–98) 355,

356, 470

Urban VIII, Pope 145, 164, 319, 327, 330,

349, 431; (despoiling of Pantheon)

164–65, 403; (and St Peter’s) 417, 424;

(likenesses of) 41, 332; (tomb of) 426

Ussi, Stefano (1822–1901) 363, 365, 366

V

Valadier, Giuseppe (1762–1839) 87, 149,

227, 342, 374, 404, 418, 490, 552, 553,

563, 566; (house of) 351; (Piazza del

Popolo) 343

Valadier, Luigi (father of Giuseppe;

1726–85) 174, 356, 471, 554

Valentin, Jean (Valentin de Boulogne; early

17C) 442

Valeriani, Giuseppe (1542–1606) 206, 559

Valle, Filippo della (1698–1768) 150, 156,

225, 277, 557

Valvassori, Gabriele (1683–1761) 141,

142, 144

Vanni, Raffaele (1587–after 1657) 347

Vanvitelli, Gaspare (Gaspar van Wittel,

father of Luigi; 1653–1736) 152, 557, 564

Vanvitelli, Luigi (1700–73) 148, 200, 309,

392

Vasanzio, Giovanni (Jan van Santen;

1550–1621) 324, 356, 474, 517

Vasari, Giorgio (1512–74) 135, 362, 374,

397, 441, 469, 550

Vascello, ruins of 400

Vassalletto family 485, 487

Vassalletto, Pietro 149, 280, 484, 485

Vatican City 30, 33, 471–72, 474

Vatican Gardens 473

Vatican Museums 26, 434ff

Borgia Rooms 463

Chiaramonti 445

Christian Art 469

Egyptian 444

Etruscan 453

Gregorian 443

Library 470

New Wing 446

Pinacoteca 438

Pio-Clementino 448

Raphael Rooms 457

Sistine Chapel 464

Vatican Palace 435–36

Veio 11, 375, 376; (finds from) 443, 498

543

Velabrum, district 238ff

Velázquez, Diego (1599–1660) 49, 140,

144, 340

Velia, hill 90, 110, 118

Venerable English and Welsh College 225

Venusti, Marcello (1512–79) 167, 192,

202, 236, 324

Vercingetorix 63

Verism, art movement 365

Veronese, Bonifacio (1487–1553) 146

Veronese, Paolo (Paolo Caliari; 1528–88)

48, 147, 441

Verschaffelt, Peter Anton (1710–93) 408

Vespasian, Emperor 14, 54, 56, 106;

Forum of (see Peace); Temple of (see

Temples)

Vespignani, Francesco (1842–99) 279

Vespignani, Virginio (1808–82) 225, 279,

292, 297, 383, 400, 487, 490

Vestal Virgins 83; (house of) 84, 139

Via Appia Antica 504, 505ff

Via Aurelia 380, 383, 400

Via Biberatica 94

Via Cavour 289

Via dei Coronari 195

Via del Corso 153ff

Via del Babuino 349–51

Index to Central Italy

For a formatted version of the index please see:

www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures/

bgcitaly/index.pdf

A

Abbadia San Salvatore 455

Abeto 563

Achilles, statue of (formerly Resting Ares) 51

Acqualagna 649

Adeodato (12C; brother of Gruamonte) 327

Aeneas 123, 124, 201, 246

Agesander, Polydorus and Athenodorus,

sculptors of Rhodes (1C BC) 99, 242

Agostino di Duccio (1418–81) 495, 499,

501, 503, 578

Agresti, Livio (c.1500–80) 141, 555, 570,

579, 599

Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius 43

Agrippina the Elder 260

Agrippina the Younger 260

Alaric, King of the Goths 236, 633, 685

Alatri 215–17

Alba Longa 124, 125

Alban Hills 123ff

Alberese 474

Alberti, Leon Battista (1404–72) 85, 127,

294, 301, 304; (Palazzo Rucellai) 304

Albertinelli, Mariotto (1474–1515) 172

Alberto (12C–13C) 555

Albornoz, Cardinal 19, 171, 522, 531, 550,

553, 573, 617, 620, 654, 655

Aldobrandini family 128

Aleandri, Ireneo (1795–1885) 576, 677

Alessi, Galeazzo (c.1512–72) 530, 533

Aletrium, temple of 72, 217

Alexander III, pope 214, 417

Alexander IV, pope 167

Alexander VI, pope (Rodrigo Borgia) 94,

145, 291, 584

Alexander VII, pope (Fabio Chigi) 84; (statue

of) 423; (tomb of) 88

Alfani, Domenico (1480–1555) 499, 515,

516

Alfani, Orazio (16C; son of Domenico) 500

Algardi, Alessandro (1598–1654) 43, 46, 50,

62, 503, 504, 553

Aliense, L’ (Antonio Vassilacchi; 1556–1629)

504

Allies (see World War II, Anzio landings)

Allori, Alessandro (1535–1607) 279, 311

Allori, Cristofano (1517–1621) 286, 359

Alum mining 187, 308, 363

Alunno, L’ (Nicolò di Liberatore; 1430–1502)

531, 538, 539, 542, 555, 579, 580, 613,

689

Alviano 579–80

Amatrice 161–62

Ambrogio da Milano (Ambrogio di Antonio

Barocci; 1470–1516) 172, 551

Amelia 577–79

Ammannati, Bartolomeo (1511–92) 72, 174,

279, 319, 337, 344 (Boboli Gardens) 289,

290; (Palazzo Pitti) 285; (Ponte Santa

Trinita) 310

Anagni 211–15

Anchiano 329

Ancona 620–25

Ancus Marcius, King of Rome 25, 112

Andrea d’Assisi (see Ingegno)

Andrea da Bologna (Andrea de Bartoli; fl.

1359–68) 630

Andrea di Bonaiuto (Andrea da Firenze;

1343–77) 302

Andrea da Jesi (Andrea Aquilini;

1492–?1526) 633

Andrea del Castagno (c.1420–57) 274

Andrea di Giusto (fl. 1424–50) 324

Andrea del Sarto (1486–1530) 52, 200, 294,

294, 319, 353, 354, 403

Andreoli, Giorgio (see Mastro Giorgio)

Angela of Foligno, Blessed 539, 566

Angelico, Fra’ (Guido di Pietro; c.1400–55)

INDEX

More detailed or explanatory references (where there any many references listed), or references

to an artist’s masterpiece (in cases where it is not listed by name), are given in bold. Numbers in

italics are picture references. Dates are given for all artists and sculptors. Conjectural or insecure

attributions to artists and sculptors are not indexed.

710 INDEX

80, 92, 102, 318, 361, 403, 405, 494,

586, 588 (Annunciation) 291; (San Marco)

290, 291; (birthplace of) 320; (tomb of)

48

Angelo da Orvieto (fl. 1334–52) 606

Anghiari 387–88; battle of 20, 387

Anguillara Sabazia 186

Annigoni, Pietro (1910–88) 251

Ansedonia 476

Antico, L’ (Pier Jacopo Alari-Bonacolsi;

1460–1528) 281

Antinori, wine producers 469

Antinous 148; (likenesses of) 98, 100, 296

Antipopes 241

Antium, battle of 35, 232

Antonello da Saliba (c.1466–c.1535) 555

Antoniazzo Romano (active 1460–1508) 63,

127, 186, 495, 547

Antrodoco 161

Anzio 230–31; (Anzio landings) 27, 231

Apollo Belvedere 99

Apollodorus of Damascus (2C AD) 622

Appiani, Francesco (1704–92) 533, 578

Aqueducts 15, 105, 137

Aquinas, St Thomas 169, 226, 242, 252,

592

Arcevia 637

Arches, ancient Roman

Arch of Constantine 38

Arch of Drusus 554

Arch of Janus 77

Arch of Trajan 620

Arch of Septimius Severus 34

Arch of Titus 37

Ardea 123

Arezzo 391–99

Ariccia 126

Armanni, Osvaldo (1855–1929) 76

Arnolfo di Cambio (c.1245–1302) 60, 63,

86, 171, 274, 276, 277, 422, 494, 592;

(birthplace of) 380

Arrone 571

Asciano 437–39

Ascoli Piceno 666–71

Aspertini, Amico (1474–1552) 339

Asprucci, Antonio (1723–1808) 70

Assisi 519–32

Astarte, Sanctuary of at Pyrgi 189

Augustus, emperor 14, 26, 35, 37, 40, 45,

488, 670; (head of) 554; (statue of) 58, 98;

(tomb of) 44–45

Ausonia 250

Ausonians 237, 248, 249

Avignon, papacy in 19, 26–27, 83

B

Baccio d’Agnolo (1462–1543) 457, 500

Baccio da Montelupo (1469–1535) 280,

338, 341

Bacciocchi, Elisa, sister of Napoleon 269,

332, 337; (portrait of) 288

Baciccia (Giovanni Battista Gaulli;

1639–1709) 52, 53, 126

Badalocchio, Sisto (1585–c.1619) 67

Badia a Passignano 374

Badia di Coltibuono 372

Baglione, Giovanni (1571–1644) 676

Baglioni family 488, 489, 510, 536

Bagnaia 173–75

Bagni di Lucca 341–42

Bagni di Petriolo 471

Bagno Vignoni 449–50

Bagnoregio 183

Balbi, Filippo (1806–90) 219

Baldassare di Biagio (15C) 338

Baldovinetti, Alesso (1425–99) 353

Balla, Giacomo (1871–1958) 72

Balletta, Il (Francesco d’Antonio; 15C) 170,

172, 196

Bandinelli, Baccio (1493–1560) 277, 278,

281, 289, 290, 345; (tomb of) 294

Bandini, Giovanni (1540–99) 362

Baratta, Francesco (1590–after 1656) 82

Barbarano Romano 172

Barbarossa emperor (see Frederick)

Barbarossa, corsair (see Kheir ed-Din)

Barberi, Giuseppe (c.1749–1809) 186

Barberini and Bernardini tombs, finds from

74

Barberino Val d’Elsa 373

Barbioni, Nicola (1637–88) 606

Barga 342

Barocci, Federico (Il Baroccio; 1526–1612)

103, 498, 645, 646, 648, 649, 674, 676;

(birthplace of) 647

Bartolini, Lorenzo (1777–1850) 290, 337

INDEX 711

Bartolo di Fredi (c.1330–1410) 377, 378,

446, 451, 458

Bartolomei, Enrico (1815–c.1887) 542

Bartolomeo, Fra’ (1475–1517) 172, 291,

336, 340, 365

Bartolomeo di Pietro da Perugia, Fra’ (early

15C) 503

Bartolomeo di Tommaso da Foligno

(b.1408/11) 542, 571

Baruzzi, Cincinnato (1796–1878; pupil of

Canova) 238

Bassano, Leandro (Leandro da Ponte;

1557–1622) 579

Batoni, Pompeo (1708–87) 338, 340

Bazzani, Cesare (1873–1939) 160

Beccafumi, Domenico (1485–1551) 309,

353, 417, 427, 430, 432, 433, 434, 553;

(Siena duomo) 420, 422, 423; (St Michael)

432; (house of) 432

Becket, St Thomas 214; (chasuble of) 674

Belforte del Chienti 682–84

Belisarius, Byzantine general 651

Bellini, Giovanni (c.1435–1516) 103, 643,

652

Belvedere Torso 100

Bencivenni da Mercatello, Antonio (16C)

492, 598, 607, 608

Benedetto da Maiano (1442–97; brother of

Giuliano) 274, 305, 308, 321, 325, 377,

378, 379, 399, 436, 628

Benedict, St 151, 152–53, 155, 251; (birthplace

of) 562; (convent of) 154–55

Benvenuto di Giovanni (1436–c.1518) 428,

436, 441

Bergamini, Alessandro (1676–1711) 344

Bergamini, Giovanni Francesco (late 17C)

344

Berlin Painter (5C BC) 202

Berlinghiero (Berlinghiero Berlinghieri; 13C)

338

Bernabei, Tommaso (see Papacello)

Bernardino of Siena, St 170, 466, 499, 532

Bernardo (late 15C–16C; nephew of Matteo

da Gualdo) 613

Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598–1680) 44, 45,

46, 47, 48, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 58, 70–71,

71, 79, 82, 84, 103, 125, 186, 187, 328,

502, 542, 551, 553; (Ariccia) 126; (bust of

Costanza Bonarelli) 281; (St Peter’s) 84–88;

(works in Siena duomo) 423; (Villa d’Este)

137, 138; (tomb of) 59

Bernini, Pietro (father of Gian Lorenzo;

1562–1629) 70, 71

Berrettini, Filippo (1582–1644; uncle of

Pietro da Cortona) 400

Berrettini, Pietro (see Pietro da Cortona)

Berruguete, Pedro (1450–1506) 643

Bettona 505

Beuys, Joseph (1921–86) 502

Bevagna 544–46

Bevignate, Fra’ (13C–14C) 496

Bibbiena 386

Bicci di Lorenzo (1373–1452) 321, 392

Biduino (late 12C) 339

Bigarelli, Guido (see Guido da Como)

Bimbi, Bartolomeo (1648–1723) 319

Binello, mason (12C) 542, 544

Blera 172; (finds from) 171

Boccaccio, Giovanni 373, 374

Boccati, Giovanni (fl. 1443–80) 494,

682–84, 683

Boccioni, Umberto (1882–1916) 72

Boldini, Giovanni (1842–1931) 327

Bolgheri 468, 469

Bolgi, Andrea (1605–56) 82, 86

Bolsena 180–81, 584

Bomarzo 176–78, 177

Bonaiuto, Andrea di (see Andrea di Bonaiuto)

Bonanno da Pisa (12C) 353

Bonaparte, Elisa (see Bacciocchi)

Bonaparte, Lucien 207

Bonaparte, Napoleon (see Napoleon)

Bonaparte, Pauline (see Borghese)

Bonaventure, St 167, 320

Bonfigli, Benedetto (c.1420–96) 494, 495,

498, 500

Boniface VIII, pope 195, 211–12, 218, 595;

(statues of) 595

Borghese, Cardinal Scipione 50, 70

Borghese, Pauline (Pauline Bonaparte) 70, 343

Borgia, Cesare 95, 660

Borgia, Lucrezia 137, 650, 657

Borgo San Lorenzo 320

Borgo San Sepolcro (see Sansepolcro)

Borgognone, Ambrogio (active 1480–1522)

446

712 INDEX

Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667) 49, 54,

55, 56, 62, 130

Bosco ai Frati, convent of 320

Boscoli, Andrea (1560–1607) 674

Botticelli, Sandro (Alessandro Filipepi;

1445–1510) 282–83, 291, 293, 303, 328

Botticini, Francesco (1446–97) 328, 689

Bracciano 186

Braccio da Montone, condottiere 488, 608,

631, 684

Braccio Fortebraccio, Andrea (see Braccio da

Montone)

Bramante, Donato (1444–1514) 45, 51, 85,

86, 99, 629; (Santa Casa, Loreto) 628;

(Tempietto) 82

Bramantino (Bartolomeo Suardi; 1455–1514)

644, 645

Brandani, Federico (?1525–75) 643, 648,

649, 653

Brandi, Giacinto (1623–91) 126, 203, 630

Bregno, Andrea (late 15C) 423

Bresci, Gaetano, anarchist 260

Bronzino, Agnolo (1503–72) 278, 279, 284,

297, 338, 359

Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377–1446) 274, 281,

293, 298, 325; (Crucifix) 302; (Pazzi

Chapel) 307; (Sacrifice of Isaac) 281; (S.

Spirito) 310; (Spedale degli Innocenti)

293; (bust of) 274; (tomb of) 274

Brunello di Montalcino (see Wine)

Bruno, Giordano 51

Bruschi, Domenico (1840–1910) 544, 579

Brutus, portrait bust 11, 30

Brygos Painter (5C BC) 74

Buggiano (Andrea Cavalcanti; 1412–62;

adopted son of Brunelleschi) 274, 298

Buglioni, Benedetto (1461–1521) 181, 450

Buglioni, Santi (1494–1576) 450

Bulgarini, Bartolomeo (14C) 141, 434, 446

Buonconvento 441

Buontalenti, Bernardo (1531–1608) 139,

283, 290, 319, 320, 359, 362

Burri, Alberto (1915–95) 607

Buscheto, architect (11C) 352; (tomb of) 353

Byron, Lord 22, 342, 511, 573

Byzantine, Byzantines 14, 15, 16, 18, 332,

488, 550, 617, 642, 650

C

Cabot, John 243

Caccini, Giovanni Battista (1559/62–1613)

594

Caci, Giuseppe (17C) 220

Caere (see Cerveteri)

Caetani family 212, 215, 223–24, 241

Cagli 650

Calandrino, Paolo (16C) 141

Calder, Alexander (1898–1976) 555

Callido, Gaetano (1727–1813) 676

Calvaert, Denys (c.1540–1619) 608

Camaino di Crescenzio (1285–after 1325;

father of Tino di Camaino) 420

Camaldoli 384–85

Camassei, Andrea (1602–49) 545

Cambellotti, Duilio (1876–1960) 233

Camillus, Marcus Furius 184–85, 189, 232

Campaldino, battle of 384, 385, 391

Campello Alto 550

Campi 563

Canale Monterano 186

Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canal;

1697–1768) 284

Cancellotti, Gino (1896–1987) 234

Canonica, Pietro (1869–1959) 221

Canova, Antonio (1757–1822) 43, 72, 88,

98, 100, 238, 288, 305, 634; (Pauline

Borghese) 70; (Pius VI) 89; (Venus Italica)

287; (retrieves artworks stolen by the

French) 22, 652

Cansacchi, Stefano (18C) 579

Capalbio 477

Capanna, Puccio (fl. 1335–50) 522, 525,

528, 531, 532

Capitoline Venus 31

Capodimonte 182

Capogrossi, Giuseppe (1900–72) 671

Caporali, Bartolomeo (fl. 1442–99) 495,

498, 513, 608

Caporali, Giovanni Battista (c.1476–1560;

son of Bartolomeo) 499, 514

Capponi, Mattia (late 18C) 633

Caprarola 178–80

Caprese Michelangelo 386

Caracalla, emperor 34; (baths of, see Rome)

Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi;

1571–1610) 31, 41, 50, 56, 80, 103, 284,

286, 475; (Gypsy Fortune-teller) 31;

(Madonna di Loreto) 49–50); (Museo

Borghese) 71; (Penitent Magdalene) 41, 42;

(St Matthew) 49; (St Paul and St Peter) 45

Carboncino, Giovanni (1614–83) 682

Carducci, Giosuè, poet 468

Caro, Annibale (1507–66) 179

Caro, Anthony, Sir (1924–) 555

Carracci, Annibale (1560–1609) 221, 451,

551

Carracci, Ludovico (1555–1619; cousin of

Annibale) 655

Carrara 344–45

Carsulae, ruins of 573–74

Carthage, Carthaginians 10, 189, 512, 649,

654, 656 (see also Hannibal, Punic Wars)

Casamari, abbey of 220–21

Cascia 566–67

Casentino 384–86

Casinum, ruins of 250

Casorati, Felice (1886–1963) 72

Casperia 163

Cassino 250

Cassioli, Amos (1832–91) 438

Cassioli, Giuseppe (1865–1942) 307

Castel d’Asso 172, 173

Castel del Piano 454

Castel Gandolfo 124–25

Castel Porziano 122–23

Castel Sant’Elia 184

Castel San Felice (see San Felice di Narco)

Casteldelci 660

Casteldurante (see Urbania)

Castelli Romani 123ff

Castellina in Chianti 372

Castello di Brolio 372

Castello di Romena 384

Castello Ruspoli (see Vignanello)

Castello di Trebbio 320

Castello di Volpaia 372

Castelluccio 564–65, 564

Castelmuzio 458

Castelnuovo di Garfagnana 342

Castelvecchio Pascoli 342

Castiglione del Lago 510–11

Castiglione d’Orcia 449

Castiglione della Pescaia 473

Castor and Pollux (see Dioscuri)

Castracani, Castruccio, ruler of Lucca 332,

337

Cateau-Cambrésis, treaty of 21, 412

Catherine of Siena, St 27, 435, 436; (body

of) 47; (head of) 436; (portrait of) 436

Caus, Salomon de, engineer 139

Cavaliere d’Arpino (Giuseppe Cesari;

1568–1640; master of Caravaggio) 60,

126, 495

Cavallini, Pietro (active 1250–1330) 31, 79,

80

Cavour, Camillo, statesman 22

Cecilia, St 78

Celestine V, pope 212, 218

Cellini, Benvenuto (1500–71) 277, 280,

281, 289; (tomb of) 295

Cellino di Nese (14C) 326

Cenci, Beatrice 56, 76, 81, 162

Cenni di Francesco (fl. 1395–1415) 366

Cerbonius, St 467

Ceri 188

Cerreto di Spoleto 568

Certaldo 373

Certosa del Galluzzo 318

Cerveteri 188; (finds from) 11, 73, 100

Cesetti, Giuseppe (1902–1990) 197

Cetona 461

Cézanne, Paul (1839–1906) 72

Chadwick, Lynn (1914–2003) 555

Charlemagne, emperor 15, 16, 26, 163, 452,

631, 651, 678

Charles I of Anjou, King of Naples 162, 232,

592

Charles II of Anjou, King of Naples 161

Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor 332, 412

Charles V of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor

20, 21, 27, 162, 412, 472

Charles VIII, King of France 20, 199, 349

Chianti 371ff

Chigi family 126

Chigi, Agostino 81

Chigi, Fabio (see Alexander VII)

Chimaera, Etrsucan bronze 11, 295

Chini, Chino and Galileo (1870–1957;

1873–1956; brothers) 320, 343

Chirico, Giorgio de (1888–1978) 44, 72,

677

Chiusdino 471

INDEX 713

714 INDEX

Chiusi 459–61; (finds from) 295, 296, 503,

591

Christianity, advent of 14

Cialdieri Girolamo (1593–1680) 647

Cicero 232, 246; (‘tomb of’) 247; (villas of)

37, 131, 230

Cigoli (Ludovico Cardi; 1559–1613) 286,

340, 359, 381

Cimabue (Cenni di Peppi; c.1240–1302)

272, 282, 353, 396, 525, 526; (Crucifix)

308; (portrait of St Francis) 534

Cingoli 684

Ciociara, La, film 211, 247

Ciociaria region 211ff

Cioli, Raffaello da Settignano (fl. 1522–25)

365

Circe, enchantress 234

Circignani, Antonio (son of Niccolò;

c.1570–1630) 515, 516

Circignani, Niccolò (see Pomarancio)

Cirelli, Vittorio (16C) 608

Citerna 607–08

Città di Castello 605–07

Città della Pieve 514–16

Cittaducale 161

Civita di Bagnoregio 183

Civita Castellana 183–84; (finds from) 74

Civitali, Matteo (c.1435–1501) 332, 334,

336, 339, 340, 341, 353; (burial place of)

339

Civitali, Vincenzo (1523–97; grandson of

Matteo) 340

Clare, St 521, 530, 532, 566; (basilica of)

531–32

Clare of Montefalco, St 547, 566

Claude (Claude Gellée, known as Claude

Lorrain; 1600–82) 41

Clement V, pope 26

Clement VII, pope (Giulio de’ Medici) 27,

60, 298, 594, 595, 620; (portrait of) 284;

(tomb of) 47

Clement VII, antipope 241

Clitunno, Fonti del 549–50

Clitunno, Tempietto del 549

Clusium (see Chiusi)

Cola dell’Amatrice (Nicola Filotesio;

?1480–1559) 162, 666, 667, 669, 670

Colle di Val d’Elsa 380–81

Collecchio, castle ruins 475

Colonna, Angelo Michele (1430–1511) 288

Colonna family 212, 241

Colonna, Marcantonio 43, 243

Columella (Lucius Junius Moderatus, Roman

writer) 150

Communes (comuni), free cities of medieval

Italy 17, 18

Conca, Giovanni (fl. 1706–54; brother of

Sebastiano) 645

Conca, Sebastiano (1679–1764) 244, 340,

555

Conradin, last of the Hohenstaufen 232

Consagra, Pietro (1920–2005) 555

Consorti, Paolo (b.1964) 672

Constantia, daughter of Constantine 14,

100, 104

Constantine, emperor 26, 63, 145, 536;

(arch of) 38; (‘Donation’ of) 16; (statue of)

30, 62

Consulus, Magister (13C) 154, 155

Contigliano 164

Coppo di Marcovaldo (fl. 1261–75) 305,

325, 378, 433

Corbusier, Le (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-

Gris; 1887–1965) 234

Corgna, Ascanio della 510, 511, 515

Cori 221

Corinaldo 636–37

Corpus Christi, festival of 584–85, 586

Correggio (Antonio Allegri; 1489–1534)

71

Corsi, Domenico (fl. 1559) 570

Cortona 399–405

Cosa, ancient town 13, 477

Cosmati, Giacomo (1210–43) 154

Cossignano 672

Costa, Vincenzo (fl. 1899–1904) 76

Cottanello 163

Counter-Reformation 20–21

Cozzarelli, Guidoccio (1450–1516/17) 451

Cresti, Domenico (see Passignano)

Criscuolo, Giovan Filippo (1500–84) 244

Cristofanello (Giovanni Battista di Cristofano

Infregliati; early 16C) 402, 403, 405

Crivelli, Carlo (1430–1500) 623, 643, 667,

674, 676; (St Emygdius polyptych) 666,

667

INDEX 715

Crivelli, Vittore (1440–1502; brother of

Carlo) 643, 682, 689

Crocifisso del Tufo 10, 596; (finds from) 590

Cupola, La, chapel 373

Cupra Marittima 672

Cupramontana 632–33

Curiatii, Latin clan 125–26

Curius Dentatus, Manius 573

Curradi, Francesco (1570–1661) 365

Cyclopean walls 216, 217–18, 221, 234, 473

Cyriacus of Ancona, St 394, 623

D

Daddi, Bernardo (c.1312–48) 279, 282, 293,

305, 325

Daddi, Cosimo (d.1630) 366

Damiani, Felice (1530–1608) 609

Daniele da Volterra (Daniele Ricciarelli;

1509–66) 97, 340, 368

Dante (Dante Alighieri) 19, 378, 384, 385,

635, 658; (cenotaph of) 305

Danti, Vincenzo (1530–76) 279, 498

David, statues of (by Donatello) 281; (by

Michelangelo) 273, 277, 292; (by

Verrocchio) 281

Degas, Edgar (1834–1917) 72

Dennis, George, Etruscologist 12, 22, 199,

205, 479

Depero, Fortunato (1892–1960) 677

Deruta 505

Diamante, Fra’ (c.1430–after 1498) 551

Diana, Sanctuary of at Nemi 127

Dickens, Charles 450

Diocletian, emperor 14, 26, 65; (baths of, see

Rome)

Dioscuri, mythical twins (Castor and Pollux)

36; (statues of) 30, 54

Diotisalvi, architect (12C) 355

Doceno, il (Cristofano Gherardi; 1508–56)

607

Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri;

1581–1641) 53, 67, 80, 103, 131, 365, 655

Domenico di Agostino (d.before 1369) 468

Domenico di Bartolo (c.1400–45) 428, 430

Domenico di Niccolò dei Cori

(c.1362–before 1453) 417, 446

Domenico del Tasso (active 1563–85) 492,

498

Domitian, emperor, villa of 235

Donatello (Donato di Niccolà di Betto Bardi;

c.1386–1466) 31, 89, 274, 275, 276, 277,

281, 279, 280, 281, 297, 298, 307, 322,

324, 361, 420, 422, 425, 428, 458;

(Crucifix) 307; (David) 281; (Feast of

Herod) 428; (Mary Magdalene) 276; (pulpits

in San Lorenzo) 297; (St George) 279,

281; (St John the Baptist) 423 (St Louis of

Toulouse) 308; (monument to) 297

Doni, Dono (?1501–75) 505, 530, 538, 542,

545, 611

Dotti, Antonio (18C) 554

Dottori, Gerardo (b.1884) 502

Dragut, corsair 248

Duccio di Buoninsegna (c.1255–1319) 285,

414, 425, 426, 429, 494; (Maestà)

425–26, 427; (Rucellai Madonna) 282;

(house of) 432

Duchamp, Marcel (1887–1968) 72

Dunarobba 580

Dupré, Giovanni (1817–82) 433

Duquesnoy, François (1597–1643) 86, 87

Dyck, Sir Anthony van (1599–1641) 80,

103, 284

Dying Gaul 31

E

Elba, island 481–82

Eleanor of Toledo, wife of Cosimo I de’

Medici 279, 285, 288, 289, 359

Elias, Friar (Elias of Cortona; c.1180–1253)

404, 521

Empoli (Jacopo Chimenti; 1551–1640) 359,

449

Empoli, town 328

Enrico Alemanno (15C) 686

Eremo delle Carceri 532

Est! Est!! Est!!! (see Wine)

Este, Cardinal Ippolito II 137, 141, 145

Etruria, Etruscan, Etruscans 9–12, 77, 130,

206, 263, 469, 472, 574, 633

Etruscan Confederation, general 263; twelve

cities of (Arezzo) 391; (Cerveteri) 188;

(Chiusi) 459; (Cortona) 400; (Fiesole) 318;

(Orvieto) 584; (Perugia) 488; (Tarquinia)

201; (Veio) 189; (Volterra) 363

Etruscan kings (see Rome, kings of)

716 INDEX

Etruscan language 189, 503, 611

Etruscan musems (Cortona) 400–02;

(Chiusi) 460–61; (Florence) 295; (Massa

Marittima) 467; (Montepulciano) 457;

(Orvieto) 590–91; (Rome) 72–74;

(Tarquinia) 201–02; (Tuscania) 200;

(Vatican) 100–102; (Viterbo) 171;

(Volterra) 367

Etruscan roads (see Vie Cave)

Etruscan sites (Blera) 172; (Castel d’Asso)

172, 173; (Cerveteri) 188; (Chiusi) 460,

461; (Crocifisso del Tufo) 596; (Murlo-

Poggio Civitate) 441; (Norchia) 172–73;

(Populonia) 468–69; (Pyrgi) 188; (Roselle)

473; (San Giuliano) 172; (Sodo) 406;

(Sovana) 479; (Tarquinia-Monterozzi)

204–05, 206; (Tomb of the Volumnii) 504;

(Tuscania) 195, 200; (Veio) 189–90;

(Vetulonia) 473; (Volsinii) 181; (Vulci)

206–07

Eugenius IV, pope 673

Eusebio da San Giorgio (1465/70–after

1540) 504, 533, 538

Evelyn, John 44, 129, 130

Expressionist Master of St Clare (13C) 532

F

Falcini, Mariano (late 19C) 404

Falerii Novi 183, 184

Falerii Veteres 183; (finds from) 184

Faliscan, Falisci 9, 74, 183

Fancelli, Giovanni (late 16C) 289

Fano 654–56

Fantino, il (Ascensidonio Spacca;

1557–1646) 542, 545, 547

Fanum Voltumnae (see Voltumna)

Farfa, abbey of 162–63, 678, 685

Farnese, Alessandro (see Paul III)

Farnese family 178, 179

Farnese, Giulia 182

Fascism, Fascists 27

Fascist (Rationalist) architecture 232–33,

234

Fattori, Giovanni (1825–1908) 287, 288,

362

Federighi, Antonio (c.1420–90) 417, 423,

431, 433, 585

Fenzoni, Ferraù (1562–1645) 597, 599

Ferdinand IV, King of Naples 258, 260

Ferentino 217–18

Ferento, ruins of 183; (finds from) 171

Fermignano 649

Fermo 672–75

Ferrari, Ettore (1848–1929) 72

Ferrata, Ercole (1610–86) 423

Ferrucci del Tadda, Francesco (1497–1585)

292, 303

Ferrucci, Andrea (1425–1526) 365

Ficherelli, Felice (1868–1928) 310

Fiesole 318

Fina, St 377

Fiorenzo di Lorenzo (1445–1522) 494, 495,

504, 505

Firenzuola 321

Fiuggi 218

Flaminius, Gaius, Roman consul 159, 511,

512

Florence 269ff; (art of) 272–73; (Council of)

20, 393; (history of) 13, 269

Baptistery 275–76, 276

Bargello 280–81

Boboli Gardens 289–90

Brancacci Chapel 311–12

Casa Buonarroti 309

Corridoio Vasariano 284

David 292

Duomo 274–75

François Vase 296

Galleria dell’Accademia 292

Laurentian Library 298

Medici Chapels 298–99

Medici Venus 283–84

Mercato Nuovo 316

Museo Archeologico 295–97

Museo dell’Opera del Duomo 276

Museo dell’Opificio delle Pietre Dure 292

Museo Horne 309

Ognissanti 302–03

Orsanmichele 279–80

Palazzo Medici-Riccardi 299–300

Palazzo Pitti 285–88

Palazzo Rucellai 304

Palazzo Strozzi 303–04

Palazzo Vecchio 277–79

Pazzi Chapel 307

Pazzi Conspiracy 308

INDEX 717

Florence contd.

Piazza della Signoria 277

Ponte Santa Trinita 310

Ponte Vecchio 309

SS. Annunziata 294

S. Croce 304–08

S. Felicita 310

S. Lorenzo 297–99

S. Marco 290–91

S. Maria Novella 300–02

S. Miniato 312–13

S. Spirito 310–11

S. Trinita 303

Spedale degli Innocenti 293

Uffizi 282–85

Floriani, Pompeo (1545–1600) 684

Foggini, Giovanni Battista (1652–1725) 286,

288, 292, 294, 300, 307, 353, 359

Folchetti, Stefano (fl. 1492–1513) 687, 689

Folchi, Clemente, engineer 143

Foligno 539–43

Fondi 240–42

Fontana, Carlo (1634–1714) 45, 85, 449

Fontana, Domenico (1543–1607; nephew of

Carlo Maderno) 44, 45, 55, 60, 62, 63

Fontana, Giovanni (1540–1614; brother of

Domenico) 128

Fontana, Girolamo (17C; nephew of Carlo)

130

Fontana, Luigi (1827–1908) 578, 671, 677

Fonte Colombo, convent 160

Foresta, La, convent 161

Formia 246–47

Forte dei Marmi 343

Fortini, Davide (16C) 289

Fortuna, Sanctuary of at Palestrina 13,

134–36

Forum Appii 233

Forzorio, Alessandro (fl. 1564–86) 608

Foschi, Giovan Battista (17C) 681

Fossanova, abbey of 224–26

Fossombrone 656

Fra’ Diavolo, outlaw 240, 247

Francavilla, Pietro (1548–1615) 358, 359,

396, 594

France, French (16C–17C) 20; (19C) 27;

(Napoleonic) 27, 186, 240, 288, 433, 488,

620, 642, 657, 666, 675 (see also Napoleon)

Francesca da Polenta (see Paolo and

Francesca)

Franceschini, Baldassare (Il Volterrano;

1611–89) 368

Francesco di Valdambrino (c.1380–1435)

328, 337, 338, 360, 378, 413, 437, 449,

450

Franciabigio (Francesco di Cristofano Bigi;

1482–1525) 294, 319

Francis, St 79, 80, 155, 160–61, 386, 406,

513, 521, 530, 532, 533, 580, 658; (basilica

of) 521–28; (cell where died) 533; (letter

of) 551; (miraculous Crucifix of) 532;

(portrait of) 534; (relics of) 532; (tomb of)

519, 523

Francis I, King of France 20, 27, 94, 284

Francis II, King of Naples 243, 247

François Vase 296

Franks 15, 18, 550 (see also Pepin,

Charlemagne)

Frascati 127–30 (see also Wine)

Frazer, Sir James 127

Frederick I, Barbarossa, Holy Roman

Emperor 17, 19, 131, 167, 417

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor 17, 167,

245, 511, 530, 536, 545, 546, 631, 632,

666, 674; (possible portrait of) 221

Fregene 122

Frezzotti, Oriolo (1888–1965) 232, 233

Frosino, Luca (fl. 15C–16C) 658

Fuga, Ferdinando (1699–1781) 55, 59, 78

Fugger, bishop Johannes 182

Fumone 218

Fungai, Bernadino (1460–1516) 430, 432,

434, 435

G

Gabicce Mare 657

Gaddi, Agnolo (active 1369–96; son of

Taddeo) 285, 305, 313, 324, 498

Gaddi, Taddeo (c.1300–66) 293, 305, 308,

309, 313, 385

Gaeta 22, 27, 243–46

Gaiole in Chianti 372

Galganus, St 470–71

Galilei, Alessandro (1691–1736) 62

Galileo (Galileo Galilei) 355, 573; (monument

to) 307

718 INDEX

Gambara, Cardinal Giovanni Francesco 174

Gardens, general 129, 139; (Caprarola) 179;

(Villa Aldobrandini) 128–30; (Villa

Buonaccorsi) 678; (Villa di Castello) 319;

(Villa d’Este) 138–39; (Villa Gamberaia)

318; (Villa Lante) 174–75

Garfagnana region 342

Garibaldi, Giuseppe 22, 27, 474

Gatta, Bartolomeo della (1448–1502) 398,

399, 403

Gattamelata, condottiere, birthplace of 576

Gattapone (Matteo di Giovannelli; d.after

1376) 553, 609, 610

Gauls 473, 574, 633

Gavi, island of 259

Gemignani, Giacinto (1611–81) 515

Genga 634

Genga, Bartolomeo (son of Girolamo;

1516–59) 649

Genga, Girolamo (1476–1551) 642, 648,

649

Genoa, Genoese 349, 357

Gentile da Fabriano (c.1370–1427) 127,

361, 494, 585, 617; (Adoration of the Magi)

282; (Palazzo Trinci) 541

Gerini, Lorenzo di Niccolò (fl. 1400–20; son

of Niccolò di Pietro) 405

Gerini, Niccolò di Pietro (fl. 1368–1415)

394

Germanicus, statue of 577

Gherardesca, Count Ugolino della 359

Gherardi, Antonio (d.1702) 611

Ghibellines (see Guelphs)

Ghiberti, Lorenzo (1378–1455) 274, 279,

280, 281, 327; (Florence Baptistery) 275,

276, 276; (Sacrifice of Isaac) 281; (Siena

font) 428; (tomb of) 307

Ghini, Simone (1407–91) 62

Ghirlandaio, Davide (1451–1525; brother of

Domenico) 374

Ghirlandaio, Domenico (Domenico di Tasso

Bigordi; 1449–94) 279, 293, 301–02, 302,

303, 336, 368, 374, 377, 378, 576

Ghissi, Francescuccio di Cecco (fl. 1359–95)

670

Giacinto, Corrado (c.1699–1765) 545

Giacometti, Alberto (1901–66) 11, 72

Giacomo da Recanati (1390–1466) 629

Giambologna (Jean Boulogne; 1529–1608)

277, 278, 279, 281, 290, 293, 302, 336,

353; (Mercury) 280; (Rape of the Sabines)

277; (tomb of) 294

Giambono, Michele (1420–62) 655

Giannicola di Paolo (c.1460–1544) 493,

503, 515, 597

Giglio, island of 476

Ginesius, Lucius, early martyr 686

Giordano, Luca (1632–1705) 244, 300

Giorgetti, Giacomo (1603–79) 529

Giorgio da Como (early 13C) 674

Giosafatti family (17C) 670

Giosafatti, Giuseppe (1643–1731) 671

Giotto (Giotto di Bondone; 1266/7–1337)

63, 102, 272, 274, 275, 304, 305, 320,

414, 661; (Crucifix) 301; (Maestà) 282;

(Peruzzi chapel frescoes) 305; (St Stephen)

309; (works in Assisi) 522, 525, 526, 527;

(birthplace of) 320; (bust of) 274

Giovanni Battista da Lugano (d.1538) 688

Giovanni di Agostino (c.1310–after 1347)

457, 471

Giovanni di Asciano 453

Giovanni di Bonino di Assisi (fl. 1324–45)

586

Giovanni da Cascia, musician 566

Giovanni di Corraduccio (early 15C) 541,

547

Giovanni del Duca (d.1566) 138

Giovanni da Gubbio (12C) 530

Giovanni da Milano (fl. 1350–69) 293, 307

Giovanni di Paolo (1399–1482) 102, 415,

428, 430, 431, 434, 445, 451; (portrait of

St Bernardino) 458

Giovanni da San Giovanni (1592–1636) 288,

365

Giovanni di Simone (13C) 354, 356

Giovanni di Stefano (active 1366–91) 62

Giovanni di Stefano (1443–c.1506; son of

Sassetta) 420, 423, 436

Giovanni Tedesco (late 15C) 562

Giovanni di Turino (c.1385–1455; son of

Turino di Sano) 417, 428

Giovanni da Udine (1487–1564) 81

Giovanni da Verona, Fra’ (c.1457–1525)

441

Giove 579

INDEX 719

Girolamo (15C–16C; son of Matteo da

Gualdo) 613

Girolamo di Benvenuto (1470–1524) 435

Girolamo del Pacchia (1477–after 1533) 434

Giuliano di Baccio d’Agnolo (d.1555) 380

Giuliano da Maiano (1432–90; brother of

Benedetto) 279, 308, 377, 435, 498, 612

Giuliano da Rimini (fl. 1307–46) 634, 675

Giulio Romano (Giulio Pippi; c.1492–1546)

81, 92, 94

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 22, 44, 51,

240, 519, 553

Gola del Furlo 649

Gola del Nera 687

Gola dell’Infernaccio 689

Goro di Gregorio (fl. 1324–43) 467

Gothic Line 321

Goths 14, 26, 67, 68, 105, 236, 332, 459,

631, 642, 648, 654

Gozzoli, Benozzo (1420–97) 102, 222, 328,

365, 495, 546, 547, 570, 576, 586;

(Chapel of the Magi) 299–300; (frescoes in

San Gimignano) 379; (Life of St Francis

frescoes) 546

Grada, Raffaelle de (1885–1957) 380

Gradara 656–57

Grand Dukes of Tuscany 269, 285, 359, 658

Grassi, Orazio (1583–1654) 54

Great Schism 20, 27, 241

Grecchi, Marcantonio (1573–1651) 538

Greccio 160

Greco, Emilio (1913–95) 234–35, 585, 590

Gregory I, pope (the Great) 15, 66, 82, 152,

153

Gregory II, pope 185

Gregory IV, pope 112, 122

Gregory VII, pope 26

Gregory X, pope 167; (tomb of) 396

Gregory XIII, pope 130, 138

Gregory XVI, pope 142

Greve in Chianti 372

Grosseto 472–73

Grottaferrata 131

Gruamonte (12C) 327, 328

Gualberto, St Giovanni 374

Gualdo Tadino 612–13

Gualtieri, Fernando (1919–) 660

Guardi, Francesco (1712–92) 284

Gubbio 13, 608–12

Guelphs and Ghibellines 17, 18–19, 19

Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri;

1591–1666) 52, 340, 555, 624, 629, 655,

658, 681

Guerrieri, Giovanni Francesco (1589–1657)

648, 656

Guglielmo da Pisa, Fra’ (Agnelli;

1256–c.1312) 328

Guglielmo da Venezia (14C) 629

Guido d’Arezzo, musician 391

Guido da Como (13C) 327, 334, 340, 356

Guido di Palmeruccio (active 1315–49) 609

Guido da Siena (late 13C) 429, 436, 473

Guillaume de Marcillat (fl. c.1505–29) 310,

396, 398, 405

Guinigi family 339

Guttuso, Renato (1912–87) 72, 285

H

Hadrian, emperor 137; (architecture by) 38,

47, 143 143; (head of) 541; (mausoleum

of) 82; (villa of at Tivoli) 143–49; (finds

from villa) 98; (Temple of) 54

Hadrian IV, pope 211

Handel, Georg Friedrich 176

Hannibal, Carthaginian general 13, 26, 511,

512, 550 (see also Lakes, Trasimene, battle

of)

Hare, Augustus 112

Hasdrubal, Carthaginian general 656

Hayez, Francesco (1791–1882) 674

Helen, St 63, 100, 623

Helvia Ricina, ancient city 675, 677–78;

(finds from) 676

Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor 353

Henry, Prince of Cornwall 169, 595

Hohenstaufen dynasty 17, 19, 232

Holy Roman Empire, history of 15, 16–17,

26

Holy Year, first 19

Horace 233, 240; (Sabine farm of) 149, 151

Horatii, Roman clan 125–26

Houdon, Jean-Antoine (1741–1828) 57

Howells, William Dean 130

Hutton, Edward 375

Huxley, Aldous 343, 387, 435

720 INDEX

I

Ibi, Sinibaldo (c.1475–after 1548) 611

Iguvine Tables 13, 609, 611

Ilario da Viterbo (14C–15C) 533

Impruneta 322

Incisa della Rochetta, Mario 469

Indrimi, Lorenzo (20C) 235

Ingegno, L’ (fl. 1484–1516; pupil of

Perugino) 492, 528

Innocent II, pope 349

Innocent III, pope 19, 521

Innocent X, pope (Giovanni Battista

Pamphilj) 49, 84, 180; (portrait of) 41

Innocenzo da Petralia, Fra’ (17C) 628

Isaac Master (13C) 527

Isola Maggiore (Trasimene) 512–13

Isola Minore (Trasimene) 513

Isola Polvese (Trasimene) 513

Italian hours 124

Itri 247

J

Jacobello del Fiore (1370–1439) 652, 673

Jacometti, Ignazio (1819–83) 59

Jacopo del Casentino (c.1300–49) 313

Jacopo di Cione (fl. c.1360–98; brother of

Orcagna) 282, 293

Jacopo del Duca (1520–1604) 179

Jacopo di Mino del Pellicciaio

(c.1315/20–96) 516

Jacopo della Quercia (1371/4–1438) 336,

337, 339, 377, 388, 413, 425, 428 (Fonte

Gaia) 429; (Siena font) 428; (tomb of Ilaria

del Carretto)

Jacopone da Todi 600

James, Henry 334, 355

Jesi 631–32

Jews, Jewish monuments 76, 120–21, 241,

357, 361, 362, 433, 478, 625, 654

Joos van Ghent (fl. 1471–80) 611, 643

Joseph of Cupertino, St 630

Julia, daughter of Augustus 260

Julius Caesar 26, 35, 39, 52, 189, 269; (bust

of) 98; (head of) 554

Julius II, pope (Giuliano della Rovere) 27,

85, 92, 95, 98, 99, 647; (monument to)

669; (statue of) 498; (tomb of) 40–41, 278

Julius III, pope 72, 137, 510

Jupiter Anxurus, temple of 240

Jupiter Capitolinus, temple of (see Rome)

Justinian, Byzantine emperor 332

Juvarra, Filippo (1676–1736) 337, 341

K

Kasteele, Frans van de (d.1615) 222, 538

Keats, John 44

Kesselring, Field Marshal Albrecht 127

Kheir ed-Din, corsair 241, 475

Klimt, Gustav (1862–1918) 72

Kostabi, Mark (b.1960) 672

Kounellis, Jannis (1936–) 72

L

Labro 161

Ladispoli 122

Lakes

Albano 124, 125

Bolsena 181–82

Bracciano 185–86

Burano 477

Fondi 240

Martignano 186

Piediluco 573

Pilato 690

Trasimene 509–13, 509; (battle of) 13,

511–12

Vico 173

Lamberti, Niccolò di Pietro (c.1370–1451)

280

Lammari 341

Landi, Neroccio di Bartolomeo (1447–1500)

458, 481

Lanfranco, Giovanni (1581–1647) 53

Laocoön 99, 101; (by Baccio Bandinelli) 284

Laparelli, Francesco (1521–70) 401, 402

Lars Porsena, King of Clusium 77, 459, 509;

(tomb of) 461

Lars Sentinates, tomb of 461, 461

Larthia Seianti, tomb of 295, 296

Lasinio, Carlo (1759–1838) 358

Lateran Treaty 22, 61, 90

Latin, Latins 9, 123, 124, 125, 201

Latina 232–33

Latini, Giambattista (19C) 682

Lattanzio di Niccolò (fl. 1480–1527; son of

L’Alunno) 542

INDEX 721

Laurana, Francesco (fl. 1458–1502) 281

Laurana, Luciano (1420–79; cousin of

Francesco) 642, 652

Lavinium, ruins of 123

Lawrence, D.H. 12, 206

Lazio 23ff

Lazzaretti, Davide 454

Lazzarini, Giovanni (1710–1801) 337

Lega, Silvestro (1826–95) 288

Leggi, Michelangelo (d.1544) 403

Lentils 565

Leo III, pope 15, 16

Leo X, pope (Giovanni de’ Medici) 21, 27,

85, 92, 94, 297, 319, 386, 637, 642; (portrait

of) 284; (tomb of) 47

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) 103, 273,

283, 510; (birthplace of) 329

Leonessa 161

Leopardi, Giacomo, poet 630, 677

Leopardi, Marcello (d.1795/6) 542

Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany 472

Lepanto, battle of 21, 243

Liberale da Verona (1451–1536) 460

Licenza 151

Licini, Osvaldo (1894–1958) 671, 677

Lido di Ostia 122

Ligorio, Pirro (c.1500–83) 85, 91, 137, 138,

145, 176

Ligozzi, Jacopo (1547–1627) 359

Lilli, Andrea (fl. 1571–1631) 623, 625

Lippi, Filippino (son of Filippo; 1457–1504)

47, 293, 302, 310, 334, 378, 553

(Brancacci Chapel) 312

Lippi, Fra’ Filippo (c.1406–69) 102, 286,

297, 325; (Life of the Virgin frescoes) 551;

(frescoes in Prato) 324; (self-portrait) 551;

(tomb of) 551

Lippo di Benivieni (14C) 321

Liszt, Franz 137, 357

Littoria (see Latina)

Liutprand, Lombard king 185

Livorno 361–63

Lombards 15, 16, 18, 26, 132, 180, 183,

201, 349, 412, 448, 455, 459, 469, 514,

536, 550, 631, 642; (see also Spoleto, duchy

of)

Lomi, Aurelio (1556–1622) 340

Longhi, Martino the Elder (d.1591) 53, 130

Loren, Sofia 211

Lorentino d’ Andrea (Lorentino d’ Arezzo;

1430–1506) 394

Lorenzetti, Ambrogio (c.1290–c.1348) 282,

321, 414–15, 429, 431, 433, 434, 471

(Allegory of Good and Bad Government) 419;

(Madonna del Latte) 434; (Maestà) 468

Lorenzetti, Pietro (c.1280–c.1348; brother of

Ambrogio) 102, 282, 395, 403, 414–15,

429, 433, 449; (Birth of the Virgin) 426;

(Madonna and Child) 446; (works in Assisi)

525, 526

Lorenzetti, Ugolino (active 1320–60) 340

Lorenzetto (Lorenzo Lotti; 1490–1541) 46

Lorenzi, Battista (c.1527–94) 353

Lorenzo d’Alessandro (fl. 1462–1503) 689

Lorenzo Monaco (Fra’ Lorenzo degli Angioli;

c.1370–1425) 282, 293, 303, 305, 328

Lorenzo da Viterbo (c.1444–72) 171

Loreto 626–29

Lorraine, house of 22

Lotto, Lorenzo (1480–1556) 623, 629, 629,

631, 685; (Annunciation) 629–30;

(Crucifixion) 679, 679

Luca di Tommé (fl. 1356–89) 451

Lucardo 374

Lucca 332–41

Ludovisi Throne 51

Lugnano in Teverina 579

Luiano 374

M

Maccarone, Curzio (mid-16C) 138, 141

Macchiaioli School (mid-19C) 22, 72, 288

Macerata 675–77

Machiavelli, Niccolò 279, 299, 321, 510;

(tomb of) 306

Maderno, Carlo (1556–1629; uncle of

Domenico Fontana) 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 85,

86, 87, 124, 503, 554; (Villa Aldobrandini)

128

Maderno, Stefano (1576–1636) 79

Madonna di Macereto, sanctuary of 688

Maestro di Cesi (13C–14C) 555

Maestro di Eggi (15C) 571

Maestro della Maddalena (13C) 385

Maestro di Sant’Alò (late 13C–early 14C)

555

722 INDEX

Maestro di Tressa (early 13C) 426

Maffei, family, woodcarvers (16C) 609

Magistris, Giovanni Andrea de (fl. 1529–55)

689

Magistris, Simone de (1534–1612) 682, 686,

687

Magliano in Toscana 481

Magnus, St 214

Maidalchini-Pamphilj, Donna Olimpia 180,

580

Mainardi, Sebastiano (d.1513) 379

Maitani, Ambrogio (active 1317–46; brother

of Lorenzo) 516

Maitani, Lorenzo (1270/75–1330) 502, 516,

585

Malatesta family 654, 655, 656, 658; (tombs

of) 656

Mancini, Antonio (1852–1930) 655

Manenti, Vincenzo (17C) 160

Manetti, Antonio (1423–97) 313

Manetti, Rutilio (1571–1639) 338, 340, 434,

435

Mann, Thomas 132

Mantegna, Andrea (1431–1506) 629

Manzù, Giacomo (Giacomo Manzoni;

1908–91) 123, 677

Maratta, Carlo (1625–1713) 645, 674, 676

Marche 617ff

Marcite region 565

Marconi, Guglielmo 91

Marcus Aurelius, emperor 44; (column of)

43; (head of) 51; (statue of) 30, 31

Maremma, Tuscan 471–77

Margaret of Cortona, St 404

Margaritone di Arezzo (c.1216–90) 398, 457

Marina dei Ronchi 343

Marino di Elemosina (12C) 494

Mariotto di Nardo (fl. 1394–1424) 503

Maritime Pentapolis 18, 620, 651, 654

Marius, Roman general 26, 249, 550

Marmore, Cascata delle 571–73, 572

Marrina, il (Lorenzo di Mariano; 1476–1534)

423

Marti, Francesco (late 15C) 337

Martin V, pope (Oddone Colonna) 27, 43,

617; (tomb of) 62

Martini, Francesco di Giorgio (1439–1520)

405, 423, 430, 431, 495, 611, 642, 645,

648, 650, 659, 660; (palace at Urbino)

642, 643

Martini, Simone (c.1284–1344) 102, 282,

321, 360, 414, 429, 589; (Maestà) 418;

(works in Assisi) 522, 524, 525

Masaccio (Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di

Mone; 1401–28) 272, 309; (Brancacci

Chapel) 312; (Trinity) 301

Mascherino (Ottaviano Nonni; 1524–1606)

55, 130

Maso di Banco (fl. 1341–46) 305, 311

Maso di Bartolomeo (1405–56) 274, 323,

324, 642, 645

Masolino da Panicale (Tommaso Fini;

1383–c.1440) 64, 65, 328, 600; (Brancacci

Chapel) 312; (birthplace of) 514

Massa 344

Massa Marittima 466–68

Massaciuccoli 344

Masson, Georgina 176, 678

Massys, Quinten (1465–1530) 41

Master of Badia a Isola (fl. late 13C) 380

Master of the Buonconvento Cross

(1300–30) 441

Master of Cabestany (12C) 452

Master of Città di Castello (14C) 607

Master of the Gardner Annunciation (see Pier

Matteo d’Amelia)

Master of Montemerano (late 15C) 481

Master of the Osservanza (14C–15C) 415,

430, 446; (Birth of the Virgin) 437–38, 438

Master of Panzano (15C) 372

Master of Pratovecchio (15C) 384

Master of Sant’Agata (13C) 312

Master of St Clare (see Expressionist Master)

Master of St Francis (fl. 1260–80) 392, 494,

522, 526

Master of the Strauss Madonna (fl.

c.1390–1420) 320

Master of the Terni Dormition (late

14C–early 15C) 567, 571

Master of the Triumph of Death (fl.

1360–80) 357

Mastro Giorgio (Giorgio Andreoli;

1465/70–1552) 609, 611

Mater Matuta, Temple of at Satricum 232

Matteo di Giovanni (c.1435–95) 387, 422,

428, 430, 433, 434, 436, 445

INDEX 723

Matteo da Gualdo (b.c.1435) 528, 612, 613

Mattiacci, Eliseo (1940–) 650

Mauruzi, Niccolò, condottiere 681, 682

Maxentius, emperor 37, 104, 394

Mazzini, Giuseppe 22, 245, 359

Mazzuoli, Francesco (d.1670) 402

Mazzuoli, Giuseppe (1644–1725) 449

Medici family, general 187, 269, 277, 300

Medici, Anna Maria Luisa de’ 317

Medici, Cosimo de’ (il Vecchio) 20, 269,

277, 281, 290, 291, 299, 300, 320; (tomb

of) 297

Medici, Cosimo I 21, 269, 278, 282, 300,

319, 358, 360, 433, 459; (bas-relief of)

103; (bust of) 280; (monument to) 277;

(pietre dure portrait of) 292; (portrait of)

338; (tomb of) 298

Medici, Ferdinando I 278, 361, 396; (monument

to) 362; (statues of) 293, 359

Medici, Francesco I 278, 319; (tomb of) 298

Medici, Giovanni di Bicci de’ 298, 300

Medici, Giovanni de’ (see Leo X)

Medici, Don Giovanni de’ 298, 359, 362,

434

Medici, Giuliano de’ (brother of Lorenzo the

Magnificent) 308

Medici, Giuliano de’ (Duke of Nemours) 299

Medici, Giulio de’ (see Clement VII)

Medici, Lorenzo de’ (the Magnificent) 269,

274, 291, 308, 319, 363, 456, 551

Medici, Lorenzo de’ (Duke of Urbino)

298–99, 660

Medici, Piero de’ (il Gottoso) 269, 299; (bust

of) 281

Medici, Piero de’ 300

Medici Venus 283–84

Mei, Bernardino (1612–76) 434

Meier, Richard (1934–) 44

Melanzio, Francesco (fl. 1487–1524) 547

Mello da Gubbio (fl. 1330–60) 609, 611

Meloria, battle of 349, 359

Melozzo da Forlì (1438–94) 628

Memling, Hans (c.1435–94) 43

Memmi, Lippo (fl. 1317–47; brother-in-law

of Simone Martini) 360, 378, 379, 414,

429, 586

Memmo di Filipuccio (fl. 1294–1324; father

of Lippo Memmi) 373, 378, 380

Mengaroni, Ferruccio (d.1925) 652

Meo del Caprina (late 15C) 40

Meo di Guido da Siena (fl. 1319–34) 494,

498

Mezzastris, Pierantonio (c.1430–1506) 528,

533, 542

Michelangelo (Michelangelo Buonarroti;

1475–1564) 30, 47, 52, 57, 72, 81, 218.

273, 276, 278, 280, 291, 293, 297, 344,

345 (Crucifix) 311; (David) 273, 277, 292;

(Laurentian Library) 298; (Medici Chapels)

298–99; (Pietà) 88; (Sistine Chapel) 95–97;

(Slaves) 292, 292; (St Peter’s) 85, 86; (statuettes

in Siena duomo) 423; (Tomb of

Julius II) 40; (Tondo Doni) 284; (birthplace

of) 386; (house of) 309; (tomb of) 305

Michelozzo (Michelozzo di Bartolomeo

Michelozzi; 1396–1472) 274, 276, 278,

294, 307, 313, 320, 322, 457; (Pal.

Medici-Riccardi) 299; (San Marco) 290,

291

Michelucci, Giovanni (1891–1991) 327

Milan, central Italy’s relations with 273, 386,

387, 412, 620, 673

Military Cemeteries, American (Nettuno)

231

Military Cemeteries, British (Bolsena) 181;

(Cassino) 250; (Minturno) 248;

(Moraduccio) 321

Military cemeteries, Polish 250

Milvian Bridge, battle of 393

Minelli, Antonio (fl. 1762) 570

Minerva, Temple of (Assisi) 529

Mino da Fiesole (1431–85) 281, 318, 323,

365

Minturnae, ruins of 248–50, 249

Minturno 250

Mitelli, Agostino (1609–60) 288

Mithras, cult of 116; shrines to (Ostia) 115,

119, 121; (Sutri) 185

Mochi, Francesco (1580–1646) 86, 594

Modigliani, Amedeo (1884–1920) 362

Mogliano 685

Mollari, Antonio (19C) 539

Monachesi, Sante (1910–91) 677

Monet, Claude (1840–1926) 72

Monica, St 50, 112, 122

Montaigne, Michel de 179, 450

724 INDEX

Montalcino 412, 451–52

Montaperti, battle of 412, 423, 432, 451

Monte Amiata 454–55

Monte Argentario, peninsula of 475–76

Monte Cassino, abbey of 250–52

Monte Cimino 176

Monte Circeo 234, 236

Monte Conero 625

Monte Cucco 613

Monte Oliveto Maggiore, abbey of 439–41

Monte San Giusto 679

Monte Sibilla 689

Monte Subasio 532

Montefalco 546–47

Montefeltro region 657–61

Montefeltro, dukes of Urbino 609, 657, 658

Montefeltro, Federico da 363, 617, 642, 659

(palace at Gubbio) 611–12; (palace at

Urbino) 643; (portrait of) 643

Montefeltro, Guidubaldo da 642

Montefiascone 182

Montefioralle 372

Montefollonico 458

Montefortino 689

Monteleone di Spoleto 567

Monteleone Sabino 162

Montelupo Fiorentino 328

Montemerano 481

Montemonaco 689

Montenero 362

Montepulciano 456–57

Monterano 186

Monterchi 388

Monterozzi (see Etruscan sites)

Monteverdi, Claudio, composer 457

Monti Cimini 173–80

Monti Lepini 221–23

Montisi 458

Montone 608

Montuori, Eugenio (1907–82) 234

Morandi, Giorgio (1890–1964) 72, 677

Moravia, Alberto, novelist 211, 242

Morelli, Cosimo (1732–1812) 674, 676

Morra 608

Mosca, Francesco (c.1523–78) 353

Mosca, Simone (1492–1553) 398

Mugello 319–21

Munatius Plancus, mausoleum of 245

Murillo, Bartolomé (1617–82) 80

Murlo 441–42

Mussini, Luigi (1813–88) 417

Mussolini, Benito 22, 27, 41, 232, 233, 234,

258

Muziano, Girolamo (c.1530–92) 141, 590

N

Naldini, Filippo (18C) 595

Naldini, Giovanni Battista (1537–91) 305

Nanni di Baccio Bigio (d.c.1568) 48

Nanni di Banco (Giovanni di Antonio di

Banco; c.1384–1421) 274, 279, 280

Nanni di Bartolo (fl. 1419–51) 681

Napoleon (Napoleon Bonaparte) 17, 21–22,

26, 27, 269, 288, 332, 358, 680; (on Elba)

482; (acquires or purloins artworks) 70,

100, 287, 606, 627, 631, 652, 684

Nardo di Cione (d.1365; brother of Orcagna)

282, 293

Narni 574–76

Narses, Byzantine general 332

Nasini, Francesco (1621–95) 454, 455

Nasini, Giuseppe Nicola (1657–1736; son of

Francesco) 436, 454

Nebbia, Cesare (c.1536–1614) 141, 590

Nelli, Martino (14C–15C; father of

Ottaviano) 609

Nelli, Ottaviano (c.1375–1444/50) 494, 528,

541, 609

Nelli, Tommaso (fl. 1410–34; brother of

Ottaviano) 609

Nemi 126–27

Nepi 184; (finds from) 184

Neri di Bicci (1418–91; son of Lorenzo) 394,

553

Neri, St Philip 53, 54

Nero, emperor 38, 234; (villa of at Anzio)

230, 231; (villa of at Subiaco) 151

Neroccio (see Landi)

Neroni, Matteo (16C) 141

Nervi, Pier Luigi (1891–1979) 91

Nespolo, Ugo (b.1941) 672

Nettuno 27, 231

Niccolò di Segna (fl. 1331; son of Segna di

Bonaventura) 471

Niccolò da Tolentino (see Mauruzi)

Nicholas IV, pope 526, 585; (cope of) 667

INDEX 725

Nicholas of Tolentino, St 680, 681, 682

Nicodemus 626

Nicola da Siena (fl. 1358) 563, 564, 586

Nile mosaic (Palestrina) 133, 133; (Priverno)

227

Ninfa 223–24, 223

Nittis, Giuseppe de (1846–84) 72

Norba, ruins of 221

Norchia 172–73; (finds from) 171

Norcia 562–63

Norcini 563

Norma 221

Normans 26, 64

Northcote, James (1736–1841) 401

Nottolini, Lorenzo (1787–1851) 339, 340,

343

Novilara, finds from 654

Nucci, Benedetto (1515–87) 609, 611

Nucci, Virgilio (1545–1621; son of

Benedetto) 609, 611

Numa Pompilius, King of Rome 25

Numana 626

Nuzi, Allegretto (1315–73) 642, 676

O

Ocriculum, ruins of 576–77; (finds from) 100

Octavian (see Augustus)

Oderisio (13C) 609

Offida 672

Olivieri, Orazio (16C) 128

Olivieri, Pier Paolo (1551–99) 53

Ombra della Sera 11, 367, 367

Orbetello 476

Orcagna (Andrea di Cione; fl. 1344–68) 279,

282, 293, 308, 585, 586

Oriolo Romano 186

Orsini, Antonio, naturalist 671

Orsini, Giorgio (d.1475) 623, 624

Orsini family 478

Orsini, Ottavia 176

Orsini, Vicino 176

Orte 178

Orvieto 584–96

Osimo 630–31

Ostia Antica 12, 14, 15, 111–21

Ostia, medieval town 122

Otricoli 100, 576

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor 658

Overbeck, Nazareno Friedrich (1789–1869)

533

P

Pace di Bartolo 532

Paciano 514

Pagani, Vincenzo (1490–1568) 676, 687,

689

Palaeologus, John, Byzantine emperor 393

Palestrina 13, 131–36; (finds from) 74

Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da 132, 136

Pallone al Bracciale 677

Palm Riviera 672

Palma Giovane (Jacopo di Antonio Negretti;

1544–1628) 629, 648, 652, 653

Palmarola 259

Palmerino di Guido (early 14C) 523

Palo 122

Pandataria (see Ventotene)

Panicale 513–14

Pannaggi, Ivo (1901–81) 677

Pannartz, Arnold, printer 154, 163

Panzano 372

Paolina da Pistoia, Fra’ (1490–1547) 172

Paolo and Francesca, tragic lovers 656

Paolo Schiavo (1397–1478) 307

Paolo da Siena (14C) 340

Paolo da Visso (15C) 687

Paolo Veneziano (active 1335–60) 652

Papacello (Tommaso Bernabei; c.1500–59)

405

Papacy, Papal States, history of 15, 15–16,

18, 20, 21, 26–27, 90, 124, 167, 550

Parco dei Mostri (see Bomarzo)

Parigi, Alfonso, the Younger (d.1656) 285,

289

Parigi, Giulio (d.1635; father of Alfonso)

285, 289

Parmigianino (Francesco Mazzola; 1503–40)

629

Parri di Spinello (1387–c.1444; son of

Spinello Aretino) 396, 398, 399, 417

Partini, Giuseppe (1842–95) 413, 417, 420,

434, 435

Pascoli, Giovanni, poet 342

Passignano, Il (Domenico Cresti;

1560–1638) 374

Pasti, Matteo de’ (fl. 1441–64) 281, 655

726 INDEX

Pastura (Antonio da Viterbo; b.1488) 171,

199, 202

Paul II, pope 627

Paul III, pope (Alessandro Farnese) 85, 91,

169, 178, 488, 489; (monument to) 669;

(tomb of) 88

Paul IV, pope 76, 99

Paul V, pope 84, 186; (tomb of) 60

Paul, St 233

Paul the Deacon 252

Pazzi Conspiracy (see Florence)

Penna in Teverina 579

Penni, Francesco (1496–after 1528) 81

Pepin, King of the Franks 16, 26, 488

Pergola 636

Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista, composer 631

Perino del Vaga (Pietro Buonaccorsi;

1500–47) 103, 199

Perrier, François (1590–1656) 504

Pertini, Sandro 258

Perugia 488–504

Collegio del Cambio 489, 492–93

Fontana Maggiore 496–97; (sculptures

from) 494

Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria 493–95

Museo Archeologico 503

Oratorio di San Bernardino 499–500, 501

Perugino (Pietro Vannucci; 1446–1523) 94,

102, 433, 492, 494, 495, 498, 502, 504,

505, 514, 515, 516, 538, 547, 549, 628,

655, 689; (Collegio del Cambio) 492, 493;

(birthplace of) 514

Peruzzi, Baldassare (1481–1537) 76, 81, 85,

122, 162, 437

Pesaro 651–54

Pescia Fiorentina 477

Peter Leopold, Grand Duke of Tuscany 22,

371, 455, 474, 478

Peter, St 40, 60, 63, 83; (chains of) 40;

(tomb of) 85, 89

Petrarch, house of 395

Petrella Salto 162

Petroio 459

Petrucci, Pandolfo, ruler of Siena 412

Petruccioli, Cola (d.1408) 538

Petrus pictor (13C) 563

Philip II, King of Spain 20, 472, 476

Phintias (6C BC) 202

Phoenician, Phoenicians 9; (see also Carthage,

Punic Wars)

Piana delle Orme 233

Piancastagnaio 455

Piano Grande 564–65

Piazzetta, Giovanni Battista (1683–1754)

284, 403

Piccinato, Luigi (1899–1983) 234

Piccolomini, Aeneas Sylvius (see Pius II)

Picene, Picenes 617, 632, 666, 672, 673,

685, 687; (archaeological finds) 626, 654,

669, 674

Pico della Mirandola 283; (tomb of) 290

Piediluco 573

Pienza 445–47

Pier Francesco Fiorentino (fl. 1484–97) 380

Pier Matteo d’ Amelia (fl. 1467–1508) 551,

570

Piermarini, Giuseppe (1734–1808) 541,

542

Piero della Francesca (c.1420–92) 273, 387,

396, 397, 643; (Flagellation) 643; (Legend of

the True Cross) 391–94; (Madonna del Parto)

388; (Montefeltro diptych) 282; (Polyptych

of St Anthony) 495; (Resurrection) 387;

(birthplace of) 386

Piero di Puccio (fl. 1370–99) 595

Piervittori, Mariano (d.1888) 544

Pietro Alemanno (fl. 1470–98) 667, 686,

689

Pietro da Cortona (Pietro Berrettini;

1596–1669) 53, 94, 125, 328, 340, 398,

401, 402, 404, 499, 660; (Palazzo Pitti

frescoes) 286; (Roman churches by) 40,

43, 51; (Triumph of Divine Providence) 56;

(birthplace of) 404

Pietro da Rimini (early 14C) 681

Pietro di Giovanni d’Ambrogio (1410–49;

pupil of Sassetta) 437

Pietro di Giovanni Tedesco (fl. 1386–1402)

280

Pietro di Norbo (active early 16C) 405

Pietro di Oderisio (d.c.1299) 170

Pietro di Ranuccio (12C) 203

Pieve di Romena 384

Pinturicchio (Bernardino di Betto;

1454–1513) 31, 45, 94, 95, 378, 401,

422, 423, 495, 537, 538, 551, 606;

INDEX 727

(Cappella Baglioni) 536, 537; (Piccolomini

Library) 423–24, 424, 537

Piobbico 649

Piranesi, Giovanni Battista (1720–78) 630

Pisa 351–61

Pisanello (Antonio Pisano; 1377–1455) 281

Pisano, Andrea (c.1270–1348/9) 275, 276,

358, 360, 585, 589

Pisano, Giovanni (1245–1320; son of

Nicola) 324, 327, 328, 355, 357, 358,

360, 467 (Fontana Maggiore, Perugia) 497;

(pulpit at Pisa) 353; (Siena duomo) 420,

422, 425

Pisano, Giunta (fl. 1229–55) 360

Pisano, Nicola (c.1200–78/84) 355, 356,

358, 361, 496; (Siena duomo) 419, 422

Pisano, Nino (d.1368; son of Andrea) 357,

358, 360, 585, 589

Pistoia 325–28

Pitigliano 477–78

Pitti, Luca 285, 311

Pius II, pope (Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini)

187, 424, 451, 452, 471; (builds Pienza)

445; (statue of) 433

Pius IV, pope 91, 97, 303

Pius V, pope 510

Pius VI, pope 27, 55, 102, 237, 510, 576,

627, 637, 680; (statue of) 89

Pius VII, pope 17, 27, 207

Pius IX, pope 22, 27, 55, 244; (statue of) 59

Pliny the Younger, villa of 605

Poccetti (Bernardino Barbetelli; 1548–1612)

290

Poggio Bustone 161

Poggio a Caiano 319

Poggio Mirteto 163

Poggio Sterzoni 479

Poletti, Luigi (1792–1869) 533

Polinori, Andrea (1586–1648) 600

Politian (Agnolo Ambrogini) 274, 283, 456,

551; (tomb of) 290

Pollaiolo, Antonio (c.1432–98) 30, 89, 313,

366, 525; (tomb of) 40

Pollaiolo, Piero (c.1441–96; brother of

Antonio) 313, 379

Pollock, Jackson (1912–56) 72

Pomarancio, Il (Antonio Circignani; see

Circignani)

Pomarancio, Il (Niccolò Circignani, father of

Antonio; c.1530–1588) 365, 366, 368,

511, 516, 578, 590, 608, 628, 652, 674

Pomezia 123

Poniatowsky, Prince Stanislaw 236, 290

Ponte 568

Ponte d’Augusto (Narni) 574

Ponte del Diavolo (Tolentino) 682

Ponte della Maddalena 341

Ponte delle Torri (Spoleto) 553

Pontelli, Baccio (Bartolomeo di Fino;

c.1450–92) 627, 643

Pontine marshes 233, 235, 236

Pontormo (Jacopo Carruci; 1494–1556) 284,

294, 318, 319, 338; (Deposition) 310; (burial

place of) 295

Ponza, island of 258–59

Ponzio, Flaminio (1560–1613) 55, 60, 70,

137

Popes, general (see Papacy)

Poppi 385

Populonia 468–69

Pordenone (Giovanni Antonio de’ Sacchis;

c.1483–1539) 580

Pork butchers (see Norcini)

Porta, Giacomo della (1539–1602) 53, 76,

85, 86, 128

Porta, Giovanni Battista della (c.1542–97)

138

Porta, Guglielmo della (1516–77) 88

Porta, Teodoro della (1567–1638; son of

Giglielmo) 88

Portiuncula, chapel of 521, 533

Porto Ercole 475

Portonaccio (see Veio)

Pozzo d’Antullo 219

Pozzo, Andrea (1642–1709) 53, 54, 130

Praeneste (see Palestrina)

Prato 322–25

Prato di Campoli 219

Pratovecchio 384

Praxedes, St 60, 97

Preci 563, 564

Preti, Mattia (?1613–99) 180

Previati, Gaetano (1852–1920) 72

Priverno 226–27

Propertius, Sextus 519, 529, 550

Puccinelli, Angelo (14C) 340, 344

728 INDEX

Puccini, Giacomo 332, 337, 343

Pudentiana, St 60

Punic Wars 26, 247, 511 (see also Hannibal,

Carthage)

Pyrgi 188–89; (finds from) 10, 73

Q

Quarenghi, Giacomo (1744–1817) 154

R

Radda in Chianti 372

Radicofani 450

Raffaellino del Colle (c.1490–1566) 81, 387,

607, 608

Raffaellino del Garbo (c.1466–1524) 403

Raffaellino da Reggio (Raffaellino Motta;

1550–1578) 179

Raffaello da Montelupo (c.1505–66) 48, 171,

590

Raggi, Antonio (Ercole Antonio Raggi;

1624–86) 55, 125, 155, 423

Raguzzini, Filippo (1680–1771) 54

Rainaldi, Carlo (1611–91) 45, 53, 180

Rainaldi, Girolamo (1570–1655; father of

Carlo) 179

Rainaldo, architect (12C) 352

Ramoser, Peter (c.1772–1802) 545

Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio; 1483–1520) 92,

102–103, 284, 286, 386, 607, 629, 645;

(earliest fresco by) 498; (La Muta) 645; (La

Velata) 286; (Madonna della Seggiola) 286;

(Rooms in Vatican) 92–94; (birthplace of)

647; (tomb of) 47

Recanati 629–30

Regolini-Galassi Tomb 100

Rembrandt van Rijn (1606–69) 284

Remus 412

Reni, Guido (1575–1642) 52, 56, 67, 340,

359, 433, 652

Ricasoli, Baron Bettino 372, 373

Ricci, Stefano (1765–1837) 305

Riccio, il (Andrea Briosco; 1470–1432) 435,

441

Ridolfi, Claudio (1570–1644) 630, 637, 647

Ridolfi, Mario (1904–84) 570

Rieti 160

Rimini, school of (early 14C) 387, 661, 681,

686

Ripatransone 672

Risorgimento 22, 27, 359; (museum of) 41

Ristoro, Fra’ (d.1284) 301, 328

Rita, St 566, 567

Rivotorto 533

Robbia, Andrea della (1435–1525; nephew

of Luca) 171, 172, 293, 307, 322, 324,

325, 361, 386, 387, 396, 398, 399, 449,

450, 457, 533

Robbia, Giovanni della (1469–1529; son of

Andrea) 322, 327, 374, 439

Robbia, Luca della (1399/1400–1482; uncle

of Andrea) 274, 276, 293, 307, 308, 313,

322, 328, 642

Rocca d’Orcia 449

Rocca di Papa 125

Rocca Sinibalda 162

Roccantica 163

Roccaporena 567

Rocco da Vicenza (fl. 1495–1526) 548

Rodin, Auguste (1840–1917) 72

Rodolfo, mason (12C) 542, 544

Roman roads 159 (see also Via Appia etc)

Romanelli, Giovanni Francesco (c.1610–62;

pupil of Pietro da Cortona) 171

Romanelli, Mariano d’Agnolo (d.1390/92)

417

Rome 25ff; (history of) 12–15, 25–27; (kings

of) 10, 25, 31 (see also by name, Tullus

Hostilius etc); (sack of) 21, 27, 88; (seven

hills of) 40

Apollo Belvedere 99

Ara Pacis 44–45

Arch of Constantine 38

Arch of Janus 77

Arch of Septimius Severus 34, 35

Arch of Titus 37

Aurelian walls 25

Basilica of Maxentius 36–37

Baths of Caracalla 67–69

Belvedere Torso 100

Bocca della Verità 77

Borgo 83–84

Caelian Hill 66

Caffè Greco 44

Campo dei Fiori 51

Capitoline Hill 30–31

Castel Sant’Angelo 82

INDEX 729

Rome contd.

Catacombs 103

Centrale Montemartini 31

Chiesa Nuova 53

de Chirico museum 44

Circus Maximus 67

Colosseum 38

Column of Marcus Aurelius 43

Column of Trajan 39

Curia 34, 62

Decorative arts museum 41

Domus Aurea 20, 38–39

Etruscan Museum, Villa Giulia 72–74

Forum 10, 31–37

Galleria Colonna 43

Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna 71–72

Gesù 53

Ghetto 74–76

Goethe’s house 44

Imperial Fora 39–40

Keats House 44

Laocoön 99

Mausoleum of Augustus (see Ara Pacis)

Museo e Galleria Borghese 70–71

Museo Nazionale Romano 57, 58

Museum of Jewish Art 76

Obelisks in 27, 45, 48, 49, 85

Palatine Hill 37–38

Palazzo Altemps 50–51

Palazzo Barberini 56–57

Palazzo Corsini 80

Palazzo Doria Pamphilj 41–42

Palazzo Farnese 52

Palazzo Spada 52

Pantheon 46–47

Piazza Navona 48–49

Ponte Sant’Angelo 82

Quirinal Hill 54–57

S. Agnese in Agone 49

S. Agostino 49–50

S. Andrea al Quirinale 55

S. Andrea della Valle 53

SS. Apostoli 43

S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane 55–56

S. Cecilia in Trastevere 78–79

S. Clemente 64–65

SS. Cosma e Damiano 40

S. Costanza 104

S. Francesco a Ripa 79

S. Giorgio in Velabro 77

SS. Giovanni e Paolo 66

S. Gregorio Magno 66

S. Ignazio 54

S. Ivo 49

S. John Lateran 14, 61–63

S. Luigi dei Francesi 49

S. Marco 41

S. Maria degli Angeli 57

S. Maria in Aracoeli 31

S. Maria in Cosmedin 77

S. Maria Maggiore 58–60

S. Maria sopra Minerva 47–48

S. Maria dei Miracoli 45

S. Maria in Montesanto 45

S. Maria della Pace 51

S. Maria del Popolo 44–45

S. Maria in Trastevere 80

S. Maria in Vallicella (see Chiesa Nuova)

S. Maria in Via Lata 43

S. Maria della Vittoria 58

S. Peter’s 14, 84–90

S. Pietro in Montorio 81–82

S. Pietro in Vincoli 40–41

S. Prassede 60

S. Pudenziana 60

SS. Quattro Coronati 65

Scala Santa 63–64

She-wolf of 30

Sistine Chapel (see Vatican)

Spanish Steps 44

Synagogue 76

Tarpeian Rock 30

Tempietto 82

Temple of Hadrian 54

Temple of Hercules Victor 76–77

Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus 10, 30, 73

Temple of Portunus 76

Theatre of Marcellus 74

Theatre of Pompey 51

Tomb of Bernini 59

Tomb of Fra’ Angelico 48

Tomb of St Peter 89

Trastevere 77–82

Trevi Fountain 43

Vatican (see Vatican)

Via Appia 104

730 INDEX

Rome contd.

Villa Farnesina 81

Villa of Livia murals 58

Vittorio Emanuele monument 41, 135

Romuald, St 384, 385, 635

Romulus 25, 37, 160

Romulus Augustulus, emperor 14, 18

Ronciglione 179

Rosa, Salvatore (1615–73) 171, 286

Rose, St 170

Roselle 473; (finds from) 472

Rossa-Frasassi region 634–35

Rosselli, Matteo (1578–1650) 365

Rossellino, Antonio (Antonio Gamerbelli;

1427–79; brother of Bernardo) 313, 323,

328

Rossellino, Bernardo (Bernardo Gamberelli;

1409–64) 85, 304, 307, 328, 395, 431,

553; (Pienza) 445, 446

Rossi, Mattia de’ (1637–95; pupil of Bernini)

55, 186

Rossi, Vincenzo de’ (1525–87) 290

Rossini, tomb of 307; (birthplace of) 651

Rosso Fiorentino (Gambattista de’ Rossi;

1494–1541) 284, 294, 366, 368, 387, 606

Rosso, Medardo (1858–1928) 72

Rovere family 647, 648, 651, 658 (see also

Julius II, Sixtus IV)

Rovere, Francesco Maria della 631, 637,

642, 647, 657; (tomb of) 645

Rovere, Guidubaldo della 647

Rovere, Livia della 637

Rovere, Vittoria della 286, 647

Rubens (Sir Peter Paul; 1577–1640) 53, 80,

284, 287, 673

Rufina 320

Ruggieri, Ferdinando (c.1691–1741) 310

Ruspoli, Castello (see Vignanello)

S

S. Antimo, abbey church of 452–54, 453

S. Biagio, tempio di 457–58

S. Bruzio, ruins of 481

S. Croce di Fonte Avellana, monastery of 635

S. Eutizio, abbey of 563

S. Galgano, abbey of 469–71

S. Giorgio di Brancoli 341

S. Giovanni in Sugana 321

S. Giusto, abbey of 200

S. Maria degli Angeli (Assisi) 533

S. Maria di Chiaravalle di Fiastra, abbey of

684–85

S. Maria a piè di Chienti, abbey of 678–79

S. Maria della Consolazione (Todi) 601

S. Maria del Piano 250

S. Maria della Quercia 172

S. Maria in Vescovio 163

S. Rabano, abbey ruins 475

S. Ubaldo, basilica of 612

S. Vittore alle Chiuse 634

Sabaudia 234–35

Sabina region 162–63

Sabines 160, 573, 687

Sacred Girdle, relic of 322

Sagrestani, Giovanni Camillo (1660–1731)

403, 404

Saint-Phalle, Niki de (1930–2002) 477

Salerno di Marcovaldo (mid-13C; son of

Coppo) 325

Salimbeni, Jacopo (fl. 1416–27; brother of

Lorenzo) 648, 684

Salimbeni, Lorenzo (b.1374), 648, 684, 686

Salvi, Niccolò (1697–1751) 43

Salviati, Francesco (Francesco de’ Rossi;

1510–63) 279

Samnites 10, 574, 633

San Benedetto del Tronto 672

San Casciano in Val di Pesa 321

San Damiano 532–33

San Domenico di Fiesole 318

San Donato in Poggio 374

San Felice Circeo 236

San Felice di Narco 568

San Feliciano 513

San Gemini 573

San Gimignano 374–80, 375

San Ginesio 686

San Gusmè 372

San Leo 657–59

San Martino al Cimino 180

San Pancrazio 341

San Pellegrino in Alpe 342

San Piero a Sieve 320

San Pietro in Valle 571

San Quirico d’Orcia 447–49

San Severino Marche 684

INDEX 731

Sanctis, Francesco de (early 18C) 44

Sangallo, Antonio da, the Elder (Giambierti;

1463–1534) 184, 231, 321, 381, 398, 456;

(Tempio di San Biagio) 457

Sangallo, Antonio da, the Younger (Antonio

Cordiani; 1483–1546) 48, 52, 85, 172,

178, 182, 395, 489, 578, 595, 607, 625,

629

Sangallo, Francesco da (1494–1576) 324

Sangallo, Giuliano da (Giuliano Giamberti;

1443–1516; brother of Antonio the Elder)

85, 319, 324, 398, 478, 626

Sanmicheli, Michele (1484–1559) 585, 592

Sano di Pietro (1406–81) 102, 181, 419,

426, 430, 431, 434, 445, 448, 451, 460,

481, 513, 613

Sansepolcro 386–87

Sansovino, Andrea (Andrea Contucci;

c.1470–1529) 45, 311, 366, 628, 675

Sant’Agata 321

Sant’Agata Feltria 660

Sant’Anatolia di Narco 569

Sant’Andrea in Percussina 321

Sant’Angelo in Vado 648–49

Santa Casa (see Loreto)

Santa Fiora 454–55

Santa Severa 189

Santi di Tito (1538–1603) 279, 373, 387

Santi, Giovanni (1435–94; father of Raphael)

647, 655

Santo Stefano, island of 260

Saracens 88, 201, 236, 241, 349, 473

Sarnano 688–89

Sarrocchi, Tito (1824–1900) 413, 420, 435

Sarti, Antonino (17C) 238, 632

Sassetta (Stefano di Giovanni; c.1392–1451)

102, 285, 403, 415, 430, 431, 434

Sassetti, Francesco 303

Sassoferrato 633–34

Sassoferrato, Il (Giovanni Battista Salvi;

1609–85) 163, 504, 629, 634, 634, 676

Satricum, site of 231–32; (finds from) 74

Saturnia 480

Savini, Salvio (16C–17C) 516

Savonarola 277, 290, 291, 291

Scalabrino of Pistoia (Giovanni Battista

Volponi; 1489–1561) 200

Scalpelli, Alfredo (1898–1966) 234

Scalza, Ippolito (c.1532–1617) 456, 457,

578, 585, 592, 594

Scansano 481

Scarperia 320–21

Scauri 248

Scheggino 569

Scholastica, St 151, 562, 566; (monastery of)

154

Scoccianti, Andrea (1640–1700) 633

Scott, Sir Walter 186

Sebastiano del Piombo (Sebastiano Luciani;

c.1485–1547) 46, 81, 81, 171

Segna di Bonaventura (fl. 1298–1331) 380,

399, 433, 434, 446

Segni 221

Segromigno 341

Seitz, Ludovico (1844–1908) 628

Sejanus 242

Senigallia 637

Sentinum, ruins of 634; (battle of) 12, 574,

633

Senus and Aschius, legend of 412

Septimius Severus, arch of 34

Seravezza 344

Sermei, Cesare (Cesare d’Assisi;

c.1584–1668) 504

Sermoneta 222–23

Sermoneta, il (Girolamo Sicciolante; b.1521)

199, 222

Serra di Maiolo 660

Serra Sant’Abbondio 635

Servius Tullius, King of Rome 25, 135

Settignano 318

Severini, Gino (1883–1966) 72, 402, 405, 671

Sforza family 651, 652

Sforza, Francesco 673, 675

Shelley, Percy Bysshe 342, 363

Sibylline Mountains 687–90

Siena 409–37; (art of 413, 414–15)

Baptistery 428

Campo 413

Contrade of 430

Council of Nine 412, 416, 419

Duomo 419–24

Fonte Branda 436

House of St Catherine 435

Museo dell’Opera 425–27

Palazzo Pubblico 416–19

732 INDEX

Siena contd.

Palio 444

Piccolomini Library 423–24

Pinacoteca 429–30

S. Domenico 436

S. Francesco 434

S. Maria dei Servi 433–34

Sienese school, anon. works by 154, 155,

328, 427

Signorelli, Luca (c.1441–1523) 368, 387,

401, 403, 404, 405, 498, 589, 589, 607,

608; (Baptism of Christ) 637; (Life of St

Benedict frescoes) 439–41; (Orvieto frescoes)

586–88, 587; (Santa Casa, Loreto)

628; (birthplace of) 399

Signorini, Telemaco (1835–1901) 288

Silva, Agostino (17C) 536

Sirolo 625–26

Sistine Chapel (see Vatican)

Sisto, Fra’ (13C) 301, 328

Sixtus IV, pope (Francesco della Rovere) 30,

308, 647; (monument to) 89

Sixtus V, pope 27, 45, 564, 627, 673; (tomb

of) 60

Social War 13–14

Sodo 406; (finds from) 402

Sodoma, il (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi;

1477–1549) 81, 353, 417, 419, 430, 432,

433, 434, 436, 440, 441, 457, 458 (earliest

works of) 459; (Life of St Benedict frescoes)

439–41

Sogliani, Giovanni Antonio (1491–1544)

354, 388

Solario, Antonio (15C–16C) 630

Solsternus (early 13C) 551

Sorano 480

Soria, Giovanni Battista (1581–1651) 66

Soriano nel Cimino 175

Sotio, Alberto (fl. 1187) 551

Sovana 479

Spagna, Lo (c.1450–c.1529) 548, 550, 554,

555, 597, 599

Spain, Spanish in Italy 20, 21, 472, 475,

476, 620

Sparapane, Antonio (fl. 1464–87; brother of

Giovanni) 199, 563

Sparapane, Giovanni (fl. 1464–66) 199, 553,

563

Spartans 237, 246, 677

Spedaletto 447

Spello 536–38

Sperlonga 242–43

Spinario 30

Spinazzi, Innocenzo (1718–98) 306

Spinello Aretino (c.1345–1410) 307, 313,

391, 394, 395, 396, 398, 417

Spoleto 550–57

Spoleto, Duchy of 550, 666, 673

Spranger, Bartholomeus (1546–1611) 555

St Nicholas Master (late 13C–early 14C) 525

Stefano da Zevio (1393–c.1450) 43

Stephen II, pope 26

Stephenson, Robert 361

Stia 384

Stomer, Matthias (1600–50) 682

Strozzi, Filippo 302, 303

Strozzi, Piero 303

Stuart, Charles Edward (Bonnie Prince

Charlie) 130, 243, 676

Stuart, Henry, Cardinal York 125, 127

Stuart, James, the Old Pretender 182

Subiaco 151

Sulla, Roman general 26, 135, 249, 363,

461, 550

Supertuscans (see Wine)

Sutri 184–85

Suttermans, Justus (1597–1681) 287, 338

Sweynheim, Conrad, printer 154, 163

T

Tacca, Ferdinando (1611/19–86) 298

Tacca, Pietro (1577–1640) 298, 316, 324,

362, 380; (tomb of) 294

Taddeo di Bartolo (1363–1422) 178, 359,

368, 377, 417, 430, 434; (Assumption) 456

Talamello 660

Talamone 474

Talenti, Fra’ Jacopo (14C) 301, 302

Talenti, Francesco (14C) 275, 279

Tamagni, Vincenzo (1492–after 1529) 379

Tarquin, house of 10, 77, 201 (see also

Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquinius Superbus)

Tarquinia 200–06, 263

Tarquinius Priscus, King of Rome 25, 67,

201

Tarquinius Superbus, King of Rome 25, 73

INDEX 733

Tassi, Matteo (19C) 497

Tasso, Marco del (16C) 289

Tempesta, Antonio (1555–1630) 179

Tenerani, Pietro (1789–1869) 169

Terme di Cotilia 161

Terme di Saturnia 481

Terni 570–71

Terracina 237–40

Teverina region 579–80

Theodoric, Ostrogothic ruler 14

Thorvaldsen, Bertel (1770–1844) 88, 100

Tibaldi, Pellegrino (1527–96) 623

Tiberio d’Assisi (c.1470–1524; pupil of

Perugino) 499, 532, 533, 547

Tiberius, emperor 242, 243, 260, 577

Tiepolo, Gian Domenico (1727–1804) 629

Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista (1696–1770)

284

Tifernate, Francesco (fl. c.1490–1510) 607

Tino di Camaino (c.1280–1337) 353, 357,

361, 388, 422

Titian (Tiziano Vecellio; c.1488–1576) 71,

273, 286, 624, 645; (Venus of Urbino) 283,

284

Tito, Ettore (1859–1941) 655

Tivoli (Town) 136–37, 141–43; (Hadrian’s

villa) 143–49; (Villa d’Este) 137–41

Todi 596–601; (Mars of) 101

Todiano 563

Tolentino 680–82; (Treaty of) 89, 102, 680

Tolfa 187–88, 308

Tolomei, Blessed Bernardo 439, 459

Tolomei, Claudio 139

Tomb of Hildebrand 479–80

Tomb of the Volumnii 504

Tomba della Sirena 479, 480

Torgiano 505

Tornabuoni family 301–02

Torre Astura 232

Torre del Lago Puccini 343

Torresani, Bartolomeo (16C) 163

Torresani, Lorenzo (c.1500–63; brother of

Bartolomeo) 163

Torrigiani, Pietro (1472–1528) 378, 423

Torrigiani, Sebastiano (16C) 60

Torrita di Siena 458

Torriti, Iacopo (late 13C) 59, 141, 526

Totila, King of the Ostrogoths 67, 236, 467

Tower houses 376

Traini, Francesco (14C) 360

Trajan, emperor 26, 39, 137, 186, 240, 620;

(arch of) 620; (column of) 39, 39

Trasi, Ludovico (1634–94) 667, 670

Trasimene (see Lakes)

Trequanda 458

Trevi 548–49, 549

Trevignano Romano 186

Trevisani, Francesco (1656–1746) 181, 575

Tribolo (Niccolò Pericoli; 1500–50) 289, 319

Trisulti, abbey of 219–20, 220

Troy, Trojans 123 (see also Aeneas)

Truffles 569, 649

Tullus Hostilius, King of Rome 25

Turapilli, Ventura (d.1522) 434

Turino di Sano (fl. 1382–1427) 428

Tuscania 195–200

Tuscany 263ff

Tusculum 130–31

Twombly, Cy (1928–) 72

U

Uccello, Paolo (Paolo di Dono; 1397–1475)

274, 282, 302, 324, 325, 645; (birthplace

of) 384

Uffizi (see Florence)

Ugolino di Prete Ilario (fl. from 1350) 585,

586, 590

Ugolino di Vieri (d.1380/85) 586, 589

Ulysses 234, 246

Umbri, ancient people 9, 485, 574, 609,

675, 687

Umbria 485ff

Umbrian school, anon. works by 154, 454,

495, 499, 547, 607

Unterberger, Christopher (1732–98) 70, 676

Urban IV, pope 19, 180, 584

Urban VI, pope 241

Urban VIII, pope (Maffeo Barberini) 21, 47,

84, 125, 307; (bust of) 551, 553; (tomb of)

88

Urbania 648, 652

Urbano da Cortona (1426–1504) 448, 471

Urbino 642–48

Urbisaglia 685

Urbs Salvia, ruins of 685–86

734 INDEX

V

Val d’Orcia 447–50

Val di Chiana 458–59

Valadier, Giuseppe (1762–1839) 237, 555,

635, 645

Valle Castoriana 563–64

Vallo di Nera 568

Valnerina 567–68, 571–77

Valvisciolo, abbey of 222

Vanni, Andrea (c.1332–1413) 428, 436, 498

Vanni, Francesco (1563–1610) 434, 435

Vanni, Lippo (fl. 1341–75; brother of

Andrea) 434

Vanni, Paolo (late 14C) 538

Vanvitelli, Gaspare (Gaspar van Wittel, father

of Luigi; 1653–1736) 433

Vanvitelli, Luigi (1700–73) 57, 542, 622,

623, 624, 626, 629, 676

Varagine, Fra’ Jacopo 393

Varlé, Gioacchino (1734–1806) 624, 676

Vasari, Giorgio (1512–74) 72, 273, 276,

283, 298, 398; (architecture by) 72, 278,

284, 328, 358, 359, 395, 396, 404, 405,

606; (painting by) 103, 284, 340, 398,

399, 403, 606; (Boboli Gardens) 289, 290;

(Last Judgement) 274; (self-portrait) 295;

(tomb of Michelangelo) 305; (Uffizi) 282;

(house of) 396

Vasari, Lazzaro (c.1399–1452; uncle of Luca

Signorelli, great-grandfather of Giorgio

Vasari) 200

Vassalletto, Iacopo and Pietro (fl. 1154–86)

63, 212

Vatican

City 90–91

Museums 91–103

Sistine Chapel 95–97

Observatory 125

Vecchietta, Lorenzo di Pietro (c.1412–80)

419, 423, 428, 430, 431, 434, 445, 447,

451, 481, 575; (S. Maria della Scala) 428,

429; (birthplace of) 449

Vedova, Emilio (1919–) 671

Veio 12, 159, 189–90, 190; (Apollo of) 73

Velandi, Domenico (15C–16C) 196

Velázquez, Diego (1599–1660) 41

Velletri 127

Venice, Fermo’s alliance with 673

Ventotene, island of 259–60, 577

Venus, statues of (Capitoline Venus) 31;

(Esquiline Venus) 31; (Medici Venus) 283;

(Venus Italica) 287

Verna, La, monastery 386

Veroli 218–19

Verrocchio, Andrea del (1435–88) 278, 279,

283, 298, 325; (David) 281

Versilia 343

Vespasian, emperor 37, 38, 161, 650;

(Temple of) 34

Vespignani, Virginio (1808–82) 59, 170,

592, 612

Vespignano 320

Vespucci family 302, 372

Vestal virgins 36

Vetulonia 473

Via Appia 104, 224, 233, 237, 240, 248, 249

Via Aurelia 159

Via Cassia 159, 180, 371, 441, 445, 450

Via Flaminia 13, 159, 544, 548, 550, 573,

574, 577, 617, 649–50

Via Francigena 448

Via Latina 159, 250

Via Ostiense 112, 159

Via Pedemontana 224

Via Salaria 159, 159, 617, 671

Via Severiana 123, 159

Via Tuscolana 159

Viareggio 343

Vicarello 186

Vicchio 320

Vici, Andrea (1744–1817) 515

Vicovaro 149

Vie Cave, Etruscan roads 480

Vienna, Congress of 22

Vigna di Valle 186

Vignanello 175, 176

Vignola (Jacopo Barocci; 1507–73) 53, 72,

85, 171, 174, 175, 176, 181, 562, 599;

(Caprarola) 178, 179

Viligiardi, Arturo (1869–1936) 460

Villas

Aldobrandini (Frascati) 128–29

L’Aspreta 580

Buonaccorsi 678

Cafaggiolo 320

di Castello 319

INDEX 735

Villas contd.

Gamberaia 318

Villa Lante 173–75, 174

La Petraia 318

Villanovan culture 9, 181, 202, 340, 400,

460

Vinci 329

Visconti family 19, 20, 659

Visconti, Gian Galeazzo 20, 349, 412, 488

Visso 687

Viterbo 167–72

Viti, Timoteo (1469–1523) 51

Vitorchiano 178

Vittorio Emanuele II, King of Italy 22, 55;

(monument to) 41; (tomb of) 47

Vittorio Emanuele III, King of Italy 22, 27

Vivarini, Alvise (1445/6–1503/4; son of

Antonio) 643

Vivarini, Antonio (c.1415–84) 607, 630

Vivarini, Bartolomeo (active 1450–99; brother

of Antonio) 630

Viviani, Antonio (1560–1620) 67, 648

Volscian, Volscians 9, 127, 221, 230, 232,

237

Volsinii Veteres 180, 181; (see also Orvieto)

Volterra 363–68

Volterrano, il (see Franceschini)

Volto Santo 336; (Crucifix of Numana) 626

Voltumna, shrine of 10, 594

Vouet, Simon (1590–1649) 161

Vulca, Etruscan sculptor (6C BC) 73

Vulci 206–07; (finds from) 101, 505

W

Wharton, Edith 128, 129, 130, 318

Wine, general 701–02

Bolgheri 469

Brunello di Montalcino 451

Chianti 371, 373

Est! Est!! Est!!! 182

Frascati 158

Montepulciano 457

Morellino di Scansano 481

Sassicaia 469

Supertuscans 469

Tignanello 469

Torgiano 505

Verdicchio 633

Witte, Pieter de (also Pietro Candido;

1548–1628) 365

World War II 22, 27, 127, 231, 248, 250,

251, 269, 321, 391

X

Ximenes, Leonardo, engineer 474

Z

Zannone, island of 259

Zoffany, Johann (1733–1810) 401

Zuccarelli, Francesco (1702–88) 478

Zuccari, Federico (1542–1609) 141, 179,

274, 340, 576, 625

Zuccari, Taddeo (1529–66; brother of

Federico) 179, 576, 647

Index to Sites of Antiquity

For a formatted version of the index please see:

www.blueguides.com/fileadmin/pictures/

bgsitesantiquity/index.pdf

A

Abu Simbel (Egypt) 40–44, 40, 41

Abydos 10, 40

Academy of Plato 90, 91

Actium, battle of 14, 97, 110, 132

Adam, Robert 183

Aelius Aristides, orator 158

Aeneas 170

Aeschylus, dramatist 82

Africa Proconsularis 189

Agamemnon, king of Mycenae 64, 64; (mask

of) 66, 66

Agilkia island, Egypt 49

Aglibol, Palmyrene god 193

Agricola, governor of Britain 159

Agrigento (Sicily) 98, 100–102

Agrippa, Roman general 89, 146, 149, 158

Agrippina, mother of Nero 170

Ahmose, ruler of Egypt 13, 25

Aix-en-Provence 149

Akragas (see Agrigento)

Alba Longa 170

Akhenaten, ruler of Egypt 8, 14, 34ff, 34, 35,

36, 37

Akhetaten (see Tel el-Amarna)

Alexander the Great 14, 45, 72, 108, 109,

118, 121, 124

Alexander, bishop of Alexandria 208

Alexander of Aphrodisias, philosopher 168

Alexandria 14, 45, 109; (library of) 116;

(lighthouse of) 109; (Serapeum) 109, 116,

209

Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence 148, 149

Amarna (see Tel el-Amarna)

Amarna Letters 38, 38

Ambrose, St 209

Amenhotep III, ruler of Egypt 14, 34;

(temple at Luxor) 25; (temple at Karnak)

26; (Colossi of Memnon) 31, 31; (Amarna

Letters) 38

Amenhotep IV (see Akhenaten)

Ammut, Egyptian god 23, 23

Amphitheatres 144, 158

Amun, god of Thebes 13, 25, 28, 28, 236;

(temple at Karnak) 26–27, 27, 28; (temple

at Western Thebes) 29; (destruction of

cult by Akhenaten) 34; (restoration of cult

of by Tutankhamun) 39; (oracle of) 45

Amun-Ra, Egyptian god 13, 43, 43, 236

Animal hunts (Roman games) 145, 199

Anthemius of Tralles, architect 222

Anthony, St 227, 227

Antigonus I, Hellenistic king 163

Antinous, favourite of Hadrian 182

Antioch, Syria 184, 194, 200

Antiochus IV, Seleucid king 210

Antipater of Sidon, poet 124

Antonianus, sculptor 168

Antoninus Pius, emperor 133, 141, 141

Anubis, Egyptian god 23, 23, 236

Apamea 193, 193

Aphrodisias 168–71, 191

Aphrodite, cults of 96, 168, 169; (Aphrodite

of Cnidos) 183, 183

Apollo, god 74, 81, 93; (temple at Delphi)

74, 76; (oracle at Delphi) 74, 78; (sanctuary

at Epidaurus) 80ff; (sanctuary on

Delos) 93ff

Apollodorus of Damascus, architect 140,

141, 149, 182

Apotheosis of emperors 141

Apuleius, Roman novelist 178

Aqueducts 115, 160

Aquincum 185

Ara Pacis (Rome) 133

Arch of Constantine (Rome) 142–43, 217

(for other arches, see Septimius Severus,

Titus)

Archaic Age (Greece) 58; (sculpture of) 59

Archelaus, king of Judaea 135, 212

Archimedes, mathematician 109

Arches in architecture 161

Aretas III, ruler of Petra 163, 166

Aretas IV, ruler of Petra 163, 166

Ariadne 63, 82

Arianism, Arius 208, 209, 218, 219, 220, 220

Aristophanes, dramatist 82, 88, 92

Aristotle, philosopher 90, 117

Ark of the Covenant 210

Arles 158, 203

Artemis, temple at Ephesus 124, 124

Asceticism 227–28

Asclepius, god 81

Ashur-uballit, Assyrian king 38

Assyrians 38

Astarte, Near Eastern goddess 168, 238

Atargatis, Syrian goddess 95, 238

Aten, Egyptian god 34, 34, 236; (demise of

cult of) 39

Athanasius of Alexandria 227, 227

Athena, goddess 84; (temples to in Athens)

86; (worship at Pergamon) 114, 115;

(temple at Priene) 118–20, 119

Athens (Acropolis) 84–87, 85; (Agora)

88–92; (emergence of) 58; (democracy of)

92; (drama at) 82; (philosophical schools)

90; (shipping) 96; (control of Delos) 94

Atreus, king of Mycenae 64

Attalids, rulers of Pergamon 110, 112ff

Attalus I, king of Pergamon 106, 112–13

Attalus II, king of Pergamon 89, 113

Attalus III, king of Pergamon 113

Augustine, St 209, 225

Augustus, emperor (known as Octavian

before 27 bc) 14, 110, 121, 132–33, 133,

134, 135, 138, 142, 152, 156, 158, 168,

170, 173, 189, 200

Augustus, imperial title 196

Aurelian, emperor 194

Avaris 13

B

Baalshamin, Palmyrene god 193, 193

Babylonians 210

Baptisteries, baptism 219, 220

Bar Kochba, rebel Jew 212

Basilicas in architecture 217, 217, 220

Bath, England 149

Baths of Caracalla (Rome) 147, 148–51

Index

Entries rendered in bold upper case are to the 50 sites. Page numbers where more detailed or explanatory

information can be found (where there are several references to choose from) are given in bold. Numbers

in italics refer either to an illustration or to information found in caption text.

Index 241

Bel, temple of (Palmyra) 193

Belzoni, Giovanni, adventurer 30, 30, 41, 42

Benedict, St 230

Bent Pyramid 16, 16

Berenike 46

Bes, Egyptian god 33, 236

Birth houses (Dendera) 47–48, 47

Boat pits (Great Pyramid) 19

Borders of the Roman empire 135, 184

Breasted, James Henry 32

Brigantes 185

Britain 159, 184, 185, 200

Burckhardt, Johann Ludwig 41, 164

Burial customs, Christian and Jewish 225

Byzantine art 143, 208, 217, 218, 220, 220,

221

Byzantine empire 213, 218

Byzantium 222 (see also Constantinople)

C

Caesar, imperial title 196

Caesar, Julius (see Julius Caesar)

Caesarea 210, 212

Caiaphas, high priest 212

Calixtus, St, catacomb of 215, 215

Caligula, emperor 73, 133

Canopus, Egypt 32, 175, 182, 183

Cappadocian Fathers 209

Caracalla, emperor 142, 190, 190; (Baths of)

148–51

Carter, Howard, Egyptologist 14, 14

Carthage, Carthaginians 189, 190; (wars

against Greeks) 99, 100, 102; (wars

against Rome; see also Punic Wars) 97, 100,

132, 189

Caryatid porch, Athens 84, 84

Cassian, theologian 230

Castalian Spring (Delphi) 74, 78

Catacombs (see Rome)

Catherine of Alexandria, St 228

Cecilia, St 215

Celts 112, 156, 156, 159

Ceres, temple at Paestum 104 (see also

Demeter)

Chaironeia, battle of 59, 72

Chalcedon, Council of 125, 218

Champollion, Jean-François, Egyptologist

12, 51

Chandler, Richard 70

Chateaubriand, François René de 64

Charioteer (Delphi) 75

Cheops (see Khufu)

Chesters fort (Hadrian’s Wall) 187

Christianity, emergence of 207; (early art of)

215, 216–17, 216, 217, 220

Chrysippus, philosopher 111

Cicero, orator 101, 136

Classical Age (Greece) 58

Classical sculpture 59, 86, 87

Claudius, emperor 152, 170, 170

Claudius II, emperor 194

Clement of Alexandria, philosopher 216

Cleopatra, queen of Egypt 14, 45, 110, 132

Clytemnestra 64

Cnidos, Aphrodite of 183

Codex Sinaiticus 230

Colosseum (Rome) 140, 144–45

Colossi of Memnon 31, 31

Colossus of Rhodes 109

Concord, temple of (Agrigento) 100,

101–102, 102

Concrete, invention of 147

Constantia, daughter of Constantine 215, 225

Constantine the Great, emperor 196, 203,

208; (Arch of) 142, 217; (defeats rivals)

135, 141, 203; (and Christianity) 135,

135, 141, 208, 217; (bans games) 145;

(and Constantinople) 135, 222; (at Trier)

200, 202–03, 202

Constantinople 135, 222–24; (Council of)

208

Constantius, emperor 200

Copts 218

Corinth, Corinthians 56, 71, 96, 98; (sack

of) 110

Corinthian order 159

Council of Chalcedon 125

Council of Ephesus 125

Crete 56, 68

Croton, Greek colony 103

Crucifixion 207, 212; (site of) 214

Cumae, Greek colony 103

Cybele, earth goddess 124, 136, 155, 238

D

Dacia, Dacians 133, 140, 140, 141

Daedalus 63

Dahshur (Egypt) 16

Danube 133, 134, 184

Darius III, king of Persia 109

David, king of Israel 210

Degas, Edgar 58

Deir el-Bahri 13, 29

Deir el-Medina 33, 33

Delia, festival 94

Delos (Greece) 93–96

Delphi (Greece) 74–78; (games at) 71, 74,

75; (oracle at) 74, 76, 78

Demosthenes, orator 59, 92

Dendera (Egypt) 47–48; (Zodiac) 48, 48

Demeter, goddess 101; (temple at Paestum;

‘Temple of Ceres’) 104

Diocletian, emperor 51, 134, 184, 194, 196,

200, 207; (divides empire) 196

Diocletian’s Villa (Split) 196–97, 197

Dionysius of Syracuse 99

Dionysus, god 82, 94, 95, 101, 178, 179

Diver, tomb of (Paestum) 105

Djoser, Egyptian king 10; (pyramid of) 16, 17

Dodona (Greece) 78, 79

Dome construction 147, 161, 224

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem 213, 213

Domestic architecture, Roman 152, 174–76,

176

Domitian, emperor 140

Doric order 98

Drama, Greek 82

Dura-Europus 207, 218, 219

Dying Gaul, Hellenistic sculpture, 113

E

Eastern Thebes (Egypt) 25–28

Edfu (Egypt) 45–46

Edwards, Amelia 27, 49

Egeria, Christian pilgrim 228

Egyptian desert 227–28

El Djem, Tunisia 145, 189

Elephantine, Egypt 49

Eleusis, mysteries of 101

Elgin Marbles 86

Elis, Greece 71

242 Index

Ephesus (Turkey) 121–25; (Library) 122,

123; (Temple of Artemis) 124, 124; (Christianity

at) 125; (Council of) 125, 230;

(Seven Sleepers of) 125

Epictetus, philosopher 70

Epicurus, philosopher 111

Epidaurus (Greece) 80–83

Erechtheion, Athens 84, 84

Erechtheus, king of Athens 84

Erotica, Roman 177

Etruscans 130, 131, 142, 144, 172

Euclid, mathematician 109

Eumenes I, ruler of Pergamon 112

Eumenes II, ruler of Pergamon 110, 113,

114, 115, 116

Euphrates, river 193

Euripides, playwright 51, 82, 92, 178

Europa, myth of 59, 63

Eusebius, Church historian 205, 208, 214,

222

Evans, Sir Arthur, archaeologist 60, 62, 63

F

Fausta, wife of Constantine 208

Fiorelli, Giuseppe 174

Forum, Roman 136–41

Franks 135, 184, 203

Freedmen, Roman, status of 179

Frontiers of the Roman empire 184

Funerary customs (Egypt) 23

G

Galatians, Celtic tribe 113, 113, 115

Gallia Belgica 200

Gallienus, emperor 194

Games (Greek athletic contests) 71, 75, 171,

209; (Roman) 131, 171

Gardon river 160

Garum (Roman fish sauce) 177

Gaul, Roman 132, 200, 203

Gauls (see Galatians)

Gela, Sicily 98

Geta, son of Septimius Severus 142, 190, 190

Giardini Naxos, Sicily 98

Gilliéron, Emile, 61

Giza (Egypt) 18–21

Gladiatorial contests 131, 144–45, 145

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 102, 104, 172

Gordian, emperor 184

Gospels 207, 207

Goths 184, 226 (see also Ostrogoths)

Great Pyramid 18, 19, 19, 20

Greeks (in Egypt) 14, 45; (in Sicily) 98ff; (in

Italy) 103ff; (in Asia Minor) 108ff

H

Hadrian, Roman emperor 133, 133, 152,

168, 180, 193; (in Egypt) 31; (in Greece)

78; (in Asia Minor) 122; (in the Holy

Land) 212, 214; (architecture of) 141,

146, 182; (consolidates borders) 184

Hadrian’s Villa (Tivoli) 180–83

Hadrian’s Wall (England) 184–87

Haghia Sophia, Constantinople 222–24, 223

Hakim, caliph 214

Halicarnassus, Mausoleum at 119, 120

Hannibal, Carthaginian general 173

Harendotes, Egyptian god 49

Harpocrates, Egyptian child deity 49, 49,

236

Hathor, Egyptian goddess 22, 22, 33, 33, 44,

236; (temple at Dendera) 47, 47

Hatshepsut, ruler of Egypt 13–14, 14, 29;

(temple at Deir el-Bahri) 15, 29, 29, 105

Helen, mother of Constantine 135, 203, 213,

214, 228

Helena, daughter of Constantine 225

Heliopolis, Egypt 43

Hellenistic age 108ff; (art of) 110

Hephaistos, god 84; (temple to) 88, 89

Hera, temple of (Agrigento) 102, 102; (Paestum)

103, 104, 104

Herculaneum 174

Hermits 227

Herod, governor of Judaea 163, 210

Herodes Atticus, romanised Greek 72, 75

Herodotus, historian 8, 32, 58,

Herri met de Bles 227

Hieroglyphics, Egyptian 10, 12

Hipparchus, mathematician 109

Hippocrates, physician 81

Hippodamus of Miletus, urban planner 117

Hit, port on the Euphrates 193

Hittites 14, 38, 40, 43

Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem 214, 214

Homer 51, 63, 64, 80, 82, 92

Horemheb, Egyptian general 42

Horus, Egyptian god 22, 43, 236; (temple at

Edfu) 46, 46, 49

Huns 184

Housesteads fort (Hadrian’s Wall) 186–87,

186

Hyksos, invaders of Egypt 13

Hypocaust, heating system 185

Hypostyle Hall (Karnak) 26, 27

I

Iconoclasm 218, 230, 230

Ictinus, architect 86

Idumaeans 210

Ihy, Egyptian child deity 47, 47

Imhotep, architect and god 16, 17, 236;

(temple at Philae) 49

Ionic order 120

Irenaeus, bishop of Lyons 207

Isidore of Miletus, architect 222

Isis, Egyptian goddess 23, 48, 175, 178, 236;

(temple at Dendera) 48; (temple at Philae)

49, 50

Islam, Islamic world 213

Israelites 210

J

Jerusalem 210–14

Jesus 207, 212

Jews 155, 210ff, 215, 218

John Chrysostom, St 124

John Climakos, St 229, 229

Josephus, historian 192, 210

Judaea 132, 184, 210, 212

Julian the Apostate, emperor 212

Julius Caesar 132, 132, 135, 138, 156, 168,

170, 189

Jupiter, temple of (Rome) 136

Justinian, emperor 222, 226, 228; (closes

pagan institutions) 51, 90

K

Kahun Medical Papyrus 12

Kamares ware, pottery 60, 60

Karnak (Egypt) 26–28

Index 243

Kenher-khepshef, Egyptian scribe 33

Khafra, ruler of Egypt 20, 20; (pyramid of)

21

Khnum, Egyptian god 27, 27, 31, 31, 237

Khons, Egyptian god 28, 28, 237

Khufu, Egyptian ruler 20; (Great Pyramid)

18, 19, 19, 20

Kiya, Egyptian queen 36, 39

Knossos (Crete) 56, 60–63, 82

Kos, Greece 81

Kouroi 59

L

Lambaesis 189

Latium, Italy 130

Leptis Magna (Libya) 189–91

Leuctra, battle of 59

Libraries (Alexandria) 116; (Ephesus) 122,

123; (Pergamon) 116

Ligorio, Pirro 183

Linear A, script 60, 68

Linear B, script 68, 68

Lion Gate (Mycenae) 66

Luxor (Egypt) 24, 25

Lysimachus, general 112, 121

Lysippus, sculptor 58

M

Ma’at, Egyptian ideal (and goddess) of harmony

13, 237

Maccabee brothers 210

Macedonia 108, 110

Madaba mosaic 214, 214

Madradag aqueduct, Pergamon 115

Magna Graecia 103

Malakbel, Palmyrene god 193

Malia, Crete 60

Manetho, Egyptian priest 10

Marathon, battle of 58

Marcus Aurelius, emperor 111, 133, 133

Mariette, Auguste 46

Mark Antony, Roman general 110, 116, 132,

136, 193

Martyria 225–26

Masada, Israel 210

Massilia (Marseilles) 56, 156

Mastaba tombs 16, 17

Mauretania 189

Mausolea 197, 225–26, 225

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus 119, 120

Maxentius, rival of Constantine 135, 135,

141, 196, 198, 203

Maximian, co-emperor 196, 198, 200

Maximus Magnus, usurper 203

Medinet Habu 29

Medusa, image of, 188, 189

Memphis, Egypt 25

Menkaura, pyramid of 20

Mentuhotep II, ruler of Egypt 13, 25, 29

Meritaten, Egyptian princess 36, 36, 39

Middle Kingdom (Egypt) 13

Milan 200

Miletus, Asia Minor 58, 104, 117

Millard, David 18

Milos, Greece 96

Milvian Bridge, battle of 135, 135, 203

Minoans 56, 60ff; (art of) 56, 57, 61, 62, 63;

(shipping) 96

Minos, king of Crete 56, 63

Minotaur 63

Mithras, Mithraism 155, 155, 238

Mithridates, king of Pontus 96

Mohammed, prophet of Islam 213

Monasticism 227–28, 230

Monica, St 155

Montu, Egyptian god 26, 237

Mosel, river 200

Mouseion (Alexandria) 116

Mukkadasi, geographer 213

Mummies, Egyptian 32

Mut, Egyptian goddess 28, 237; (temple of)

26

Mycenaeans 56, 62, 66ff

Mycenae (Greece) 64–69

Myron, sculptor 71

Mystery religions 178, 220

N

Nabataeans 163ff

Narmer, Egyptian ruler 10

Naucratis, Egyptian city 14

Naxos, Naxians 20, 94

Neapolis, Greek colony 103

Nefertari, Egyptian queen 41, 44

Nefertiti, Egyptian queen 34, 36, 36, 39

Nemean Games 71

Neoplatonism 209

Nephthys, Egyptian goddess 23, 23, 237

Nero, emperor 78, 133, 145, 170, 170;

(Domus Aurea) 140

New Kingdom (Egypt) 13–14

Nicaea, Council of 208

Nicene Creed 208, 209

Nîmes (France) 156–59

Novantae 185

Nubia, Nubians 13, 14, 41, 42, 42,

Nuceria 145

Numidia 189

O

Obodas, ruler of Petra 163, 166, 167

Octavian (see Augustus)

Odenathus, ruler of Palmyra 194

Old Kingdom (Egypt) 12

Olympia (Greece) 70–73

Olympic Games 70, 71, 209

Opet, festival of 28

Oracles (Delphi) 78; (Dodona) 78, 79

Orestes 64

Origen, theologian 111

Osiris, Egyptian god 39, 43, 46, 46, 237

Ostia (Italy) 152–55

Ostrogoths 218

Oxyrhynchus papyri 51

P

Pachomius, early monk 228

Paestum (Italy) 103–105

Painted Stoa (Athens) 88, 111, 182

Palmyra (Syria) 192–95; (art of) 194

Pantheon (Rome) 146–47, 147, 161, 215

Papyrus 25, 25; (see also Oxyrhynchus)

Parchment 112, 116, 116

Parthenon, Athens 86

Parnassus, Mt 74

Parthians 142, 142, 184, 190

Pasiphaë 63

Paul, St 125, 207, 207, 216, 216, 226; (basilica

in Rome) 217

Paul III, pope 151

Paul the Silentiary 224

244 Index

Pausanias, geographer 64, 70, 78, 80, 96, 106

Peloponnesian War 58–59

Pelops, Greek hero 72

Pergamon (Turkey) 110, 112–16, 112; (Altar

of Zeus) 109, 110, 114–15, 114; (library)

116

Pericles, Athenian leader 84, 86, 89, 92

Persephone, worship of 101

Persians (in Egypt) 45; (war with Greece) 58,

84; (war with Alexander the Great) 108,

109, 121, 210; (war with Rome) 134, 184

Peter, St 217, 226, 226

Petra (Jordan) 162–67

Phaistos, Crete 60

Pheidias, sculptor 58, 70, 73, 86

Philae (Egypt) 49–50

Philetairus 112

Philip of Macedon 59, 72

Philosophy (ancient Greek) 90; (Hellenistic)

111; (Neaoplatonist) 209

Phocas, Byzantine emperor 142, 146

Piazza Armerina (Sicily) 145, 198–99, 198,

199

Piero della Francesca 135

Pilate, Pontius 212

Pindar, poet 53, 71, 75, 100

Piranesi, Giovanni Battista 183

Pi-Ramesses, Egypt 40

Pithoi, storage jars 60, 60

Pius II, pope 183

Plataea, battle of 58

Plato, philosopher 90, 92, 209, 227

Pliny the Elder 113, 177

Pliny the Younger 174

Plotinus, philosopher 209

Plutarch, historian 51, 86

Polyclitus, sculptor 58, 59

Pompeii (Italy) 140, 145, 172–79; (Villa of

the Mysteries) 178–79

Pompey the Great 132, 210

Pont du Gard (France) 160

Poseidon, temple at Paestum 104

Poseidonia (see Paestum)

Pottery styles (Greek) 59, 59

Praxiteles, sculptor 58, 183, 183

Priene (Turkey) 117–20, 117

Procopius, historian 224, 227

Ptah, Egyptian god 43, 43, 237

Ptolemies, Ptolemaic dynasty 14, 45ff, 73,

108, 110, 210

Ptolemy I, ruler of Egypt 14, 45, 116

Ptolemy II, ruler of Egypt 46, 47, 116

Ptolemy V, ruler of Egypt 51

Ptolemy VIII, ruler of Egypt 45

Punic Wars 100, 132

Punt, land of 14

Pydna, battle of 110

Pylos, Greece 68

Pyramid Age (Egypt) 12

Pyramids (Egypt) 16–22

Pyramid Texts 22

Pyrrhus, king of Epirus 79

Pythagoras,philosopher 103

Pytheos, architect 118–20, 120

Pythia,priestess of Apollo 74, 78

Pythian Games (see Delphi)

Q

Qadesh, battle of 14, 43

R

Ra, Egyptian god 13, 31, 31, 43, 237

Ra-Horakhty, Egyptian god 22, 22, 43, 43,

237

Ramesses I, ruler of Egypt 42

Ramesses II, ruler of Egypt 14, 28, 40, 42,

43; (temple at Luxor) 24, 25; (temple at

Karnak) 26, 27; (Ramesseum) 29; (temple

at Abydos) 40; (temples at Abu Simbel)

40ff; (battle of Qadesh) 43

Ramesses III, ruler of Egypt 29

Rav enna (Italy) 207, 217, 218–21, 219, 226

Rhea Sylvia 136

Rhine 134

Rhodes, Colossus of 109

Rhône 184

Riace Warrior 59

Roberts, David 49

Rome, Romans 130ff; (history of) 130–35;

(army) 134; (administration) 135; (urban

administration) 177–79; (portraiture) 132,

133, 143, 208; (shipping) 97, 97; (in Sicily)

99, 100, 132; (relationship with Greek

culture) 130, 172, 176; (in Asia Minor and

the Hellenistic world) 110, 113, 121, 121,

122, 132, 168ff, 170, 170; (borders of empire)

134, 184; (division of empire) 134;

(ceases to be capital) 200; (and Christianity)

215–17

Rome, sites in (Basilica of Maxentius) 141,

217; (Baths of Caracalla) 147, 148–51;

(Catacombs) 207, 215, 215; (Colosseum)

140, 144–45; (Forum) 136ff,

217; (Domus Aurea) 140, 140, 147, 161;

(Palatine Hill) 140; (Pantheon) 146, 161,

215; (Santa Costanza) 225, 225, 226, 226;

(Santa Croce in Gerusalemme) 217; (Santa

Pudenziana) 216, 216; (St John Lateran)

217; (St Peter’s) 217, 217; (Santo Stefano

Rotondo) 225, 225

Romulus and Remus 136, 136

Romulus Augustulus, emperor 218

Rosetta Stone 51

Rubicon, Caesar’s crossing of 132

S

Sacred lakes 27

St Catherine’s Monastery (Sinai, Egypt)

227–30, 228

St John Lateran, Rome (see Rome)

St Mark’s, Venice, horses of 224, 224

St Peter’s, Rome (see Rome)

Salamis, battle of 58, 84, 96

Salonae (Split) 196

Samaria 210

Samnites 172

Santa Costanza (see Rome)

Santa Pudenziana (see Rome)

Santo Stefano Rotondo (see Rome)

Saqqara (Egypt) 10, 16

Sasanians 184, 194

Scarab, symbolism of 23

Sceptics, philosophers 111

Schliemann, Heinrich, excavator 64, 66

Scipio Africanus, Roman general 132, 132

Scotland 185, 191

Sculpture, development of (Greek) 59, 71,

77, 86; (Hellenistic) 110; (Roman) 132,

133, 143, 208

Scribes, Egyptian 12

Scythia 193

Index 245

Sea Peoples 14

Segesta (Sicily) 99, 99

Seleucids, Seleucus 108, 110, 112, 121, 163,

210

Selgovae 185

Selinunte (Sicily) 99

Seneca, philosopher and statesman 111, 151

Senenmut, Egyptian official 13

Septimius Severus, Roman emperor 151, 189,

189, 190; (Arch of in Rome) 138, 143;

(Arch of at Leptis Magna) 142, 191, 191;

(in Egypt) 31; (embellishment of Leptis

Magna) 191; (at Constantinople) 222, 224

Serapeum (Alexandria) 109, 116, 209

Serapis, Hellenistic god 109, 237

Seth, Egyptian god 43, 46, 237

Seti I, ruler of Egypt 40, 237; (tomb of) 30,

31

Seven Sleepers of Ephesus 125

Severe Style (Greek sculpture) 71

Shapur I, Sasanian king 184

Shipping, general 96–97

Simeon, St 203

Sinai, Mt (Egypt) 227–30

Siphnian Treasury (Delphi) 76, 77

Sirmium, Serbia 200

Siwa, Egypt 45

Smenkhkara, Egyptian ruler 39

Sneferu, pyramid of 16

Socrates, philosopher 89, 90, 92

Solomon, temple of 210

Solway Firth 186

Sophists, philosophers 90

Sophocles, dramatist 82, 101

Sosus of Pergamon, mosaicist, 113, 183

Sparta, Spartans 58, 58, 59

Sphinx (Egypt) 20, 21

Split (Croatia) 196–97

Stephen, St 225

Stephens, John Lloyd 31, 163

Stepped Pyramid 16, 17

Stoa Poikile (see Painted Stoa)

Stoicism, Stoics 88, 111

Strabo, geographer 96

Suetonius, historian 140

Sybaris, Greek colony 103

Syracuse, Sicily 98

T

Tacitus, historian 159

Tetrarchs, Tetrarchy 200, 201

Tarquinia, House of Tarquin 131

Taweret, Egyptian goddess 33, 33, 237

Tel el-Amarna (Egypt) 34–39

Temples (Egyptian) 28; (Etruscan) 131;

(Greek) 105, 105

Thamugadi (Timgad) 190

Theatres, Greek 82

Thebans (Greek) 59

Thebes (Egypt) 13, 25–33

Themistocles, Athenian general 78, 92

Theodoric, king of Italy 218, 219

Theodosius, emperor 202, 208, 209, 218;

(suppression of pagan cults) 14, 46, 70,

78, 155, 209

Thermopylae 58

Theseus, Athenian hero 63

Tholos tombs 68, 69

Thoth, Egyptian god 23, 23, 237

Thucydides, historian 59, 63, 92, 96

Thutmose I, ruler of Egypt 13, 30, 33

Thutmose III, ruler of Egypt 13, 13–14, 26,

29

Thutmose IV, ruler of Egypt 20

Thysdrus (see El Djem)

Tiberius, emperor 140

Titus, emperor 212; (Arch of) 138, 142, 212

Trajan, emperor 133, 140–41, 140, 149, 163,

184

Treasury of Atreus (Mycenae) 68, 69

Treveri 200

Trier (Germany) 200–03

Tripolitana 189

Triumph, Roman victory procession 136,

138, 142

Triumphal arches (see Constantine, Septimius

Severus, Titus)

True Cross, finding of 135, 213

Tungrians 187

Tutankhamun, ruler of Egypt 14, 36, 36, 39;

(canopic jar of) 12; (tomb of) 23, 30, 32

Tyche, goddess 109

U

Utica 189

V

Vaballathus, son of Zenobia 194

Valentinian I, emperor 184, 196, 203

Valerian, emperor 184

Valley of the Kings (Egypt) 30

Vandals 184

Venice (Horses of St Mark’s) 224; (Tetrarchs)

201

Ventris, Michael 68

Vespasian, emperor 140, 142, 144, 212, 212

Vesta, Vestal Virgins 138

Vesuvius, eruption of 174

Villa of Diocletian (Split) 196–97

Villa of Hadrian (Tivoli) 180–83

Villa of the Mysteries (Pompeii) 178–79, 179

Villa of Piazza Armerina (Sicily) 198

Vindolanda 187; (tablets) 187, 187

Virgil, poet 126

Vitruvius, architect 118, 159, 174, 175

Vivant, Dominique, Baron de Denon 26, 48

Volney, Comte de 195

W

Wailing Wall, Jerusalem 210, 211, 212

Wallsend (Hadrian’s Wall) 186

Warrior Vase 56, 67

Western Thebes (Egypt) 29

Wonders of the Ancient World 73, 124

X

Xenophon, historian 94

Xerxes, king of Persia 58, 84

Y

York, England 187, 190

Z

Zeno, philosopher 111

Zenobia, queen of Palmyra 194

Zeus (myths concerning) 63, 81, 175; (statue

and temple at Olympia) 70, 71, 73, 73;

(foundation of Delphi) 74; (sanctuary of

at Dodona) 79; (temple at Agrigento) 101;

(altar at Pergamon) 109, 110, 114–15, 114

Zodiac of Dendera 48, 48

Zoilus, freedman of Aphrodisias 168, 171